Mantra, Tantra and Yantra -Tamil Poet and Particle Physics Agree (Post No.3843)

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 23 APRIL 2017

Time uploaded in London:- 18-23

Post No. 3843

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

An old Tamil poem written by an anonymous author in ‘Neethi Venpa’, an anthology of didactic poems, gives us valuable information about God and Guru, Mantra, Yantra and Tantra.

 

The poet says: “If you have faith in God, Guru (spiritual teacher), Mantra (Vedic Hymns etc.), Tantra (Tantric Texts; left handed rituals), Yantra (Magical letters on metal plates), Medicine, Initiation methods of ascetics – all these seven will come true only when you have faith in them; if you don’t believe them, they will not be fruitful”.

 

This statement becomes more relevant and gets new meaning in the context of scientists’ latest discoveries. There are lot of articles appearing in science journals about the Placebo effect and Particle physics.

Patients who are given fake (placebo) medicines, without their knowledge, are cured faster than the patients who took real medicine. The scientists have found out that faith plays a major role in the treatment.

 

In the same way, the particle physics says that even the observer can influence the result of an action. People were wondering how come the religion and science are very different in producing results. They asked if two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen react with each other and produce water for everyone in any laboratory in the world, why not the religious rituals do this? We read about miracles performed by the saints, but ordinary men can’t do miracle. Moreover, the same saint cannot do the miracle for everyone, every time, why?

 

Now that we know observer can interact with the things or actions he watches; Everything is dependent upon the intensity of the observer’s thoughts. I guess the more powerful the observer is, better results are achieved. More research into particle physics will bring out more truths about Hindu beliefs. In the next fifty years or so, scientists will agree with the Hindu saints in full. They will also agree with us that Time Travel is possible mentally (not physically) without interfering in the past or future. I can compare it with the pdf and word versions of a document. You can’t edit it in pdf version. Like that, we can’t edit the past, future and present. But you can watch it (read only document). Only great saints can interfere in it.

 

-Subham—

My Old Article on the same subject is given below

Space ships and Special Prayer Days (Posted 10 February 2012)

 

The title may look strange to many of you. You may wonder what a spaceship has got to do with special prayer days. I would like to explain why Hindus insist doing prayers on special days and at special times and in earmarked places. If the prayers are done by great saint’s miracles do happen. But when we do the same, no such miracles occur. Why?

 

Hindus believe that praying on festival days like Shivratri, Durgashtami, Ganesh Chathurthy, Kanda Shasti, Janmashtami, Rama Navami etc will increase the benefits many folds. Praying during solar or lunar eclipse will also boost the power of our prayers is a popular belief. Hindu scriptures support this belief. Is it true that certain places or certain days or certain times are more beneficial than other days? Yes, it is true.

 

When Adi Shankara sang the Kanakadhara Stotram a shower of golden gooseberries (amalaka) fell from the heaven for the sake of a poor devoted lady. When Saivite Nayanmars and Vaishnavite Alwars sang hymns, hundreds of miracles happened. It is the same old story with a lot of saints like Nivritti, Jnandev, Sopana, Muktabhai, Eknath,Namdev, Tukaram, Ramdas, Chaitanya,  Shirdi Saibaba, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Ramana and many more Babas.

 

Why doesn’t God answer our prayers when we sing the same old hymns sung by our saints?

 

Let’s look at this example:

If you want to send a spaceship into space orbit or beyond that point you need to plan a lot of things. You can’t launch a spaceship from anywhere on earth. You must have a space station at a vantage point, most times near the sea or uninhabited places. Moreover the latitude and longitude of that place must be taken into account. For example, it is advantageous if the launch pad is nearer the equator.

 

You have to design a rocket which exceeds a speed of at least eight miles per second (11.2 kilometres/second). This is called escape velocity. Then you must have sufficient energy to lift the rocket. The heavier the rocket, the more fuel you need to get to this speed. Then you must have an aim – like the Moon or Mars, and do the calculations accordingly and correctly. If you make even a small mistake in the calculation, the space pod at the tip of the rocket may fall back on earth or travel several thousand miles away from its destination. We often read of such failures in the newspapers. Most space missions to Mars have failed.

For launching every rocket they have Launch Windows. They have to fire the rocket at a specific time. If they miss it they have to wait for another like that. This is especially true when scientists want to launch a spaceship to a particular planet: they have to calculate the orbit of that planet and the time it comes closest to earth etc. If they want to use the ‘gravitational slingshot’ to speed up the journey, they have to adhere to a particular time. This will save an enormous amount of fuel.

 

One can apply this principal to prayers on special days or by special people:

We must have some aim and focus only on it (like the space ship). We must make great preparations like selecting a particular place, day and time (like launch windows). We must have enough fuel (number of times or recitation of mantra) and right speed (intensity of prayer). If our ego, hatred, desire, bad thoughts etc. are eliminated then the prayer becomes fruitful. We attain ‘escape velocity’ for our prayers and it goes straight in to orbit (of God). Since saints like Adi Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhwa, Chaitanya or Yogis and Rishis knew these “launch windows” and they attained the escape velocity easily for their prayers to achieve great success. But we always waiver, make the wrong calculations and the wrong demands so our rockets (prayers) easily fail.

 

Special festival days are like launch windows – they are the right time for our prayers to be sent. Our prayers will easily reach the target. Festival days act like gravitational slingshots – our prayers, even if you recite the mantra just 100 times, are boosted several thousand times. In short it reaches its destination and gives you the expected results quickly.

***************

 

 

The Wonderful and Complicated Organ Called Brain (Post No.3822)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date:16 April 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:-  5-29 am

 

 

Post No.3822

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

The actual storage capacity of the human brain has never been measured, although it has been estimated that during our lifetime we store about ten times more information than is contained in all the books in the Library of Congress.
Anthony Smith, in his beautiful book, ‘The Mind’ quotes that if a computer were to be constructed like a human brain, there would have to be ten thousand million of the most minutest transistor valves which at a few pence each, would cost 375 million Sterling pounds for a start. All the connections at two cents each would cost far more and the contraption would need an aircraft-hangar. This was written by a writer in pre-chip age.

