CHANAKYA’S WARNING: DON’T DO THE FOLLOWING THINGS! (Post No.4589)

CHANAKYA’S WARNING: DON’T DO THE FOLLOWING THINGS! (Post No.4589)

 

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 6 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London-13-31

 

 

 

Post No. 4589

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

Chanakya was a great genius. He was a great statesman, astute politician, an author and an economist. But some of his ‘Dos and Donts’ look very strange. Probably there was a reason for it 2300 years ago. He lived during the days of Alexander. Following slokas (verses) are from his book Chanakya Niti.

1.Nails and Women

One should never trust those with nails and horns and those with arms in hand, (as also), the rivers, the women and the members of the royal households.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 1, Sloka 15

nakhinaam ca nadiinaancha srunginaam sastrapaaninaam

visvaaso naiva kartavyah striishu rajakuleshu ca

 

xxx

2.Don’t live if there is no civility

One should not live there which does not have the following five:–

the means of livelihood, fear (about rules, regulations) , modesty, civility and charity (the nature to give or relinquish)

lokayaatraa bhayam lajjaa daakshinyam tyaagasiilataa

panca yatra na vidyante na kuryaat tatra samsthatim

Chapter 1, Sloka 10

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3.Dont live in the country…………..

One should keep away from that country where there is no respect, no means of livelihood, no relatives, no acquisition of knowledge or skill.

Yasmin dese na sammaano na vruttirna ca bhandhavaah

na ca vidyaagamah kasichattam desam parivarjayet

Chapter 1, Sloka 8

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4.Don’t live in a town if there is no Doctor

A place which does not have these five:- rich person, a Vedic scholar, a king, a river, and a doctor (Physician) – one should not stay even for a day!

dhanikah srotriyo raajaa nadii vaidhyastu pancamah

panca yatra na vidhyante na tatra divasam vaset

Verse 6 of Chapter 1

 

xxx

 

  1. Beware of Friends

One should not trust a bad friend, nor should repose too much of trust (even in good) friend lest the friend in a fit of rage were to lay bare all the secrets.

Chapter 2, Verse 6

na visvaset kumitre ca mitre caatiwa visvaset

kadaacit kupitamitram sarvam guhyaam prakaasayet

xxx

6.Never reveal Your Plans/ Ideas

One should not reveal through words (talk about) an action one has in mind. One should keep it secret in his counsel and apply it to one’s mission.

Chapter 2, verse 7

manasaa chintitam kaaryam vachasaa na prakaasayet

mantrena rakshayet guudam kaarye chaapi niyojayet.

 

Some of his instructions are valid even today.

Source for slokas: Chanakya Niti, translated by Satya Vrat Shastri, Kolkata.

–subham-

 

 

 

31 quotations of Friendship (Post No.4238)

OCTOBER 2017 GOOD THOUGHTS CALENDAR
Compiled by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 23 September 2017

 

Time uploaded in London-  14-17

 

Post No. 4238

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

Festival Days: Oct.1-MUHARAM, 2 GANDHI JAYANTHI, 5- VALMIKI JAYANTHI, 18/19- DEEPAVALI, 25- SKANDHA SASHTI.

EKADASI -1, 15, FULL MOON- 5, NEW MOON- 19

AUSPICIOUS DAYS- 27, 30

OCTOBER 1 SUNDAY

Friendship with those whose minds are not open-hearted sours to enmity – Kalidasa’s Sakuntala 5-24

 

OCTOBER 2 MONDAY

Imbibe only the merits of a companion and never the demerits- KR 186

 

OCTOBER 3 TUESDAY

Befriending a cruel serpent tantamount to extinction of the frog community– Panchatantra

 

OCTOBER 4 WEDNESDAY

Abusive language spells the death knell of friendship – Panchatantra 5-72

OCTOBER 5 THURSDAY

Live up to the words of a friend –Satopadupadesa prabandha

OCTOBER 6 FRIDAY

Do not disrespect a friend’s words – Sakunatalam ,first act

 

OCTOBER 7 SATURDAY

A friend indeed is a friend in need -Panchatantra 2-115

 

