METALS IN VEDAS (Post No.7060)

WRITTEN by London swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 5 OCTOBER 2019
British Summer Time uploaded in London – 15-59
Post No. 7060

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Vedic Hindus were predominantly agriculturists. The Rig Veda, the oldest religious book in the world, was transmitted unaltered from generation to generation simply through oral traditions. It furnishes us with a picture of the earliest Hindu culture. Vedic people domesticated cows, horses and sheep. They knew the uses of bronze, gold , copper and silver.

The Rig Veda is regarded as a genuine document belonging to 1500 BCE or before that. Scholars like Herman Jacobi and BG Tilak even place it between 4000 and 6000 BCE

In the RV, we find mention of gold, silver, copper and bronze among metals. A hymn (1-162) gives an account of the bronze cauldron slung over the fire by pot-hooks for the cooking of meat.  Gold was used for ornaments like anklets, rings etc. Mention of metal vessels, tools and armour, made mainly of bronze, affords evidence of the knowledge of metal working.

Some writers believe that iron was known during the time of the Rig Veda . For according to them the word ayas in the hymns of the Rig Veda  definitely refers to iron in certain instances. But many other scholars pointed out that AYAS is a generic term for metals in the Vedic age and sometimes for gold.

In Tamil also PON refers to gold, iron and five metals in gods’ (Pancha loka= Aim Pon) idols. Even in Tamil Veda Tirukkural, it is used for both iron and gold.

Then again in the Brahmanas and Upanishads, which were of later date than the Vedas we find that the word ayas has been differentiated into lohita ayas or red metal and Krishna ayas or black metal, representing copper and iron respectively. So Rig Veda ayas is not iron and in the Indus valley civilization we don’t find iron.  It may be early Vedic civilization.

xxxsubham xxx