The human brain is about 8 inches in length 4 inches in height, and weighs 3 pounds only.
Mr. V.Pekelis writes in his famous book, ‘Cybernetics A to Z’:
The questions looms large in the minds of scientists: how does the brain hold the fantastic amount of information accumulated by a man during his lifetime? Scientists are laboring unceasingly to solve the problem of the origin of memory. The opinion holds that our brain is made up of 12-14 billion neurons. It can be presumed that each neuron is capable of storing more than one unit of information. The presumption that this minute particle of the brain is able to assume ten or hundred states to record information seems less justified. Even if this was the case, it would be impossible to imagine how the brain is able to hold the gigantic reserve of intelligence. We can not but presume that memories are recorded on the molecular level, that molecules of memory are active in the brain. Those are enormous, very complicated molecules, which look like rope ladders with cross-beams of two types. These molecules, placed in a definite order, like the dots and dashed in the Morse code, constitute a peculiar atomic and molecular ABC.

 

How much can be recorded with the aid of it? Let us make some calculations. Each molecule has 10000 cross-beams of two types. The chromosomes of human cells contain some 100000 genes. This means that the number of elementary signs will be 100000 x 10000 = 10 billion. This is equivalent to 50000 pages of the Grand Encyclopaedia. But this is not the final word. If we go on, it will become clear to us that that with an ‘ideal’ code the text written with the aid of the two signs of our chromosomes would amount to hundreds of thousands or even millions of encyclopaedia pages.

In an ordinary walk to a nearby Provisional Stores to buy something, we make at least forty important life saving decisions analyzing the records already stored.

When we cross the roads, when we drive, when we park, we take important decisions.
Imagine how many important decisions are to be taken by a man/woman in a lifetime.
In order to make our life full and meaningful, we have to use our god-gifted brain with a purpose.
This can be learned. The skills could be acquired by practice.
How to use it purposefully will be subject for the future article.

****

Kalidasa’s simile in Tamil ‘Kalitokai’ about Water Purification! (Post No.3775)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 31 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 9-38 am

 

Post No. 3775

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

Picture: A girl is fetching water from Railway Supply Pipes in Agartala, Tripura

Kalidasa has used over 1300 similes and imageries in his seven works. Out of the 1300 plus similes, Sangam Tamil poets have used over 200 similes; This places Kalidasa before the Sangam Poets i.e. before 2000 years ago. I have shown in my research articles posted here from 2011 that only Sangam poets copied Kalidasa and not vice versa. It is all about Ganges, Himalayas and mythologies. Here is one more example from his drama Malavikagnimitram (Malavika+ Agnimitram). This is repeated verbatim by the Sangam Tamil poet Nallanthuvanar in Kalitokai verse 142)

 

Here is the reference from Kalidasa’s work:

“Just as a stupide person becomes wise by association with the wiser, similarly the turbid water becomes clear by contact with the purifying fruit of the Kataka tree” – Malavikagnimitram II-7

 

Mandoapyamandataameti samsarhgena vipachchitaha

pankacchidaha phalasyeva nikarshaenavilam payaha

 

Here is the Tamil poet’s simile:

“ How come she has become bright and composed now! As soon as she embraced that broad chested man, she has become clear like the water that has become crystal clear after adding the Thetraankottai (Clearing nuts)” – Kalitokai, Verse 142;  Nallanthuvanar in Neithal Kali.

 

Kalitokai is an anthology of Sangam Tamil period. It is dated to first three centuries CE.

 

Though this water purification method is known to all the villagers from Kanyakumari to Kashmir, the way the two poets used betrays copying. Since Kalidasa is praised sky-high by the whole world for his usage of similes he couldn’t have copied. His similes are found in Gatha Sapta Sati and Sanagm Tamil Literature—over 300 similes! Had Kalidasa copied from all the 300 poets the world would have condemned Kalidasa as a copy cat! Moreover, the way and the place he used the imageries proved that his were the originals. Apart from these things, Kalidasa knew the Northern parts of India and Hindu mythology than the Southern Tamil and GSS Prakrit poets. This places Kalidasa in the first two centuries of BCE. ( For more proof , please read my articles comparing Kalidasa and the Sangam Tamil Literature)

 

I have given below my previous article on the water purification methods:

 

 

 

Water Purification Techniques in Ancient Indian Literature!

 

Written by London swaminathan

Research Article No. 1688; Dated 3 March 2015.

Water is a rare commodity in certain parts of India. There is a proverb in Tamil, “Treat Water as Precious” – “Neeraiyum Seeraadu”. Villagers have to walk miles together just to get some water for their day to day essential use. Even that water is murky or muddy. Indian literature is full of stories about mass migration because of big droughts. We read about the droughts and migration in Vedic literature and later Tamil literature. Indus valley civilization was also affected by acute drought. Mahabharata described the drought in Saraswati River basin and the Brahmins moved out of that area.  have collected all the references to drought in the Vedas and Tamil literature for my research.

Even in the areas where water is available, there were certain periods of acute scarcity. So the ingenious people have found out some techniques for water purification. Usually they dugout water springs in the dry river beds or some places identified by the trees. Varahamihira has dealt with this in a separate chapter in his Brhat Samhita (Please read my earlier article on this topic: How to find water in the desert? Posted on 16th February 2015 in this blog)

Tamil Books on Water purification

Kalitokai is an anthology of Sangam Tamil period. It is dated to first three centuries CE. A confused woman who later became clear and composed is compared to the water that is purified by the clearing nuts (Kalitokai, Neithar Kali by Poet Nallanthuvanar):

“ How come she has become bright and composed now! As soon as she embraced that broad chested man, she has become clear like the water that has become crystal clear after adding the Thetraankottai (Clearing nuts)”

Naladiyar is an anthology of 400 verses in Tamil. It is dated to eighth century CE. One of the verses says about the unlearned people,

“Though they be unlearned, if they move in the society of the learned, the former will grow wise and learned just as the new earthen pot by its contact with the bright coloured “Paathiri” flower, imparts its fragrance to the water deposited in it”.

