WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan               

Post No.7526

Date uploaded in London – – 2 February 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

Sun is a star according to modern science. There are billions and billions of suns. Most of them are bigger than our sun. Our sun is a yellow colour star, i.e. mediocre one. Blue and red colour stars are more powerful and hotter. The world thought that these are modern discoveries. But it is already in our Vedas!

Before I give my comments read what A A Macdonell and A B Keith said in 1912.

‘Surya – Nakshatra’

“Surya – Nakshatra is found in Satapata Brahmana (2-1-2-19) in a passage where Sayana takes it denoting a nakshatra/star which gives out rays of light like sun. But the real sense (as the Kanva  text helps to show)  is that the sacrificer may take the sun for his nakshatra – i.e. he may neglect the nakshatras altogether and rely on the sun”.

Page 468, volume 2, Vedic Index

My Comments

All the world literature compared stars with fire flies or little lamps at a distance or candle light till the modern science informed the world that our Sun is also a star. But Vedic rishis always associated Sun with Star or Stars with sun. It is amazing to see that the Vedic seers spoke about sun and star at one breadth.

Look at the first sentence ‘star which gives light like Sun’. 200 years ago, if anyone read it, the person would have thought that it is just an exaggeration.

Sayana wrote the commentary in the 14th century. Satapata Bramana was written around 850 BCE according to the Westerners. But Hindus believe it is older than that.

I don’t jump to conclusion based on a single passage.

 In fact, it is even in Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world.

Macdonell and Keith again,


Nakshatra is a word of obscure origin and derivation.  The Indian interpreters already show a divergence of opinion as to its primary meaning. The Satapata Brahmana resolves into ‘na- ksatra = no power’ explaining it by a legend. The Niruka refers it to the root ‘nak’s ‘obtain’ following the Taittriya Brahmana

Aufrecht and Weber derived it from ‘nakta-tra’ ‘guardian of night’, and more recently the derivation from ‘nak- ksatra’ ‘having rule over night’, seems  to be gaining acceptance. The generic meaning of the word therefore seems to be star. (English word Night came from Sanskrit ‘Nakt’

English word star is derived from Sanskrit ‘tara’ for star.


The Nakshatras as stars in the Rig Veda and later-

The sense of star appears to be adequate for all or  nearly all the passages  in which Naksatras occur in the Rig Veda. The same sense occurs in the later Samhitas also; the sun and the Naksatras mentioned together;  or the sun, moon, the Naksatras  or the moon and the Naksatras or  the Naksatras alone .

–Page 409, volume 1, Vedic Index

For al the above, both of them, have given references from the Vedic literature.


I am going to comment on only one thing in the above passage.

There is nothing interesting if some poet sings about ‘twinkle, twinkle little star up above the world so high’.

There is nothing significant if a poet sings about star’ like a diamond in the sky ‘ with moon. A child even can sing about it. Throughout Tamil and Sanskrit literature we read star girls are after moon man, in Hindu mythology moon is masculine and stars are feminine. Moon is always loved by 27 wives/ 27 stars

But when one sings about ‘sun and star together’ one raises one’s eyebrow. One wonders what! stars tiny specs of light in the night and sun is million times brighter in the day!

But  Vedic poets sing them together in

Atharva Veda – 6-10-3; Vajasaneyi Samhita 23-43 and in a few other places.

More important is the Rig Vedic mantra 6-67-6

ता हि कषत्रं धारयेथे अनु दयून दरंहेथे सानुमुपमादिव दयोः |
दर्ळ्हो नक्षत्र उत विश्वदेवो भूमिमातान दयां धासिनायोः ||

tā hi kṣatraṃ dhārayethe anu dyūn dṛṃhethe sānumupamādiva dyoḥ |
dṛḷho nakṣatra uta viśvadevo bhūmimātān dyāṃ dhāsināyoḥ ||6-67-6

Here is Griffith’s translation 100 years ago-

“So, through the days, maintaining princely power, ye  prop the height as it were from loftiest heavens.

The star of al the gods, established filleth the heaven and earth with food of man who liveth”.

