Soma Yaga in India and Iran- part 2 (Post.10,658)


Post No. 10,658

Date uploaded in London – –    14 FEBRUARY   2022         

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Soma Yaga in India and Iran- part 2

This is the second part of Soma Yaga in India and Iran .

The Barsom or the bundle of twigs which is indispensable at the time of reciting Ijashne, is to be traced to one of the sacrificial rites at the great Soma. It was erroneously identified with the Barhis or sacred Kusha grass. Brahmins used to spread the sacred grass and invoke deities. Martin Haug thinks that it may be some unknown custom in the Soma sacrifice.

(Barsom or Baresma is a bundle of twigs. Parsi priests do the rites by holding them in their hands. Hindu priests also carry bundle of ficus tree (asvatta) twigs, but they don’t hold it in their hands. They place it in the fire one by one with ghee accompanied by mantras).

At the time of soma libation called Savana, which is to be performed three times on the same day , the three Sama Veda priests, the Udgata, ,the Prastota and the Pratiharta require a certain number of wooden sticks to be placed in a certain order when chanting the Samans. They use for this purpose the Udumbara tree, and call them Kusha, which is generally given to the sacred grass.

In the Agnishtoma 15 such sticks are required at the morning libation.17 at noon and 21 in the evening.

In other sacrifices such as Aptoryama, even a much large number of such sticks is required. The three singers then sing successively, one by one, in a very solemn manner the FIVE parts into which every Saman or verse adapted for singing is divided at certain sacrifices, while putting some of the sticks into a proper order. This ceremony is most essential, and unless observed and properly performed, all the effects of the Samans is lost.

The five parts of Saman mentioned above is called Pacha bhaktika. Performing of Saman chants is believed to take the sacrificer to the heaven. Most important of these is called Rathantaram (Carriage).

At the same time another peculiar custom is to be observed, which may be traced in the Yasna also. As soon as the singers chanted their verses , one of the Hotas must repeat a series of mantras from the Rigveda in order to praise and extoll the Saman. This ceremony is called Shastram.

This can be compared to a chanting in the Parsi religion.

At the end of the different Has of the Yasna, especially its Gatha portion, verses of the three hymns are often invoked as divine beings.

In Yas 19-6 we have seen that it is considered very meritorious to worship the Ahura Vairya formula after having repeated.

With regard to the division of the Samans into FIVE parts, it may be remarked that the Ahuna-vairya formula which is as important for the Parsi s as the Rathantaram Saman was for the Vedic Hindus, was also divided into FIVE parts.


APRI Ceremony

In the Afringan ceremony of the Parsis there may be discovered a trace of Vedic ‘Apri’ ceremony, which is preparatory to the killing and offering of the sacrificial goats. The name is the same; Apri in Sanskrit, Afri in the Avesta, which initially means to invite; with which invitation the name of the being or beings, in whose honour the ceremony being performed, must always be mentioned. The Parsis mention the name of a deceased person or of an angel. The Vedic Hindus insert the names of different deities who are expected to come and enjoy the meal prepared for them. These solemn invitations being accompanied with a blessing, the Parsis understand by this ceremony a benediction . There are 11 Apri invocations.


Darsa Purnamasa

The new moon and full moon sacrifices known as Darsa purnama Ishti seems to correspond with the Darun ceremony of the Parsis, both are very simple; the Hindus use chiefly the Purodasha or sacrificial cakes, the Parsis the sacred bread Darun, which corresponds to the Purodasha.


The Chaturmasya Ishti

Chaturmasya Ishti is offered every four months or two seasons, corresponds to the Gahanbar ceremony of the Parsis. They celebrate it six times a year. Sacrificing animals was essential for these ceremonies among the Parsis until recent times; so it is with the Hindus also.

But as to animal sacrifice there is a great difference between the Hindus and the Zoroastrians / Parsis. Hindus must throw some parts of the sacrificed animal, such as the vapaa- peritoneum- , into the fire; while the Parsis simply consecrate the flesh and eat it as a solemn meal. They don’t throw it into the fire.


Go Mutra or Cow urine ceremony

The great purification ceremony by means of cow’s urine is practised by the Parsis until this day . Hindus also do it. Pancha gavyam- five products of the most sacred animal cow — is used by the Hindus. One of the five products is cow’s urine.


