SWAMI VIVEKANANDA ON OMKARA! (Post No.3464)

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Date: 19 December 2016

 

Time uploaded in London:- 20-23

 

Post No.3464

 

 

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Every idea that you have in the mind has a word; the word and the thought are inseparable. The external part of one and the same thing is what we call word, and the internal part is what we call thought. No man can by analysis, separate thought from word.

 

The idea that language was created by men–certain men sitting together and deciding upon words — has been proved to be wrong. So long as man existed there have been words and language. What is the connection between an idea and a word? Although we see that there must always be a word with a thought, it is not necessary that the same thought requires the same word.

 

The thought may be the same in twenty different countries, yet the language is different. We must have a word to express each thought, but words need not necessarily have the same sound. Sounds will vary in different nations.

One commentator says, “Although the relation between thought and word is perfectly natural, yet it does not mean a rigid connection sound and one idea.” These sounds vary, yet the relation between sounds and the thoughts is a natural one. The connection between thoughts and sounds is good only if there be a real connection between the thing signified and the symbol; until then the symbol will never come into general use.

 

A symbol is the manifestor of the thing signified, and if the thing signified has already an existence, and if, by experience we know that the symbol has expressed that thing many times then we are sure that is a real relation between them. Even if the things are not present, there will be thousands who will know them by their symbols. There must be a natural connection between the symbol and the thing signified; then when the symbol is pronounced, it recalls the thing signified.

 

The commentator says the manifesting word of God is OM. Why does he emphasize this word? There are hundreds of words for God. One thought is connected with a thousand words; the idea, God, is connected with hundreds of words and each one stands as a symbol for God. Very good, but there must be generalisation among all these words, some subsratum, some common ground of all these symbols and that which is the common symbol will be the best, and really will represent them all.

 

In making a sound we use the larynx and the palate as a sounding board. Is there any material sound of which all other sounds must be manifestations, one which is the most natural sound? Om (Aum) is such a sound, the basis of all sounds. The first letter, A, is the root sound, the key, pronounced without touching any part of the tongue or palate. M represents the last sound in the series, being produced by the closed lips, and the U rolls from the very root to end of the sounding board of the mouth. Thus, Om, represents the whole phenomena of sound-producing. As such, it must be the natural symbol, the matrix of all the various sounds. It denotes the whole range and possibility of all the words that can be made.

 

Apart from these speculations we see that around this word om are centred all the different religious ideas in India, all the various religious ideas of the Vedas have gathered themselves round this word Om.

 

What has that to do with America and England or any other country? Simply this, that the word has been retained at every stage of religious growth in India and it has been manipulated to mean all the various ideas about God. Monists, dualists, mono-dualists, separatists, and even atheists took up this Om. Om has become the one symbol for the religious aspiration of that vast majority human beings. Take, for instance, the English word God. It covers only a limited function, and if you go beyond it, you have to add adjectives, to make it Personal, or impersonal, or Absolute God. So with the words for God in every other language their signification is very small. This word

Om however, has around it all the various significances. word om, how. significances. As such it should be accepted by everyone.

 

Source: Selections from The Complete works of swami Vivekananda, Advaita Ashrama, Calcutta 700 014

–Subham–

Auspicious Words in Sanskrit and Tamil Books (Post No.2825)

08.08.67.earth.med

Research article written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 20 May 2016

 

Post No. 2825

 

Time uploaded in London :–  13-49

 

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Ancient Hindu writers who wrote in Sanskrit and Tamil had some wrting traditions which were not found anywhere else in the world. They had a set of rules about the opening sentence or opening word of a great work in literature. They always started with some auspicious words or with the name of God. Either the prayer in the book or the first verse had that Mangala or auspicious words.

 

Here is a simple sloka which gives the rule:-

Omkaarascha atha sabdascha dvaavethau brahmanah puraa

Kandam bitwaa viniyaartau tasmaan maangalikaavubau

-Paatanjala darsanam

 

The sounds ‘Om’ and ‘Atha’ came first from the mouth of Brahma. So both these are considered auspicious words.

moon night

This ancient tradition lead the poets and compilers to begin a book with these words. The first letter of the alphabet in most of the old languages is ‘A’. Tamils and Sanskritists used this word as well.

Om or Aum has got a mystical meaning; it is the primordial sound from which everything came out/ originated

‘Atha’ means now

Here are some examples to illustrate the tradition:-

Atha yogaanusaasanam – Opening line of Patanjali Yogasutram

Atha Srimad Bhagavd Gita – Bhagavad Gita

Athaatho brahmajijnaasaa – Brahmasutra

Agni meele – Rig Veda (Om is also added with every mantra in the Vedas).

When the Guru opens the book in front of the students, he would say

Atha Valmiki Ramayana, Atha Rik Vedah etc. and then teaches the students.

Kalidasa, the greatest of Indian poets, prays to god with various words. If god is not directly referred to then the poets used words like ‘Viswa’, ‘Loka/world’.

 

Vishu Sahsranama begins with ‘Viswam’ vishnur Vashatkaro……..

tricolour om

But all the Sanskrit religious texts used Om or Atha in the beginning.

Amarakosa also says ‘Atha’ is an auspicious word. So we know that it has been in vogue for thousands of years.