Star of All Gods

In the foot note Griffith says,

The Star of all Gods- SUN

In RV 7-86-1, the poet says

धीरा तवस्य महिना जनूंषि वि यस्तस्तम्भ रोदसी चिदुर्वी |
पर नाकं रष्वं नुनुदे बर्हन्तं दविता नक्षत्रम्पप्रथच्च भूम ||RV 7-86-1

dhīrā tvasya mahinā janūṃṣi vi yastastambha rodasī cidurvī |
para nākaṃ ṛṣvaṃ nunude bṛhantaṃ dvitā nakṣatrampaprathacca bhūma |

“Wise, verily, are creatures through his greatness who  stayed ever , spacious heaven and earth asunder;

Who urged the mighty sky to motion, the Star of Old, and spread the earth before him”

Here also Griffith’s foot note says the star = the SUN

Nowadays we praise someone who has achieved something with the words YOU ARE A STAR. Sometimes we comment she is a star or he is a star. This expression is found for the first time in the Rig Veda

It is interesting to see that one compares star with sun another praises sun as star. So, we can boldly conclude that the Vedic rishis knew sun is a star.

Xxx subham xxx


Iron Pillar of Delhi
Iron Beams at Puri Temple



Date: 2 NOVEMBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-37

Post No. 7170

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Iron Beams at Konarak Sun Temple


Picture of Nine (Nava Graha) planets in dance drama
Nine Gems (Nava Ratna)

WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan


Date: 27 OCTOBER 2019

Time  in London – 16-53

Post No. 7146

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Number Nine is used in religion for its magical qualities. Hindus call their long hymns  ‘Sahasranama’ (1000 names) but in reality it is 1008 names. In the same way 108 names for shorter hymns. The added number will be magical Nine. Nine has some rare qualities which other numbers haven’t got. Look at the attachments for more information. It explains the way number NINE is used in different cultures.

Nava Ratri Dance ( Nava= Nine)

The list of Nine Siddhars is:

  1. Sathyanathar
  2. Sadhoganathar
  3. Aadhinathar
  4. Anadhinathar
  5. Vegulinathar
  6. Madhanganathar
  7. Machaendranathar
  8. Gadaendranathar or Gajendranathar
  9. Korakkanathar



Surya-Sun- Suryanarkoil (Tamilnadu), Mathand (Kashmir), Konarak (Orissa)

Modhera (Gujarat)

Chandra- Moon-Tingalur(Tamilnadu), Tiruppati (Andhra)

Angaraka- Mars-Tirupparankundram, Palani

Budha-Mercury- Madurai temple

Guru-Jupiter- Tiruchendur temple

Sukra-Venus- Srirangam temple

Sani-Saturn-Tirunallaru (Tamilnadu)

Rahu- Ascending node- Sri Kalahasti (Andhra)

Ketu- Descending node- do-




Angaraka (Sevvai)









Manikkam (Ruby)

Maragataham (Emerald)

Vairam (Diamond)

Neelam (Sapphire)

Pushparagam (Topaz)

Vaduryam (Cat’s Eye)

Gomethakam (Onyx/Sardonyx)

Muthu (Pearl)

Pavalam (Coral)












Another tradition says 28 agamas:kamikam,yogasam,sinthiyam,karanam, asitham,diptam,sukshmam,sagasiram,amsuman,subrabedam,vijayam,niswasam,swayambuvam,agneyam,viram,rauram,makudam,vimalam,chandragnanam,mukalimbam,purorkitam,lalitham,sidhdham,Santhanam, sarvoktam,parameswaram,kiranam,vathulam.



Prahlada explains the nine Sadhanas (instruments) of Bhakti (devotion) to Hiranyakasipu in a sloka in Bhagavata. They are

Sravana- Listenig to devotional songs

Kirtana- Singing devotional songs

Smarana- Thinking of God

Padasevana- Going to temple/on pilgrimage

Archana- Worshipping God with flowers etc.

