Interesting Facts about Vayu Bhagavan!

vayu in NY
Vayu Deva in Brooklyn Museum, New York

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1376; Dated 28th October 2014.

Vayu is one of the Vedic gods that Hindus worship every day. Brahmins do Sandhyavandhanam thrice a day in which they worship Agni, Vayu, Arka, Vageesa, Varuna, Indra, Visvedeva:. Not only Brahmins but also those who do Havan or Homam or Yagam through a priest also do it. Vayu Bhagavan is installed in the Havan fire pit. He occupies the north western corner. Vayu is the god of air or wind. People of all castes in India perform Vastu Puja, Bhumi puja, Graha Pravesam, Vivaham (wedding) etc. in which all the Vedic gods are invoked. So, Vedic religion is a living religion. Vedas are recited in all the temples rituals all over India.

Hindus divided the breath into five different airs:
Prana – comes from heart
Apana – bottom
Samana– neck
Udana – belly button
Vyana — whole body

vayu in nilali shobaneswara tem
Vayu in Nilali Shobaneswaram Temple

Mahabharata santi parva gives another category of seven types of winds –
Avahan = oxygen
Pravahan = produces rain bearing clouds
Udvahan = produces rain – probably cold air
Samvahan = makes everything dry – probably hot air from the desert
Vivahan = this supports the water in the heaven ( only now NASA talks about some water elsewhere in the universe; when we get more information we may be able to understand certain words)
Parivahan = this supports sun and moon
Paravahan = not controlled by anything or anyone; beyond control

Whether the above classification is scientific or not, one can boldly say Hindus started thinking in a scientific way to classify all the plants, animals, continents etc. In the same ways they are the first in etymology, logic, poetics, sexology, astrology, decimal system, psychology, linguistics, grammar, metaphysics, universal welfare, religion, philosophy etc. To attain such a height in all the fields even before the Greeks and other civilizations they must have lived and matured for a longer period than any ancient civilization. This serves as a proof for the antiquity of the Hindus.

Vayu in Birla Museum

Colour of Vayu is dark blue in Hindu mythology – probably they mean the clouds through which the presence of wind is noticed.

His vehicle was deer (antelope)
Vayu is worshipped by the Buddhists and Zoroastrian religions.
Greeks worshipped him as Eolus or Aeolus
Vedic Hindus worshipped him as Maruts
Mesopotamians worshipped him as martu (Marut got corrupted into martu)
Many Hindu temples such as Guruvayur, Kalahasti and Vayu lingam of Tiruvannamalai are associated with Vayu.


Vayu on his vahana gazelle

Twenty names of Vayu

Amarakosa, the first thesaurus cum dictionary in the world, gives 20 names of Vayu and they are as follows:

Svasana: one who helps to breathe; also the name of a tree called Mathana vrksa

Sparsana: one can feel it when it touches one
Vayu: Vathi means that which blows
Matariswan – that which travels in the anthariksha – in between – atmosphere
Sathagathi: always moving
Prushathasva: that which sprays; that which is grey; also one who has rain drops as his vehicle

Gandharba: one who carries sweet smell
Gandhavaha: one who carries sweet smell; also the name of musk deer
Anila: that which is not stable
Asuka: quick, fast
Samiira: that which spreads quickly
Maruta: that which helps living beings
Marut – one who causes mrtyu by stopping air
Jagatprana: — breathe of the earth
Samiirana — that which spreads quickly

Nabaswan/vath — one who travels in sky
Vata: one who blows
Pavana: one who purifies everything; also kitchen, potter
Pavamana: one who purifies
Prabanchana: that which causes destruction

Vedic gods

Maruts or Marut gana are gods of wind.
The sons of Rudra and attendants of Indra are called Maruts .
There are a few hymns addressed to Vayu in the Vedas. In the Purusasukta hymn, Vayu is said to have sprung from the breath of Purusa .He is also called the son in law of Tvashtri.

Maruts are storm gods in the Vedas. Maruti, also known as Hanuman, got his name from this word. Their weapons are lightning and thunder and they are called friends of Indra. Their number is given as thrice sixty in one place and 27 in another place. In the Ramayana, Indra is said to have created 49 Maruts from the unborn son of Diti by his thunderbolt. Indra said to them “weep not” –“ma rodih” — and it became Maruts.

Maruts are said to have deformed the 100 daughters of Kusa Nabha and they became Kanya-kubja (hunch backed).
All these stories are episodes convey some geological or medical facts in the way of popular stories. Puranas use a funny way of saying all the historical, medical and geological facts. Perhaps the ancient Hindus understood in the proper way.
Indian Air Force Bomber Marut

Vayu created Sri Lanka

Bhagavatha Purana gives an interesting story of Vayu. Narada asked Vayu to break the summit of the Meru mountain and the gale force wind / Vayu broke down a part of Meru. That part fell into the ocean and became Sri Lanka.
Ramayana’s Hanuman and Mahabharata’s Bhima are considered sons of Vayu. Vayu always stand for tremendous strength.
Vayu is one of the deities with a Purana in its name- Vayu Purana. it is devoted to the praise of lord Siva.
Martu is a Mesopotamian storm god; the patron god of the city of Ninab mentioned in the texts. I guess this is the Vedic god Maruts.

Greek Vayu deva Aeolus