Islamic Militants destroyed ‘Indra Temple ‘ in Syria ?

baal shamin big

Baal Shamin in Palmyra, Syria

Research Article No. 2098
Written by London swaminathan
Date : 25 August  2015
Time uploaded in London :–  16-18

Newspapers around the world have flashed the news of destruction of the temple of Baal Shamin in Palmyra, Syria. Those who read about the attributes to Baal Shamin can easily see the similarities between Baal Shamin and the Vedic God Indra.

First of all, we must remember that Syria and Turkey were ruled by the Hindus once. We already know that the oldest archaeological evidence for Vedic Gods came from Bogazkoy in Turkey. We also know the Sanskrit names of Kings Dasaratha, Pratardhana etc who ruled Mitannian empire in the Middle East. All of them existed before 1400 BCE.

Baal = Sanskrit “Paala” = protect, rule, maintain

Baal is a common Semitic noun that means ‘lord’ or ‘owner’, but it occurs quite frequently in ancient texts as the proper name of an important god. Baal was one of the widely known deities in the west Semitic pantheon. He was associated with aspects of the natural world that were central to agriculture and society.

All these attributes are similar to Indra’s. We add Indra with lot of words such as Rajendra (Tamil Choza king), Khagendra (King of birds eagle), Mrgendra (King of Beasts Lion), Nagendra (King of Snakes) etc. Baal is cognate to Paala in Sanskrit meaning protector, maintainer, ruler, Lord etc. We have Go+pala, Indra pala, Raja pala.

In short Indra, Pala, Baal – all mean Ruler, Chief, Lord and one who maintains. Like Hindus add Pala or Indra or Eswar (Lord) with all local Gods, Middle East people added Baal with all the local gods. Baal Hadad was the most popular one.

Like we used Indra to mention a particular deity or used it as suffix to many more, they used ball as local manifestations of the god (Eg. Baal Sidon, Baal Shamin, Baal Hermon, Baal Peor), but it was also used in its general sense to refer to other deities as well.

For example, Lord Shiva has over 300 different names in Tamil Nadu towns (Sundareswar in Madurai, Ekambareswar In Kanchi, Brhadeswar in Thanjavur). Similarly goddess Parvati has 300 different names in Tamil Nadu temples (E.g.Meenakshi in Madurai, Visalakshi in Kasi, Kamakshi in Kancheepuram, Neelayathakshi in Nagappatinam and so on)

Baal appears in Near Eastern texts in 3000 BCE, but he was best known from his prominent role in Ugaritic Literature (1250 BCE). The latter contains over 500 references to Ball, who was said to live on Mount Sapnu/Zaphon, north of Ugarit. It is like Mount Meru or Mount Kailash of Hindu literature.

Bible links Ball with Goddess Ashtoreth (Ishtar=Durga)


Ball =Thunder God = Indra

Throughout the Ancient Near East, Ball was viewed as a Thunder God like Vedic Indra. He was associated with thunder, clouds, lightning and rain like Vedic Indra. As a Canaanite deity of weather and fertility, he was linked with the annual return of vegetation, similar to Indra Festival.  From Nepal to Tamil Nadu, Indra Festival was celebrated 2000 years ago every year. Now Nepal and South East Asian countries only celebrate this as Water Festival every year.

According to Ugaritic mythology Baal has to fight with his brothers Yam (sea) and Mot (death) for supremacy. Like Baal is a cognate to Sanskrit word ‘Paala’ (ruler, lord, maintainer) Yam is cognate to Sanskrit word Thoyam (water) and Mot is cognate to Sanskrit word Mrtyu (which gave birth to English words mortal, immortal etc).

Till the spread of Christianity in the 3rd or 4th century, Baal was worshipped. In numerous passages the Bible records a long term, intense animosity towards Baal and those who worshipped this deity (eg. Numbers 25; Judges 6; I Kings 18; Hosea 2 in the Bible). Later Baal’s attributes merged with Yahweh (Psalm 68:4) where Yahweh was said to ride on the clouds and to manifest his power into thunderstorm (Psalm 29).