Tamil Rule

Tamils have used the following words as the initial word in their works if it does not contain a direct Prayer to God:–

Siir(Sri), Ezuthu(word),Pon(gold), Puu(flower), Thiru (Sri/Lakshmi), Mani(Gem/Bell), Yaanai (Elephnt),Ther(chariot), Pari(horse), kadal(Sea), Malai(hill) Pukaz(fame), Mathi(Moon), Neer (water) Aaranam(Vedas) ,Sol(wprd), Puyal (rain/storm), Nilam (Earth), Ganga (Holy Ganges River), Ulakam(world),Parithi(Sun), Amirham (Ambrosia/Amrut).

Ulakam/World

Famous Tamil works such as Tirumurukatruppadai, Manimekalai, Valayapathy, Periya Puranam, Kamba Ramayanam, Mullaippaattu, Mudumozikanchi, Seevaka Chintamani, Villi Bharatam begin with the word ‘Ulakam’.

Other books such as Sirupaanatrupadai, Natrinai, Tirikaduka used the synonyms of world (Maanilam)

Oldest Tamil book Tokaappiam begins with Ezuthu(Word).

Tamil Epic Silappathikaram begins with Moon, Sun and Rain.

swastik, om lamps, kotipali shivratri

Tamil Veda Tirukkuran begins with ‘Akara’.

All the ancient Sanskrit and Tamil inscriptions begin with Swasti Sri, another auspicious word.

All the literary works ended with the word SUBHAM ( meaning Well, Good, Prosperity)

No other ancient culture except the Hindus had this literary tradition.

sheep, sun

–Subham_

 

OM symbol in Europe (2000 BCE)!

220px-Om.svg

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1480; Dated 12th December 2014.

One need not be extraordinarily brilliant to see the link between AUM (Om) and Number three. Look at the pictures and read the description of Om in Hindu scriptures and then judge for yourself!

Om is the primal sound. This is the name of Brahman or God. It is the word from which everything came. Om has no beginning, no end. During cosmic dissolution, the universe is merged into Aum.

Of all the Mantras, the most powerful is the single syllable incantation called the Pranava, i.e. Om. Lord Krishna confirms it in the Bhagavad Gita. “of the incantations I am the single aksharam (Aum/Om)— (B.G.10-25)

All the Vedic recitations begin with Om. No mantra gets its power without Pranava. Only when it is added all the mantras get life force. That is why it is called Pranava. Om moves the Prana or the cosmic vital force.

Krishna says in Bhagavad Gita 8-13 that those who depart reach the highest goal if they recite the Pranava.
In the Gita sloka 17-24, he says

“Therefore with the utterance of Om the acts of sacrifice, gift and penance enjoined in the scriptures are always undertaken by the expounders of Brahman”.

newgrange.jpg

Aum and Number 3
Aum stands for Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva (Trinity)
It stands for the world made up of tri gunas (triple manifestations of nature). They are Satva Guna/ tranquillity, Rajo Guna/ passionate activity, Tamo Guna/ inactivity.

Esoterically Om stands for of our physical, astral and casual bodies.

AUM is made up of three letters: A is guttural, U is middle and M is the labial. In short Om stands for all that is manifested and un manifested.

AUM = Three Letters A, U, M can be seen in Sanskrit AUM and Tamil AUM. Actually the three letters written jointly and that only forms the AUM symbol.

The efficacy of the Mantra “Aum” and the benefits of reciting Mantra Aum fall beyond the scope of this article. I will show how the same here forces are understood by all ancient cultures and wrote the symbol in the same way.

There are 207 entries under Number 3 in the Encyclopaedia of Numerals in Sanskrit literature. If I add Tamil entries it will add to another 100 at least! From other cultures I can add hundred more!

rockart
New Grange, Megalithic Spiral Art, Ireland
#

Three spirals at new grange
New grange is in Republic of Ireland. It is one of the most impressive megalithic tombs in Europe. The most remarkable example of megalithic art in Europe is the entrance stone at New Grange. Its three spirals are similar to found on Malta and Brittany in France. The spiral symbolised a natural force of which the builders were aware. It is dated around 2000 BCE.

Some of the spirals at New Grange have seven turns; but this is not usual; they do turn both clockwise and counter clock wise . It shows that it is more than a decoration. It indicates the builders’ awareness of the natural force or energy.
Omega_uc_lc.svg.hi
Omega of Greek alphabet.If we slightly turn it, it will match with Aum

OMEGA is Greek
“O – Mega” means Big O. That is the last letter of the Greek alphabet. Like Krishna, Jesus also said “I am the Alpha and the Omega” in the Bible (Revelation 22-13).
The Greek O was not only called Maga O that was placed as the last letter as well. This indicates how much they valued it. As we all know “O” is one of the vowels in all the major languages of the world.

Several cultures have got three hands or three legs as their emblem. But the three rounds, looking like Aum, is in the tombs in Ireland. This reminds of what Krishna said in Bhagavad Gita (8-13), who ever departs saying this letter will reach the highest goal. That is why we find this symbol in such places like passage graves.

triskailion
Triskelion in Celtic Art

Triskelion
Triskelion is a design that appears on pre historic earthenware. A circle is divided into three parts. This symbol adorns the wall of Irish megaliths.

There are also Triskelions formed from three human legs bent at the knee. We see it in the arms of Isle of Man with the motto/slogan –“It will stand erect wherever it is thrown”. The city of Fussen in Bavaria also has this emblem
isla of man
Isle of Man emblem of Three Legs

The form of three overlapping circles, are frequently found in the windows of Gothic Churches.
What is the purpose for these designs or emblems?

All these emblems demonstrate vital positive force going in clock wise direction, same like Hindu AUM.

0m-in-Various-Scripts
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