Linguistics shows the Hindu Migratory Route ! (Post No.10,644)



Post No. 10,644

Date uploaded in London – –    9 FEBRUARY   2022         

Contact –

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,

Linguistics show that Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world. It also shows the way Hindus migrated to different parts of the world from India.

India has two ancient languages used until today. One is Sanskrit and the other is Tamil. No one in India can speak without a Sanskrit word. I repeat, no Tamil can speak for five minutes without a Sanskrit word. If you look at Tamil dictionaries, there are more Sanskrit words than Tamil. It is same with all major languages in India.

Let us look at the migratory route of words.

For Tamil we have literary proof from first century BCE and inscriptions from second century BCE. But the early inscriptions use Brahmi script and more Prakrit words and less Tamil words, mostly ungrammatical, fragmentary pieces. But a century earlier we see long Prakrit sentences in Asokan inscriptions. So we know the path of migration. It came from North and went up to the far south in Sri Lanka.

Sanskrit words have archaeological evidence from 1400 BCE or earlier. Kassite civilization is called Kasi, Kashi in Sumerian inscriptions. More over we find the word ‘Suryas’ around 1800 BCE.

But the indisputable proof comes from Mitanni (MITRA) civilization’s cuneiform inscriptions, Dasaratha letters (Amarna letters in Egypt) and Kikkuli’s Horse manual, all dated around 1400 BCE. The cuneiform inscription shows the Vedic Gods in the same order as we see in one hymn of the Rig Veda. It is found in Bogazkoi in modern Turkey.

Though all these facts are known round 1930s, all the scholars assumed that a group while coming to India might have stayed in Turkey. No body disputed Aryan migration theory proposed by Max Muller gangs at that time. Though it was proposed earlier as well, Max Muller and Marxists wrote voluminous literature to spread this falsehood. All English educated scholars stuck to this line to get name or credit from the British.

Linguistics help us to find out who is older and who is younger in languages and who went from where.

Tamil is the first proof

We see amazing and uniform changes in certain letters.




Persian and Greek have no ‘S’. So they changed everything with S and replaced H. We know the most famous example Sindhu= Hindu and Asva=Asba

Tamils are also banned to use S in the initial position. Like Greeks and Persians, Tamils also changed all ‘S’ words with vowels.

For instance, the Rig Vedic word Sabha is used with vowel A. Sabhai= Avai in 2000 year old Sangam Tamil Literature.

Sa = A

Bha = Vai

Who asked them to change this way?


There comes another wonder!

The original B in Sabha is changed to V.

Now we know that this V=B change is also universal.

Asva in Rig Veda becomes ASB in Persian

But which is older B or V?

Tamil literature showed us that B is original.

But one may argue against this, because even today Bengalis change all V in to B

‘V’angam is changed to ‘B’enga(l)

‘V’andhyopadhyaya is changed into ‘B’andhyo…….

It shows that the changes can happen either way….

V=B or B=V

But who guided them from Iran to Bangladesh to follow this rule?

Asb for Asva in Iranian Avesta and Bangladesh for Vangadesam in Tamil Nadu

The changes are seen in a vast area even before 2000 years.


R= L change is also universal.

This is natural; no linguistics is required. If you look at your child’s lisping, prattle you will know.

Potato cRisp is pronounced as cLisp.


But we will take the Numerals to find out who is the oldest.

ONE to TEN in different languages.

‘Eka’ is one in Sanskrit and modern Hindi as well. We have continuity from the Rig Veda to this day.

This shows Eka , Ek is original and there was no break for several thousand years in Indus- Gangetic plain.


AVESTAN numerals

Avestan is considered one of the world’s oldest languages. Now we have only Zoroastrian scriptures in it. Later it influenced Pahlavi, Persian, Pashto, Darik etc.

Look at the Avestan Numerals

Though Avestan is listed as an extinct language, modern research shows that there are more Sanskrit words, (see my Hindu Gods in Zend Avesta) in it.