Vandana- Bowing to him and his devotees

Dasya- Becoming His slave

Sakhya- Treating God your companion

Atmanivedana- Offering yourself to Him

Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18, 108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › 2011/11/26 › hindus-magic-numbers-18-108-…


26 Nov 2011 – Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008. By S Swaminathan. In Hinduism numbers have a lot of significance. In some places it is used as a …

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எண் 108 | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com › tag › எண்-108


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23 May 2017 – எண் 108க்கு முக்கியத்துவம் ஏன்? (Post No.3933) … Hindu’s Magic Numbers 18108, 1008 | Tamil and Vedas.

To be continued

Nine Planets


 WRITTEN by London Swaminathan

Date: 6 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 19-38
Post No. 7065

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

விண்கலம் ஏவு முன் இஸ்ரோ இறைவனை வழிபடக் கூடாதா, என்ன? (Post 7058)

Date: 5 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 7-29 AM
Post No. 7058

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

Superstitions and Beliefs of Indian Space Scientists 

I.                    IANS reports from Chennai, Nov 7, 2013 as follows: The Indian Space Agency may be sending rockets and satellites to various planets but is also guided by their own superstitions and beliefs, said a retired official of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). 


On the home front, ISRO will not start the countdown for a rocket flight at Rahu Kaalam, said the official not wanting to be quoted. 

Rahu Kaalam , or the one-and-a-half-hours of planet Rahu, is considered inauspicious to start any new work. 

“In the case of inter-planetary missions, it is not possible to coincide auspicious time with the rocket’s launch time. The latter is decided based on the position of the target planet on the day when the spacecraft is expected to enter its orbit. So, the countdown is started on the auspicious time,” he explained. 

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Similarly, prior to every rocket mission, ISRO officials pray at the famed Lord Venkateswara Temple in Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh and place a replica of the rocket at the God’s feet seeking his blessings for a successful flight. 

Over the years, some more temples near the Sriharikota rocket port have been added to the list and officials or their juniors will visit those temples and pray for a mission’s success. 

Similarly, pujas, or ceremonies, will be conducted before starting the integration of different stages of a rocket. 

“It is all individual beliefs. One cannot take chance with God and poison,” a former ISRO chief told IANS. 

According to a retired ISRO rocket scientist, a project director used to wear a new shirt on the day of a rocket launch. 

Officials of ISRO are still unable to explain away the absence of the rocket named Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C13 (PSLV-C13) from their launch roster. 

After sending up the rocket PSLV-C12, ISRO jumped one number to number its next PSLV rocket as PSLV-C14 that put into orbit Oceansat-2 and six European nano satellites. 

“There is no such rocket designated with that number,” a high ranking official had told IANS while declining to comment whether the space agency considered the number 13 as unlucky. 

Curiously, following the failure of Apollo-13 to land on the moon, the American Space Agency has not named any other mission with that number. 

India’s Rs 450 crore Mars Orbiter Mission however, was a tradition breaker in a way by flying on a Tuesday.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

“This was the first time in ISRO’s history that a rocket was launch on a Tuesday. Tuesday generally considered as inauspicious day,” an ISRO official had told IANS. 

However, another senior official involved in  the Mars Orbiter Mission told IANS that for him Tuesday was a lucky day as the mission succeeded.

Source : 13-09-2019 TRUTH Volume 87 Issue No 22 



Date: 3 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 18-43
Post No. 7051
Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 12,000.

In London birds and animals get jobs quicker than men. Crows are raised in the Tower of London to protect the Royal line. The belief is that when the crows leave the tower royal rule would come to an end; that is monarchy will be finished.  Dogs are raised in the police department. Crows, hawks, dogs get better treatment.

Here is a flash news in today’s Evening Standard (London).

Rufus the hawk gets a new job at the Olympic Park after working at Wimbledon Championships

The hawk used to scare birds during the Wimbledon Championships has a new job at Stratford’s Olympic Park.

Rufus the hawk will stop other birds nesting at the ArcelorMittal Orbit sculpture, London Aquatics Centre and Copper Box Arena when he flies there once a fortnight.

The Harris Hawk, who has 10,000 followers on Twitter, will intimidate pigeons, crows and seagulls with his four-foot wingspan and sharp talons.

