Akbar was a Hindu Saint in his Former Life! (Post No.3988)

Akbar worshipping sun, Asian Civilisations Museum, Singapore


Compiled by London Swaminathan

Date: 10 June 2017

Time uploaded in London- 7-15 am

Post No. 3988

Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com


There are two interesting stories about the Moghul emperor Akbar (1556-1605) and there is a true anecdote as well.

1.Akbar’s previous birth

2.Akbar and a Hindu ghost

3.Akbar and Surya Namaskar


In the Agra Fort there is an image of a man named Mukunda. He was a celebrated saint who decided to end his life by throwing himself in the river Jamuna, which flows by the fort. The reason for his decision was that he accidentally swallowed the hair of a cow by drinking milk without straining it. Though he punished himself by committing suicide, that was not thought a sufficient punishment. So, he was condemned to be born as a Mohammedan in his next birth, but in view of his sanctity, the harshness of the sentence was partially mitigated and he was born again as Emperor Akbar.

Akbar and the Hindu Ghost!

Hindu villagers attribute diseases like cholera and small pox to village goddesses. But there is a strange story about a historical personage. Hardaur Lala, son of Bir Sinha Deva (Veera Simha Deva), the miscreant Raja of Orcha in Bundelkhand, who at the instigation of Jahangir, assassinated the accomplished Abul Fazl, the literature of the court of Akbar. His brother, Jahjhar, succeeded to the throne on the death of his father, and after sometime, suspecting Hardaur of undue intimacy with his wife, he compelled her to poison her lover, with all his companions, at a feast in 1627 CE.


After this tragedy, the Princess Kanjavati, sister of Jahjhar, was about to be married. When the mother issued wedding invitations, Raja Jhajar mockingly suggested that one invitation should be sent to Hardaur.


Thereupon she in despair went to the tomb of Hardaur and lamented his wretched end. To her surprise Hardaur from below the earth answered her and promised to attend the wedding.


The ghost kept his promise and attended the marriage ceremony. Subsequently he went to the bedside of emperor Akbar at midnight and asked him to erect platforms in his name. If the king did so there would not be any damage by storm or drought in any part of the country. Akbar also did so. Since then the ghost of Hardaur was worshipped in every village in Northern India. But one unsolved problem in this story is a chronological error. Akbar died in 1605. Hardaur was murdered in 1627. (So it may not be Akbar, may be his son)

Akbar and Surya Namaskaram

“Emperor Akbar endeavoured to introduce a special form of Sun Worship into his dominions. He ordered his subjects to adore the sun four times a day; morning, noon, evening and midnight.  His Majesty had one thousand and one Sanskrit names of the Sun collected and read them daily, devoutly turning to the sun. He then caught hold of his both ears by their upper parts and turning himself quickly round used to strike the lower ends with his fists. He ordered his band to play at midnight and was weighed against gold at his solar anniversary (birth day)  — from Blockman’s translation of Ain-i-Akbari.

The Ain-i-Akbari or the “Constitution of Akbar”, is a 16th-century, detailed document recording the administration of emperor Akbar’s empire, written by his vizier, Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak.

All the three stories are summarised from ‘The Gods of India’ by Rev E Osborn Martin, London, year 1914.



Brahmano Bhojana Priyah!

thalai vazai ilai

Article No.1976

Date: 5  July 2015

Written by London swaminathan

Uploaded from London at 17-48

Brahmano Bhojana Priyah! is a well-known saying. Lot of people interpreted as Brahmins are gluttonous. The reason being the Sanskrit dramas show the jesters, who are Brahmins, as gluttonous. Brahmins are given different roles from Vedic days: Priests, Ambassadors, Teachers, Ministers, Jesters, Commanders (Drona, Krpa, Aswattama, Parasurama etc.). Apart from this Brahmins are fed everywhere in the first batch. In those days they were not supposed to have food provisions for more than three days. They are made dependent on kings, lords, philanthropists and well-wishers. This gave the wrong impression.

There is funny way of interpreting this sayings as :Brahmana, Bho! Janapriya: meaning Hey Brahmin You are Dear (priya:) to people.

But the true meaning of the saying is

Vishnu Alankara priyah

Shiva Abhisheka Priyah

Suryo Namaskara Priyah

Devi Pradakshina Priyah

Brahmanah Bhojana Priyah

The meaning is

Idli Parade

You can easily satisfy Lord Vishnu by dressing his idol/statue beautifully and get whatever you ask for.

You can easily satisfy Lord Shiva by bathing his idol/statue with water, milk, honey, sandal paste, ash/Vibhuti etc., and get whatever you ask for.

You can easily satisfy Lord Surya/Sun by prostrating before the sun in the morning and get whatever you ask for (health wise).