In short, the concept of Nature God found in Rig Veda, the oldest literature in the world, spread to various parts of the Middle East and took its own forms in the course of 2000 years.


Palmyra Temple destroyed by Islamic Terrorists!


Baal Shamin was built in 17 AD in Palmyra and it was expanded under the reign of Roman emperor Hadrian in 130 AD.

Known as the “Pearl of the desert”, Palmyra, which means City of Palms, is a well-preserved oasis 210 kilometres (130 miles) northeast of Damascus.

Its name first appeared on a tablet in the 19th century BC as a stopping point for caravans travelling on the Silk Road and between the Gulf and the Mediterranean.

But it was during the Roman Empire — beginning in the first century BC and lasting another 400 years — that Palmyra rose to prominence.

Before the arrival of Christianity in the second century, Palmyra worshipped the trinity of the Babylonian god Bel, as well Yarhibol (the sun) and Aglibol (the moon).

Baal Samin was first mentioned in a treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. His epithets include Lord Of Eternity. He leads the list of deities like the Vedic God Indra. By Hellenic times he was equated with Zeus in the Greek pantheon and Caelus (sky) in the Roman pantheon. Zeus is Indra according to several scholars.

Vedic Phoenicians; History’s Mystery!

Picture of Baal (Vedic demon Vala), 1800 BCE, Louvre Museum, Paris

Written by London swaminathan

Research Article No.1889

Date: 25 May 2015; London Time 19-22

Every one of us use the word “Pana” for money in India. All of us use the word “Vanik(a)” for the business people or commerce. The entire English speaking world use the word “MONEY”. All these are derived from the Rig Vedic word “Pani”.

Linguists know that P=V=M are interchangeable. If you apply this rule, you get:-

Pani=Vanik= Vanij= Pana= Money

P=V=M interchange is very common in several languages including Tamil.

According to Western encyclopaedias, Phoenicians’ contribution to the world are 1)Alphabet and 2)Money. Even the Indian Brahmi which gave birth to Tamil script and all the South East Asian scripts are developed from the Phoenician alphabet according to them. I would not touch the issue of alphabet in this article. But let us look at other things.

Misers and Robbers

Panis or Phoenicians were very bad people according to the Rig Veda(1-33-3; 5-34-7; AV 20-128-4; VS 3-1). Panis were

1)Robbers or thieves who stole the cows of Vedic Hindus.

2)They were very greedy and rich.

3)They accumulated wealth.

4)They were miserly merchants (RV 1-124-10; 4-51-3; 8-45-14).

5)They were called Dasyus RV 7-6-3 (Thieves)

6)In some places they were called Dasas (RV 5-34-5; AV 5-11-6).

7)They don’t worship Gods.

8)They don’t do Fire Sacrifice.

9)They never give Dakshinas (fees) to the Vedic priests.

10)They were called wolves (RV  6-51-14)

11)They were grathin (nobody knew the meaning)

12)In some passages the Panis are shown as mythological figures, demons who withhold the cows and waters of heaven and to whom Sarama (dog) goes on a mission from Indra (RV 10-108)

(Story of Indra’s ambassador Sarama, the dog, has spread up to Greece via Iran, who was called Hermes. I will give the story separately; in both Persian and Greek S sound is changed to H)

But Rig Veda never mentioned about  their child sacrifice. They killed thousands and thousands of children, actually burnt them alive and buried their ash in pots. Now we have found those graves in Bahrain and other neighbouring countries.  Probably that is the reason Vedic Hindus hated them. They worshipped Baal from 2000 BCE. He had a major sanctuary at BYBLOS.

Another god was Moloch or Molek. Israelite children were sacrificed by burning to Molech , according to the Bible (1 Kings 11-7; 2 Kings 23-10). Vedic Hindus hated the Mlechas; probably the world came from Molek worshippers.