Aivas – 1, (eka in Sanskrit)

Duva – 2, (dvau in Sanskrit )

Traayas – 3 , (trayas in Sanskrit)

Catvaaras – 4, (catvaaras in Sanskrit)

Panca – 5, (panca in Sanskrit )

Xivaas – 6, (sat in Sanskrit)

Hapta – 7, (sapta in Sanskrit )

Ashtaa – 8, (astau in Sanskrit )

Nava – 9, (nava in Sanskrit)

Dasa – 10, (dasa in Sanskrit )

Number 1 is ONDRU OR ONNU in Tamil and ONE in English ; EINS in German

We know for sure German, Tamil, English came later. Avestan also has Aivas, similar to Ains in German which slowly changed into ONE in Tamil and English.

But Sanskrit Eka is the oldest. Where is the proof?

It is in the Rig Veda which even Max Muller said older than 1500 BCE. Others dated it up to 6000 BCE.

Let us forget their dating and go to archaeological proof-

Kikkuli’s horse manual in Tukey has the following Sanskrit numerals:-

Kikkuli wrote a manual of horsemanship in HITTITE  in which he incorporated technical terms , for the length of a race  as measured in ‘turns’ of the race course, that are unmistakably Sanskrit

Eka- vartanna – one lap

Tera vartanna – three lap

Panza vartanna – five lap

Satta vartanna – seven lap

Nava vartanna – nine lap

It is dated around 1400 BCE.

If one looks at this, Vedic Gods in the Mithranni/ Mitanni agreement, Dasaratha’s (Tushrtatta)  letters in Egypt (Amarna letters) and the Rig Vedic hymn, no one would have any doubt about the presence of Sanskrit from Iran and Egypt to the Gangetic plains in India before 1400 BCE. Ganga, Sindhu, Yamuna and Sarasvati are listed in the Rig Veda. It covered vast areas in Africa and Asia!!!!

Along with this we must take into consideration of Hindu Gods and Hindu words in the Zend Avesta. Even the rebel, Manu’s son Nabhanethishta, who revolted against his father Manu, is referred to in the Zend Avesta.

Now we know Eka went out of India to become Aisva, Ains (as in Albert Ein Stein = One Stone), One in Tamil and English.

I have already written that the sound “J “existed in only one language ,SANSKRIT, in the world and it slowly migrated to West Asia to give words like Jew, Jesus, Jehovah, Joseph, Jerusalem etc. The original pronunciation is Y and not J. But J as in Jaya existed in India only and the Vedic pronunciation guide (Pratisakhya) says it becomes Y.

Hindus have the oldest Grammar Book- Panini’s Ashtadhyayi.

Hindus have the oldest etymology book- Yaska’s Nirukta

Hindus have the oldest Pronunciation Guide- Vedic Pratisakhya

Hindus have the oldest Index- Vedic Anukramani

Hindus have the oldest Thesaurus- Amara Kosa

Hindus have the oldest Sex Manual- Kama sutra

If one looks with this in background one can easily say who is the first one and who is the last one!

LINGUISTIC THEORIES SHATTERED! (Post No.8319) – Tamil … › 2020/07/10 › j-mystery-sol…

10 Jul 2020 —, “J” – MYSTERY SOLVED; LINGUISTIC THEORIES SHATTERED! English language had only 23 +1 letters …

Origin of J | Tamil and Vedas › tag › origin-of-j

7 Mar 2015 — Written by London swaminathan. Article No 1697; Dated 7 th march 2015. London Time 14-08. The history of letter ‘J‘ is mysterious.


tags-  Eka, Ein, One, Avestan, Sanskrit, Tamil, Numbers, Numerals, Migration, Oldest langauge, Linguistics

TAMIL WORDS IN ENGLISH- part 1 (Post No.8816)


Post No. 8816

Date uploaded in London – –15 OCTOBER 2020   

Contact –

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge;

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.,

There are hundreds may be thousands of TAMIL words  in English. It is already known that most of the European words can be traced back to SANSKRIT. Linguists also agree that Sanskrit is the oldest language in the Indo-European family. But how can they explain the presence of Tamil words in English and Greek? They have already classified it as Dravidian and lot of theories connect it with different language groups in the world and none with satisfactory proof.

My theory is that Sanskrit and Tamil are two different languages, but came from the same source. That is the traditional belief as well, but rejected by linguists as mythological story. If there is one language in the world that can come closer to Sanskrit that is Tamil. And these two languages show how a language can branch into two different languages in course of time. There are amazing similarities between the two internally and externally, morphologically, and anatomically ( I have written umpteen articles on this topic).

