INTERESTING GEOGRAPHICAL DATA IN MAHABHARATA- PART 2 (Post No.4196)

Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 9 September 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 11-54 am

 

Post No. 4196

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

 

PART FIRST WAS POSTED YESTERDAY

 

JANAPADAS IN THE NORTH

A verse quoted by Nagesa provided a clue for dividing the northern region from that of the eastern. The river Sarasvati is said to be the dividing line in that verse. Amarakosa has also given such direction. It included Kamboja North eastern Punjab the mountainous union or Parvatiya sang indicated by Panini. MBH describes them as Parvatiya (mountainous), Girigahvaravaasi (those living in the caves of the mountains). The following 62 janapadas have been identified in the group:

ABHISARA: south of Kasmira the PunchaRajanr; Greeks called the north western districts of Peshwar – abisaris

AMBASTA: Lower parts of the Chenab river; Panini mentioned Ambasta and AAmbasta; it corresponds with the Greek—Sambastai and Avastanoi

AAHUKA: Kabul basin in Afghanistan

AUDUMBURA: federal state of Udumbura

BARBARA:situated in Oxus valley; Panini named a pot named Barbarika near Karachi in Pakistan

BODHA:they are identified with Yaudheyas; Bayaanaa and Johiaakara region of Bharatapura

 

BHARADWAJA:Western part of Assam

CARMAMANDALA: may be Samarakhandika

CINA: Modern Sinkiang or Chiense Turkestan

DARADI: Dardistan area of Giljit

DAARVA: Daggar Jammu area

DASAMAALIKAA: area between River Jhelam and Bias (Vyas)

also Dasanaamika; Girivraja capital

DASERAKA:Marwara region of Rajasthan

GRAMANIIYAKA:Panini also mentioned them; they are militant. Cave dwellers organised under leader GRAMANI.

GANDHARA: It has been famous from Vedic days; region stretching from Taxila to River Kabul; modern Khandahar in Afghanistan; Pushkalavati Takshsheelam capitals

 

GIRIGAHVARAVAASINAH: militant race organised under Gramani. also known as Gauri. they are called Parvatiya (mountainous)

17.HAMSAMARGA: name of the Hunja region. janapada of the Parvatiya sanga ( unio of mountainous group)

 

18.HARAHUNA: Harmurtika, land of black grapes; janapada in Herat.

19.HAIMAVATAH: living in the Himalays; north of Sikkim

20.HUNA:the race shifted to one place to another.Kalidasa points them towards Persia; lived near Oxus and its tributaries

 

21.JAGUDA: Gazni area of Afghanistan

  1. KAMBOJA:Pamir region; they say sa va to go according to Mhabhasya;its used in Galcha dialect; Dwaraka capita. some identifies with Kashmir.
  2. KASMIRA: Sarada country; blessed by Goddess of learning city-Adhistana; present Kashmir.

24.KALATOYAKA- near Suleman hills

25.KEKAYA: associated with the country of Dasamalika; Ramayana locates it near Ghandhara

26.KHASA:Baltistan; mid-oxus

27.KULINDA:region in the Himalayas

28.KULUUTA: Bhima killed Ksemamuurti, King of Kuluutas; ii is in modern Kulu

29.KURUJANGALA: region between river Sarasvati and Ganga; Haryana

30.LOHITA: Rohela of Afghhanistan

31.LAMPAKA:North of Kabul Laghamanas attacked Satyaki in the Jarasadha Vadha; alinagar valley

32.MADRAKA: capital- sakala; modern Sialkot; associated with princess Savitri and Vedic teacher Sakalya

33.MADREYA:Madri is from this country; same as madraka; janapadas of noth Punjab

34.MAULEYA: modern Malwa region

35.PRASTHALA: near Patiala

36.PANCABHEDA: five rivers=Punjab

37.PAHLAVA: who came from the tail of Vasistha’scow; Parthian’s of Iran; samarkhand to Iran

38.PARATAKA:Hingula region of Pakistan

39.PAARASIIKAS: IRAN= Persia

40.PISACA: neighbours of Lampaka janapada; Pasai Kafirs were the inhabitants

41.PULINDA: Panini called them SAALVAAVAYANA. part of salva janapada

42.RAMATHA: near Ghazni in Afghanistan

43.SUKUTTA: Suket estate

44.SAIRANDHRA: Sirhind region

45.SAKA: Modern Seistan in Iran

46.SAAKALA: modern Sialkot; Panini referred to it.