You can easily satisfy Goddess (Devi) by going around her temple and get whatever you ask for.

You can easily satisfy Holy men (Brahmins) by feeding them well and get whatever you ask for (they will bless you with louder Vedic mantras surcharging the entire atmosphere with big and positive vibrations).

This is confirmed by another saying in Chanakya Neeti darpanam:

Tushyanti Bhojane Viprah (Brahmins feel happy and contented with the food)

Viewed in this context, we get a clearer picture about the Brahmins and Bhojana (food).

Who is not interested food? All of us go to parties and weddings expecting a big feast.

surya darsanam

London priest Chandru Kurukkal with his son looking at the sun

Vitamain D and London Muslim Women!

In the first quotation the third line says

Suryo namaskara priyah

There is another famous saying

Arogyam Bhaskarath Ichet

Ask Sun for healthy life.

That is, the Hindus knew it for thousands of years that Sun Light is the energy boosting tonic. In the olden days every Hindu started his life with Surya Namaskar in the early morning. Now RSS is popularising it. Sun light gives us Vitamin D. We get very less sunlight in western countries. Recent studies have shown that lot of health problems can be avoided by giving Vitamin D tablets. The NHS (British National Health Service) has made it compulsory for all the pregnant women in the UK. The problem is more in East London hospitals where the Muslim women cover their whole body with purdah and veil and get less exposure to sun light. So doctors in the UK prescribe them Vitamin D tablets.

Brahmin boy is taught to look at the sun in the safest way!

Hinduism and Science

Vedic Mantras have become more relevant with the latest scientific studies about the necessity of Vitamin D.

Since Indians get lot of exposure to sun light they have taken it for granted. Now the West has realised the power of sun light. Hindus are right in worshipping sun every day in the morning with Surya Namaskar.

Looking at the sun every day around noon, a Brahmin recites this mantra:-

Pasyema saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we See (with foresight/prudence)

Jiivema saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we Live (healthily)

Nandhaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we Rejoice (with our friends and relatives)

Modhaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we be Happy (spread happiness)

Bhavaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we Be there (with name and fame)

Srunavaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we Hear (good things)

Prabravaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we Speak (good things)

Ajiitaasyaama saradhassatam

For a hundred autumns may we be Invincible

Jyok cha suuryam drse

Thus we want to see for a Long time.

This means you will live for hundred years without seeing an optician or a dentist or an audiologist or a psychiatrist or a doctor. All your faculties will remain intact till you die!

Pictures are from my face book friends;thanks

contact:  swami_48@yahoo.com

Why do Hindus Worship the Sun?

horse head nebula by NASA
Horse head Nebulain the universe;photo by NASA

Research Article written by London Swaminathan
Post No.1261; Dated 30th August 2014.

Most beautiful poetry in the Rig Veda comes from the wedding hymns of the Hindus. Seers burst into ecstasy when they sing about Dawn (Ushas) and the Sun. Only a few lines from Surya’s Bride (RV 10-85) are given below. This hymn/poem has got 47 Riks like this:
“Truth is the base that bears the earth; by Surya are the heavens sustained.
By law the Adityas stand secure, and Soma holds his place in heaven” (10-85-1)

Sun worship has been in practice in India from the Vedic days. Surya/Sun plays a great part in Vedic mythology and religion. Surya is praised as a beneficent power in all the four Vedas. Hindu Brahmins worship sun thrice a day facing in the direction of the sun. In the afternoon they see the sun through the finger hole and pray for long life of 100 years. They recite the following beautiful Vedic mantra everyday in the noon:

Pashyema sharadas shatam = may we see for 100 years
Jeevema sharadas shatam = may we live for 100 years
Nandaama sharadas shatam = may we be delighted for 100 years
Modaama sharadas shatam = may we be happy for 100 years
Bhavaama sharadas shatam = may we excel in our work for 100 years
Shrunvaama sharadas shatam= may we hear (good things) for 100 years
Prabravaama sharadas shatam= may we speak (good things) for100 years
Ajeetaasyama sharadas shatam= may we live invincible for 100 years
Jyok cha suuryam drushe=in this way, let us enjoy seeing sun (for 100 years)

Surya in Delhi Airport;photo by london swaminathan

In the Rig Veda wonder is expressed that the sun does not fall (RV 4-13-5). There are several references to eclipses in the Rig Veda. Hindus knew the calculations for predicting the eclipses.
Astronomy had advanced to such an extent that the Vedic Rishis said that the moon shines by the borrowed light of the sun (RV 9-71-9;76,4;86,32 and 1-190-3).

Makra Sankaranti (Pongal), in praise of Sun, is celebrated from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. Hindus ruled South East Asian countries for over 1000 years and Sankaranti (Sun Festival) is celebrated in those countries as well.

