OLDEST SANSKRIT WORD IN INSCRIPTION! (Post.9063)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9063

Date uploaded in London – –22 DECEMBER 2020      

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge;

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

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We know that Rig Veda, dated 4000 to 6000 BCE by B G Tilak and German scholar Herman Jacobi, has 1000s of Sanskrit words. We know that Tamils in the southernmost part of India use 100s of those Vedic words in their day to day conversation now (Please read my over 100 articles on this topic in this blog).

But what is the oldest Sanskrit word in historical inscriptions?

The answer is available from

J Harmatta’s book, The Emergence of Indo Iranians in History of Civilizations, Edited by Dani and Mason, p.374)

Actually reconstructed from a tablet from the Dynasty of Agade that belongs to 2300-2100 BCE. We come across two names-

Ari sen and Soma sena

My research is as follows :–

This is corroborated in the Mahabharata with at least 24 commanders or kings with SENA suffix.

Sen has the highest suffix —

Other suffixes of kings or army commanders are—

Datta-6, Ketu-9, Pathi and Vathi-11+3, Varman -13, Vasu-5, Dyumnan-6, Deva-8, Ratha-5, Mana-3, Ayudha or Yuddha-3, Ashwa-6, Jaya-6, Wana/Vana etc.

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Kanchi Paramacharya (1894-1994)  has spoken about the Egyptian Pharaohs Ramses. They are Sanskrit names according to him.

Like Ramesh (Shiva) they also have snakes in their heads . Even a Hindu child will tell that the Egyptian King looks like Lord Shiva with snake.

My research shows that  Pharaohs is a Sanskrit word derived from ‘Para raja’. Para raja Simha  name is used by Sri Lankan Tamils even today

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Another interesting linguistic matter is

Sena becomes Senai and then Thaanai in Tamil.

S=T is in hundreds of English words ending with TION. We pronounce it as SION.

Some Kaasite kings used the name Indrash which is Indra. Like Greeks, they added ‘sh’ sound with all the Sanskrit words

More Sena Kings of Sumeria (South Iraq)

The suffix Sin may mean Sena or Chandra

All years in BCE

Naram sin – 2260 BCE – King of Kish

(It may be even Narasimhan )

Amar sin – 2046

Shu sin – 2037

Ibbi sin – 2026

Bur Sin – 1895 BCE

(These three names are very interesting; all ending with Sena; probably from the same family- father- son- grandson – all have Sanskrit prefixes AMARA, SU, SIBI)

Even if Sin meant Chandra we have equivalent names in Sanskrit History)

Very Fist King of Kish is Enmebara gesi 2650 BCE

We can easily see Sanskrit words Para Kesi

Kings of Larsha

From 1849 BCE to 1741  BCE , we have

Iddinum sin,

Eribam sin

Iqisham sin

Warad sin (Varada or Bharata)

Rim sin – I (Rama Sena?)

Rim sin-  II

In Assyria we have one Naram sin in 1830 BCE

Apart from this, we have Shatrugna (Sargon= Sarkuna?) in 2340 BCE, Sargon I in Assyria in 1840 BCE

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SANSKRIT NAMES IN KASSITE DYNASTY IN SUMERIA


Gandash – GANA DASA – 1729 BCE

Burnaburiash – PURANA BURIASH (Vayu)1530 BCE

Lot of names have Lash or Dash as suffixes equivalent to Sanskrit kai-LASH or Vishnu-DASA.

Vishnudasa is found even in Sangam Tamil Literature; they Tamilized it as VINNAN THAAYAN .

Another notable feature is in all cultures first king is named Manu (Menes) in Egypt and other places. Similarly, ‘Kali Yuga first year is the start of calendars in Egypt and Mayan (3100 BCE)

It shows the Exodus from India happened after the Great Bharat War (Maha Bharat War- 3200 BCE)

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SECOND OLDEST SANSKRIT WORD

Again in 1600 BCE we find Sanskrit words in Kassite inscriptions in Babylonia or modern Iraq. The oldest inscription in Iraq with Sanskrit words have Suryash and Maruttash. They are in the Rig Veda as Surya and Maruts. Even today people living from Nepal in the Himalayas to the Southern most part of Sri Lanka use

Surya and Marut/wind. Maruti, son of wind god, is Hanuman.

In the Kassite language Wind God is called Buriyash. Vayu/wind god is called Bayar in North India. How B changes to V or vice versa is given by me in my articles. Now Bengalis change all V sounds into B.

Varanasi- Benares (V=B) is another example from English period.

I have shown Kassites are from Kasi (Varanasi/Benares) and Hittites are Kshatriyas (khattis) and Hyksos are Yakshas.