 

जलकतकरेणुन्यायः

jalakatakarenu nyayah

Sanskrit language has got many Nyayas (analogies or similes) and one of them is jala katakarenu nyaya. The nyaya is used to illustrate that dirty things can be purified by mixing with good things. If you mix the kataka powder (Clearing nut powder), then the water gets purified-  is the message. This is used by great people like Sri Sathya Sai baba to bring out the sacrifice one makes in community service. He used to say, “bring out the good in the society and disappear like Kataka powder. Once it purifies the water it dissolves in the water and loses its shape. A social worker also should sacrifice his name, fame and identity when he serves the community like the kataka powder” — is the message, he gives.

KATAKA = Strychnos potatorum = clearing nut tree= Thetra maram in Tamil

It is a common sight in South Indian houses that a corner is allocated for a mud pot. There the mud pot is placed on a heap of river sand and in the water pot they put Vettiver or pathiri flower for fragrant and cool drinking water.

 

  

Varahamihira on Water purification

Brhat Samhita – Chapter 54

“A mixture of antimony, and the powder of Bhadramusta ( a kind of grass) bullbs, andropogon, Rajakostaka and myrobalan combined with Kataka nuts should be dropped into a well.

Anjanasusthosariirai: saraajakosathakaamalakachurnai:

Kathakafalasamayukthairyoga kuupe pradhaatavya:

(Kataka = Strychnos potatorum- Clearing Nut tree. Cilliya mara , Tettamaram in Tamil and Malayalam;  Anjana is translated as antimony; but it has other meanings in Sanskrit).

Even the water that is muddy, bitter, saltish, bereft of good taste, and of bad odour, will become clear/pure, of good taste and good smell and endowed with other qualities”.

The villagers living in arid areas will be benefitted if they follow ancient scriptures. In African countries they use the seeds of Moringa oleifera, a common vegetable used in South India and Sri Lanka.

 

–Subham–

The Glory of Betelgeuse – Ardra Star! (Post No.3691)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date: 5 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:-  5-16 am

 

 

Post No.3691

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

 

The Glory of Betalgeux – Ardra – Which Is Two Crores and Fifty Lakhs Spheres of the Size of the Sun!

 

In Sanskrit it is called as Ardra. In English it is Betalgeux. The astronomical name is Alpha Orion.

In Tamil only two stars are prefixed with the word ‘Thiru’ which means ‘most respected’. One is Thiruvadirai and the other is Thiruvonam.

Thiruvadirai is Betalgeux. This star denotes Shiva. The other star denotes Maha Vishnu.

The presiding deity of the star Betalgeux is Rudra, that is Shiva.

This star could be easily spotted in the sky because of its size and relatively close distance from the earth.

According to Sir James Jeans, the famous author of ‘Mysterious Universe’, the star Betalgeux is so voluminous that it can contain two crores and fifty lakhs of spheres of the size of our Sun. And the Sun is thirteen lakhs of times bigger than our earth. Such is the enormous size of Betalgeux.

 

It is so fiery in nature, that one observer has rightly describes the star after seeing it through 100 inch telescope from Mount Wilson Observatory in America thus: “I saw it blazing; How many millions of Suns rolled into one! I seemed almost to hear the roar of that unbelievable furnace seething across the night, burning for ever and ever, from the beginning of time to that incalculable day when time shall have no longer any meaning’.

This is the third brightest star in the sky.

 

The Hindu puranas give the name Manmada for the God of Love. Manmada is being identified as Sagittarius in the sky.

We can see the disappearance of Sagittarius, that is Manmada, in the western horizon as Rudra – Betalgeux – rises in the east. This has been effectively and picturesquely described in the purana through a simple story.

 

 

The puranas say that Manmada is immediately burnt and instantly reduced to ashes as fiery Rudra – Betelgeux – rose up and extended his fierce glance over the offending cupid.

This episode is being gloriously sung from time immemorial to this day in every nook and corner of India. The dancers with their imaginative skills capture this beautiful scene and reproduce it in every stage till this day.

 

In the Puranas we may find that always the demonic forces are 180 degrees opposite to that of the Divine forces.

The sky is divided into 360 degrees and always the divine forces win over the demonic forces which are always exactly opposite to them.

Thus, Ardra is one such star glorified by the Puranas, Lord Shiva burnt the evil passion instantaneously.

 

 

This is called Kama Dahanam meaning burning of evil passion.

Mahabharata describes the burning of Khandava Forests.

Valmiki in Ramayana describes as how Hanuman burnt the city of Sri Lanka.

Napoleon described the historic burning of Moscow in 1812 as ‘fierest, the most terrific and the most sublime sight the world ever beheld’.

 

 

These are all of the descriptions of the earthly fire of a much smaller area.

When we think of the fiery perennial burning for billions and billions of years in the sky we are dumbfounded.

We are reminded of this great Betalgeux in our every day life through a small story of Purana.

Observe the sky and then read the Puranas. We may understand the Puranic stories in a better manner the real meaning of which are hidden in the vast, never-ending, limitless, immeasurable space.

***

Hugh Everett and his Path Breaking new theory of Parallel Universe!(Post No.3616)

 


Written by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date: 8 February 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:-  5-53 am

 

 

Post No.3616

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Santhanam Nagarajan

It was the American Physicist Hugh Everett III (Birth 11-11-1930 Death: 19-7-1982) who proposed the new path breaking theory of Parallel Universe. He said that the quantum effects cause the universe to constantly split and proposed many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.

Including Niels Bohr laughed at the ‘stupid idea’ proposed by him.

It was in 1963 that the great scientist J.B.S. Haldane said that “Theories have four stages of acceptance: 1) this is worthless nonsense; 2) this is an interesting, but perverse, point of view 3) this is true, but quite unimportant 4) I always said so.”

Arthur Schopenhauer also echoed the same view and said that “All truth passes through three stages: First, it is ridiculed; second, it is violently opposed; and third, it is accepted as self-evident.”

The same thing happened to the Parallel Universe theory. It was ridiculed and opposed by one and all then. And accepted now!

Everett was dejected and altogether he left the Physics and joined Pentagon and did some worthless job!

Later the theory got momentum and scientists like Max Tegmark, Alexander Vilenkin have written their papers in support of Many Worlds Theory.

The brilliant physicist Everett’s tapes have been found in the basement of his rock star son’s flat. These were thought lost first and later was found out by his son Mark Everett during the making of a TV documentary.

Picture of Hugh from Wikipedia.