47.SAATVAKA: Mandi on the northern bank of Sutlej

48.SALVA:Panini mentioned threeSaalva, Saalveya and Saalvaavayana. Near Matsyas

49.SIVI:Rik Veda mentioned them; country ath the confluence of Jhelam and Sindhu in Pakistan.

50.TANGADA PARATANGANA: country of Mleccas; Bhota country;Kullu Kangda region; mountainous

51.TRGARTA: Panini mentioned people of this country lived on arms. There was a union of six countries in Trgarta: Kaundiparatha, Dandika, Krautsika, Jaalamani, Brahmagupta and Jaanika

52.TUSAARA:Tokharistan (former USSR) They were present at Rajasuya Yajna of Yudhidthira

53.TOMARA:Tibetan region near Bhutan

54.UTSAVASANKETA: Ramapura, Basahara region of valley of Satluj

55.URAGA:Hazara district; between the Rivers Sindhu and Jhelum

56.VANAYU: Wana valley of Waziristan in Pakistan

57.VAATADHAANA: region east of Pancanada between Rivers Satluj and Ravi

58.VAAHLIKA: Balkh; Bactria of the Greeks; Skanda Purana mentioned this country out of 72 regions including 400,000 villages.

59.VAHIKA: according to Panini it is a synonym of Usinara; durin Panini’s times whole of Punjab was called Vahika.

60.VAIYAMAKA:identified near DARADI

61.YAVANA: The Greeks were called Yavanas with yellow coloured bodies; part of Jambudwipa; north west India

62.YUGANDHARA:Yugasila country near Dehradun of UP on the bank of River Yamuna

 

In the third and  part we will look at southern regions.

………………….to be continued

 

100 Karnataka Wonders: Part 5 (Post No.4170)

Murudeshwar temple

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 28 August 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 17-44

 

Post No. 4170

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

Tumakuru District

 

 

83.TUMKUR (TUMAKURU)

Vijayanagar period Laksminarayanaswamy temple is the oldest temple here.

 

84.TURUVEKERE

The large sculpture of Nandhi (bull) is splendidly carved out of a single black stone in front of Gangadhareswara Temple. Three impressive temples with Hoysala inscriptions are in the town.

 

85.SIDDHAGANGA KSHETRA

There is a Gurukula type of higher education centre is in the town. The waters of a natural spring here is considered to be sacred.

 

Udupi District

86.UDUPI

The important Vaishnavite pilgrim and cultural centre. It is the centre of most famous Krishna temple. Also famous for its South Indian cuisine. All over South India we have Udupi Bhavans (restaurants).

87.UDUPI KRISHNA TEMPLE

The temple is associated with Sri Madhwacharya, founder of the Dwaitha philosophy.The Paryaya festival held once in two years attracts large a number of devotees from all oover the country.

 

88.KALLIANPUR

Centre of many temple and relics of an old fort.

89.KARKAL

It is known for a 12-8 metre high monolith of Lord Gmateswara, a Jain sage. Important Jain centre.

 

90.MALPE

A quiet and beautiful beach is here.

91.MANIPAL

Famous for its educational institutions.

92.MARAVANTHE
Centre of Water Sports. West Coast Highway is spectacular. Beautiful spot with lush green hills on one side and delta of river Sauparnika on the other side.

 

Uttar Kannada District

93.KARWAR

Excellent beach at the mouth of Kali river. It is angler’s paradise. Sadashivgahta Hill Fort, Naganath Temple, Baithkola Beach, Karwar Harbour are frequented by tourists. Karwar is famous for its muslin factory as well.

94.ATTIVERI BIRD SANCTUARY

79 species of birds are seen. Migratory birds from various countries also flock to the sanctuary.

 

95.THE TIBETAN UNIVERSITY
It is near mundgod. Students from different countries come here to study Buddhist Philosophy.

  1. DANDELI

Industrial Centre; Gateway to the famous Dandeli wildlife sanctuary.

97.GOKARNA

Gokarna means Ear of the cow. According to legend, Rudra Shiva arrived here shortly after the creation of the earth, squeezing through the ear of the earth. An important beach centre.

98.MAHABALESWAR TEMPLE

Magnificent Shiva temple perched on a hillock near the beach. Temple is famous for its Atmalinga.

 

99.KUDLE BEACH AND OM BEACH

Kudle beach is on the southern side of Gokarna. Om beach resembles the sacred Hindu symbol OM.

