‘NEMI’ FROM RIG VEDA TO SANGAM TAMIL LITERATURE VIA INDUS VALLEY (Post No.7454)

RESEARCH ARTICLE WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No.7454

Date uploaded in London – 14 January 2020

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge; this is a non- commercial blog.

Hundreds of Sanskrit words found in the RIG VEDA , the oldest book in the world, are used by us today. They are found in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature and later Indian languages. Nemi which means Wheel is found in the . Rig Veda and Sangam Tamil literature. But this word has extended meaning , mainly the God who holds Sudarsana Chakra, ie.Vishnu/Krishna. It  is also found in Sangam Tamil literature.

It has other meanings such as Chakra/Indra, Varuna, Sun, sea, wheel of a Chariot, Chakravarti/emperor, chariot etc.

Indus-Sarasvati Civilization has many symbols in the shape of a wheel. So it is interesting to study the symbol. It may mean any one of the above meanings or the sound, if we believe the Indus language is phonetic. Many scholars believe it is logo-syllabic and not phonetic.

I have already written one article many years ago saying that the elephant with a person standing on it with wheel symbol is Indra. Indra’s name is Wheel/chakra and his Vahana is Airvavatha elephant.

Let me give the Vedic and Tamil references of NEMI first:-

Rig Veda  1-32-15; 1-141-9; 2-5-3; 5-13-6; 7-32-20; 8-46-23; 8-75-5 and many other places in later Vedic literature.

Linking Chakra/wheel with the Chakravarti/emperor is a unique Hindu concept. The Vedic concept is found in later Tamil Sangam poems. There’ Aazi’ is used for chakra. Strange coincidence is  Tamil ‘Aazi ‘and Sanskrit ‘Chakra’ mean sea as well. If we continue our research we may find more meanings. In the oldest part of the Vedas, Nemi meant wheel, particularly of Ratha/ Chariot.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Nemi is found in the following places in Sangam Tamil literature:–

Akananuru.14-19, 175-14, 251-13, 324-11, 400-21.

Kalitokai .104-9; Kuruntokai.189-3, 227-1, 36-4, . Narrinai .394-5.

Paripatal.1-55, 3-94, 13-6, 9, 15-3, 19-46;

Purananuru .3-4, 17-7. tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

In Purananuru verse 58- Nemiyon refers to the holder of the wheel -Lord Krishna. In Kalitokai, Nemiyaan refers to Vishnu with the wheel.

In short NEMI is connected with Vishnu or Emperor. Thus it is interesting to connect  Indus- Sarasvati civilisation with Nemi. Among the ancient civilisations all foreign encyclopedias and history books written by the British, which is followed in Indian educational institutions until today, India is the only country that has no kings for 2000 years! They wrote that we had kings only from the period of Buddha. They ignored all the kings mentioned in Vedic literature and Hindu Puranas. It is an urgent task to rewrite our history.

Neminatha -Indus connection

Some years ago we read that the submarine archaeologists  have discovered the Dwaraka port that was devoured by the sea long ago. Historians dated it around Indus Sarasvati Riverbed civilization period. Hindu Puranas say that the city Dwaraka went under the sea after the demise of Lord Krishna around 3100 BCE. We had very well developed transport facilities then because Krishna shuttled between Dwaraka and Mathura. They were 700 miles apart. More over we read about Krishna’s Naval Expeditions in the Puranas. Along with this we read about Krishna’s cousin and the 22nd Tithankara Neminatha lived in the same city. His father’s name Samudravijaya shows that he was a sea merchant like the Ma Nayaka of Tamil epic Silappadikaram. Looking with this background we should study Jain literature, particularly the activities of Neminatha and his family in sea side port. Neminatha’s brother was called Rathanemi (Chariot wheel).

MY OLD ARTICLES:–

“Indus” Valley Civilization to “Ganges” – Tamil and Vedas

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28 Mar 2014 – Following this morning’s news report of the discovery of an “Indus” valley site on the Ganges plains larger than Harappa, I wrote this article.

