Post No. 9936

Date uploaded in London – 4 AUGUST  2021     

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Bharata , who wrote the Natyasastra in Sanskrit 2500 years ago , finishes it beautifully. 6000 slokas are there in his 36 chapters. The 36th chapter gives the benefits of Natya/dance and drama (in the olden days dramas were produced with more songs than prose dialogues. Vedic dialogue poems prove it).

While we read this, we must remember that he talks about ‘holy dramas and holy dances’. The best example is available in Tamil epic Silappadikaram. One of the main characters, Madhavi, did 11 types of dances and all of them were from Hindu mythology (see below the link for the 11 types).

Mangala slokas are in 71 to 82 in the last chapter of Natyasastra. It says,

“This sastra is entertaining; it purifies; it is holy; it destroys sin. Those who read it and those who listen to it, those who produce plays in accordance with it, and those who attentively watch the performance, all these  derive the same merit as may be derived by those who study the Vedas, those who perform sacrifices, and those who perform acts of charity and religion. This is the greatest gifts of all the gifts, viz. the giving of an opportunity to watch a performance.  The production of a play is pleasing to the gods as no other form of worship with sandal paste or flowers is.

“Those who enjoy music and dance well in this life, will attain the blessed state of Isvara and Ganesa.

“I have thus far elaborated on many subjects and rules regarding the production of plays. Things which are not stated here should be learnt by attentively watching the talk and behaviour of people and should be used in the performance.

“What more can I say?

May want and disease disappear from the world and may there be plenty of food and riches of every kind. May there be peace and security for cows and Brahmins everywhere. May the kings give protection to the world.”

Thus ends Bharat’s Natyasastra chapter 36 entitled ‘Descent of Drama on Earth’.


My comments

Like Krishna in Bhagavad Gita, Bharata never forces anyone to do the dance and drama in his way. He gives freedom and scope to improve upon it. He asks the people in the field to watch people and include their interests. In other words, he asks us to act according to times. Even if someone produces a play today against COVID virus or the necessity of getting the jabs against the virus ,it is agreeable and meritorious.

What Bharat said in his last chapter shows that the Natya sastra in the present form is an updated version. But the core remains the same. What Bharata said about the benefits of drama cannot be said about Greek dramas. That shows Indian dance and drama are independent of Greek dramas or any foreign influence. Westerners created a great doubt about Indian ingenuity by saying everything came from Greece to India.

As a brahmin I do Sandhyavadana everyday in the morning and evening in London with Thames water where I recite all the 7 days of the week in the same order found in our calendar- Sunday to Saturday. This is in the same order in Thevaram of Sambandar which is 1400 years old. No one would have inserted some foreign material in Brahmin’s mantras or Sambandars Tamil poems. This is only one example to show Westerners have been always anti Hindu.

Please read my article on Bharatavakyas (National Anthems)  which are said at the end of all Sanskrit dramas. How patriotic our people have been from ancient period!


My old articles:-

Matavi’s 11 types of Classical Dance | Tamil and Vedas › 2012/06/15 › matavis-11-t…

15 Jun 2012 — She was the daughter of Chitrapathy. Madhavi learnt dance from the age of five and mastered the art of classical Bharatanatyam at the age of …

Hindus are the Pioneers of National Anthems | Tamil and Vedas › 2014/04/26 › hindus-are-th…

26 Apr 2014 — Bharatavakya is the benedictory address spoken at the close of every Sanskrit drama. We find this in all the dramas of Bhasa and Kalidasa.

Colour Coding of Seats in Ancient Theatres! | Tamil and Vedas › 2014/05/13 › colour-codin…

13 May 2014 — There are two dramatic stages coupled up with green rooms as they were prevalent in the olden days when Sanskrit plays used to be staged.

Missing: bharatvakyas ‎| Must include: bharatvakyas


tags-benefits, dance, drama, watching, Bharata, Natyasastra

WARNING: Nine People Are Watching You! (Post No. 2939)


Sinhalese inscription with Sun and Moon


Written by London swaminathan


Date: 3 July 2016

Post No. 2939

Time uploaded in London :– 7-31 AM

( Thanks for the Pictures)






(for old articles go to OR


persian 500 bce

Persian Inscription, 500BCE


Big brothers are watching you! That is what Hindus said thousands of years ago. We know that CCTV cameras are everywhere; we know about the google map, spying satellites, infra-red cameras, infra-red binoculars as well. These can photograph even the backyard of your house or what is happening in the dark! But there are ways to evade all these spying devices.

Hindus say that there are NINE people who are watching you for ever and you can’t escape from them. They are called Nine Karma Sakshis (Nine Witnesses to your actions)


Suryah somo yamah kaalo mahaabhutaani pancha sa

Ete subha asubhasyeha karmano nava saakshinah


The nine are: Five elements, sun, moon, Yama, the god of death and the Time.


We know the five elements are water, fire, earth, air/wind and space/ether

Hindus are the only people who knew he full power of these five elements. Hindu scriptures have the eariest reference to the five elements. They used water to give boons to someone or to curse someone. They used water to donate anything. It is found in ancient Sanskrit and Tamil literature. Tamil literature says that the water used for donating lands and money by the kings ran like a river. Tamil epic Silappadikaram says that the wedding of Kovalan and Kannaki was done in front of fire. Hindus sealed their pacts in front of fire and gave their daughters in marriage in front of fire. The daughter was given to a man by water which is irrevocable (in those days!). all these are considered witnesses.

The ancient inscriptions show sun and moon in pictures or in words. Space is everywhere.





We think that anything done in a locked room or alone is secret. It is not. The nine witnesses mentioned by the Hindu sloka are everywhere, all the time. Sun and moon mean day and night—all the 24 hours.


Yama and Time are also important witnesses. We haven’t found any instrument that will put the clock backward. Everything is counted. Yama , the god of death is a very interesting scientific truth. Even if a mosquito sits on the surface of water it sends ripples which we may not see, but the mosquito sees it. Even when an ant is running, a line is drawn on the earth which we may not see, but the ant knows it. Likewise, every thought or action we do create impressions, pictures. Hindus call it Chitra Gupta (means Picture Hidden= secret picture), who is the accountant of Yama. Chitra Gupta is actually a Super Computer. All our thoughts and actions are calculated by this Chitra Gupta and the sum total decides our fate after our death.


Hindu marriages are done when the sun or moon shines. In south India they do it only in the day light/ when sun shines. In north India Hindus do it when the moon shines. Most of the inscriptions say ‘as long as sun and moon shine’. They are the witnesses for anything happening on earth.


Keeping these nine witnesses we must always think good and do good.


Nabonidus praying to Sun, Moon and Venus.

hindu wedding

Hindu Wedding with Fire as witness.