  1. MURUDESHWAR

Atop the hill is famous temple of Lord Shiva, enshrining the Linga. Beach is clean and unspoilt. The view of the sea from the hill is awe inspiring.

 

101.YANA

Twin peaks of Bairaveshwara Shikara

and Mohini Shikara (shikara = peak) are venerated by the locals. Mahashivarathri festival is very popular.

102.HONNAVAR

New bridge across the Sharavati river dominates the landscape.

103.THREE WATER FALLS

APSARA KONDA FALLS, LUSHINGTON FALLS AND MAGOD FALLS are beauty spots.

 

SUMMARY OF THE WONDERS

The world’s largest Venna (appr.10 ft long) is in Sringeri.

The world’s largest account book is in Government museum in Shivamogga.

Indi\’s highest water fall Jog Falls is near Shmogga.

Biggest bulls (Shiva’s bull) made up of monoliths (single stone) are in several temples.

Mysuru palace has the biggest gold throne weighing 200 kilos.

 

In Belur, Halebidu and Somnathpur several thousands of sculptures ae there. Marching elephants, Gods are all differently carved. The don’t like similar.

 

Statues of Jain saint Gamateswara are in two different places. The Maha Mastaka Abisheka of Gomateswara is in Srvanabelagola. It is 57 ft tall. The ceremony held every 12 years is colourful.

 

–subahm–

 

-subham–

 

100 Wonders of Karnataka- Part 4 (Post No.4168)

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 27 August 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 15-24

 

Post No. 4168

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

64.MYSURU

The city of demon Mahisasura who was killed by the presiding deity of the city goddess Chamundeeswary. I t was ruled by the kings of Wodeyar family. Cleanest city in India with beautiful mansions.

 

65.MYSURU PALACE

 

The three storeyed palace was built on an old structure. Durbar Hall and Kalyana Mandapam were decorated with foreign materials. Golden treasurers are in the palace. 200 kilo gold gold throne and a golden Howdah are used in the annual Dasara procession.Millions watch this procession.

 

66.ART GALLERY MUSEUM

Art gallery housed in Jaganmohan Palace and the museum have a very rare collection.

 

67.RAIL MUSEUM
Museum houses priceless locomotives. Folklore museum has a collection of 6500articles Mysuru is one of the oldest zoos in the country.

 

68.LALITHA MAAL PALACE

It is in the outskirts of the city at the foot of the Chamundi Hills. built in European style now it has been converted into a hotel.

69.CHAMUNDI HILLS

IT IS 1065 METRE HIGH AND THE FAMOUS Chamundeeswary Temple is here. 1000 steps and a motorable road are there. Chamundy Temple is believed to be 2000 year old. It is famous for its monolith Nandi (bull) towering nearly 5 metres. It is one of the famous seven Nandis. Gigantic statue of Mahisasura in on the top of the hill.

 

70.NANJANGUD

It is famous for its annual Chariot festival attended by large number of devotees.

 

71.SOMNATHPUR

King Narasimha III built it in 1268. Excellent example of Hoysala architecture. Epic secenes decorate the walls in sculptural form.

72.TALAKAD

The Hindu pilgrim centre on the left bank of the Kaveri river has Pancha Lingas (five lingas). The Panchalinga Darshan is arranged once in 12 years.

 

73.SHIVAMOGGA (SHIMAGA)

It means the face of Lord Shiva. Keladi Nayaks, Kadambas, Gangas, Chaukyas, Rashtrakutas and Vijayanagara rulersruled from very early years.

 

74.18-29 METRES ACCOUNT BOOK

Government Museum in Shivamoga dispalys rare coins, mansuscripts, palm leaves,  and an ancient account book measuring 18-29 long.. Apart from this the Seetha Rama Anjaneya temple in the fort is a fine example of Hoysalas.

75.AGUMBE

IT IS CALLED THE CHIRAPUNJI OF Suth India with maximum rain fall for four monts. It is set in the Tropical Rain Forest region with rare orchid flowers.

Spectacular sunset point 90 kms from Sivamoga is very popular.

 

 

76.BHADRAVATI

Industrial city also known as Steel City.Lakshminarasimha Temple and Rameshwara Templeon the banks of Tunga river are of Hoysala period.

77.GAJANUR

The dam on the River Tunga and the elephant camp are poular.

  1. HUMCHA

Important Jain pilgrim centre with Panchakuta Basadi. Jain Temples are here.