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Mitannian 1400 BCE

Mitannian civilization of Turkey/Syria have pure Sanskrit names which are acknowledged by the whole world . We have Dasaratha, Pratardhana etc.

And the Dasaratha letters (also known as Amarna letters) are very clear proofs. More details are in Wikipedia.

Turkey – Turaga- Horse land

Iran – Aryan – land of Cultured people

Syria – Surya – land of solar race kings

Lebanon – Lavana, country  where white rocks and salts are found.

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Kerala Mushika Vamsa – Phyrgians ???

I am able to justify my hypothesis that Phyrgians are Mushika Vamsa/dynasty people of Haihayas.

We have the history of Rat Dynasty from 1000 CE in Kerala. It is called Mushika/Rat Vamsa/dynasty.

Musaka for mouse is in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. We derived the word mouse, mushika etc from that Vedic Sanskrit. The reason for someone calling themselves Mouse people is that they had Mouse as their totem symbol.

We have such examples in

Jambhavan – Bear people  in Ramayana

Jatayu – Eagle people in Ramayana

Hanuman – Monkey people in Ramayana

Kaushika – Owl people in Vedic literature

Manduka – frog people in Vedic literature

Kasyapa – tortoise people in Vedic literature

Bharadwaja – crow people in Vedic literature

Kapeya , kappiya – ape people in Vedic literature

Chandilya – un identified bird

Asvalayana Grihya sutra mentions 47 names derived from animals and plants. So all the Rishis and Kings used some sort of symbols, totems, tattoos in their life. We read about Matsya (Fish) kings in Mahabaharata. They probably had Fish as their symbol like the Pandyas of Tamil Nadu.

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Now back to Mushika / Phyrgian research

M changes to P all through the Sanskrit literature from ancient period.

The Phyrgians also spoke the Indo-European language and their inscriptions appear in Turkey (Anatolia) from eight century BCE. They are first mentioned as enemies of the Assyrian (Asura is the Vedic word for them) empire. An Assyrian inscription of the 12th century BCE mentions that a tribe called Muski invaded Assyria with 20,000 people. The Muskis have been identified with the Phyrgians . Cognate words of Musaka are found in Latin, Slav and other European languages.

Mouse was the totem symbol of Muskis.

–from ‘In search of Indo- Europeans’, page 258

I identify this Mushika tribe with the Mushika Dynasty of Kerala. Though we have historical records from around 900 CE only, their history goes back to Ramayana period.

Wikipedia says

Origin of the dynasty

…you should not take your own unhappy life,
Nor yet ought you to obstruct this offspring
left like this in you by your husband.

Mushika-vamsha introductory verse, describing how the royal preceptor dissuaded the queen from committing suicide[9]

Atula provides a mythological origin of the Mushika dynasty, tracing its descent to a Heheya queen, whose family was killed during Parashurama‘s slaughter of the Kshatriya rulers.[10] The pregnant queen initially wanted to commit suicide, but her family preceptor dissuaded her from doing so, encouraging her not to destroy her unborn baby.[11][9] With the help of the preceptor, the queen fled southwards, and came to the coastal region that later became the Mushika kingdom.[10] There, she was attacked by a huge rat (mushika), who was actually the divine spirit of the Eli mountain (Ezhimala), and had been cursed by the sage Kaushika to become a rat. The queen burned the rat to ashes with the flame emitted from her eyes: the rat was thus redeemed, and became transformed into its original form.[12][13]

Rama, the dynasty’s founder

At the request of the divine spirit, the queen started living in a cave of the mountain, protected from Parashurama.[13] There, she gave birth to a boy, who received education from the preceptor. By the time the prince grew up, Parashurama had wiped the Kshatriyas from the earth 21 times. Feeling sorry for their widows, he decided to perform a ritual sacrifice to absolve himself from the sin of killing the Kshatriyas at the Eli mountain. For one of the sacrificial ceremonies, he needed a Kshatriya prince.[13] The divine spirit of the mountain brought to him the Heheya prince, who belonged to the lunar dynasty.[14] After the end of Parashurama’s ceremony, the prince was crowned as a king, and thus, became the founder of the Mushika dynasty. Since Parashurama performed his consecration with the holy water from a ghata (earthen pot), the king came to be known as Rama-ghata-mushika

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Woman means Vamana, i.e. Leftist

Man came from Sanskrit ‘Manu’, first man.

Wo- man came from the left rib of first man Adam according to Semitic people.