Everett developed this idea at the age of 24. His work tackled one of the most puzzling mysteries to emerge from the field of quantum mechanics. One consequence of the theory is that tiny particles such as electrons can behave in a curious way that allows them to be in two places at once. In one universe the particle appears in one place, while in a second it appears in the other.

Bohr has remarked, “Anyone who is not shocked by quantum theory has not understood it.”

Yes, true! Everett rightly understood and interpreted that we are living in a multiverse of countless universes, full of copies of each of us.

It is very interesting to note that Everett has written a letter to Einstein at the age of twelve. He just challenged the highest authority in physics and got a reply also from him. It is learnt that in his letter Everett attempted to solve the paradox of what happens when an unstoppable force meets an immovable object.

This theory ultimately leads to the idea that everyone is immortal. In one universe or other each one of us is living.

Tegmark says even now he is being ridiculed for supporting this idea. He is pointing out the popular joke: “You passed your exam in many parallel universe – but not this one.”

But jokes apart, he says surprisingly this idea may be tested. Those who so far said that this could not be tested are baffled now. Time will prove the existence of multiverse.

Perhaps the Xerox of you might have read this article and wondered as to why should one test it when it is real!

***

 

The Mysterious Parallel Universe!(Post No.3609)

Written by S NAGARAJAN

 

Date: 6 February 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:-  5-58 am

 

 

Post No.3609

 

 

Pictures are taken from different sources; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

by Santhanam Nagarajan

 

 

Sir James Jeans has written a book titled ‘The Mysterious Universe’ in 1930. In this wonderful book he has described the mysteries of the universe and wondered that the total number of stars in the universe is probably something like the total number of grains of sand on all the sea-shores of the world. In the last chapter he just declared that the stream of knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality; the universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine.

 

He also in his concluding remarks said that at least we are conjecture to-day, and yet who knows how many more times the stream of knowledge may turn on itself?

He is right. The stream of knowledge turned many times in the last eighty-six years and the last turn makes us to wonder as to what is the limit of wonder regarding the universe.

 

A paper published on October 13, 2016 in the Astrophysical Journal gives the astonishing figure regarding galaxies leave alone stars! It says there are at least 2 trillion galaxies out there – 10 times greater than astronomer’s previous estimates.

One trillion is one followed by 12 zeros!

Examining the data we got from The Hubble Space Telescopes and other observatories worldwide, the scientists believe that ninety percent of the galaxies in the universe are “too faint and too far away to be seen.”

This statement simply shows that we are dealing with a mysterious universe with an infinite dimension!

 

A galaxy contains hundreds of billions of stars and each star system contains dozens of planets! (Please note one billion means hundred crores!)

Astronomers concluded earth like planets alone in the universe may be around one billion!

To put it in layman terms for each human on Earth there are 200 galaxies.

 

As Sir James Jeans predicted the stream of knowledge has taken a swift turn now.

One more turn regarding the universe is that we are not living in one Universe; according to Hugh Everett, we are in multiverse.

With Huge Everett’s findings we have to start to think very seriously. His theory is being analyzed by the Scientist Max Tegmark. The multiverses are stacked one over the other and the distances hitherto thought unreachable also takes a turn. Because the distance between one universe to the other is just one millimeter only!

 

The physicist Max Tegmark asks us to view Everett’s theory sympathetically. He says that Everett’s only mistake was to be born ahead of his time!

According to Max there are four levels of multiverse. Level I – Regions beyond our cosmic horizon. Level II – Other post Inflation Bubbles. Level III – The Many Worlds of Quantum Physics. Level IV – Other Mathematical Structures.

 

I invite all readers who are interested to know more about the mysteries of Parallel Universe to go through his essays about all these four levels.

To put it simply, we are all living in multiverse.

With this I just take leave of you in this Universe.

***

Miracle Cure for Eczema! (Post No.3316)

Compiled  by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 3  November 2016

 

Time uploaded in London: 18-38

 

Post No.3316

 

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; they are only representational.

 

 

Arthur Miles narrated the following anecdote in his book The Land of the Lingam (year 1933):–

Another of my friends in south India had much happier experience with her bearer.  For thirty-five years her husband had been the victim of eczema, and had spent unavailingly a small fortune on doctors and cures.

One day, however, when she was having tea alone in the compound, her bearer said to her: “Memasahib, I can cure master”. With a smile, she told the man she was sure he could not succeed where all the doctors had failed. Nevertheless, the servant quietly insisted in his assertion, and produced a small phial containing some thickish red fluid. A crop of sores on her husband’s body the following morning reminded the memsahib of the phial the boy had given her, and more in desperation than in any belief in the of the remedy, she applied the contents of the bottle to the new eruption.

 

To her amazement the sores not only healed, but they left behind no scar on the skin. For some time my friend was unable to get the bearer to tell her how his medicine was prepared, and it was always he and the maali (gardner) who went off together to get fresh supplies. During the early stages of the treatment it seemed that supplies could be obtained within her own compound, but later the men had to go farther afield.

Picture of Agamidae lizard

Like a wise woman, however, since all was going well, she concealed her curiosity, and paid the bearer well for his trouble. Ultimately, it turned out to be blood from the throat of the Agamidae lizard which was providing the so magical cure. When I last heard from my friends they were making a leisurely trip around the world. Knowing my interest in the matter it was specially mentioned in a letter that no return of the eczema had occurred.