 

79.JOG FALLS/JERASAPPA FALLS

Highest Water Fall in the country with an elevation of almost 1000 ft. River Sharavati falls from the top as four different cascades: Raja, Rani, Roarer and Rocket. It is a thrilling spectacle.

80.KOODALI

Pilgrim and Cultural centre on the confluence of rivers Tunga and Bhadra. A Smartha Mutt was established in the 16th century.

 

  1. MADAGADDE BIRD SANCTURAY

Located on the small island of River Tunga. Surrounded by dense forests. Attracts migratory birds.

82.TAVAREKOPPA

LION SAFARI WAS STARTED IN 1988 AMIDST DENSE FOREST. Other wild animals are also roam the forest.

Agumbe Rain Forest

to be continued………………………….

100 Wonders of Karnataka- Part 3 (Post No.4165)

Compiled by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 26 August 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 13-27

 

Post No. 4165

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

Haveri District

41.HAVERI

Known for Cardamom Export; important centre for Kalamukha sect.

42.RANIBENNUR

Places of attractions: Siddheswar Temple and Tomb of Hazrat Jama Shah.

43.SAVANUR

Nawab’s palace, relics of a fort and annual fair of Sathyabodaswami mutt are very popular.

 

Kodagu (Coorg) District

44.MADIKERI

Hill station at 4000 ft. Famous for coffee plantations, orange groves. The sunset view from the Rajah’s seat is beautiful.

  1. FORT

Built in 182; houses a museum and a temple

45.OMKARESWARA TEMPLE

Built in 1820 and as Vishnu and Shiva. It is a unique blend of Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture.

 

46.ABBEY FALLS

Beautiful picnic site with a waterfall across the Madikere stream.

 

47.BHAGAMANDALA

It is on the confluence of three rivers Kaveri, Kanike and the Suiyothi. Triveni bathing and Bhandeswara attract the tourists.

48.NAGARHOLE

Heballa elephant camp is attractive. It is a wildlife sanctuary with tigers, elephants, panthers and deer.

49.TALAKAVERI

Source of the sacred river Kaveri. it originates from the Brahmagiri Hills. Important Hindu pilgrim centre.

Kolar District

50.KOLAR

Kuvalala is the original name and was the capital of Gannas, Cholas, Vijayanagar kings, British and Tipu Sultan ruled this area.

51.KOLARAMMA TEMPLE

Built by Rajendra Chola. It has Chola inscriptions and ornately carved door.

52.KOLAR BETTA

The hill of Kolar is also called Shata Shata Shringa Parvat ( the hundred peaked mountain).

53.KOLAR GOLD MINES

One of the deepest mines in the world and it is 9959 ft deep. It is called Champion Reef Gold Mine.

54.NANDI HILLS

Health centre and a pilgrim centre. Height 1478 metres. Tipu Sultan and the British stayed there during summer.

Mandya District

55.MANDYA

Annual chariot festival of Janardhanaswamy temple attracts a large number of devotees in April-May. Mandya district is known for its natural beauty.

56.BRINDAVAN GARDENS

 

Brindavan gardens is 19 km from Mysuru. The terraced ornamental garden is built at the foot of the Krishnarajasagar dam. Twinkling lights, musical water fountains, well-lit gardens make it a fairy land in the evenings.

57.K R SAGAR DAM

It is at the confluence of Kaveri, Hemavathi and Lakshmanatirtha Rivers. It was constructed by the famous engineer Vishveswarayya in 1932. The dam is 2621 metres long and 39 metres high; covers an area of 130 sq.kms.

58.KOKREBALLUR SANCTUARY

This bird sanctuary attracts migratory birds. They come from Europe, Africa and Australia.

59.MADDUR

Narasimha temple, built at Hoysala’s time and Varadaraja Temple built before the Chola occupation are famous.

 

60.MELUKOTE

It means High Fort. Cheluwaraya Swami temple has a rich collection of Royal jewellery. The Vairamudi Festival (Diamond crown) is held in March-April. Associated with Sri Ramanuja.

61.RANGANATHA THITTU BIRD SACTUARY

It has three rocky islets with full of trees. It is a paradise for bird watchers.

 

  1. SRIRANGA PATNA

Island capital of Tipu Sultan. Within the ramparts of the fort beautiful palaces are located. Ranganathaswamy temple, Daria Daulatbagh, Tipu’s summr palace are worth visiting.

63.SIVASAMUDRAM

Picturesque waterfalls across the river Kaveri. Asia’s first Hydroelectric power station was constructed here.

to be continued……………………

 

–Subham–

MY TRIP TO SANTORINI ISLANDS IN GREECE (Post No.4120)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 2 August 2017
Time uploaded in London- 6-13 am
Post No. 4120
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

pictures by london swaminathan.