Actually they took it from Hindu Story of Ardha Naari (Half Woman form of Lord Shiva, where woman is in the left part; Vaama means left). In Northern Europe in the fourth millennium BCE Corded Ware people buried males on the right side and females on their left side. This is also true of Nalchik, a north Caucasian site, of about the millennium BCE. It also applies to the Tazabhagyap culture south of the Aral Sea and the Tulkhar burials of Tajikistan (Stan is a Sanskrit suffix that is affixed to many countries in this area, which shows all these people were Sanskrit speakers) , both of which were the variants of Andronovo Culture.

The Tulkhar culture burials show rectangular hearths for males and round hearths for females.

This reminds of three different fire places in every brahmin house in ancient days. They were in different geometrical shapes – Ahavaniiyam, Garhapatyam and Dakshinagniyam.

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Sati , wife dying in the funeral pyre of dead husband, is not found in the Rig Veda or Manu Smrti. But this custom of burning wife is found in 5 or 6 verses of 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature. We find some evidence in Poland and Baltic states. We also see it in the Danube region in the third millennium BCE and in Italy.

But we may never know that both of them died at the same time or one dead and the other climbed the funeral pyre.

I have used the following books with my inputs for this article –

Looking for the Aryans by R S Sharma, Orient Longmans, Hyderabad 1995

The Indo Iranians in the History of Civilizations, J.Harmatta

In Search of the Indo Europeans, Mallory

Ancient Iraq, Georges Roux

–subham—

tags- oldest word, Sanskrit, Totem symbols, Agade dynasty, Inscriptions

1100 USEFUL CELESTIAL NOTES IN 38,000 INSCRIPTIONS! (Post No.8978)

COMPILED BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 8978

Date uploaded in London – –28 NOVEMBER 2020   

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge;

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Salient features from an article by Meera Bharadwaj:–

BENGALURU: Looking at the stone and understanding the sky is what she does. And she is leaving no stone unturned to understand the celestial events of the past. The celestial world has always fascinated B S Shylaja. And therefore, opting for astrophysics to understand the astronomical occurrences and phenomena was not at all surprising. In 1994, she joined as an educator in Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium, Bengaluru. Till her retirement in 2017 as the Director of Planetarium, she taught basics of astronomy and astrophysics to graduate students.

The tradition of getting edicts recorded on stone can be traced back to 3rd century BCE. Stone inscriptions also provide records of eclipses, solstices and planetary conjunctions, Shylaja informs. She has studied not only Indian inscriptions but extended her studies to South and South East Asia – Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand. This has thrown light on many new aspects such as the evolution of calendars independently from the influence of Indian system of time measurement as early as the 3rd century BCE.

Shylaja says, Many interesting records of planetary conjunctions are also available.” This voluminous exercise has involved scrutiny of 38,000 inscriptions from 6th to 17th century and gathering of 1,100 useful information about celestial events.

The result of her effort has led to deciphering records of solar and lunar eclipses, solstices, equinoxes and planetary conjunctions. In all these cases, the dates and timings are meticulously written down while the details on the positions of planets are also available. She has also traced Kannada inscriptions to far off regions like Myanmar. She was assisted by Geetha K G (project assistant/co-researcher) for some discoveries in 2016.

Shylaja and Geetha mainly dealt with inscriptions found in and around Karnataka. Shylaja says, “A good number of Kannada inscriptions are found in AP, TN, Maharashtra and Goa. Many are bi-lingual. All inscriptions in Tirupati are in Kannada, Sanskrit and Telugu and at times, Tamil.

TWO TOAL SOLAR ECLIPSES IN INSCRIPTIONS

The earliest stone inscription of total eclipse in 754 CE has been found in Pattadakal. In fact, European visitors learned the procedures of calculations from Indians. Records of total eclipses have made for an exciting study for Shylaja.

They are recorded as Saka Year, Samvatsara (a cycle of 60 years), lunar month, tithi (the phase of the moon) and Vara (the week day). “We see examples of the naksatra citation (each day is associated with a star, naksatra, the one closest to the moon among the 27), while in some examples, lagna, the ascendant zodiacal sign is cited, giving the time of the day,” Shylaja says.

There is one prominent mention of planetary grouping in 1665 when there was a solar eclipse. This is recorded as śadgraha yóga – grouping of six planets. They are sun, moon, descending node (Kétu) considered as planet and the other three planets. This occasion was used to donate special grants called “tulāpurushadāna”, which means gold of weight equivalent to the weight of the king was disbursed. This particular record pertains to the then Mysore Maharaja.


Languages used in earliest inscriptions are Pali, Prakrit, Nagari and Sanskrit. Subsequent ones are in Kannada, Tamil, Telugu and Persian. Earliest Kannada inscription dated back 
to 450 CE.

Source – Article By Meera Bhardwaj

Express News Service November 22, 2020

TAGS–  INSCRIPTIONS, CELESTIAL EVENTS 

–subham–