One Mr Sathur Sekaarn came to London in in 1987 and was interviewed by me for the Tamil Service of the BBC World Service. He brought so many booklets written by him showing that 140 languages have Tamil words. That was too much ; he bent all the linguistic rules and went beyond logical thinking to come to his own conclusion. If you say abracadabra, he will change it 100 different ways and then show you a Tamil word linking it! He was sent to London by the great philanthropist Pollachi N Mahalingam.

I think any old word can be traced back to Sanskrit or Tamil. That shows a language can develop in these two lines only.

If you take the numbers 1 to 10 in English

One can see numbers I and 8 in English sounds exactly same in Tamil

One – onnu; ondru; ஒன்னு , ஒன்று,

Eight – ettu எட்டு

Other numbers sound like Sanskrit. Number Four is the odd one out.

Any way I will list the words from my 30 year old note books and then let me give you my conclusions.

A 1. ATHLETE – ATALAR, அடலர்

A 2. AUGURY – ARIKURI , அறிகுறி  

A 3. ARABLE – ER POOTTI UzUM, ஏர் பூட்டி உழு ம்

A 4. ANNO – AANDU, ஆண்டு

A 5. APOLLO – PAKALAVAN (letters interchanged), பகலவன்






A.10. AVERT – T/AVIR, தவிர்

A.11. AMBUSH – AMBU EY/ ARROW THROW, அம்புத்தாக்கு ,

A.12. AVENGE – VANJI (RE-VENGE), வஞ்சி

A.13.AVERSE- ARUVERUPPU, அருவெறுப்பு

A.14. AWE – ACHCHAM; AHH  AHH அச்சம்

A.15. A/TTACK- TAAKKU, தாக்கு

A.16. ANCHOR – N/ANCHOORAM, ந/ங்கூரம்

A.17. AMEN/OM – AAM, OM ஆம், ஓம்,


A.19. ADD – ADU-KKU, ATHTHODU ‘அடு’க்கு,

A.20.ARIES – AADU, MARI, SEM’MARI’ ஆடு, மறி , செம்’மறி’

A.21. A/WARD – VIRUDU, விருது


A.23. ALARM – ALARU, அலறு



(EXAMPLES—MUZI=VIZI முழி – விழி)

A.26. ACCURATE – KURITTA – KOORU UTAIYA (OPP. KOORU KETTA PAYAL) குறித்த, கூறு (கெட்ட பயல்)

A.27. AWARE – ARI/VEN, அறிவேன்

A.28. ANALYSE – ALASU; ALASI ARAIKA (letters interchanged) அலசு


A.30.  APO ++++ – APPAAL/ AWAY அப்பால்

A.31 ADOLESCENCE – ADALAR, AADAVAR, AANMAI ,அடலர் , ஆடவர் ஆண்மை

A.32. ATTAIN –  ADAI (REACH), அடை

NOTE -This is from one note book. There are English – Sanskrit words as well. Same word can be interpreted in two ways as Tamil and Sanskrit. That shows the root word can develop   in those

-to be continued …………………

Tamil words, in English


Linguistic Knowledge of Vedic Hindus (Post No.4498)

Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 15 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London-  15-55



Post No. 4498

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Vedic Hindus were highly educated. We come across many linguistic observations in all the four Vedas. Rig Veda, the oldest book, has many hymns dealing with linguistic points. Satyakam Varma has summarised them in his book Vedic Studies.


Rig Vedic hymns 1-164, 4-58, 8-59, 8-10, 10-114, 10-125, 10-177 and many hymns in the Atharva Veda talk about language and linguistics.


A brief summary of the points raised by the Vedic seers in those hymns are as follows:

Hymn 1-164

Dirgatamas’ hymn 1-164 is one of the longest hymns the Rig Veda. He talks about various subjects in a coded language with lot of symbolism.

In the hymn, mantra 24 refers to the seven speeches

Mantra 24 points out that this faculty of speech is found only in the human beiges.

Mantra 45 gives information about the divisions of speech. Grammarian Patanjali and others also discussed this in detail.

Hymn 4-58

Patanjali referred to part of this hymn. The four parts of speech are explained here. Patanjali discusses seven cases and the three originating centres of pronunciation.