Indus Valley – Brahmin Connection! | Tamil and Vedas

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10 May 2014 – The world was misled by some scholars in the case of Indus Valley … Ram’s sons invaded Indus cities: Please see my earlier article Indus …

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5 Sep 2014 – On 29 May 2011, I posted an article with the title “Indus Valley Civilization- New Approach required” in this blog. I have posted the picture of a …

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22 Aug 2012 – Scholars who study Indus valley civilization are struggling to identify … Please read my previous articles on Indus/Saraswati Valley civilisation:.

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17 Jun 2012 – We have a faience figure in Indus Valley with two snakes. Minoan Goddess … (Please read my other articles on Indus Valley 1. Bull Fighting: …

Human Sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt | Tamil and Vedas

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31 Oct 2012 – Indus valley has two or three human sacrifice scenes. On a … Tamil articles: சிந்து சமவெளியில் பேய் முத்திரை. 10.

Indus Valley to Egypt: Lapis lazuli Export! | Tamil and Vedas

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6 Sep 2014 – Earlier articles on INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. Indus Valley-Brahmin Connection (Post No 1034, Date 10-5-14) Bull Fighting: Indus Valley to …

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18 Dec 2012 – Ramayana Wonders Part 5 Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana The “destruction of Indus Valley cities” was debated by scholars at one time.

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19 Oct 2011 – Please read my article about a newapproach to solve the Indus … Ficus Indica in Latin) is drawn on many seals and objects in the Indus valley.

Manu on Indus Valley | Tamil and Vedas

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28 Apr 2014 – Posts about Manu on Indus Valley written by Tamil and Vedas. … (First part of the article “30 Important Quotations from Manu” posted on 27th …

Which were the gods of the Indus Valley civilization and did they …

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25 Sep 2016 – https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/08/22/tiger-goddess-of-indusvalley/. Click to … The Indian Express has an article called The riddle of Mhatoba, …

–subham–

Krishna’s Friend died in ‘Wheel’ Accident! (Post No.5485)

Written by London Swaminathan
swami_48@yahoo.com
Date: 28 September 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 13-30 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 5485

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog.

 

Krishna’s Friend died in ‘Wheel’ Accident! (Post No.5485)

 

Strange stories about Lord Krishna are available in Tamil literature which are not found in Sanskrit scriptures. I have already given the story about Dadhipandan who got Moksha (liberation) for him and his pot. Now there is another story told by Perialvar, a Vaishnavite saint, who lived 1400 years ago.

 

There was a cowherd by name Srimalikan who was great friend of Lord Krishna. He told Krishna that he would carry his Sudarsana wheel so that he could feel a bit relaxed. But Krishna told him that it would be dangerous, because it may cut his head off. But he was always nagging Krishna to leave the wheel with him. At last Krishna yielded to his demand and gave him the Wheel. As soon as he received the wheel it cut his head. We can guess that he would have reached heaven because it was the holy wheel and it happened in front of the Lord.

 

But there are some morals in the story:

Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar in the Tamil Veda Tirukkural says,

Consider the aim, the obstacle and the greatness of the ultimate gain and then resort to action- Kural 676

 

Curiosity Killed the Cat

We are reminded of the saying ‘Curiosity Killed the Cat’.

Be Johnson used the following in his drama ‘Every Man in His Humour’ and Shakespeare acted in it:

“Helter skelter, hang sorrow, care will kill a cat, up-tails all, and a pox on the hangman”.

 

Later Shakespeare also used this in his drama Much ado about Nothing:

What, courage man! what though care killed a cat, thou hast mettle enough in thee to kill care

-Much Ado about Nothing.

 

Thus, we learn that unnecessary curiosity is not good. Moreover, if great people like Lord Krishna say something, we must listen to them.

 

–subham–

 

 

 

Indian Poets’ favourite topic: Instability of Riches,Youth and Body

kuruvi weaver bird

Picture of Bird and nest

Research paper No 1946

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 21 June 2015

Uploaded in London at 18-32

Saints and the Poets of India from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari have sung about one theme with the same tune, from the Bhagavad Gita to Bharati, the great Tamil poet, from Adi Shankara to Tiruvalluvar, the famous Tamil poet, all of them used the same similes, same words and same concerns. It is their most favourite topic. Hundreds of proverbs are available in every Indian language on the theme.

