DR RUDRA IN THE RIG VEDA (Post No.10,566)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 10,566

Date uploaded in London – –    15 JANUARY   2022         

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Rig Veda (RV) is the oldest book in the world dated between 6000 BCE and 1500 BCE. Scholars say it should have taken at least 500 years ‘to compose’ them or ‘put together’ in the present form. That means we must give the oldest part  of it 2000 BCE if we accept 1500 BCE as the date of RV. But Hindu Panchangas (almanacs) are crystal clear about the date of Veda Vyasa and they give him 3150 BCE. That means Vedas are in current form for at least 5000 years. Vyasa was the saint who divided Vedas into four and entrusted them to four of his disciples.

God is called Doctor and Medicine in the Rig Veda. Though mantras dealing with all Vedic Gods associate them with medicine and cure, Rudra commands the highest position in the field of Medicine. He was called Bhisak/ Doctor and Bhesajam/Medicine. Later we come across Dhanvantri, the Father of Medicine. We should call him the ‘father of MODERN medicine’. He is considered as Vishnu or his Avatar. Hindus call any one with some Divine Qualities an Avatar/incarnation of God.

Tamil poet Valluvan also confirms it in his Kural couplet 50. Tiru Valluvar (Valluvan) justifies all the 10 to 24 Avatars of Vishnu by this couplet. So Dhanvantri is Vishnu.

The words BHESAJAM and BHISAK occur in Vishnu Sahasranama as well. But there they mention the birth and death cycle as disease and God is described the physician who cures that disease. Later Tamil and Sanskrit poets use this concept throughout their devotional literature. One Sangam Tamil poet extended this to a philanthropist and called him ‘You are the Physician who cures the disease called Hunger’. This is in 2000 year old poem. But the same Vishnu Sahasranama called God as Vaidya (doctor) and Oshadi (herbal medicine).

All these show the concern of Hindus regarding one’s health, whether it is spiritual, mental or physical.

But if we go by the number of references to Doctor and Medicine then Rudra comes first. Rudra is Lord Siva. 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature confirms it. Like Rig Veda Tamils never used SIVA until sixth century CE for Rudra. They used only his attributes such as Three Eyed, Blue Necked etc. In the same way Three Eyed -Trayambaka is in Rig Veda; Siva/auspicious as adjective is also in the Rig Veda.

xxx

References to Rudra in the Vedas

Yajur Veda (YV) has a part called Rudram-Chamakam. That is recited by all orthodox Saivite Hindus every day. The priests use it during Abishek of idols in all Siva Temples. Most sacred mantra OM NAMA SIVAYA and Trayambaka Mantra occur in it. God is praised as Bhesajam and Bhisak in it. But RV is older than YV.

Let us look at some of the mantras where physician and medicine occur in RV:-

1-43-2- Rudra’s medicines

1-43-4-Rudra, the possessor of healing remedies. Prayer for health and wealth.

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Yajur Veda -Vajasaneyi Samhita 16-48; Taittriya samhita5-10-1

Prayer to Rudra for men and beasts to be prosperous and free from disease.

2    Prayer to obtain what health and wealth father

Manu acquired

5  Rudra carries in his hands the best remedies.

7  Prayer not to kill he old men, boys, fathers, mothers, adults, foetus, and our bodies.

8   Prayer not to kill our sons, grand sons, and men, cows ad horses.

2-33-1

May we increase in offering O Rudra

2   Prayer  for 100 years of life by Rudra’s blissful medicines. Put away far from us  sickness in all directions.

One YV mantra mentioned  Rudra has 1000 remedies.

Xxx

Maruts and Medicine

Maruts /wind are considered sons of Rudra; he also has link   with medicine. Here are some RV references to Maruts and Medicine

RV 2-33-13

O Maruts, those pure medicines of yours.

RV 5-53-14

You shower down health and wealth, water and medicine, O Maruts.

RV 8-20-3

O bounteous Maruts, bring us some of your

Marut medicines

8-20-25

Whatever medicine there is on the

Sindhu , on the Askini , in the seas, on the mountains.

xxxxx

10-77-7

The man who offers gifts  to the Maruts , gains health and wealth, blessed with offspring.

This is not comprehensive. There are many more mantras linking Siva and Maruts with medicine. In addition we have other gods associated with medicine and medicine men. There are hundreds of mantras where Soma, herbs and Amrita are praised.

–subham–

tags – Dr Rudra, Medicine, Physician, Doctor, in Rig Veda

Qualities of a Doctor and a Quack!

doctor3

Compiled  by London swaminathan

Post No.2252

Date: 17 October 2015

Time uploaded in London: 15-35

Thanks for the pictures.

Don’t use pictures. Don’t reblog for at least a week.

1.Vaidya Gunah – Qualities of a Physician

Srute paryavadaatatvam Bahuso drstakarmataa

Daakshyam Saucam iti jneya vaidye Guna chatustayam

–Charaka (sutra) 9-6

Srute paryavadaatatvam =Excellence in Medical Knowledge

Bahuso drstakarmataa = Extensive Practical Experience

Daakshyam = Skill

Saucam = Cleanliness

doctor1

2.Physician’s Approach to Patients

Vaidya Vrtti

Maitri kaarunyamaarteshu sakye pritirupekshanam

Prakrutistheshu butesu vaidyavrttischaturvidhaa

–Charaka (sutra) 9-26

Maitri = Friendship

Kaarunya = compassion

Priti = Pleasure

Upekshanam = Sympathy

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3.Fake Doctors (not to be honoured)

Apuujya Vaidyaah

Kucela: karkasa: stabhdho graamani svayamaagata:

Pancha vaidyaa na puujyante Dhanvantrisamaa api

Even if he is equal to Dhnavantri, the God of Medicine, don’t honour the following five physicians:

Kucela =Untidily dressed

Karkasa = Rough

Stabdha = Stubborn

Graamani = Pervert

Svayamaagata = One who visits on his own (uninvited)

doctor5

Tamil Wisdom on Doctors and Medicines

Great Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar in his Tirukkural (Chapter 95) says

A).Let a skilful Doctor who knows medicine,

study the patient,

the nature of the disease,

the season,

then treat him

B).Medical treatment implies fourfold elements:

Patient, Doctor, Medicine and the Nurse

C).Let disease be diagnosed and its cause and let remedy be applied comfortably

D).He will be afflicted with diseases who eats immoderately.

doctor2

E).No medicine is needed for him who eats after knowing that what he has already eaten has been digested

F).If a man eats that which will not disagree with him, there will be no suffering for him.

G).As pleasure attends him who eats with studied moderation, so disease attends the glutton who eats ravenously.

-subham-