Post No. 9063

Date uploaded in London – –22 DECEMBER 2020      

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge;

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

We know that Rig Veda, dated 4000 to 6000 BCE by B G Tilak and German scholar Herman Jacobi, has 1000s of Sanskrit words. We know that Tamils in the southernmost part of India use 100s of those Vedic words in their day to day conversation now (Please read my over 100 articles on this topic in this blog).

But what is the oldest Sanskrit word in historical inscriptions?

The answer is available from

J Harmatta’s book, The Emergence of Indo Iranians in History of Civilizations, Edited by Dani and Mason, p.374)

Actually reconstructed from a tablet from the Dynasty of Agade that belongs to 2300-2100 BCE. We come across two names-

Ari sen and Soma sena

My research is as follows :–

This is corroborated in the Mahabharata with at least 24 commanders or kings with SENA suffix.

Sen has the highest suffix —

Other suffixes of kings or army commanders are—

Datta-6, Ketu-9, Pathi and Vathi-11+3, Varman -13, Vasu-5, Dyumnan-6, Deva-8, Ratha-5, Mana-3, Ayudha or Yuddha-3, Ashwa-6, Jaya-6, Wana/Vana etc.


Kanchi Paramacharya (1894-1994)  has spoken about the Egyptian Pharaohs Ramses. They are Sanskrit names according to him.

Like Ramesh (Shiva) they also have snakes in their heads . Even a Hindu child will tell that the Egyptian King looks like Lord Shiva with snake.

My research shows that  Pharaohs is a Sanskrit word derived from ‘Para raja’. Para raja Simha  name is used by Sri Lankan Tamils even today


Another interesting linguistic matter is

Sena becomes Senai and then Thaanai in Tamil.

S=T is in hundreds of English words ending with TION. We pronounce it as SION.

Some Kaasite kings used the name Indrash which is Indra. Like Greeks, they added ‘sh’ sound with all the Sanskrit words

More Sena Kings of Sumeria (South Iraq)

The suffix Sin may mean Sena or Chandra

All years in BCE

Naram sin – 2260 BCE – King of Kish

(It may be even Narasimhan )

Amar sin – 2046

Shu sin – 2037

Ibbi sin – 2026

Bur Sin – 1895 BCE

(These three names are very interesting; all ending with Sena; probably from the same family- father- son- grandson – all have Sanskrit prefixes AMARA, SU, SIBI)

Even if Sin meant Chandra we have equivalent names in Sanskrit History)

Very Fist King of Kish is Enmebara gesi 2650 BCE

We can easily see Sanskrit words Para Kesi

Kings of Larsha

From 1849 BCE to 1741  BCE , we have

Iddinum sin,

Eribam sin

Iqisham sin

Warad sin (Varada or Bharata)

Rim sin – I (Rama Sena?)

Rim sin-  II

In Assyria we have one Naram sin in 1830 BCE

Apart from this, we have Shatrugna (Sargon= Sarkuna?) in 2340 BCE, Sargon I in Assyria in 1840 BCE



Gandash – GANA DASA – 1729 BCE

Burnaburiash – PURANA BURIASH (Vayu)1530 BCE

Lot of names have Lash or Dash as suffixes equivalent to Sanskrit kai-LASH or Vishnu-DASA.

Vishnudasa is found even in Sangam Tamil Literature; they Tamilized it as VINNAN THAAYAN .

Another notable feature is in all cultures first king is named Manu (Menes) in Egypt and other places. Similarly, ‘Kali Yuga first year is the start of calendars in Egypt and Mayan (3100 BCE)

It shows the Exodus from India happened after the Great Bharat War (Maha Bharat War- 3200 BCE)



Again in 1600 BCE we find Sanskrit words in Kassite inscriptions in Babylonia or modern Iraq. The oldest inscription in Iraq with Sanskrit words have Suryash and Maruttash. They are in the Rig Veda as Surya and Maruts. Even today people living from Nepal in the Himalayas to the Southern most part of Sri Lanka use

Surya and Marut/wind. Maruti, son of wind god, is Hanuman.

In the Kassite language Wind God is called Buriyash. Vayu/wind god is called Bayar in North India. How B changes to V or vice versa is given by me in my articles. Now Bengalis change all V sounds into B.

Varanasi- Benares (V=B) is another example from English period.

I have shown Kassites are from Kasi (Varanasi/Benares) and Hittites are Kshatriyas (khattis) and Hyksos are Yakshas.


Mitannian 1400 BCE

Mitannian civilization of Turkey/Syria have pure Sanskrit names which are acknowledged by the whole world . We have Dasaratha, Pratardhana etc.

And the Dasaratha letters (also known as Amarna letters) are very clear proofs. More details are in Wikipedia.

Turkey – Turaga- Horse land

Iran – Aryan – land of Cultured people

Syria – Surya – land of solar race kings

Lebanon – Lavana, country  where white rocks and salts are found.


Kerala Mushika Vamsa – Phyrgians ???

I am able to justify my hypothesis that Phyrgians are Mushika Vamsa/dynasty people of Haihayas.