In the opening mantra of this hymn, the originating source of speech has been referred to as GUHA while BRAHMA has been referred to as a title for the one who knows the intricacies of the four -fold speech and its behaviour.

Hymn 8-59

Some of the most prominent observations of this hymn are as follows:

The ultimate truth is brought forth through the medium of seven-fold speech

These seven folds or divisions of speech are seven sisters of the ultimate truth

Speech protects us through its seven physical and three temporal divisions. And

three chief aspects of speech-behaviour are mental, and intellectual faculties, coupled with the acquired knowledge.


Hymn 8-100

The tenth and eleventh verses of this hymn declare that speech is the expressive medium for human as well as animal beings, the only difference being in the degree of distinctness

Hymn 10-71

This hymn is most important and is soley devoted to the linguistic observations alone, some of which are as follows:

An initial expression of name is indicative of a wholesome integrated expression of the accumulated ideas in the speaker’s mind. Thus, it originates as a representative of complete statement.

The emotions are desires of the Self are filtered in the mind, from where it takes the shape of words or speech, which is expressed externally with the help of the articulatory forces.

Thus, a word takes its usable form first in one’s mind which is then pronounced from seven places and in different tones.

Speech and language are not only the objects ears and eyes alone; no one can understand it without the help of mind, the sharpness of otherwise of which makes the difference in one’s power of understanding.

With only training and knowledge, we can learn the correct usage of the language and avoid its misuse, generated mostly from our ignorance.


Hymn 10-114

In at least six verses of this hymn, different aspects of linguistic phenomenon have been discussed. In the fourth and fifth verses, the principle of multiple exprepressibility of one and the same truth has been stressed explicitly. The seventh verse declares that the seven fold speech is capable to express all expressible forms.

Hymn 10-125

The hymn discloses the inner strength of speech, more particularly its unifying and harmonising powers.

Hymn 10-177

If interpreted in its proper prspective this hymn discloses the four steps involved in the speech production. It consists only three verses. Its topic is Patanga which often has been interpreted as Sun or Supreme Self. But its proximity with the speech equates it with the Speech Self or Vagatma.


Sabda Brahman

The original concept of the eternity of speech has been propunded in the Rig Veda, making speech one in extent and content with Brahman, which stands for Supreme Self, Knowledge and Veda alike


My Comments


These verses spread over different Mandalas (chapters) of Rig Veda show that they are not isolated ones. Moreover, these cover different periods of time. The Vedic people were neither nomads nor primitive. Great grammarians like Patanjali who lived at least 2000 years ago interpret them correctly. So we don’t need any help from the ‘Western Sayanas’.


The absence of such linguistic and grammatical observations in other ancient cultures show that we are well advanced than those cultures. And it also shows we were sons of the soil. If we have come from Central Asia or Europe, at least some remnants must be there.

Oldest Tamil Book

Oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam is a grammatical treatise. Scholars date it between first and third century BCE. Even that book refers to the Vedas where it dealt with pronunciation and origin of speech (Sutra 102). If it has reached the southern most part of India 2300 years ago, we must understand how much we have progressed in the science of languages.

The four divisions of speech are a very interesting one. It needs further research. The Vedic seers say that the audible speech is only one of the four.

Number Seven is associated with lot of things in the Vedas. Seven Sisters or Seven Mothers (Sapta Mata) is seen in Indus seals as well.




Vowels = Life, Consonants = Body; Hindu concept of Alphabet from Vedic Days!!


Research paper No 1958

Written by London swaminathan

Date: 27 June 2015

Uploaded in London at 20-15

I have been arguing in my earlier posts that the Western classification of languages is wrong; I have urged to rewrite linguistic rules; Whatever the Western scholars have been saying about the changes that happened in Tamil and Sanskrit because of two different races/meeting is also wrong. The sound changes are in Tamil itself. Sanskrit is the closest language to Tamil and Tamil is the closest language to Sanskrit. I have also shown that both languages have developed from a common source but branched out into two different languages in course of thousands of years. No one is able to show any link to Tamil from any other language till this day. In spite of several articles in World Tamil Conference Souvenirs linking Tamil with every language in the world, they miserably failed to show any deeper connection. All those articles ran to a few pages showing superficial links. All that Bishop Caldwell said about Scythian –Tamil connection is also thrown in to dustbin by all the Tamil scholars. There is no truth in it.

