WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 


Date: 18 April 2018


Time uploaded in London –  21-06 (British Summer Time)


Post No. 4927


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.







Chanakya, the oldest economist and political thinker in the word, has listed the qualities of a great king. Along with that he has given a time table for a day for a king. Each period is approximately one and half hour. The stateman who created the mighty Magadan empire and the mightiest Magadan army, which created fear in the army of Alexander, has written many books such as Arthasastra and Chanakya Neeti.


Let us look at the Arthasastra where he enumerates the qualities and routine of a king:

One day is divided into two parts Day time and Night time:


1.receiving guards and checking finances

2.attending to the affairs of the city and the country peoples

3.bath, food and study

4.receiving revenue and meeting superintendents

5.despatching writs, meeting council of ministers and hearing secret information

6.favourite entertainment

7.superintending the army in its branches

8.considering military plans with Commander-in- chief; at the end of the day offering the evening prayer.



1.receiving secret emissaries

2.bath, food and study

3.entering the bed chamber amid music

  1. sleep


6.rising with music and recalling sastric  injunction and contemplating on the day’s duty

7.considering administrative measurers and sending out spies

8attending to spiritual matters, physicians, cooks and astrologers etc. entering court.


Qualities of a Hindu King

An ideal king must undergo a broad education in arts and sciences

Conquer his senses

Avoid others wives and properties

Devote himself to the maintenance of Law and Order

Strive diligently for the welfare of the subjects

(AS Chapter 1)


Al Basham, author of The Wonder that was India, says

“The Arthasastra, despite its advocacy of every dishonest expedient for the acquisition and maintenance of power, puts the kingly duties in simple and forceful language, setting an ideal such as few ancient civilizations can boast of.”

In chapter 6 Chanakya alias Kautilya harps on the necessity of an ideal king’s

magnetic personality

intellectual acumen

spirit of enthusiasm

and deep rooted self-possession.

Kautilya elaborates on these qualities:

Born of a high family

godly, possessed of valour

seeing through the medium of aged persons

virtuous and truthful

grateful, having large aims

highly enthusiastic

not addicted to procrastinations

powerful to control his neighbouring kings

of resolute mind

having an assembly of ministers and possessed of a taste for discipline.


source book- Kautilya on Love and Morals, P C Chunder





WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 


Date: 26 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London – 16-24


Post No. 4665

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.





Number Eight stands for Stability

Tiru Valluvar (Valuvan in short) says in his monumental didactic work TIRUKKURAL ,


“The head that does not bow before the Lord of Eight Attributes,

In prayer, is like a body with all its senses defunct”

–Kural 9

Lord of Eight Attributes is used both in Saivism and Jainism. Buddhists and followers of Confucius also use it for eight fundamental virtues.


In the commentary for this Kural 9 (couplet) Eight Miraculous powers (Ashta Ma Siddhis in Sanskrit) are also attributed to God; normally they are attributed to the devotees of gods who have attained eight miraculous powers.

1.Anima :power of becoming the size of an atom and entering into smaalest life.

2.Mahima : power of becoming mighty and co-extensive with the universe.

3.Laghima : capacity to be light, though big in size

4.Garima : capacity to be heavy though seeming small in size

5.Prapthi : capacity to enter all the worlds from Brahmaloka to Pathalam

6.Prakasyam : power of disembodying and entering into other bodies and going to heaven and enjoying whatever one wants from one place

7.Isithvam :  having the creative power of God and control over the sun, the moon and the elements

8.Vasithvam : power of control over kings and Gods.


Chinese Philosopher Confucius


According to Saivite philosophy the eight qualities are 1.Self dependence 2.Immaculate body, 3.Natural Understanding, 4.omniscience, 5.nfinite Detachment, 6.Infinite mercy, 7.Omnipotence and 8.Limitless bliss


According to the Jains, the eight fold qualities are 1.Infinite knowledge, 2. Infinite vision, 3. Infinite energy, 4. Infinite joy, 5.Indescribability, 6.Beginninglessness, 7.Agelessness and 8.Deathlesness

Picture:Eight qualities in Confucianism

Lord Krishna’s Eight

In the Bhagavad Gita Lord Krishna says (7-4)

“Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind and understanding and self sense- this is the eight fold division of my nature”


‘There is no end to My Divine Attributes’ (10-40)


Dutch philosopher Spinoza described God as ‘consisting of infinite and eternal attributes’.

