Vowels = Life, Consonants = Body; Hindu concept of Alphabet from Vedic Days!!


Research paper No 1958

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 27 June 2015

Uploaded in London at 20-15

I have been arguing in my earlier posts that the Western classification of languages is wrong; I have urged to rewrite linguistic rules; Whatever the Western scholars have been saying about the changes that happened in Tamil and Sanskrit because of two different races/meeting is also wrong. The sound changes are in Tamil itself. Sanskrit is the closest language to Tamil and Tamil is the closest language to Sanskrit. I have also shown that both languages have developed from a common source but branched out into two different languages in course of thousands of years. No one is able to show any link to Tamil from any other language till this day. In spite of several articles in World Tamil Conference Souvenirs linking Tamil with every language in the world, they miserably failed to show any deeper connection. All those articles ran to a few pages showing superficial links. All that Bishop Caldwell said about Scythian –Tamil connection is also thrown in to dustbin by all the Tamil scholars. There is no truth in it.

I have also shown that Tamil and Sanskrit have similar alphabetical system and Sandhi system. Basic words of major languages of the world can be traced back to either Tamil or Sanskrit.  I have given examples in my previous posts. The thought process of both the languages are similar. Here is one more proof:–

For long people thought Tamils had developed an ingenious way of explaining the vowels and consonants. This is not correct.  Actually this concept began in the Vedic literature and developed by the Tamils. There is a gap of thousand years between the Vedic Literature (before 1000 BCE) and the Tamil Grammar (First century CE).

The vowels are named ‘Uyir’ (life) and the consonants ‘Mey’(body). The joining of both in one letter is called Uyir Mey  (Vowelconsonant=Life breath in the body). This is a beautiful concept. Later, it was used to explain Saiva Siddhanta principle. The beginning of this lies in the following books:-


The Aitareya Aranyaka compares the vowels to ‘days’ and the consonants to ‘nights’. It compares the vowels to consciousness, the sibilants to the breath, and the consonants to the body (2-3-4-1). In another passage (3-2-5-2), the vowels are compared to the celestial, sibilants to the atmosphere and the consonants to the earth.

Still another passage of the same book (3-2-2) compares the vowels to marrow, consonants to bones, sibilants to breath, and semi-vowels to flesh and blood. It can be summarised as:–

Vowels: Day, Consciousness, Celestial, Marrow

Consonants: Nights, Body, Earth, Bones

Sibilants: Breath, Atmosphere,

Semi – vowels: Flesh and Blood

According to the Chandogya Upanishad (2-22-3), the vowels are the body of Indra, the sibilants are the body of Prajapati, and the consonants are the body of Yama.

It can be summarised as:–

Vowels: Body of Indra

Consonants: Body of Yama

Sibilants: Body of Prajapati


Same Upanishad (2-22-5) says

All the vowels should be pronounced resonant and strong. All the sibilants should be pronounced open, without being slurred or elided. All the consonants should be pronounced slowly, without merging them together

It is amazing to see so much materials regarding languages and linguistics at such an early age; that is before Moses spoke in proto-Hebrew and Homer wrote in Greek!! This shows the amazing development of Hindu civilization. When others were talking about bread and shelter Hindus have advanced to use linguistic similes. This continued even in Kalidasa days. His very first verse in Raghuvamsa is

“Siva and Parvati are always united like sound and sense. As the relation of Sabda and Artha is eternal and interdependent so is the relation of Siva and Parvati, the eternal parents of the world”.

Verbatim Translation

“So that I might attain right knowledge and understanding of words and their meanings, I worship the parents of the universe, Parvati and Paramesvara (Siva), who are perfectly united just like words and their meanings”.