Surya and Science
When white light is passed through a prism we get seven colours VIBGYOR (Violet,Indigo, Blue,Green,Yellow,Orange and Red). We see it in the rainbow after the rains. Hindus called the seven colours as seven horses of the Sun Chariot. Surya is represented in a chariot drawn by seven horses. For the same reason Agni (Fire God) is also described as a god with seven tongues.

Surya’s Charioteer is Aruna or Visvawat.
His city is called Viswavati or Bhasvati.
Surya’s wives are Savarna, Swati, Maha Virya and Sajna
Surya/Sun has got various names in the Hindu scriptures: Following are his important epithets:
Savitri= the nourisher
Viswavat = the brilliantBhaskara = light maker
Dinakara = day maker
Arha pati = lord of the day
Loka Chakshu = Eye of the World
Karma Sakshi = Witness of the deeds (of human beings)
Grha raja = King of the celestial bodis
Gabastiman = possessed of rays
Sahasrakirana = having 1000 rays
Vikarttana = shorn of his beams
Martanda = descended from Mritanda


Surya cut down to size!
There is a very interesting story about sun. Probably it is some scientific phenomena that which the science is yet to discover. His effulgence was so powerful that his wife couldn’t bear it and so retired to forest. The sun approached her in the form of a mare. She gave birth to Asvin twins and Revanta. Surya brought back his wife Sajna to his home and her father, the sage Viswakarma placed the luminary on his lathe and cut away an eighth of his effulgence, trimming him in every part except his feet.

The fragments that were cut off fell blazing to the earth and from them Viswakarma formed:–
The Discus of Vishnu
The Trident of Shiva
Weapon of Kuvera
Lance of Kartikeya and
The Weapons of other Gods.


Twelve Suns
Following is taken from New Larouse Encyclopaedia of Mythology:-
A passage in the Brahma Purana alludes to Surya’s twelve names, each of which was followed by special epithets as if they referred to twelve different divinities:
The first form of the sun is Indra , lord of the gods and destroyer of their enemies;
The second is Dhata, creator of all things;
The third is Parjanya, who dwells in the clouds and with his rays sends down water on earth;
The fourth is Tvashta, who lives in all corporal forms;
The fifth is Pusan, who provides food for all living things;
The sixth is Aryama who brings sacrifices to fruition;
The seventh derives his name from alms giving and rejoices all beggars by his gifts
The eight is named Vivasvan and causes good digestion;
The ninth is Vishnu who constantly manifests himself to destroy the enemies of the gods;
The tenth is Ansuman who keeps all vital organs in good health;
The eleventh is Varuna who dwells in the heart of the waters and gives life to the universe;
And the twelfth is the Mitra who lives in the orb of the moon for the welfare of the three worlds.
Such are the twelve splendours of the Sun, the Supreme Spirit, who by their means plunges into the universe and irradiates even the secret souls of men.


12 Adityas
Bhagavatha Purana gives the names of twelve Adityas as follows: Dhata, Aryama, Mitra, Varuna, Indra, Vivasvan, Tvashta, Vishnu, Amshuman, Bhaga, Pushya, Parjanya.

In the earlier Brahmanas the twelve Adityas are listed as follows:
Amsa, Aryaman, Bhaga, Daksa, Dhatr, Indra, Mitra, Ravi, Savitr, Surya/Arka, Varuna and Yama.

Surya Namaskar
In the Surya Nmaskar, sun is worshipped with the mantras Mitra, Ravi, Surya, Bhanu, Kaga, Pushan,Hiranyagarbha, Marica, Aditya,Savitra, Arka, Bhaskara. All the mantras have Om as prefix and Nama: as suffix:
E.g. Om Mitraya Nama:

In short number 12 is associated with the Sun denoting twelve months. In the Vedic time the month names were different. They are as follows:
Madhu,, Madhava (Vasanta Rtu)
Shukra, Shuchi (Grishma Rtu)
Nabha, Nabhasya (Vrsha Rtu)
Isha,Urja (Sarad Rtu)
Saha, Sahasya ( Hemanta)
Tapa, Tapsya (shisira).

Please read my articles
Origin of Horse Race and Chariot Race — posted on 25th August 2014.
Sun Chariot in Denmark: Hindu Calendar—posted on 29th August 2014.

Contact swami_48@yahoo.com

Tri Kala Surya Upasana (Brahmin Custom) in Iraq!

yazidi girls
Yazidi girls in front of a worshipper (Picture from Daily mail on line)

The first Part of this Article was published under the title “HINDU VESTIGES IN IRAQ” on 12th August (Post No 1228)

Written by London Swaminathan
Post No. 1246; Dated 23rd August 2014

‘The Week’– magazine published from London (dated 16 August 2014) says

1.Yazidis lived in Armenia, Turkey and Iraq. Iraq is their homeland. When the situation became very bad in Turkey the entire community was given asylum in Germany.

