Soma! We are Your Friends; You are Indra’s Friend! (Post No.10,104)


Post No. 10,104

Date uploaded in London – 17 September   2021           

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Second part was posted yesterday under  the title


Let us look at the remaining mantars in the hymn RV 9-97 on Pavamana Soma:-

Mantra 43 of  RV.9-97

Flow onward Righteous Slayer of the Wicked;

Drive away our enemies and sickness

Blend your milk with the milk that cows afford us

We are Your Friends; And You are Indra’s Friend!.


9-97- 44 onwards…………….

You are a Spring of Treasure; Pour  us a fount of Honey/meath

Pour down Riches on us FROM THE OCEAN

(These words show that there was a big maritime trade between India and the Middle East and Africa; Bogazkoi Inscription of 1340 BCE prove that there was well established Vedic Hindus settlement in Turkey and Syria).

You are strong; you are wise;

You are sun-bright; you are chariot borne; truly potent.

You were poured forth like the longing of the pious.

Soma ! your daughter is earth. You cover her with your clothes.

You are singing like a priest in the assembly/ gathering.

You find three -fold refuge in the waters.

You are sweetest in waters, rich in meath and holy.

You are truthful-minded.

Flow to the song inspiring car borne (Asvins)

Flow to mighty Indra

Pour on us garments that shall clothe us suitably;

Please send us chariot drawing horses that may bring us treasures bright and


Send us in streams Celestial Riches.

Send us what earth contains so that we may acquire possessions and

Rsihood in Jamadagni’s manner

You are full of wisdom

You are glorious; flow on for us to the famed ford

May the Foe-queller shake us down , for triumph, like a tree’s ripe fruit 60,000 treasures

Soma ! Turn away the Foolish and Unfriendly

Soma sent our enemies to sleep and slew them

You are the giver of gifts

You are wise, King of all Existence

Devas sing like the bards who sing for obtaining wealth

May we pile up together all our spoil in battle

May Varuna and Mitra, Aditi and Sindhu, Earth and Heaven give us wealth

Thus ends the hymn RV 9-97.

Though the song looks like a battle cry it is not a battle cry.

They pray for status of a Rishi (Rsihood); they pray for the destruction of their sins; they also pray for earthly riches and celestial riches.

If one reads all the 58 Mantras and see the inner meaning, they pray to god for all the good things in life. Here Soma stands for GOD. And another point to be noted is God is a friend. This found throughout the Rig Veda. And they pray for the group, not for him alone. Always we and us and not I and me!


tags – Soma-3, Friends ,Friendship, Rishi, RV.9-97


Who is a Rishi? How many types of Rishis?


Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1339; Dated 10th October 2014.

The word Rishi means a man to whom Vedic hymns are revealed, an author of sacred hymns, a poet; a priestly singer of those hymns, a saint or sage of ancient India.

Definition of a Seer(Rsi):

In the earliest Vedic text like the Rig-Veda, the word Rsi occurs several times. There are various interpretations:
The Rig-Veda Sarvanukramani 1-4 explains the word Rsi as one who recites the mantra form of the sentence – yasya vaakyam ca rsih.
Sayana derives Rsi from rs ‘to go’. In the introduction to his commentary of the Rig-Veda he connects the word Rsi with drs ‘to see’ and explains how the Veda which is beyond the scope of perception is revealed first of all to the sages through the favour of god.

In the Nirukta 2-11 Yaska quotes the opinion of Aupamanyava, ‘rsir darsanat stoman dadarsa iti aupamanyavah’. This means that the Veda is eternal and it has not been created by any agency. The Nirukta further informs us that the mantras are directly revealed to the Rsis through their meditation and prescience. So the Rsis are called ‘sukta drastarah and not sukta kartarah.

The Satapatha Brahmana derives the word Rsi from rs ‘to toil hard’, ‘to suffer from’.

The Taitriya Aranyaka explains Rsi as abhi+aa+rs ‘ to go forward’, ‘to appear’.
Besides the etymological meaning of the word Rsi, it carries the ideas relating to poetic and prophetic vision, super sensuous knowledge, righteousness and ecstasy.
(Source: Bhrgus – A Study by Jayanti Panda)

Rishis are inspired poets. The seven Rishis are mind born sons of Brahma, the creator. The seven Rishis are represented in the sky by the seven stars of the Great Bear (Ursa Major) constellation.