I have also shown that Tamil and Sanskrit have similar alphabetical system and Sandhi system. Basic words of major languages of the world can be traced back to either Tamil or Sanskrit.  I have given examples in my previous posts. The thought process of both the languages are similar. Here is one more proof:–

For long people thought Tamils had developed an ingenious way of explaining the vowels and consonants. This is not correct.  Actually this concept began in the Vedic literature and developed by the Tamils. There is a gap of thousand years between the Vedic Literature (before 1000 BCE) and the Tamil Grammar (First century CE).

The vowels are named ‘Uyir’ (life) and the consonants ‘Mey’(body). The joining of both in one letter is called Uyir Mey  (Vowelconsonant=Life breath in the body). This is a beautiful concept. Later, it was used to explain Saiva Siddhanta principle. The beginning of this lies in the following books:-


The Aitareya Aranyaka compares the vowels to ‘days’ and the consonants to ‘nights’. It compares the vowels to consciousness, the sibilants to the breath, and the consonants to the body (2-3-4-1). In another passage (3-2-5-2), the vowels are compared to the celestial, sibilants to the atmosphere and the consonants to the earth.

Still another passage of the same book (3-2-2) compares the vowels to marrow, consonants to bones, sibilants to breath, and semi-vowels to flesh and blood. It can be summarised as:–

Vowels: Day, Consciousness, Celestial, Marrow

Consonants: Nights, Body, Earth, Bones

Sibilants: Breath, Atmosphere,

Semi – vowels: Flesh and Blood

According to the Chandogya Upanishad (2-22-3), the vowels are the body of Indra, the sibilants are the body of Prajapati, and the consonants are the body of Yama.

It can be summarised as:–

Vowels: Body of Indra

Consonants: Body of Yama

Sibilants: Body of Prajapati


Same Upanishad (2-22-5) says

All the vowels should be pronounced resonant and strong. All the sibilants should be pronounced open, without being slurred or elided. All the consonants should be pronounced slowly, without merging them together

It is amazing to see so much materials regarding languages and linguistics at such an early age; that is before Moses spoke in proto-Hebrew and Homer wrote in Greek!! This shows the amazing development of Hindu civilization. When others were talking about bread and shelter Hindus have advanced to use linguistic similes. This continued even in Kalidasa days. His very first verse in Raghuvamsa is

“Siva and Parvati are always united like sound and sense. As the relation of Sabda and Artha is eternal and interdependent so is the relation of Siva and Parvati, the eternal parents of the world”.

Verbatim Translation

“So that I might attain right knowledge and understanding of words and their meanings, I worship the parents of the universe, Parvati and Paramesvara (Siva), who are perfectly united just like words and their meanings”.


Tamil and Sanskrit: Rewrite Linguistics Theory


Tamil and Sanskrit: Rewrite Linguistics Theory

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1502; Dated 20th December 2014.

People who don’t know Tamil and Sanskrit have written lot of theories in Linguistics. Once they know all the rules governing Sandhi (joining rules for words or phrases) rules in Tamil and Sanskrit, they will reconsider their theories. People wrote that Aryans got X sound after mingling with the Dravidians and Dravidians got Y sound after coming into contact with the Aryans etc. They fixed their own point in a circle and called it as the starting point. People who know what a circle is know there is no starting point or finishing point. It is in your mind that you fix a point. In the same way they said that Aryans came with Sanskrit from somewhere in Europe and Dravidians came with Tamil from the Mediterranean. But once you change the starting point as India, all their linguistic theories fall like pack of cards. They will crumble into powder.

Somewhere I read that Aryans had D sound only and then they got soft L sound from Dravidians. But this D/L or R/L changes are natural. They are in Tamil itself:

Pal+Podi = Parpodi (tooth + powder= tooth powder)L=R
Kal+Kudiyan = Katkudiyan (Toddy+Drinker= toddy drinker)L=T
Kan+Sevi = Katsevi (snake)N=T
There are hundreds of examples like this.