–Subham–

 

வீடியோ விளையாட்டுகள் ஆபத்தானதா? (Post No.2967)

Girl playing video games

Article Written S NAGARAJAN

Date: 13 July 2016

Post No. 2967

Time uploaded in London :– 5-42 AM

( Thanks for the Pictures)

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)

15-7-16 பாக்யா இதழில் அறிவியல் துளிகள் தொடரில் வெளியாகியுள்ள கட்டுரை
குழந்தைகள் விளையாடும் வீடியோ மூளை விளையாட்டு ஆபத்தானதா?
ச.நாகராஜன்

“வீடியோ விளையாட்டுக்களின் முக்கிய குறிக்கோள், மக்களுக்கு புதிய அனுபவங்களைக் கொடுத்து ஆச்சரியப்படுத்தி அவர்களுக்கு மன மகிழ்ச்சியை ஊட்டுவது தான்! – ஷிகெரு மியாமோடோ

உலகில் தற்போதுள்ள குழந்தைகளில் ‘வீடியோ கேம்ஸ்’ விளையாடாத குழந்தைகளே இல்லை. கணினியிலும் ஐ-பாடிலும் ‘மைன் க்ராஃப்ட்’ உள்ளிட்ட விளையாட்டுக்களை விளையாடும் குழந்தைகளை அதிலிருந்து மீட்டு சாப்பிடவோ, படிக்கவோ வைக்க எந்தத் தாய்மர்களாலும் லேசில் முடிவதில்லை.
இப்படி விளையாடினால் குழந்தைகள் கதி என்ன ஆகுமோ என்ற கவலை அவர்களுக்கு உண்டு.
அவர்களுக்கு ஒரு நற்செய்தி!
குழந்தைகள் விளையாடும் மூளை விளையாட்டுக்கள் ஆபத்தை விளைவிக்காது என்கிறது அறிவியல் சோதனை. ஜூலை 2016 ஸயிண்டிபிக் அமெரிகன் இதழில் உளவியல் விஞ்ஞானிகளான டப்னி பவேலியர் மற்றும் சி, ஷான் க்ரீன் (Daphne Bavelier & C.Shawn Green) ஆகியோர் இந்த வீடியோ கேம்கள் பற்றித் தரும் ஆய்வறிக்கைத் தகவல்கள் சுவையானவை.
துரித விளையாட்டுக்கள் என்று சொல்ல்ப்படும் ஷீட்டிங் விளையாட்டுக்களில் சிறுவர்கள் அபாரமான ஈடுபாட்டைக் காண்பிக்கின்றனர். இந்த விளையாட்டு மூளையில் சில பகுதிகளை நன்கு செயல்படச் செய்கின்றன என்கின்றனர் இந்த விஞ்ஞானிகள்.
இந்த விளையாட்டுக்களினால் கவனம் சிதறாமல் குவிக்கப்படும் தன்மை வளர்கிறது. ஒரு விளைவு ஏற்படும் போது அதற்கான எதிர் விளைவுக்குத் தயார் செய்து கொள்வதை இது வளர்க்கிறது. அத்தோடு ஒரு விஷயத்திலிருந்து இன்னொரு விஷயத்திற்கு உடனே மாறும் அபாரமான திறமையை வளர்க்கிறது.

 
இந்த விளையாட்டுக்களில் துப்பாக்கியை வைத்துச் சுடும் வன்முறைகள் உள்ளனவே, அவற்றால் குழந்தைகள் கெட்டுப் போக மாட்டார்களா என்ற கேள்வி எழுவதைச் சுட்டிக் காட்டும் அவர்கள், “அதைப் பற்றிக் கவலைப் பட வேண்டாம், அப்படிப்பட்ட துப்பாக்கி சுடுவது இல்லாத விளையாட்டுக்கள் ஏராளமாக உள்ளன. இனிமேலும் அது போல வன்முறையற்ற அதி சுவாரசியமான விளையாட்டுக்கள் குழந்தைகளுக்காகத் தோன்றும் வகையில் இந்த விளையாட்டுக்கள் ஒரு மேம்பாட்டிற்கு வழி வகுத்து விட்டன” என்கின்றனர்.

2 Girls playing video game
ல்யூமாஸிடி, காக்மெட் போன்ற நிறுவனங்கள் இது போன்ற மூளை விளையாட்டுக்களை சுமார் எட்டாயிரம் ரூபாய்க்கு விற்கின்றன. இந்த விளையாட்டுக்கள் அறிவியல் பூர்வமான ஆராய்ச்சிகளாலேயே உருவாக்கப்பட்டதாக அவை கூறுகின்றன. இவற்றை விளையாடுவதால் நினைவாற்றல் கூடும், எதையும் வெகு சீக்கிரமாக கிரகித்து செயல்படலாம், பிரச்சினைகளைத் தீர்க்கும் சக்தி மேம்படுகிறது, ஏன், சில வயதானவர்க்ள் இந்த விளையாட்டை விளையாடினால் அவர்களது மறதி நோய் எனப்படும் அல்ஜெமிர் நோயே தீர்கிறது என்கின்றன அந்த நிறுவனங்கள்!.
இந்த விளையாட்டுக்களை பல்கலைக்கழகங்களைச் சேர்ந்த நியூரோ-ஸயிண்டிஸ்டுகளே உருவாக்கியுள்ளதாகவும் அவைக்ள் தெரிவிக்கின்றன.
வீடியோ விளையாட்டுக்களைப் பற்றி ஏராளமான அறிவியல் ஆய்வுகள் மேற்கொள்ளப்பட்டு விட்டன. அவற்றில் சிலவற்றை இங்கு பார்ப்போம்.
‘ஸ்டார் க்ராஃப்ட்’ என்று ஒரு விளையாட்டு உள்ளது. இதை விளையாடினால் மூளையின் செயலாற்றல் கூடுகிறது என்பதை லண்டனில் உள்ள க்வீன் மேரீஸ் பல்கலைக்கழகம் மேற்கொண்ட ஆய்வு ஒன்று தெரிவிக்கிறது. உளவியல் சோதனைகளில், இந்த விளையாட்டை விளையாடுவோர் மிக சுலபமாக, மிகுந்த வேகத்துடன் துல்லியமாக அனைத்து பிரச்சினைகளையும் தீர்ப்பதை ஆய்வாளர்கள் கண்டனர்.
வயதானவர்கள் இதை விளையாடும் போது என்ன நிகழ்கிறது?