Kushti or Sacred thread ceremony

Hindus and Parsis wear sacred thread. Parsis call it KUSTI, aiwya aonhanem in the Zend Avesta. (Probably a corrupted form of Yajnopaveetham in Sanskrit).

As long as this ceremony has not been performed, one is no real member of the Parsi or Hindu community. The time for performing it lasts from 7 years to 16; the Parsis are invested with it in their seventh year.

(Manu Smrti gives different ages for sacred thread for Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya communities).


Funeral ceremony

About the funeral rites, some similarities may be pointed out. After the death of a man, Hindus as well as Parsis must pray to raise the soul of the deceased up to heaven, which is the third day ceremony for the Parsis . On the tenth day after the death, Parsis perform certain ceremony and the Hindus do Kaka sparsha ceremony, that is they expose a ball of rice to be taken by a crow.


Meru mountain

As to cosmological opinions the Hindus divide the whole world into seven dvipas, the Parsis into seven Keshvars- karshvare in the Avesta- regions. Both acknowledge a central mountain, which is called Meru by the Hindus and Albright by the Parsis . Haro barezaiti in the Avesta.


My comments

Six seasons are seen only in India, where as only four seasons are clearly marked in the Western countries, particularly colder countries. Since Hindus migrated to Iran from India they retained the six seasons. So they have nothing to do with any other areas in the world.

Kusti ceremony is also seen only in Iran and India. So they are the original inhabitants of India. This sacred thread ceremony is not seen anywhere in the world. So Hindu migration from India is confirmed.

Soma juice usage and fire worship are seen only among Hindus and the Parsis in the world. Not even a trace of it is seen anywhere else.

Full moon, new moon fire worship is mentioned in the Vedas and the Parsi religion only. This also confirms that it originated in India and spread out side.

Funeral rites, marriage rites and wearing pure white clothes during the ceremonies also proved it Hindu based. Cotton clothes and white silk are used from time immemorial by the Hindus.

Milk, Cotton, paddy and seasame seeds used in Hindu ceremonies also proved hinduswere original inhabitants of India. These plants are tropical.

Above all these things, Vedic Sanskrit and Vedic customs are seen only in Iran and India. They are more fully developed in India than in Iran for over 2000 years. Vedic Sanskrit also was well developed with grammar and etymology and pronunciation guides, which is completely absent in Iran.

I will give the list of Vedic Sanskrit and Avestan language words separately.

Gatha for song and Manas for mind are seen in the oldest part of the Zend Avesta. Manas, Mind, Manam are seen in English and ancient Tamil literature. These words also proved Hindus migrated to Iran. Because words like manas, gatha were used in a vast geographical area in Indian subcontinent even before 2300 years. So the base was India and not Iran, certainly not colder areas of Asia or Europe.

I have found Gatha verses like the Bhagavad Gita and Rigveda and Atharvana Veda in the oldest part of the Zend Avesta.


tags-  Kusti, Parsi, Apri, Soma, Saman, Barsom, Kusha, Go Mutra


Ganesh with Dhurva Grass (Arukam Pul in Tamil)




Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 5 NOVEMBER 2017


Time uploaded in London- 14-11



Post No. 4368

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Origin of vegetation on the earth explained in the Aitareya Brahmana (5-23):

“The earth is the Queen of the Serpents, for she is the queen of all that moves (sarpat). She was in the beginning without hair (without grasses, bushes, trees etc). She then saw the mantra of the Rig Veda (10-189) which commences with

‘This spotted Bull (the sun) hath come, and sat before the mother (the Earth) in the East

Advancing to his Father, Heaven. ‘As expiration from his breath, his radiance penetrates within’.


In consequence of it she (the Earth) obtained a motely appearance, she became variegated, being able to produce any form she might like, such as herbs, trees and all other forms. Therefore, the man who has such a knowledge obtains the faculty of assuming any form he might choose.”


The origin of Durva grass, of which much is made in connection with Hindu sacrifices, is described as follows:

“The Hair of Prajapati, which were lying n the ground when he was disjointed, became herbs. The vital air then went out from within him, and that having gone out, he fell down. He said, ‘Verily this vital air has undone me!’ and because he said, ‘it has undone (dhurve) me’, hence  the name Durva; durva doubtless being what is mystically called Durva, FOR THE GODS LOVE THE MYSTIC”—- Satapata Brahmana 7-4-2-11/12


Concept of ‘body being Microcosm and the Earth being Macrocosm was borrowed by the Greeks from the Hindus; so plants are equal to hair, blood vessels are equal to rivers etc.