We have the history of Rat Dynasty from 1000 CE in Kerala. It is called Mushika/Rat Vamsa/dynasty.

Musaka for mouse is in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world. We derived the word mouse, mushika etc from that Vedic Sanskrit. The reason for someone calling themselves Mouse people is that they had Mouse as their totem symbol.

We have such examples in

Jambhavan – Bear people  in Ramayana

Jatayu – Eagle people in Ramayana

Hanuman – Monkey people in Ramayana

Kaushika – Owl people in Vedic literature

Manduka – frog people in Vedic literature

Kasyapa – tortoise people in Vedic literature

Bharadwaja – crow people in Vedic literature

Kapeya , kappiya – ape people in Vedic literature

Chandilya – un identified bird

Asvalayana Grihya sutra mentions 47 names derived from animals and plants. So all the Rishis and Kings used some sort of symbols, totems, tattoos in their life. We read about Matsya (Fish) kings in Mahabaharata. They probably had Fish as their symbol like the Pandyas of Tamil Nadu.


Now back to Mushika / Phyrgian research

M changes to P all through the Sanskrit literature from ancient period.

The Phyrgians also spoke the Indo-European language and their inscriptions appear in Turkey (Anatolia) from eight century BCE. They are first mentioned as enemies of the Assyrian (Asura is the Vedic word for them) empire. An Assyrian inscription of the 12th century BCE mentions that a tribe called Muski invaded Assyria with 20,000 people. The Muskis have been identified with the Phyrgians . Cognate words of Musaka are found in Latin, Slav and other European languages.

Mouse was the totem symbol of Muskis.

–from ‘In search of Indo- Europeans’, page 258

I identify this Mushika tribe with the Mushika Dynasty of Kerala. Though we have historical records from around 900 CE only, their history goes back to Ramayana period.

Wikipedia says

Origin of the dynasty

…you should not take your own unhappy life,
Nor yet ought you to obstruct this offspring
left like this in you by your husband.

Mushika-vamsha introductory verse, describing how the royal preceptor dissuaded the queen from committing suicide[9]

Atula provides a mythological origin of the Mushika dynasty, tracing its descent to a Heheya queen, whose family was killed during Parashurama‘s slaughter of the Kshatriya rulers.[10] The pregnant queen initially wanted to commit suicide, but her family preceptor dissuaded her from doing so, encouraging her not to destroy her unborn baby.[11][9] With the help of the preceptor, the queen fled southwards, and came to the coastal region that later became the Mushika kingdom.[10] There, she was attacked by a huge rat (mushika), who was actually the divine spirit of the Eli mountain (Ezhimala), and had been cursed by the sage Kaushika to become a rat. The queen burned the rat to ashes with the flame emitted from her eyes: the rat was thus redeemed, and became transformed into its original form.[12][13]

Rama, the dynasty’s founder

At the request of the divine spirit, the queen started living in a cave of the mountain, protected from Parashurama.[13] There, she gave birth to a boy, who received education from the preceptor. By the time the prince grew up, Parashurama had wiped the Kshatriyas from the earth 21 times. Feeling sorry for their widows, he decided to perform a ritual sacrifice to absolve himself from the sin of killing the Kshatriyas at the Eli mountain. For one of the sacrificial ceremonies, he needed a Kshatriya prince.[13] The divine spirit of the mountain brought to him the Heheya prince, who belonged to the lunar dynasty.[14] After the end of Parashurama’s ceremony, the prince was crowned as a king, and thus, became the founder of the Mushika dynasty. Since Parashurama performed his consecration with the holy water from a ghata (earthen pot), the king came to be known as Rama-ghata-mushika


Woman means Vamana, i.e. Leftist

Man came from Sanskrit ‘Manu’, first man.

Wo- man came from the left rib of first man Adam according to Semitic people.

Actually they took it from Hindu Story of Ardha Naari (Half Woman form of Lord Shiva, where woman is in the left part; Vaama means left). In Northern Europe in the fourth millennium BCE Corded Ware people buried males on the right side and females on their left side. This is also true of Nalchik, a north Caucasian site, of about the millennium BCE. It also applies to the Tazabhagyap culture south of the Aral Sea and the Tulkhar burials of Tajikistan (Stan is a Sanskrit suffix that is affixed to many countries in this area, which shows all these people were Sanskrit speakers) , both of which were the variants of Andronovo Culture.

The Tulkhar culture burials show rectangular hearths for males and round hearths for females.

This reminds of three different fire places in every brahmin house in ancient days. They were in different geometrical shapes – Ahavaniiyam, Garhapatyam and Dakshinagniyam.


Sati , wife dying in the funeral pyre of dead husband, is not found in the Rig Veda or Manu Smrti. But this custom of burning wife is found in 5 or 6 verses of 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature. We find some evidence in Poland and Baltic states. We also see it in the Danube region in the third millennium BCE and in Italy.

But we may never know that both of them died at the same time or one dead and the other climbed the funeral pyre.