 

50 வ்யதுக்கு மேற்பட்ட 681 பேரிடம் பத்து மணி நேரம் மூளை விளையாட்டை விளையாடுமாறு சொல்லப்பட்டது. அவர்களது மூப்படையும் தன்மை நிறுத்தப்பட்டதைக் கண்டு ஆய்வை நடத்தியவர்கள் அசந்து போனார்கள். அவர்களை இரு பிரிவாகப் பிரித்து ஒரு பிரிவினர் குறுக்கெழுத்துப் போட்டியை மேற்கொள்ள இன்னொரு பிரிவினர், ‘ரோட் டூர்’ என்ற கணினி விளையாட்டை மேற்கொண்டனர். வாகனங்களின் பாகங்களின் வெட்டப்பட்ட படங்களை அவர்கள் செல்லுகின்ற வழிகளில் உள்ள சாலை குறியீட்டு அடையாளங்களுடன் இணைத்து மிக சிக்கலான பிரச்சினைகளை உருவாக்கி அவற்றை ஒழுங்குபடுத்துவதே விளையாட்டு. ஒரு டிரைவருக்கு நெடுஞ்சாலையில் ஏற்படும் பிரச்சினைகளை, இந்த விளையாட்டு சிக்கலுடன் எடுத்துக் காட்டுகிறது. இதை விளையாடுபவர்கள் மூளை ஆற்றலைப் பயன்படுத்த வேண்டியிருப்பதால் அவர்களது ஆற்றல் கூடியது.
இத்தாலியில் மேற்கொண்ட ஆய்வு ஒன்று மூளை விளையாட்டை விளையாடிய படிப்பில் ஆர்வம் இல்லாத குழந்தைகள் பின்னர் படிப்பதில் ஆர்வம் கொண்டதை எடுத்துக் காட்டியது.
2010ஆம் ஆண்டு அமெரிக்கன் பெய்ன் சொஸைடி ஒரு ஆய்வை நடத்தியது. அதில் வீடியோ விளையாட்டுக்களை விளையாடுவோருக்கு வலி குறைவதைக் கண்டறிந்தது. மிக அதிக வலியைத் தரும் கீமோதெராபி, தீக்காயங்கள் ஆகியவற்றால் பாதிக்கப்பட்டோர் இந்த விளையாட்டால் வலி குறைந்து நிவாரணம் அடைந்தனர்.
ரோசெஸ்டர் பல்கலைக் கழகம் விசித்திரமான ஒரு ஆய்வை மேற்கொண்டது. ‘கால் ஆஃப் டியூடி’ என்று ஒரு விளையாட்டு. இதில் எதிரிகள் கண்ணுக்குப் புலப்படாமல் இருப்பதோடு திடீர் திடீரென்று தோன்றுவர். அவர்களைக் கண்டு பிடித்து வெல்ல வேண்டும். இதை விளையாடிவர்களின் கண் பார்வை மேம்பட்டதை ஆய்வு எடுத்துக் காட்டியது!
டெல் அவி பல்கலைக்கழகம் நடத்திய ஆய்வு ஒன்று பக்கவாதத்தால் பேச்சுத் திறன் பாதிக்கப்பட்டோர் மூளை விளையாட்டை மேற்கொண்டவுடன் பேச முடிந்ததை எடுத்துக் காட்டியது.
ஆக சிறுவர்கள் முதல் முதியோர் வரை இந்த மூளை விளையாட்டுக்களால் நல்ல பயன்களையே பெறுகின்றனர் என்பதைப் பல்வேறு ஆய்வுகளும் நிரூபித்து வருகின்றன.
என்றாலும் அளவுக்கு மீறினால் எதுவும் ஆபத்தே என்ற பழைய மொழியுடன் புதிய அறிவியல் முடிவுகளையும் இணைத்துக் கொண்டு இவற்றை விளையாடி ‘புத்திசாலிகள்’ ஆகலாம் என்பதே உண்மை!.

 

stanley_wendell

அறிவியல் அறிஞர் வாழ்வில் .. ..
வைரஸ் என்றாலே அனைவரும் பயந்து ஓடுவார்கள். வாழ்நாள் முழுவதும் வைரஸ்களுடனேயே இருந்து அவற்றை ஆராய வேண்டும் என்றால் எவ்வளவு தைரியம் வேண்டும்! அந்த தைரியத்தைக் கொண்டு வைரஸ் பற்றி ஆராய்ந்து இரசாயனத்திற்கான நோபல் பரிசை 1946 ஆம் ஆண்டு பெற்ற மேதை தான் வெண்டெல் ஸ்டான்லி. (Wendell Stanley) (தோற்றம்: 16-8-1904 மறைவு :15-6-1971)
வைரஸ் பற்றிய எந்த சந்தேக்ம் என்றாலும், நிபுணர்களாக இருந்தாலும் கூட அவர்கள் நாடும் ஒரே அமெரிக்கர் இவர் தான்! வைரஸ்கள் பற்றி 150க்கும் மேலான அற்புதமான ஆய்வேடுகளை இவர் எழுதியுள்ளார். இவரது கெமிஸ்ட்ரி : ஏ ஃபியூடிஃபுல் திங்” என்ற நூல் பிரபலமானது.

இரண்டாம் உலக மகாயுத்தம் முடிவடைந்த சமயம். ஒரு நாள் கலிபோர்னியா பல்கலை கழகத் தலைவர் ராபர்ட் ஸ்ப்ரௌல் (Robert Sproul) விமானம் ஒன்றில் அமெரிக்காவில் பயணித்துக் கொண்டிருந்தார். அதே சமயம் ஸ்டான்லியும் இன்னொரு விமானத்தில் பயணித்துக் கொண்டிருந்தார். திடீரென்று ஏற்பட்ட பனிப்புயல் ஒன்றினால் இரு விமானங்களும் ஓரிடத்தில் தரை இறங்கின. தற்செயலாக இருவரும் அங்கே சந்திக்க நேர்ந்தது. பயோகெமிஸ்ட்ரிக்கென தனியாக ஒரு பிரிவு வேண்டும் என்பது ஸ்டான்லியின் ஆசை. இருவரும் பேசிக் கொண்டிருந்த போது அதை ஸ்டான்லி சொல்ல, ‘அதெற்கென்ன, உடனே வாருங்கள், ஆரம்பித்து விடலாம்” என்றார் ராபர்ட்.
உடனே பெர்க்லி நகரில் உள்ள பல்கலைக்கழகத்தில் பயோகெமிஸ்ட்ரி பிரிவு ஆரம்பிக்கப்பட்டு அதன் தலைவரானார் ஸ்டான்லி.
அங்கு படிக்க வரும் அனைவருக்கும் தவறாமல் இந்த சம்பவம் சொல்லப்படுமாம். இதைக் கேட்டு மகிழாத ஆராய்ச்சியாளரே பெர்க்லியில் இல்லையாம்!
ஒரு பனிப்புயல் சந்திப்பு பெரிய ஒரு பிரிவை ஆரம்பிக்கக் காரணமானது. பெர்க்லியில் இரசாயன அறிஞர்கள் அனைவரும் அங்கு ஒன்று கூடுவது வழக்கமானது!
சிறிய நிகழ்வுகள் பெரிய விளைவுகளை ஏற்படுத்துவது உண்மையே!
**********
 