Who were the Phoenicians?

The best proof for identifying them with Panis of Rig Veda come from the word Byblos. This is the corrupted form their King Bibru. Rig Veda mentioned the name Bribu as their king. He constructed the city Byblos which is known to all historians. They controlled areas on the coast of Mediterranean Sea. Carthage (modern Tunisia) in North Africa and Lebanon in the Middle East were their main colonies.

Linguists know R=L are interchangeable. Even Panini has a sutra about it.


Byblos has got continuous existence from 5000 BCE. So Rig Vedic Bribu must have corrupted to Byblos. Or later kings might have named it after Bribu. Both are possible.

The second proof comes from the Sanskrit words of Phoenician areas. Following piece is taken from Wikipedia:

Other colonies (Note the Sanskrit Names)

Lebanon = lavana ( salt or salty white)

  • Callista (on modern Santorini)
  • Calpe (modern Gibraltar)
  • Gunugu
  • Thenae
  • Tipassa
  • Sundar (Sanskrit)
  • Surya(Sanskrit)
  • Shobina(Sanskrit)
  • Tara(Sanskrit)
  • My comments: Vedic Hindus might have settled in these Phoenician colonies for business purposes or settled there earlier than the Phoenicians.

Phoenicians spoke a non-Sanskrit language and so they were called Mrdhravach (of hostile speech). Greeks called non-Greeks barbarians; Ancient Tamils called Roman and Greek bodyguards with the same word (People of rude or harsh words); Telugus called Tamils with the same word (Arava=loud mouthed or voiceless or snake people); Bible called non-Christians as Pagans; Quran called Non-Muslims as Kafirs. This type of derogatory coinage was very common in the ancient world.

Miners of Lapis Lazuli

Bhagavan Sing (Author of Vedic Harappans) say that they mined minerals and gem stones such as lapis lazuli and exported them. So the Vedas say they hid the treasure under rocks.

I Come appointed messenger of Indra, asking your ample stores of wealth, O Panis (RV 10-108-2)

Paved with rock is this our treasure chamber; filled full of precious things, of kine, and horses. These Panis who are watchful keepers guard it. In vain hast thou approached this lonely station (RV 10-108-7)

Vedic Mantras cover a vast period of time. So it is possible at one time they had good business contacts with the Vedic Hindus.

Even Homer described them as good and bad people. They exported purple dye for the dress of Roman kings. In Illiad, Homer say that their wares are fit for Gods and kings and in Odyssey he says they are bunch of treacherous thieves. He has reflected the Rig Vedic thoughts.

Like we see in India, there is a big gap between the literary evidence and the archaeological evidence for Phoenicians. This remains a mystery until this day.

A.Kalyanaraman (author of Aryatarangini) argues that they were also Vedic people but who did not follow Vedic religion (vratyas) and migrated westwards.

References to Vanij (Vanikan in Tamil)

RV 1-112-11; 5-45-6; AV 3-15-1

References to Pani

RV1-33-3; RV 4-28-7; 5-34-5; 6-13-3; 8-64-2; 10-60-6;3-58-2;6-51-14. There are over 30 references. I have given only a few.

Child Killers

Vedic Hindus hated them because Phoenicians were ready to do anything for getting money. Bible refers to child sacrifice by Canaanites/Phoenicians in Jerusalem. Modern excavations have revealed thousands of urns containing the cremated remains of infants, small children and animals in Carthage (Tunisia), Motya (Sicily),Sulcis (Sardinea)and other Punic (Phoenician) sites. They spread this disgusting, barbaric practice to other Mediterranean areas. Scholars believe they had their origin in Bahrain. Vedas dub all the cannibals as Asuras/demons.

Phoenician God Baal is called Vala in Rig Veda whom Indra pierced when they plundered the Hindus’ cows.

All these prove that the hated Panis were Phoeniciaans.