Mystery of Indian Hill Tribes – Part 2!(Post No.2912)

tribe 11

Research Article written by London swaminathan


Date: 21 June 2016


Post No. 2912


Time uploaded in London :– 19-19


( Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks)





(for old articles go to OR



Please read the first part published yesterday, where there is a detailed introduction


 tribe 13

My comments: Bor Abor women cropped their hair which was unusual in India. They were semi precious stones  like the wearer of modern jewelries.


Look at he breast of the female figure. Sangam Tamil literature talks about Bra in hundreds of places. Tamil women used bra from Sangam age)


Tribes used totem symbols and half of the words are in Sanskrit.

We have totem symbols even in the oldest religious book in the world — the Rig Veda.

Kasyapa Rishi means Tortoise Rishi

Kaushika Rishi means Owl Rishi

Sandilaya Rishi means Bird Rishi

Manduka Rishi means Frog Rishi.

We have totem symbols in Ramayana and Mahabharata. Foreigners deliberately hid these factors and gave only the tribal totems in their book.

Following excerpt is from my previous post:

Several animal symbols were used as totem symbols by the tribes. So they were called by the animal names. Later writers took it for real animals and called them bears (Jambavan in Ramayana) and Eagle ( Jatayu in Ramayana). In real life bears and eagles were just human beings but with some animal tattoos or animal masks.

My comments: In all these stories (Janamejaya story of Mahabharata)  we see some environmental concern. When the kings try to kill all the snakes and all the frogs someone gives them good advice about environmental protection. Even if we take them as human beings with totem symbols, peace is restored by stopping the killings.

My comments (about Ayu story in Mahabharata) : Frog was a totem symbol of a particular tribe and Ayu was the king of that Frog tribe. Actually they are human beings, not frogs. We have poets and seers with the names such as Manduka Maharishi (frog), Therai (Toad) in Sanskrit and Tamil.  Mandukyopanishad is one of the major Upanishads. So what we read here is the story of tribal people. Since thousands of years passed before Vyasa collected all these stories and incorporated them into the epic for the benefit of posterity, the original meaning was lost. Now we have to read the story between the lines.

Naga is the totem symbol used all over the world. The opposing group used Garuda/Eagle(Please see my old articles linking Mayans and Indian Nagas from the Mahabharata period)


tribe 14

Picture shows a Chulikata Mishmi Chief in full dress

Now look at the totem symbols of the Tribes:

Oraon tribe

Tirki – Young mice

Ekka-  Tortoise

Kispotta –Pig’s entrails

Lakra- Hyena (Vyagra is Sanskrit word for Tiger)

Bagh – Tiger corrupted form of Sanskrit Vyag(ra)

Kujrar – Oil from Kujrar tree

Gede – Duck

Khoepa – Wild dog

Minji- eel (Meen is used in Sanskrit for fish)

Chirra – squirrel


Santal tribe

Ergo – Rat

Murmu – Nilgai deer

Hansda – Wild goose (Hamsa is a Sanskrit word for swan)

Maarudi – Grass

Besra – eagle

Hemron- betel palm

Saren – Pleiades (Sarvana is Sanskrit for Skanda of Pleiades/Kartika Star)

Sankh- Conch Shell (Sanka is a Sanskrit word for Conch; conch itself is Sanskrit)

Gua – areca nut

Kaaraa – buffalo

Bhumij Tribe

Saalrisi – Saal fish

Haansda – Wild goose (Sanskrit Hamsa)

Leng – Mushroom

Saandilya – bird (Vedic Rishi)

Hemron – Betel

Tumarung – Pumpkin

Nag – snake (Sanskrit)


tribe 17

tribe 20

Naga chief wears shawl on the left shoulder like Hindus. Their facial features are mongoloid and their language is very different from old Tamil or Sanskrit.

Mahili Tribe

Dungri – Dumu fig

Turu – Turu grass (Sanskrit)

Kaanti – ear of an animal (Kaatu is a tamil word for ear)

Haansdaa- wld goose (Sanskrit)

Murmu – Nilagai


Koraa Tribe

Kasyab – Tortoise (Vedic rishi, sanskrit for turtle)

Saulaa – sal fish

Kasibak – heron

Haansdaa – wild goose (Sanskrit)

Butku – pig

Saampu – bul

Kurmi Tribe

Kesaria – kesar grass

Taraar – buffalo

Dumuriaa – dumur fig

Chanchmukuraar – spider

Hastovar – tortoise

Jhaalbanuaar – net

Sankhowaar – shell ornaments (sanskrt)

Baagbauaar – Tiger (Sanskrit)

Katiaar – silk cloth


Baag is a corrupted word of Vaag (Vyaagra)


Hindus were the first race in the world to have flags with totem symbols. Ramayana and Mahabharata give lot of information about flags. I have dealt with them in a separate research article.

So totem symbol is not a primitive one. Neither Aryan nor Dravidian. Even all the civilized groups had them. Now they remain in the flags and government emblems of many countries.


To be continued………………………………….

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