Spinoza’s metaphysics of God is neatly summed up in a phrase that occurs in the Latin (but not the original Dutch) edition of the Ethics: “God, or Nature”, Deus, sive Natura: “That eternal and infinite being we call God, or Nature, acts from the same necessity from which he exists” (Part IV, Preface)


It is interesting to see Number Eight is used in all the oriental religions. Though Buddha did not talk about God, he insisted eight qualities for human beings. They are Right view,  Right resolve,  Right speech, Right conduct, Right livelihood, Right effort, Right mindfulness, and  Right concentration.


The Eight Confucian virtues are 1. Benevolence, 2.Righteousness, 3.Courtesy, 4.Wisdom, 5.Fidelity, 6.Loyalty, 7.Filial Piety and 8.Service to elders.


The Samurai warriors of Japan has a Bushido (way of warriors) code with eight virtues:

1.Rectitude or Justice, 2. Courage, 3.Benevolence or Mercy, 4.Politeness, 5.Honesty and sincerity, 6.Honour, 7.Loyalty and 8.Character, Self-Control. These 8 virtues are influenced by Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.


xxx Subham xxx

Qualities of a Doctor and a Quack!


Compiled  by London swaminathan

Post No.2252

Date: 17 October 2015

Time uploaded in London: 15-35

Thanks for the pictures.

Don’t use pictures. Don’t reblog for at least a week.

1.Vaidya Gunah – Qualities of a Physician

Srute paryavadaatatvam Bahuso drstakarmataa

Daakshyam Saucam iti jneya vaidye Guna chatustayam

–Charaka (sutra) 9-6

Srute paryavadaatatvam =Excellence in Medical Knowledge

Bahuso drstakarmataa = Extensive Practical Experience

Daakshyam = Skill

Saucam = Cleanliness


2.Physician’s Approach to Patients

Vaidya Vrtti

Maitri kaarunyamaarteshu sakye pritirupekshanam

Prakrutistheshu butesu vaidyavrttischaturvidhaa

–Charaka (sutra) 9-26

Maitri = Friendship

Kaarunya = compassion

Priti = Pleasure

Upekshanam = Sympathy


3.Fake Doctors (not to be honoured)

Apuujya Vaidyaah

Kucela: karkasa: stabhdho graamani svayamaagata:

Pancha vaidyaa na puujyante Dhanvantrisamaa api

Even if he is equal to Dhnavantri, the God of Medicine, don’t honour the following five physicians:

Kucela =Untidily dressed

Karkasa = Rough

Stabdha = Stubborn

Graamani = Pervert

Svayamaagata = One who visits on his own (uninvited)


Tamil Wisdom on Doctors and Medicines

Great Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar in his Tirukkural (Chapter 95) says

A).Let a skilful Doctor who knows medicine,

study the patient,

the nature of the disease,

the season,

then treat him

B).Medical treatment implies fourfold elements:

Patient, Doctor, Medicine and the Nurse

C).Let disease be diagnosed and its cause and let remedy be applied comfortably

D).He will be afflicted with diseases who eats immoderately.


E).No medicine is needed for him who eats after knowing that what he has already eaten has been digested

F).If a man eats that which will not disagree with him, there will be no suffering for him.

G).As pleasure attends him who eats with studied moderation, so disease attends the glutton who eats ravenously.


Leadership Qualities of Napoleon the Great!

stamp napoleon bonaparte

stamp napoleon bonaparte

Article No. 2073

Written by London swaminathan

Date : 15  August  2015

Time uploaded in London :–  18-51

(Pictures are used from various sources)

napo 5

1.How did Napoleon win the Hearts of his Soldiers?

Napoleon used many tricks to boost the morale of his troops. He would say to one of hi aides-de-camp, “Ascertain from the colonel of a regiment, whether he has in his corps a man, who has served in the campaigns of Italy, or the campaigns of Egypt. Ascertain his name, where he was born, the particulars of his family, and what he has done. Learn his number in the ranks, and to what company he belongs, and furnish me the information.”