Mark Camley, executive director of operations and venues at London Legacy Development Corporation, which runs the park, said: “We use hawks to help control vermin and prevent birds like pigeons and seagulls from roosting on buildings and causing unsightly and costly mess and damage.

“It’s well worth coming over to the park to watch this amazing creature soar above our amazing venues and parkland.”


Spider holiday for London schools

Infestation of false widow spiders forces London school to close

 London secondary school has been forced to shut its doors because of an infestation of the UK’s most venomous spider.

Michaela Community School in Wembley, which is rated “outstanding” by Ofsted, was closed to pupils for three days after the discovery of the false widows.

The free school reopened last Wednesday after pest control was called in to tackle the infestation. But the decision was taken to close again yesterday to “be certain that all have been entirely eradicated”. 

Seven schools

Seven schools in east London were forced to close last year when the spiders, which are about the size of a 50p coin, spread into classrooms. They are the most dangerous species in the UK and their bites, though not life-threatening, can cause painful swelling.

Michaela Community School, near Wembley Stadium, opened in 2014 and has become known for its strict discipline policy, in which students can be given detentions for talking in the corridor or forgetting a pen or pencil. Headteacher Katharine Birbalsingh rose to prominence when, as a south London deputy head, she criticised school behaviour policies in a speech to the Conservative Party conference in 2010. 

A mother with two children at the school said they were frightened by the infestation. She said: “They sent an email saying they need to close the school and spray everything because if the spiders bite the children it is very dangerous. I hope it’s all been done, I am scared sometimes.”


Image result for incy wincy spider

Xxx Subham xxx


london swaminathan ready to fly in the sky

WRITTEN BY London swaminathan


 Date: 22 SEPTEMBER 2019

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 6-10 am

Post No. 6998

Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use them without permission; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 11,000.

S Nagarajan

I visited Visveswaraya Industrial and Technological Museum in Bengaluru  on 14th September 2019 with my brother S Nagarajan, who contributes regularly to our blogs. Bengaluru students are lucky to have such a museum. I wish that I am reborn as a student. Normally Hindus pray for Moksha, i.e. getting out of birth and death cycle and merging with god. One Saivite saint said I should never be born again, but if I have to be born again I should never forget You (Lord Shiva). In spite of reading such philosophical statements, I still long to be born again because of the educational facilities available now. When I studied B.Sc and M.A, whatever I studied in the first year must be remembered until the third year examination date. But one year after I came my brother who wrote exams in three months modules. That means he has to remember a subject only for three months (for exam sake)! And the books and libraries, google and internet, Museums and seminars were not available 45 years ago.

After visiting Visveswaraya museum, my feelings grew stronger to become a student again and start from the scratch. The same feeling, I get every week when I go to the British Library and University of London library in my home town London.

We saw thousands of Bengaluru students using the inter active devices to learn something new. The success of the museum lied in the inter active devices. This is a great fun for the students. Even I, 71 year old youth,  was interested in becoming an astronaut and so I inserted my head into astronaut’s attire and became an astronaut in a minute (see the picture).

I and my brother went into the Mirror Maze and struggled hard to come out. You will bump into mirrors looking for exit (way out).

It is a very educative and innovative museum. So people who visit Bengaluru must see this. Whenever I visit a place, I always make it a point to visit the museums. My Sambandhis (In laws) in Australia bought us expensive tickets for one day cricket match between Australia and India in Sydney. My Sambandhi was surprised when I told him that I would prefer to go to a Museum to study the Aborigines rather than sitting in a stadium. Except me all our family members went to the cricket match and I spent hours in museum and took pictures and posted them on Face book and in my blogs.

The point I am making is that many people don’t know the big treasures in museums in a city. After 40 to 50 visits to Chennai I was successful in visiting Government Museum in Madras this year. The Bronze Gallery there is worth billions of dollars.