OCTOBER 8 SUNDAY

Better cordiality with a helpful foe than with a faithless friend – Hitopadesam 4-16

 

OCTOBER 9 MONDAY

Friendship begets help, and an enemy is known by disservice – Valmiki Ramayana 4-8-21

 

OCTOBER 10 TUESDAY

The pure hearted strike friendship at first sight –Yogavasistha 3-78-35

OCTOBER 11 WEDNESDAY

When sad or glad, a friend alone is a sanctuary – – Valmiki Ramayana

 

OCTOBER 12 THURSDAY

Ever avoid a foolish friend – Sushasitavali

 

OCTOBER 13 FRIDAY

The one with a companion achieves his objects-  Panchatantra 2-26

 

OCTOBER 14 SATURDAY

A traitor of a friend is the worst of men – Mahabharata

 

OCTOBER 15 SUNDAY

A friend who is angry without justification does create anxiety -– Valmiki Ramayana 15-32-6

OCTOBER 16 MONDAY

Elephants do not ever befriend foxes – Kiratarjuniya 14-2

 

OCTOBER 17 TUESDAY

Betraying friends never yields prosperity – Jataka mala

 

OCTOBER 18 WEDNESDAY

Friends alone do not make for joy nor enemies alone for sorrow- Mahabharata

 

OCTOBER 19 THURSDAY

 

The sin of betraying a friend is erased not even in a hundred births- BKM

 

OCTOBER 20 FRIDAY

It is declared that comradeship of the noble commences with seven steps walked together – Panchatantra 2-47, Rig Veda, Sangam Tamil Literature

OCTOBER 21 SATURDAY

Friends and foes originate only in transactions – Hitopadesam 1-72

 

OCTOBER 22 SUNDAY

Friendship- easy to build, difficult to sustain – Valmiki Ramayana 4-32-7

 

OCTOBER 23 MONDAY

Friendship blooms between those of the same loom and gloom – Panchatantra 1-285

 

OCTOBER 24 TUESDAY

Bond with those of the same melancholy – Satopadesaprabandha

 

OCTOBER 25 WEDNESDAY

Proximity, though it be to the inanimate, leads to companionship- Valmiki Ramayana 2-8-28

OCTOBER 26 THURSDAY

Enemies scorch when they meet and friends too when they depart -SRB 3-110

 

OCTOBER 27 FRIDAY

Attachment to friends makes prosperity, not so with women! Katha sarit Sagara

 

OCTOBER 28 SATURDAY

Comradeship occurs in communion – Valmiki Ramayana 4-127-47

 

OCTOBER 29 SUNDAY

In prosperity, all are one’s friends -Kahavatratnakar

 

OCTOBER 30 MONDAY

Share your grief with your buddies – Satopadesaprabhandha

OCTOBER 31 TUESDAY

He is friend who sees you through woe – Panchatantra 1-341

xxx

Source – Suktisudha, Chinmaya International Foundation, Ernakulam, Kerala, 2010

For original Sanskrit sentences, please see the book.

 

–SUBHAM–

 

Adi Shankara on Wives and Friends !

lady in bloom - Copy

By London Swaminathan
Post No. 866 Date: 25th February 2014

Adi Shankara was a philosopher. His hymns such as Viveka Chudamani, Bhaja Govindam, Guru Ashtakam, and Dakshinamurti Hymn are purely religious. But his Question and Answer hymn known as Prasnaottara Ratnamalika is different from others. He talks about secular subjects in addition to spiritualism. (Prasna means Question and Uttar means Answer). The question and answer format was used in the Upanishads. Dialogues are in the Vedas. Socrates borrowed it from India and used it in the West. The Western scholars named it Socratic Method. But it has become popular after Yaksha Prasna in Mahabharata. Buddhists copied it in their Milinda Panha.

(Socrates used the Upanishad command Know Thy Self. Paramahamsa Yogananda in his Autobiography of a Yogi gives more details about Socrates’ encounter with a Hindu Yogi in page 367 which I have already published in this blog)

Let us look at a few secular questions and answers from Shankara’s Prasnaottara Ratnamalika:

About Government Service!
In Sloka 37
And what assembly is to be shunned?
That which is devoid of elder councillor.