The second point to be noticed is Gods love the Mystic, hence queer names and strange explanations. This means they dot speak straight forward language. So one must be careful in translating or interpreting.


The third point is reasoning out is found in the Vedic period itself. People named different plants differently on the basis of certain things.


“He then places a bunch of Dharba grass (Kusa) on the middle of the altar site; for the gods then placed plants thereon, and in like manner does the sacrifice, now place thereon- — Satapata Brahmana 7-2-3-1


The reference in the next quotation is to the legend of Indra’s killing of Vritra, when the waters, disguised by his putrefying carcase, rose and flowed over —– Satapata Brahmana 1-1-3-5

“Whence spring these grasses of which the strainers are made; for they represent the water which was not putrified; in 7-3-2-3, we read of ‘Stalks of Kusa grass, for these are pure, and sacrificially clean……….. for the top is sacred to the gods.


Unclean Plants

There were plants , which are sacrificially unclean; it is said that Greek Philosopher Pythagoras banned beans and fasting Roman Catholics banned certain food.


Vedas allowed Forest Plants and Fruits of trees:

“Let him therefore eat only what grows in the forest or the fruit of trees. Barku Varsha said, ‘Cook beans for me, for no offering is made of them! This, however, he should not do; for pulse serves as an addition to rice and barley; and hence they increase the rice and barley by means of it; let him therefore eat only what grows in the forest —– Satapata Brahmana 1-1-1-10


Referring to the same incident in Prajapati’s life, we read the origin of Udembara tree —– Satapata Brahmana 7-4-1-39

“When Prajapati was relaxed, Agni took Prajapati’s fiery spirit and carried it off to the south, and there stopped; and because after carrying (karsh) it off, t stopped (ud-ram), therefore Karshmarya sprang up. And Indra took Prajapati’s igour and wet away to the noth; it became the Udumbara tree”

(Fig and its varieties)


In Vishnu Sahsranama Nyagroda, Udumbara and Asvatta are worshipped as Vishnu. All these belong to Ficus family.


The bathing chair of Udumbara wood figures prominently in Taittiriya sBrahmana 2-6-5, where we find an address to to it and another to the leather spread upon it, a mantra to be repeated when sitting upon the chair, another after sitting thereon, another when descending rom chair, another inaudibly after descending from the chair, and no end of others in the course of the bathing, including many addressed to Agni and the Sun; some of which may be heard uttered to this day on the banks of the Ganges or other bathing places.


When Hindus couldn’t get the Udumbara wood they replaced it with a bundle of Dhurva grass. The details are given in Taittiriya Brahmana2-7-9-10/11


Tomorrow I will give the stories of Krimuka and Viekantka Trees


—-to be continued





Hindus’ Ultra Modern Weapons!


Written by London swaminathan

Research Article no. 1703; dated 9 March 2015

uploaded at 19-40 Monday London Time.

“Oh Dharba grass, you have the capacity to ward off death till long age. You are the best armour of all the armours in the world. Shielding the king with the self-same armour, kill the enemies with your strong powers.

“Oh Dharba! hundreds are your shields and thousands are the means of strength and power. All the learned scholars have given you to the king for protection till old age or for long life”– Atharva Veda Book 19, Hymn 30

“O Man, I (physician says) tie this Kuhsa grass, which is forceful, energising herb, with hundreds of reeds infallible, with thousands of leaves and far efficacious than other herbs, for lengthening your life span” – Hymn 31, Book 19

Brahmins believe in this efficacy of Kusha grass till this day. Their entire work is done with the Kusha/Dharba grass.

My opinion is that ancient Hindus channelized the energy through Dharba and Water. Great teachers like Drona and Kripa of Mahabharata knew about ultra-modern weapons which work with sound vibrations. Western Scientists are yet to invent such weapons. It is like cancer drugs with certain nuclear isotopes targeting only the bad cells, the Vibration weapons will target only the intended targets.


These mantra (Sound) weapons are taught only to Kings and selected people. Like nuclear bomb buttons have secret passwords which are known only to Prime Ministers and Presidents of countries these Ultra Modern Sound Weapons are taught only to the Kings. But like we use nuclear weapons very rarely, they also used it only when it was absolutely necessary. That is why commoner Ekalaiva was denied a place in the Royals class by Drona.