The space technology gallery in Visveswaraya Industrial and Technological Museum has following features: –

  • What is Space?
  • Flight Mechanics
  • Launch Complex
  • Mission Control Centre
  • Be An Astronaut
  • Satellites
  • Rockets
  • Space Applications
  • GPS
  • International Space Station
  • Space Astronomy
  • Story of Space
  • Space Spinoff
  • Indian Space Programme
  • Space Materials
  • Space Food
  • Space Wear

The museum has seven permanent exhibition halls and two special exhibits.
1.   Engine Hall – How things work
2.   Electrotechnic
3.   Fun Science
4.   Space Technology Gallery
5.   Biotechnological Revolution
6.   BEL-Hall of Electronics
7.   Science for Children

Special Exhibits
1.   Dinosaur Enclave
2.   Science on a Sphere
3.   Wright brothers aeroplane

Please see the pictures taken by me; On the first floor there is a small book shop with very good books and educational, scientific toys and games.

I felt I visited the Nobel Museum in Stockholm again. That also inspired me a lot. I would suggest to Visveswaraya Museum to follow some ideas in the shop there. I bought quotations on Fridge Magnets there when I went to Sweden. Quotations by Indian Nobel Laureates are also sold there.

One more suggestion:- you cant come out of any museum in a western country without seeing the shop. That is, the exit (Way out)  is always through the shop. All Indian museums must follow this business tactics. It will give them a big boost in sales. No student in a western county comes out of a museum without buying a memento. Pencils and pens, erasers and boxes, bags and cups would bear the pictures from the museums. Please learn it from western countries. (In Bengaluru, I inquired the location of the book shop and bought two puzzles).

Visvesvaraya Industrial & Technological Museum,Kasturba Road,Bengaluru-560001,INDIA.

One guide book says the museum runs a mobile science exhibition that travels in the city throughout the year.

Sir Mokshagundam Visveswaraya (1861-1962) was one of the modern architects of Karnataka. He was a civil engineer and a statesman. He was born on 15th September 1861 and so September 15 every year is celebrated as National Engineers Day to acknowledge his contributions to the country.

–subham- Lokas Samasta Sukino Bhavantu-

invisible man, london swaminathan

horse puzzle
S Nagarajan
swaminathan on moon


Written by London Swaminathan


 Date: 3 SEPTEMBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London –

Post No. 6972

Pictures are taken from various sources; this is a non- commercial, educational blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. Average hits per day for both the blogs 11,000.

CHENNAI SEA WONDER!!! (Post No.6905)

The rare sea sparkle, believed to be caused by a high concentration of a micro-plankton called ‘Noctiluca scintillans’ seen at Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar on Sunday.

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan


 Date: 20 AUGUST 2019  

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 12-29

Post No. 6905

 Pictures are taken from various sources.  ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

When we lived in Madurai , we used to go Rameswaram occasionally. During a trip, we see glowing planktons in sea coast very near Kanchi Shankara Mutt where my father (V Santanam) was giving a talk at the invitation of Sri Viswanathan of the Mutt.

We, brothers, were playing on the sea shore after sunset. We saw some glowing minute creatures and took them in small cups and bottles and brought them to Devasthana choultry where they booked rooms for our stay. But it stopped glowing. Great disappointment!

From the day, I started studying botany in Madura College in 1968, planktons, the uni-cellular organisms that feed the largest creatures on earth, the blue whale, gave me great excitement.

When Kalidasa described ‘Jyotirlatha’, the light emitting tree, inside deep forest I was wonder struck. Because, according biologists, only small fish, frogs, fungi, planktons etc are luminescent or phosphorescent, not big trees.

But when I watched David Attenborough’s

Nature series on BBC, suddenly an idea flashed to me. Kalidasa was right in describing such a glowing tree inside the deep forest. David showed us the glowing caves of New Zealand on TV. Millions of glow worms and fireflies occupy the caves and emit lights like our festival illumination, on and off. So I came to know that glow worms or fire flies occupy certain kind of trees in large numbers. And they emit light. Then I wrote a research article in this blog about ‘my discovery’.

I saw another interesting news item in the Deccan Chronicle this morning (20-8-2019 )about the glowing planktons near Chennai Elliot’s beach. This is of great interest to nature lovers. Please see the news item below:-


Chennai: Beach goers were in for a pleasant surprise as they witnessed rare sea sparkle at Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar on Sunday night. Many rushed to the beach to catch a glimpse of the bluish waves hitting the shore.