2.Yazidis speak Kurmanji Kurdish, the Kurdish dialect spoken in Turkey.

3.What makes the Yazidis so interesting to anthropologists is that they are Kurds who, over the centuries, have resisted pressure to convert to Islam. There has been a long history of animosity between them and their Kurdish Muslim counterparts.
temple at Ladesh
Yazidi Temple at Lalish

4.Yazidism is a “syncretic” religion borrowing from many different traditions. Its true origins are almost as mysterious as the people themselves, but it is said to have its roots in Zoroastrianism, a monotheistic religion arising in ancient Persia around 1500 BC. However many scholars trace its origins to an even older faith: Mithraism. Mithras is the Roman name for the Indo-Iranian deity Mitra, a God of the Sun, Justice, Contract and War, whose origins lie in Pre –Zoroastrian Persia.; the Yazidis’ annual sacrifice of a bull near the Temple of Sun, some 60 kilometres north of Mosul, is thought to be a ritual derived from Mithraism.
(Mitra is a Vedic God; the first namaskar in Surya Namaskar is ‘Om Mitraya Nama:’ It looks like Romans introduced bull sacrifice in its worship. For Hindus cows and bulls are sacred animals. Shiva rides on a bull/Rishaba)

5.Many Yazidi traditions are shrouded in such secrecy that most have never been witnessed by outsiders. However they are known to pray three times a day, always facing the direction of the Sun.

yazidi fire worship
Yazidi Fire Worship resembles Hindu worship

6.Their most important festival, Cejna Cemaiya, the New Year “Feast of the Assembly”, takes place at Lalish, a small village in lush mountain valley in Northern Iraq, where Adi ibn Musafir, a member of wandering order of Sufi mystics has his tomb. It has become a sacred place of pilgrimage, and children are baptised in the waters of paradise that flow from two sacred springs, the White Spring and the Zem Zem (the same name as a stream in Mecca)—which rise there. Yazidis visit Lalish at least once in their life time.

(Hindus visit Kasi (also known as Varanasi and Benares), at least once in their life time take bath in the holy waters of River Ganga. Sfi mystics are very close to Hindu mystics in many respects).
yazidi knots
Yazidis tie knots when they make wishes

Caste System:

7)Yazidis are divided into three castes – Sheikhs, Pirs and Murids, the first two being clerical castes, the Murids forming the general public. The function of the Sheikhs, the highest caste, is to educate the rest of the faithful in their religion and teach them the moral precepts.

8)The Yazidis married their women still in their teens. When Armenia moved to revise its law on marriage raising the minimum age of marriage for boys and girls to 18, Yazidi community erupted in protest.

9) They don’t wear blue colour clothes because it is considered sacred ( I have already discussed the importance of sacred blue peacock of Peacock Angel Lord Skanda/Kartikeya in the first part of this article)

yazidi temple 2
Yazidi temple constructed like Hindu temple

My comments on Point 5 ,Point 6 point 7 and 8:
a)There is only one community in the whole wide world who do Sun Worship (Surya Upasana called Sandhya Vandhanam) three times a day facing sun using water oblation is the Hindu Brahmins. So Yazidis must have been Vedic Brahmins slowly mingling with others, yielding to pressures from other religions in the area. Vedic faith was older than Zoroastrianism.

b)There is only one community in the world who use water in every day worship — they are the Hindus. They can’t do any ritual without water.

c)The Hindus use Ganges water or any water in the name of Ganges. They use water to bathe themselves and Gods in over 100,000 temples in India every day. For the Hindu Brahmins the baptism is the sacred thread ceremony, on which day the boy has to bathe several times. Without water Hindus can’t do any ritual. From birth to death they use holy water in 40 rituals called Samskaras.

sacred spring at Lalish
Yazidi sacred spring at Lalish

d)The caste system in Yazidi community is prevalent only in Hindu religion until today. In the olden days every culture had it. In England even today Lordship and Kingship are decided by birth in higher caste. Not everyone can become a Lord or King or Queen in Britain! The Brahmins only were teachers until Buddisht period.

e)Balya Vivaha (Child marriage) is a Hindu custom practised throughout ancient India. Tamil Sangam literature hints at teenage marriage. Tamil Hindu heroine Kannaki was 12 and her husband was 16 when they got married. Hindu law books called Smritis also advocated this.

I have already listed other similarities in the first part of this article.

Yazidis sacred Peacock (Lord Skanda’s vehicle)

Please read the details in Fist Part of this article.
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