Though we find such references in other cultures Indians are unanimous in urging the public to do some charity before they leave the world and to do something to get out of the cycle of birth and death. This is absent in Abrahamic (Semitic) religions. This shows that the Indians are united in their thought. They are not divided on racial lines as propagated by the vested interests.

Poets of India deal with the instability of youth, riches and the body. Here are some examples from the two ancient languages of India, Sanskrit and its younger sister Tamil:

1.In this world of transmigratory existence, impermanence is the only permanence (Katha Sarit Sagara)

Aasamsaaramjagatyasminnekaa nityaa hyanityataa

2.Who can pity whom with this bubble like body? (Valmiki Ramayana 4-21-3

Kasca kasyaanusocyosti dehesmin budbudopame

bubliny

Picture of Bubbles

Tamil poem Naladiyar also use the same bubble simile:

Who are there in this wide world who can be compared to those men of profound wisdom, who look upon the body as nothing more than a thing which like the bubbles caused in the falling rain many a time vanishes, and who in consequence determine to rid themselves of the evil of births?

3.Joy and sorrow come and go like a revolving wheel (Yoga Vasistha and Hitopadesa 1-174

Chakravath parivaratante  duhkhaani ca sukhaani ca

This wheel simile is also used by most of the poets. Life is full of ups and downs. It goes up and comes down like a wheel.

rainbow

Picture of Rainbow

Our body is like a Rainbow

4.Life is like an autumnal cloud (Kahavat Ratnakar)

Jiivanam saradabhravat

The first verse in Naladiyar compared the body to a rainbow. The poet Padumanar says, Knowing that our body is as unstable as the rainbow that appears in the sky, I prostate before you and invoke the God, whose feet do not touch the earth, that the objects in my view may be well accomplished (Hindus believe that the feet of Devas (Extra Terrestrials) never touch the earth.

5.Everything born is transient

Sarvamutpaadi bhanguram

This is in the Bhagavad Gita (2-27)

Jatasya hi dhruvo mrtyur

Dhruvam janma mrtyur ca

For to the one that is born death is certain and certain is birth for the one that has died.

Bird and Nest: Soul and Body

The most famous Tamil poet Tiru valluvar in his Tirukkural, which is considered the Veda in Tamil language, summarises the Hindu teachings beautifully well in 100 couplets in some chapters such as impermanence, penance, virtue, charity, vegetarianism, renunciation, purity, realization, desire and fate.

He says

“Wealth is of a transitory nature; therefore one should seize the opportunity to do charity when one gets it “(Kural 333)

“The affinity of the body and the soul is like is like that of the egg and the chick within. The soul departs from the body even as the chick deserts the egg”. This is in Naladiyar, another Tamil book

Lord Krishna compared this to changing garments (2-22)

“Just as a person casts off the worn out garments and puts on others that are new, even so does the embodied soul cast off worn out bodies and take on others that are new.”

Katha Upanishad (1-6) gives the same message with corn simile:

“Like corn a mortal ripens and like corn he is born again”.

“The characteristic feature of the world is the transistorines of life. The disappearance today of one who existed yesterday is a common occurrence”. This is in Yaksha Prasna of Mahabharata as well.

IMG_1187 (2)

Picture of Wheel

World is a Drama Theatre

Another famous simile is comparing the world to a drama theatre and the people to actors who leave the stage when the drama is over.

“Great wealth is gradually accumulated like the audience tickling in to witness a show

But its disappearance will be instantaneous, also as it happens after a show”-  -Kural 332

It is in Bhartruhari’s Neeti Satakam

Tamil anthology Purananuru 29 has also referred to the filling up and emptying of the show-arena to bring out the impermanence of the world.

Shakespeare in his Play As You Like it, says

“All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant, mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms”.

We come across similar similes in Viveka chudamani 292 and Bhagavad Gita 18-61

Great men think alike!