The colourful looking waves were also noticed in several parts of ECR coastline including Kovalam and Injambakkam beach. Photos and videos of the sparking waves hitting the shore went viral in the social media.

As a spectacle this was quite different from the daily night fireworks at temple festivals in the month of Aadi that just got over. This was a show of colour in the water and as the news spread, more and more people turned up to see the ‘Blue Sea’ lighting up the scene as it kept coming in waves to the shore.

Marine experts were the ones to turn to solve the mystery of this spectacle. They were quick to point out that the magical glow may have been caused by a high concentration of a micro-plankton called ‘Noctiluca scintillans’ in the sea.

The blue glow, is known as ‘bioluminescence’ and caused by Noctiluca Scintillans, which converts their chemical energy into light energy when washed ashore or disturbed. This is not good for marine ecology but the spectators were unaware as they came out in droves to see the sparkling sea.

These blooms could also be linked to massive fish kills following release of ammonia.

The organisms glow a bright blue when disturbed at night. They bloom in areas when there is oxygen deficiency, and high levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. This could be bad news for the larger marine food web. The phenomenon could be an indicator of pollution in the sea, the experts said.

(Wikipedia–Plankton are the diverse collection of organisms that live in large bodies of water and are unable to swim against a current. The individual organisms constituting plankton are called plankters. They provide a crucial source of food to many small and large aquatic organisms, such as bivalves, fish and whales.)



The locomotive was originally shipped to India from England in 1855.

WRITTEN BY London Swaminathan


 Date: 18 AUGUST 2019  

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 9-27 AM

Post No. 6896

 Pictures are taken from various sources.  ((posted by swamiindology.blogspot.com AND tamilandvedas.com))

Nostalgic longing for the Olden Golden Days

When I was a college student in Madurai, I used to walk along the railway line with friends to enter the Madura college through its back yard. On our way we used to pick up the fallen coal bits from the steam engines and throw at each other as part of a game.

When I was a school student in Madurai Setupati High School, I used to sit at the play ground with my classmates and enjoy coal smoke coming from the Goods Shed Railway Yard just behind the school.

My aunty in Madras, now Chennai, used to tease me whenever I entered her house with black spotted white shirt which happened because of my overnight travel from Madurai to Madras. In those days only coal fired steam engines pulled the train compartments.

All those days are gone.

When I came to London I tried to buy ticket for annual steam engine ride from Amersham to outer London destination; the tickets were sold out. Great disappointment!

Money making Ideas

If India restores one coal fired steam engine in every city they can mint money from foreign tourists. They are crazy about it.

Please restore at least one coalfired steam engine train in every town to teach our children the history and development of science.

All these thoughts came to me when I read the news that the oldest working steam engine ran successfully in Chennai on 15th August 2019.

Read the news item taken from the Hindustan Times:–

World’s oldest working steam engine makes heritage run. It’s 164-year-old

The locomotive was originally shipped to India from England in 1855.

The railways conducted a heritage run of a 164-year-old locomotive, which is the world’s oldest working steam engine, to mark the 73rd Independence Day. A heritage special service hauled by EIR-21, the world’s oldest working steam locomotive, was successfully operated from Chennai Egmore to Kodambakkam, the railways said on Saturday.

The heritage special with a single coach with railway officials left Chennai Egmore around noon on August 15.  Many rail and steam enthusiasts turned up at Chennai Egmore and Kodambakkam railway stations to see the heritage special.

These steam heritage runs are operated to showcase the heritage value of Indian Railways. The Express EIR 21, which is similar to Fairy Queen in appearance, is 164 years’ old. The locomotive was originally shipped to India from England in 1855. After withdrawal from service in 1909, this loco was kept as an exhibit at Jamalpur workshop and Howrah station for over 101 years.

During this period this loco was in the sun and rain; many parts were corroded, some were missing, some were broken and some were not fit for use.The Perambur Loco Works took the challenge of reviving the engine in 2010.

See the Railways stamps of India