I have used the following books with my inputs for this article –

Looking for the Aryans by R S Sharma, Orient Longmans, Hyderabad 1995

The Indo Iranians in the History of Civilizations, J.Harmatta

In Search of the Indo Europeans, Mallory

Ancient Iraq, Georges Roux


tags- oldest word, Sanskrit, Totem symbols, Agade dynasty, Inscriptions

Mystery of Indian Hill Tribes – Part 2!(Post No.2912)

tribe 11

Research Article written by London swaminathan


Date: 21 June 2016


Post No. 2912


Time uploaded in London :– 19-19


( Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks)





(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com)



Please read the first part published yesterday, where there is a detailed introduction


 tribe 13

My comments: Bor Abor women cropped their hair which was unusual in India. They were semi precious stones  like the wearer of modern jewelries.


Look at he breast of the female figure. Sangam Tamil literature talks about Bra in hundreds of places. Tamil women used bra from Sangam age)


Tribes used totem symbols and half of the words are in Sanskrit.

We have totem symbols even in the oldest religious book in the world — the Rig Veda.

Kasyapa Rishi means Tortoise Rishi

Kaushika Rishi means Owl Rishi

Sandilaya Rishi means Bird Rishi

Manduka Rishi means Frog Rishi.

We have totem symbols in Ramayana and Mahabharata. Foreigners deliberately hid these factors and gave only the tribal totems in their book.

Following excerpt is from my previous post:

Several animal symbols were used as totem symbols by the tribes. So they were called by the animal names. Later writers took it for real animals and called them bears (Jambavan in Ramayana) and Eagle ( Jatayu in Ramayana). In real life bears and eagles were just human beings but with some animal tattoos or animal masks.

My comments: In all these stories (Janamejaya story of Mahabharata)  we see some environmental concern. When the kings try to kill all the snakes and all the frogs someone gives them good advice about environmental protection. Even if we take them as human beings with totem symbols, peace is restored by stopping the killings.

My comments (about Ayu story in Mahabharata) : Frog was a totem symbol of a particular tribe and Ayu was the king of that Frog tribe. Actually they are human beings, not frogs. We have poets and seers with the names such as Manduka Maharishi (frog), Therai (Toad) in Sanskrit and Tamil.  Mandukyopanishad is one of the major Upanishads. So what we read here is the story of tribal people. Since thousands of years passed before Vyasa collected all these stories and incorporated them into the epic for the benefit of posterity, the original meaning was lost. Now we have to read the story between the lines.

Naga is the totem symbol used all over the world. The opposing group used Garuda/Eagle(Please see my old articles linking Mayans and Indian Nagas from the Mahabharata period)


tribe 14

Picture shows a Chulikata Mishmi Chief in full dress

Now look at the totem symbols of the Tribes:

Oraon tribe

Tirki – Young mice

Ekka-  Tortoise

Kispotta –Pig’s entrails

Lakra- Hyena (Vyagra is Sanskrit word for Tiger)

Bagh – Tiger corrupted form of Sanskrit Vyag(ra)

Kujrar – Oil from Kujrar tree

Gede – Duck

Khoepa – Wild dog

Minji- eel (Meen is used in Sanskrit for fish)

Chirra – squirrel


Santal tribe

Ergo – Rat

Murmu – Nilgai deer

Hansda – Wild goose (Hamsa is a Sanskrit word for swan)

Maarudi – Grass

Besra – eagle

Hemron- betel palm

Saren – Pleiades (Sarvana is Sanskrit for Skanda of Pleiades/Kartika Star)

Sankh- Conch Shell (Sanka is a Sanskrit word for Conch; conch itself is Sanskrit)

Gua – areca nut

Kaaraa – buffalo

Bhumij Tribe

Saalrisi – Saal fish

Haansda – Wild goose (Sanskrit Hamsa)

Leng – Mushroom

Saandilya – bird (Vedic Rishi)

Hemron – Betel

Tumarung – Pumpkin

Nag – snake (Sanskrit)


tribe 17

tribe 20

Naga chief wears shawl on the left shoulder like Hindus. Their facial features are mongoloid and their language is very different from old Tamil or Sanskrit.

Mahili Tribe

Dungri – Dumu fig

Turu – Turu grass (Sanskrit)

Kaanti – ear of an animal (Kaatu is a tamil word for ear)

Haansdaa- wld goose (Sanskrit)

Murmu – Nilagai


Koraa Tribe

Kasyab – Tortoise (Vedic rishi, sanskrit for turtle)

Saulaa – sal fish

Kasibak – heron

Haansdaa – wild goose (Sanskrit)

Butku – pig

Saampu – bul

Kurmi Tribe

Kesaria – kesar grass

Taraar – buffalo

Dumuriaa – dumur fig

Chanchmukuraar – spider

Hastovar – tortoise

Jhaalbanuaar – net

Sankhowaar – shell ornaments (sanskrt)

Baagbauaar – Tiger (Sanskrit)

Katiaar – silk cloth


Baag is a corrupted word of Vaag (Vyaagra)


Hindus were the first race in the world to have flags with totem symbols. Ramayana and Mahabharata give lot of information about flags. I have dealt with them in a separate research article.

So totem symbol is not a primitive one. Neither Aryan nor Dravidian. Even all the civilized groups had them. Now they remain in the flags and government emblems of many countries.


To be continued………………………………….