Dharba grass is like the modern delivery vehicles for nuclear war heads. Even when the Hindu kings were taught such most dangerous weapon techniques, they were forced to promise that they use it only once. That too if necessary. So far seven countries have made thousands of nuclear bombs, but only USA used it once in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in in Japan which killed millions of people.

Lord Rama also finished of seven million Kara Dushana demons like we kill the mosquitoes. Demons do not follow any code of conduct in wars. But the same Rama did not use it against Ravana who was ready for a decent fight. He was a great hero and he would not hit anyone below the belt. Ram was also great. When Ravana was disarmed in the battle field, Rama stopped fighting and asked Ravana to go home and come back the next day with full preparations (“Go Today and Come Tomorrow” — was the most famous quote in the Yuddha Kanda of Ramayana)

Like nuclear materials have good and bad uses, Dharba is also used in all the good ceremonies.


Power of Dharba Grass!

I posted my article on “Power of Holy Durva Grass” here on 12th July 2013. Now I give below some hymns highlighting the power of sacred Dharba grass. A Brahmin priest won’t leave the house without the sacred Dharba grass. It is his essential tool. It is neatly cut and preserved in its dry form. Hindus believe that that Dharba grass (also known as Kusha) can purify one just by wearing it in the ring finger. Hindu saints do penance or meditation sitting on the Dharba mat. Though Yogis or saints do such meditation sitting on deer skin or tiger skin, Dharba mats are easily available, less expensive and environment friendly.

Botanically it falls under the Graminae ( Poaceae or grass family ) family and it is known as Eragrostis cynosoroides. It is mentioned in all the four (Rig Veda 1-191-3)Vedas. Atharva Veda mentions it as an amulet.

During eclipse period, they put the grass in all the food items to save it from the bad rays. The following hymns show how much they valued it. As a Brahmin, I always keep it here in my London home. I use it during the ceremonies. Usually they make a ring like figure and wear it in the ring finger. It is called Pavitram. That means the dharba as well as Pure and holy in Sanskrit. The ring finger itself is called Pavitra finger.


Ghosts will run away!

Hanuman Chalisa of Goswami Tulsidas says that the ghosts will run away when the name of Hanuman is recited. In the same way

Bhuta Preta Pisasascha ye chanye Brahmarakshasaaha

Vipra anguli Kusaan drustwa duuram gachcha adhomukaaha

When the ghosts, ghouls, spirits and goblins see the Dharba worn in the Brahmins’ fingers, they go far away with their heads bowed down.

Another hymn says

Vajro Yathaa Surendrasya Suulam hastha Harasya cha

Chakraaydham Yathaa Vishno: evam vipra kare Kusha:

Like Vajra weapon for Indra, Sula weapon for Lord Shiva, Wheel weapon for Vishnu, Kusha grass weapon is for Brahmins. (Dharba grass is as powerful as Vajra, Sula and Chakra weapons)

If a Brahmin stands with a kusha and is without vain or not showy, he can destroy all the sins like dews driven away by the sun light. ( He can drive away the sins like the sunlight drives away the snow)

Another hymn praise “ even Shiva was cleared of sin by Kusha grass after killing a Brahmin” ( One of Brahma’s five heads was cut off by Shiva; actually  it is a symbolic story saying the four Vedas will be beneficial only when the ego is eliminated)

Anyone wearing gold or dharba in the fingers are considered pure even if their hands are not clean, says another couplet.


Picture of Dharba Mat

Such is the greatness of Dharba (Kusha) grass in the Hindu scriptures. The use of water, sesame seeds, white rice in funeral ceremonies, yellow rice in auspicious ceremonies, Kusha grass, cow, its milk, daily bath and Abishek rituals, Asvamedha Yajna, Swayamvara, decimal system and the absence of all these things in the Western world explodes the Aryan –Dravidian Race theory. Actually all these put together with the six divisions of seasons, four divisions of armies, four values in life (Dharma Artha Kama Moksha)  in the oldest parts of Tamil literature, it bulldozes the Aryan Dravidian fake theory.

Long live Dharba Grass! Long Live Durva Grass!

Is Brahmastra a Nuclear Weapon? Written by me in South Indian Society Magazine in London in 2005 and posted here in this blog in 2011 is getting a lot of hits every day until today! Please read it if you have read it already.


Pictures are taken from various sites; thanks.