Whatever the linguists explain as changes due to two language speakers coming in to contact with each other are happening in the language itself!
There are scores of changes occurring in Tamil itself. In Sanskrit language Sandhi rules is a big chapter, a must for all Sanskrit students.

brain 2
We know that Sanskrit has sister languages in Europe. Once you know that Indians moved from Ganges plains to Europe then all the words are explained. In the same way we see lot of words in Greek (which according to those linguists a language related to Indo-European in turn to Indo Aryan languages) from Tamil. I have given a long list of Tamil words in Greek in one of my previous articles; I can give a few now

Clepto=Kalavu (Theft)
Tele=Tolai (Long)
Paleo= Pazaiya (old)
Mega = Ma (big)
Terra= Tarai (Terrain)
Cota=Sutta (burnt)
Odo=Odu (run)
Nereids=Neer (water)
Oryza= Arisi (Rice)
Ginger=Inji (Zingibera)
Hora= Orai (Hour)
Yavanika = (Ezini) Curtain
Even before Alexander invaded the North West of India, we see Greek/Tamil words. So it has nothing to do with Alexander’s invasion.

linguist book

There are thousands of English words similar to Tamil. No linguistics theory can explain them ( I have one note book full of such words. Sathur Sekaran from Tamil Nadu was interviewed by me at the BBC Tamil Service in London in the 1990s on his book with the same theme). Once we know that all the major languages are related either to Sanskrit or Tamil, then there is no explanation needed.

Indian Civilization Originated in the East

Ganges is referred to in the oldest part of the Rig Veda. Hindus named East as Purva Disa. All words with the same sound mean ‘the oldest’ , ‘the beginning’, ‘the first’. If some asked you what is your Purvikam? It means what is your origin? Pura means ‘once upon a time’, ‘Purana. means old story, Purva means East, Purvika= ancestry, Purva Disa= East, East belongs to Indra. East is called Direction of Indra.


Dravid Maharashtra

I read a review for a booklet titled “Dravid Maharashtra” (Marathi book by Vishwanath Khaire, published by Sadhna Prakashan, Shaniwar Peth, Pune-30) in 1978. It is about place names in Maharashtra which are similar to Dravidian place names. The author examined a large number of place names in Maharashtra and traced them back to their Tamil origin. He argued that Maharashtra may be the missing link between the Aryan and Dravidian cultures. I have read similar articles linking lot of place names in Pakistan and Afghanistan to Tamil names. No wonder people find link with Sanskrit or Tamil place names around the world. Adri Rishi’s name with Adriatic Sea, Kasyapa Rishi’s name with Caspian Sea, Kashyapa Rishi’s name in Kashmir, Agastya’s name with Augustus, Iran’s name with Arya, Syria’s name with Surya, Lebanon’s name with Lavana (salty white), Laos name with Lava etc.

We have proof for all these things; but only westerners refused to accept them as proof because they thought we all came into India like them (British,French , Portuguese and the Dutch). This theory suited their political ends. Even when they found out Vedic names in the Cunieform tablet in Turkey dated 1400 BCE, even when they found Dasaratha’s name in Amarna letters of Egypt, even when they found Sanskrit Horse Manual in Syria/Turkey, they never included them in the text books in India but included a scores of chapters about their own reformation to civilize Indians!!

Indian scholars, who were after big jobs at high level in the British ruled India, played second fiddle to them. When you change the theory that Indians went out from the subcontinent to spread culture and civilization, then everything falls in its place. Horse originated in India is the latest theory. Indians were the pioneers in iron and steels in the ancient world. So, you change the date for all these things and then their theories will bite the dust.

Moses has no proof! Raging Controversy!

Without any historical or archaeological proof for Moses they have founded three great Semitic religions. Still they were debating whether Moses existed. His name is repeated 136 times in Quran. There is a raging controversy in British and American newspapers every week about Moses because a new film is being released on 26th December, 2014 .

All the mysterious links with Tamil and Sanskrit are explained logically once you change the dates and starting point. No one needs to accept Western dates. If everything needs to be supported by archaeology their religions will disappear, their literature would have no date. Max Muller fixed 200 year rule only for Vedic language. If you apply the same rule to Greek and Tamil, the dates for their literature will crumble like powder. No date for Homer and Tokappian will pass the litmus test.

In short you can challenge the Western theories in every respect. You can pay them by their own coin.