Here in what should a man be conscious?
Verily in the service of the king
(King= governments)

In Sloka 30
Which place is to be shunned?
One abounding in wicked people and ruled by a greedy king

Add Sloka 32
What is the cause of ignominy?
Currying the favour of unregenerate people.

In Sloka 57
Who is a king?
One who makes others happy.

On Wives and Friends

Equally interesting is his views on wives, women and friends. Before looking at his answers we must remember the age he lived in and the views of other cultures around the world at that time.

What attracts the mind of a wise man?
Good poems and a wise lady. ( Sloka 28)

It is a beautiful answer of a man with a very good taste. But we would’t have expected from a philosopher like Shankara. He has met one of the wisest ladies of ancient India Sarasavani, wife of Mandana Mishra and defeated her in arguments. He wrote commentaries to all the major Upanishads where he had come across the wisest ladies Gargi and Maitreyi .No wonder he gave such an answer!
I have dealt with Mandana misra – Adi Shankara clash in “Lie Detectors in the Upanishads”– posted on 27 June 2012.

If we believe the arguments of Kanchi Paramacharya, Shankara lived a few centuries before Christ. I have also proved that Paramacharya was right by quoting verses from 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature. The majority view placed him in the eighth century. They were confused because of Abinava Shankara ( Abi nava shankara means ONCE AGAI N A NEW SHANKARA. He was a ditto of Adi Shankara). So we have to take into account the age he lived in before scrutinising his answers.

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In verses (slokas) 9, 15, 23, 31, 38 and 49 he makes interesting comments on women and wives:

What is inscrutable? (kim gahanam?)
The conduct of woman (Stri Charitham)
(Inscrutable= impossible to understand or interpret!)

Q: What activities should one resist from doing ?
(avadhirana kva karya?)

A: Association or indulgence with the unscrupulous, others’ women and others’ wealth.
(khala, para-yosit and para-dhana respectively)

What is momentary like lightning?
Bad company and young women.

By what means can a person be griefless?
By obedient wife and undiminishing wealth.

It is strange that Adi Shankara talks about wealth.
But Tamil poets Valluvar also said the same. His wife Vasuki was an obedient wife who put her husband above everything. Valluvan also said that such a woman can make rain pour down. Valluvan also said that there is no other world if you don’t have god’s grace (Arul) and there is no life in this world if you don’t have money (Porul).

What is to be well protected?
Good name, devoted wife and discernment

Who is the friend of a house holder?
His wife

In this answer, he follows Yudhitra in Yaksha Prasna of Mahabharata.
Yudhistra described wife a a friend, philosopher and guide.

Q: Who is the clever man ? (kah caturah)
A: One who does not become the slave of the influence of females.

The finale comes in his answer to the question
Who is the perceptible Goddess? (Prathyaksha Devata Ka?)
Mother (Matha)
This is the same answer we have been getting from the days of Vedas: “Matha, Pitha, Guru ,Deivam!”

shanakara face

About Friends

He gives his views on friendship in slokas 13, 16 and 22:
What bestows happiness?
Friendship with good people.

This he repeats for the umpteenth time; in his Bhajagovindam hymn he sang about Sath Sangam. All the Hindu sages repeated it hundreds of times.

What is to be cultivated with affection?
Compassion towards the helpless and friendship with the good.

Where should we live?
Near good people.

But the finale on this subject comes in his answer to
Who is a friend?
He who prevents us from doing sin (one who saves from sin).

English people knew that
A friend indeed is a friend in need.

Valluvar says lot of things about friendship. But Adi Shankara is unique in giving this answer. A lot of people are spoiled by their friends. They make them do bad things for the sake of giving company. Probably Adi Shankara knew what is going to happen in 20th and 21st centuries. So imagined this question and gave an appropriate answer!

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On Wisdom & Courage: Gems from Katha Sarit Sagara- Part 3

Please click here for the post
Gems from KSS-3

courage

TankManChina

Images of courage: One man stand against mighty Chinese Army in 1989 at Tianenmen Square,Beijing.