“The seven great sages of old, and four elders and the Manus also are of My nature and born of My mind and from them are all these creatures in the world “ – (10-6 – Bhagavad Gita )

Atri, Brhu, Kutsa, Vasistha, Gautama, Kasyapa and Angirasa are Sapta Rishis (Seven Sages) now. They change during every Manvantara (Life of one Manu is one Manvantar. There are 14 Manus).
Four Elders: Sanakar, Sanandanar, Sanadanar and Sanatkumarar
Saptarishis showed Pravruti Marga and the Four showed Nivruti Marga.

“Thus transmitted from father to son, Arjuna, this yoga remained known to the Rajarsis (royal sages). It has, however, long since disappeared from this earth”. (4-2 – Bhagavad Gita)

Rama ,Krishna, Buddha and Janaka were all kings —Raja Rsis– who taught the highest wisdom.


The Seven Sages have the following seven virtues or criteria for being a Saptarishi:

1.Long life: A rishi lives for a longer period than the normal life span of a human being
2.Mantra Drshta: Like Radio boxes receive the radio wavelengths one tunes in, they receive certain mantras by fine tuning their minds. Like TV boxes they can see anything from a distance. They can see present, past and future. It is like rewinding, watching or fast forwarding a video tape. Everything is recorded already.
3.Divinity: They are almost like Gods. They have all the powers of Gods, but they don’t use it for themselves.

4.High Status: This is what differentiate them from other Rishis. They are high by virtue of their good qualities, Vedic education/studies and age.
5.Practice: They preach what they practise. They practise what they preach. Thought, Word and Deed are one and that is known as Tri Karana Suddhi.
6.Divine Vision: Perspective outlook. Always work for the uplift of the society.
7.Gotra Pravardha: The human race evolved from these seven Rishis. So each one must be in charge of one clan and devise ways for his clan based on their Time, Place and Circumstances. They can change the rules considering the above three.

( I have taken the seven virtues from Anna’s commentary on Bhagavad Gita in Tamil and expanded with additional points).

rishi shishya

Types of Rishis (seers)

How many types of Rishis (seers) are there in our scriptures? In fact the English word seer itself came from the Sanskrit word Rishi. Seer is the mirror image of Rsi.
Of the ten Mandalas of the Rig Veda, eight are attributed to eight Rishis or his family:
Rig Veda
Mandala 2: Grtsamada (Brigu)
Mandala 3: Visvamitra
Mandala 4: Gautama (Vamadeva)
Mandala 5: Atri
Mandala 6: Bharadwaja
Mandala 7:Vasistha
Mandala 8: Kanva
Mandala 9: Angira
Mandala 1 and 10 are attributed various Rishis.


Baudhayana Dharmasutra Gives a list of different types of seers:

Sruta rsi = One who hears Vedas from their teachers
Kanda rsi = Rishis of different Kanadas (sections) of the Vedas
Tapa rsi = Those who do severe penance
Satya rsi = Those who are truthful learners
Deva rsi = Equal to devas; divine
Sapta rsi = Seven Great Sages
Maha rsi = Great/ Exalted position
Parama rsi = Supreme/ Exalted position
Brahma rsi = Rsi of Brahmana community
Raja rsi = Rsi of Kshatriyas community (Kings)
Jana rsi = Common man becoming a Rsi

Patanjali, author of Mahabhasya on Panini’s Ashtadyayi, affirmed two new categories of Rsis:
Mantrakrit = the revealers or composers of Vedic hymns
Mantrakritsama = a writer of Vedangas like Kalpasutra.

agastya in nepal,bharatkalyan97.blogspot

Ten Types in the Ramayana and Mahabharata:

Grihasthasramis = Householder but Rsis
Urdhvaretas = who have no wives or children; celibates
Asramavasis = Hermit dwellers
Yayavaras = Continuous wanderers
Purohita- vrittikas = Priestly saints
Sadharana vrittikas = Usual type rsis
Saastras adyapakas = Teacher rsis
Sastras adhyapakas = Rsis who give arms training
Ugra tapasvis = Practising severe penance
Sadharana tapsvis = Practising ordinary austerity
Majority of the seers were householders.

Source: Rsis in Ancient India by C B Pandey 1987.