 

7 Types of Rains, 7 Types of Winds: Meteorology in Hindu Scriptures! (Post No.2879)

earth-atmosphere-layers

Research Article written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 8 June 2016

 

Post No. 2879

 

Time uploaded in London :–  18-58

 

( Thanks for the Pictures)

 

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DON’T USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com

 

 

15 names for cloud in Sanskrit

Amarakosa, world’s first thesaurus, gives fifteen names for clouds. They are:–

Abram, Meghah ,Vaarivaahah, Stanayitnuh, Bhalaahakah, Dhaaraadharah, Jaladharah, Thadithwaan, Vaaaridah,Ambhubrth, Ganah, Jiimutah,Mudirah, Jalamuga, Dhuumayonih

chart-cloud-types

Seven types of Rains

Following seven types of clouds bring sven types of rains:

Samvartam-  Rain of gems

Avartam- water (we experience it)

Pushkalaavartam- gold (kanakadhara Stotram)

Sangaaritam –flower (Devas)

Dronam- sand (Sahara desert sand storm)

Kalamukhi- stone (hailstorm, meteorite shower)

Neelavarnam- fire (volcanoes, Tsunami)

 

We have some evidence for the six types of rains in the above list.

Rain that pours down water from the sky is known to everyone.

Tungurahua-volcano-

Rain of fire is seen by people living nearby volcanoes. Tsunami waves and worst storms also produce electricity over waves and cause fire accidents. Hindu scriptures describe the Great floods and Armageddon fire.

Rain of stone is caused by meteorite belt, when the earth crosses it every year; but the atmosphere burns most of the meteorites. Yet some areas on earth experience rain of stones. Hailstorms are also described as rain of stones.

Rain of gold: This happened in the life of the greatest of the Indian philosophers Adi Sankara. When he went begging for food (as was the custom for ascetics), a poor lady did not have anything except a gooseberry in her pickle bottle. When she placed it in his begging bowl, he shed tears and prayed wholeheartedly to Goddess to shower wealth on her. And there was a shower of golden gooseberries! Hindus even today sing that hymn Kanagadara Stotra meaning hymn of golden rain.

sandstorm

Sand rain

Sand rain is very common in the Middle East and North African countries. Very often flights are cancelled due to sand storms. Weather is also affected by the dust from the Sahara desert. Two Tamil cities were destroyed by sand rain according to legends authenticated by Tamil literature.

 

Please read my earlier article in this blog:-

Sand Storms destroyed Two Tamil Towns! (7-12-2013)

 

Hindu scriptures describe the rain of flowers by angels in hundreds of places. Whether it is true or not, Indian politicians very often experience rain of flowers from their supporters. During weddings, Hindus shower flowers on the couples. Brahmin priests recite a flower mantra (Yo paam pushpam vedaa) in all the Pujas and shower flowers on the statues. So rain of flowers is a common sight in India.

Rain of gems is known in the heaven.

 

How rain is produced –

Kalidas and other ancient poets knew that water from the sea and other water sources on earth gets evaporated into steam and form rainy clouds. Kalidas has used it in his similes.

cloud_types

Names for Thick Clouds:- Megamaalaa, Kadambhini

Ten words for Lightning:–Sampaa, Satahrtaa, Hraadini, Airavatii, Kshanaprabaa,Thadith, Saudaaminii, Vidyut,Sanchalaa,Sapalaa

 

Seven types of Atmospheric Layers

Sakuntala drama of Kalidasa has a reference to the different pathways in the heaven (Act 7-5); commentators explain all the seven paths as follows:

“According to Hindu mythology, the heavenly region is divided into Seven Paths, with a particular Vayu/wind is assigned for each.

 

The first of these Vayupathas or vayu margas is identical with the bhuvar loha., or atmospheric region, extending from earth to sun. The wind assigned to this area is AVAHA.

 

The other six make up the Swar loka or heavenly region with which Swarga (paradise) is often identified in the following order:-

The second marga/path is that of the sun; and its wind called PRAVAHA, causes the sun to revolve.

Third path is that of moon and its wind is SAMVAHA impels the moon

Fourth is that of the stars or lunar constellations and its wind is known as UDVAGA; this causes the stars to revolve.

Fifth path is that of the planets and its wind is VIVAHA

Sixth is that of the Saptarishi or Greta Bear Constellation and the Milky Way; its wind PARIVAHA bears along these luminaries.

And the last- seventh- is that of the Dhruva or Pole Star; the pivot or axis of the whole planetary system; its wind is PARAVAHA, causing the revolution of the Pole Star (Dhruva Star).

 

Scientific Facts

These divisions may not correlate with the modern divisions; but yet it shows the scientific bent of mind of our forefathers; dividing them into different types or categories, assigning them different roles – show their keen observation and deep study. What they said about ‘winds’ may be different rays, pulses and waves from the sky.

 

Rain plays a key role in Hindu scriptures. They worship water and its God Varuna from the Vedic days. Tamil books also give at least ten names for clouds and a prayer to Rain (god).

–subham–

 

 

 

Minus X Minus = Plus: Hindu Science of Poisons (Toxicology)—Post No 2845

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Research Article written by london swaminathan

 

Date: 27 May 2016

 

Post No. 2845

 

Time uploaded in London :– 14-08

 

( Thanks for the Pictures)

 

DON’T REBLOG IT AT LEAST FOR A WEEK!  DONT USE THE PICTURES; THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED BY SOMEONE.

 

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)

 

Contact ; swami_48@yahoo.com

This article is published in Tamil as well.