On the day of the review, Napoleon, at a single glance, could spot the man who had been described to him. He would go up to him as if he recognised him, address him by his name and say – “Oh, so you are here! You are a brave fellow – I saw you at Aboukir – How is your old father! What! Have you not got the cross? Stay, I will give it to you.”

Then the delighted soldiers would say to each other, “You see the Emperor knows us all; he knows our families; he knows where we have served.”

What a stimulus this was to the soldiers whom he succeeded in persuading that they would all, sooner or later, become marshals of the Empire.



2.Aversion to Commerce

Napoleon openly expressed his aversion to commerce and those engaged in it. When a deputation of businessmen came out from Antwerp to welcome him on his approach to the city, he met them with the words: “I don’t like merchants! A merchant is a man who would sell his country for a shilling.”

“England is a country of shop keepers” – said Napoleon according to French Newspapers.




Napoleon instructed his secretary, Bourrienne, to leave all his letters unopened for three weeks, and then observed with satisfaction how large a part of correspondence thus disposed of itself and no longer required an answer.


4.On George Washington  

On the reception of the news of the death of Washington, Napoleon addressed the following letter to the consular guard and the army:

“Washington is dead! That great man who fought against tyranny, and consolidated his country’s freedom. His memeory will be always dear to Frenchmen, and to all freemen in both the worlds – but especially to the French soldiers, who like him, and the American soldiers, have struggled for liberty and equality. The First Consul, therefore, orders that for ten days black crepe shall be suspended from all the flags and standards of the Republic.”



5.Mussolini and Napoleon

According to story circulating in Rome, Mussolini dies and goes to Paradise, where he is greeted warmly by Napoleon. “God will be here in a few minutes,” says Napoleon “Since you are new here, you should probably warned that we rise when he enters.”

“What! I get up? Don’t forget I am the Duce.” (Duce=Duke)

“I am Caesar,” states a voice. “Yet I have the manners to rise.”

“Not I”, says Mussolini. The argument is becoming warm when Machiavelli approaches.

“Peace, friends” he exclaims. “I will arrange everything”

Three solemn knock announce the coming of God.

“Attention!” thunders Machiavelli “Here come the photographer!”

Whereupon Mussolini hops to his feet, folds his arms, sticks out his chin and chest.

Peace reigns.



6.Great Butcher!

When Napoleon, after a series of victories, came to visit annexed Belgium, he found, on entering, Ghent, a triumphal arch erected by the Guild of Butchers. It was inscribed:

“The little butchers of Ghent to Napoleon the Great (butcher).”




Napoleon was one day searching for a book in his library, and at last discovered it on a shelf somewhat above his reach. Marshall Moncey, one of the tallest men in the army, stepped forward, saying:

“Permit me, Sire, I am higher than your Majesty”

“You are longer, Marshal,” said the emperor with a frown.



8.Hair will Grow!

When General Leclerc, unloved husband of Pauline Bonaparte, died in Haiti, she had him placed in a costly coffin and cut off her beautiful hair and buried it with him.

“What a touching tribute to her dead husband!” said someone to her brother Napoleon.

The emperor smiled cynically:

“Hm! Of course she knows that her hair will come in longer and thicker for being cropped.”



9.Knowledge of Latin

One time when Louise Napoleon was racking his brains over a pile of Latin dictionaries and grammars, Napoleon the Third entered the room. He looked at him with sympathy and said, “It is a grind, translating Latin. I never could.

The tutor spoke up in astonishment, “But your Majesty’s translation of Caesar’s ‘commentaries’?”

“It was not mine,” said the Emperor and went off.



10.First among Women

Mme. De Stael (to  Napoleon ): General who is the woman you would love the most?

Napoleon : My own

Mme. De Stael: But what would woman would you admire the most?

Napoleon: The best housekeeper.

Mme. De Stael: But with you, who would be the first among women?

Napoleon: She who has had the most babies.


napoleon3 (1)


The leading nobles of Poland addressed a petition to Marie Walewska to accept Napoleon as her lover. They quoted scripture to reinforce their argument:

“Did Esther, do you think, give herself to Ahasueros out of the fullness of her love for him? So great was the terror with which he inspired her that she fainted at the sight of him.  We may therefore conclude that affection had but little to do with her resolve. She sacrificed her own inclinations to the salvation of her country and that salvation it was her glory to achieve. May we be enabled to say the same to you, to your glory and our own happiness!”