Potassium-cyanide-phase-I-unit-cell-3D-SF

There is an interesting story in Mahabharata. Pandava brothers and Kaurava brothers were learning archery from the great teacher Drona. From the very beginning Duryodhana, the eldest of the Kauravas was very jealous of the Pandavas. Duryodhana was waiting for an opportunity to kill them by hook or crook. Once he tricked Bhima, the strongest of the Pandava brothers to eat poisonous fruits. When he fell unconscious, he tied him with plant fibres and threw him into a river full of poisonous snakes. He thought Bhima was finished. But Bhima came alive as if he was just woken up from sleep. The poisonous snakes in the river had bitten him and that poison neutralised the original poison. That is (– x — = +) Minus x Minus = plus

The popular Sanskrit proverb is Vishasya Aushadam Visham (Venom is the antidote for venom).

The word poison came from the Sanskrit word Visham ( V changes to  P in most of the languages)

We have a vast resource of materials on everything under the sun in Sanskrit language. 2000 years ago Charaka and Susrutha wrote about poisonous flowers, roots, seeds, barks, fruits and animal poison in their medical books. They followed Homeopathy and took minute quantities of poison or impurities or germs to cure the symptoms caused by such things. They knew very well that the antidote for poison is another poison. Now this principle is followed in several treatments.

 

HINDUS DISCOVERED HOMEOPATHY

Five years ago I wrote an article under the title WHY DO HINDUS PRACTISE HOMEOPATHY? And posted here (19 November 2011); Following is an excerpt from my article:–

We are told that Homeopathy was developed by the German physician Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843).But Indians know the principle long ago and are practising it in their day to day life.

The basic principles of Homeopathy are:

(1) ‘Like cures Likes’;

(2) ‘Symptoms of diseases are body’s self healing processes’ and

(3) ‘If one is administered with very dilute dose of what causes the disease, one will be cured of the disease’

When Hindus go to a holy place, they won’t drink or bathe in the water at once. Even when they go to temple tanks or holy rivers they will take three sips of water and sprinkle it on their head. Then they will use it for washing their feet and hands , bathing, drinking etc. This small dose of three sips of water (Brahmins call it Achamana) will help them to avoid all the diseases from that particular water source. In those days, water was the main source of diseases. The mineral contents, temperature, taste and quality of water were different from place to place. There was no chlorination or protected water supply for the public. Even today one can practise this ‘achamanam’ and avoid getting diseases from water. The diluted water-in small quantity- gives immunity to us from the germs and other impurities. So Hindus know the principle of Homeopathy ‘Like cures Likes’. No need to say that we should remember other basic rules about hygiene.

The rule for doing ‘achamana’ (sipping of water) is that the amount of water you take should submerge only one black gram seed (Urad Dhal in Hindi and Masha in Sanskrit). So when you do it three times you would have taken water that submerges only three seeds-so little!

 சிவ சிவ

Shiva – the poison eater

Lord Shiva, one of three Hindu Trinities helped the Devas (angels) by devouring the poison known as Kaalakuuta or Halaahala. When the Devas (angels) and the demons (demons) churned the Milky Ocean for Amruta/ambrosia.

Ten Types of Poison

An old Sanskrit sloka divides poison into five big/main poisons and five small/minor poisons. Since we lost touch with the ancient language and the ancient science may of the words look Greek to us today!

Srngi ca kaalakuutasca muthsalo vathsanaabhakah

Sangakarniiti yogoyam mahaapancavishaamidhah

Five main poisons are; Srngi, Kalakuta, Muthsalah, Vathsanabhakah, sangakarnii

 

Arkakshiiram snuhikshiiram tathaiva kalihaarikaa

Dhattuurah karaviirasca panca chopavishaah smrutaaah

Five minor poisons are : Arkakshiram, Snuhikshiram, Kaliharika, Dhatturah, Karavirah

 

POISON SIMILES!

Since people knew these things very well they even composed several verses using the theme of poison as simile:-

 

One poet composed a verse saying that what is poison for whom.

Anabhyaasena visham saastram

Agiirne bhojanam visham

Daritrasya visham goshti

Vrddasya tarunii visham

That is scriptures are poison to an idiot; food is to a person suffering from indigestion; donation of a cow to a poor and giving a young woman for an old man in marriage. All these are like poisons.

 

Another poet said that poison kills only one person who took it. But those steal a Brahmin’s property will be destroyed for seven generations:-

Na visham vishamiyaahu brahmasvam vishamucyate

Visham ekaakinam hanti brahmasvam  putr pautrakam

 old-fashioned-poison-

SANSKRIT SAYINGS ON POISON

Following are some of the Sanskrit sayings on Poison (Visham); taken from the book Suktisudhaa, Chinmaya Interational Foundation:-

Duskaram visam ausadhii kartum – Mrccakatikam

It is an arduous task to convert poison into potion

Xxx

Dvesaakhyaanam visam bhavet – Brhat katha kosa

Scandal mongering is lethal

Xxx

Na hemakumbhe visam amrutam bhavet – Kahavatratnakar

Poison in a golden goblet will not turn into nectar

Xxx

Visam visameva sarvakaalam

Poison remains Poison alone at all times

Xxx

Visasya visam ausadham -– Kahavatratnakar

Venom is the antidote for venom

Xxx

Sarvaange durjane visam – Canakya Niti

The whole body of the wily is venomous

Xxx

Sva hasto api visadigdhah  chedyah -– Canakya Niti Sastram

The poisoned hand, though your own, deserves to be amputated

 

skull_poison_bottle_

ENGLISH PROVERBS

The above proverbs may be compared with English proverbs:

Poison is poison though it comes in a golden cup

One drop of poison infects the whole tun of wine

One poison drives out another (Read the Story of Bhima above)

 

 

 

Tamil Proverbs

Scorpion has poison in its sting but bad people has poison all over the body

Scorpion has poison in its sting but a whore has poison all over her body (Iniyvai Naarpathu verse 38)

One drop of poison spoils the whole pot of milk

Singaravelu Mudaliyar in his Tamil Encyclopaedia ‘Abidhaana Chintaamani’ has listed all the plant poisons and antidotes as well.

 

Who do the Hindus feed the crows first?

Hindus used to feed the crows first just before eating. Some used to fee the dogs in the street. If there is any poison in the food they react immediately. In the olden days due to unhygienic conditions or deliberate poisoning, food poisoning was common. Even kings used some animals to test theiir food first.

poison old type

–Subham–