We went to Athens and Santorini Islands in Greece for six days in July 2017. The islands are volcanic islands and Hot water springs are in the middle of the sea. The ferry took us to the place where the sea water was heating up due to the volcanic rocks underneath. Tourists jumped from the boat into ocean and swam for 15 minutes and then all of them returned to the boat. I was just watching from the deck of the boat. Even children were swimming with the help of floating life jackets.

One young couple boarded the wrong boat and tried very hard to jump from one boat to other.  Husband succeeded but his wife with bikinis was struggling with fear and embarrassment. At last she managed to jump into our ferry.

If you look at all the pictures you can see the water colour changes from blue to green to yellow. The spot where the color of the water is yellow is the hottest place. swimmers go up to the point to get good hot water bath with sulphur content which will cure skin diseases. Volcanoes underneath is heating the water.

There are two important beaches in Santorini, one is with black sand beach and another is red beach. This is due to the volcanic activity in the islands. I have taken these pictures from the black sand beach. Santorini buildings are in white and blue colours. The churches have six or ten bells at the top. The domes of the churches are in Muslim’s mosque style. People come here for relaxing and to enjoy the breath taking views of the Agean sea , part of the Mediterranean sea. Palm leaf umbrellas are in thousands all along the coast which the tourists hire. They relax themselves there and get tanned in the sun bath.

 

Greece has 2000 islands and out of them 225 are inhabited. If you count all the protruding rocks you may say Greece has 6000 islands.

 

Biggest Volcanic Eruption

 

These volcanic islands have a long history. The biggest eruption happened around 1660 BC. and the Minoan civilization was destroyed because of the tsunami following the explosion or eruption. People believed that the Mysterious Atlantis continent disappeared because of this huge eruption. It must have affected Indus Valley Civilization and the legendary Tamil Kumari Kandam (Lemuria continent). The climatic changes after the biggest eruption in human history affected everyone on earth in one way or other.

Greece survive by tourism. Boarding and Lodging are more expensive in Santorini than in Athens. But the breath-taking views make the trip worthwhile. The blue sea and dry climate give plenty of time to do outdoor activities.

 

One of the emblems of Santorini is donkeys. This helped the people before the modern transport was introduced

There is a monastery in the islands. The islands are famous for the wine. It has a particular type of wine. There is a winery museum.

 

Sunset along the west coast is watched b thousands of people. Sunset point at Oia village attracts thousands of tourists. There is a bazar with lot of shops selling specialised, localised artefacts

 

Fira is the capital of the islands. All the islands were created by the volcanic eruption.

While we were doing shopping in the narrow streets of Oia in Santorini, The White Door Theatre group marched with a band distributing their leaflets of daily show.

 

–Subham–

Ganges in Greek Geographer’s Writings! (Post No.4090)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 17 July 2017


Time uploaded in London-21-37


Post No. 4090


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

India is the land of mighty rivers, and Ganga is the holiest of all those rivers. Ganga’s sister stream Yamuna is also worshipped because of Lord Krishna’s association with the river. Their banks are dotted with temples and shrines and thousands upon thousands worship daily the sacred streams. The principal centres of worship on the Ganges are Gangotri, the source of the Ganges in the mountain; Haridwar, where she forsakes her mountain home; Triveni Sangam (Allahabad) where she joins water with Yamuna (Jumna) and the mythical stream, the Sarasvati; Benares (Varanasi), the holiest city for the Hindus; and Sagar Island, where she mingles with the ocean.

 

According to the Greek geographer Strabo (64 BCE to 24 CE), Hindus worshipped Jupiter Pluvius, the River Ganges, and the gods of the country. This Jupiter Pluvius was Indra (Strabo 15-1-69). This shows Ganges was worshipped by the Hindus 2000 years ago which was noted by a Greek writer.

 

The day of Ganga’s supposed descent on earth, the tenth of the light half of Jeshth (June), and the day of the full moon or Kartik (October) are observed as festivals in her honour by all Hindus.

 

Water Power!

“Take away, O Waters, whatsoever is wicked in me, what I have done by violence or curse, and untruth” is a Vedic prayer repeated often today (Rig Veda 1-22-3)

So strong is the popular belief in the sanctity of the river that both in private life as well as in the law-courts people often give up cherished claims if their opponents deny them when holding Ganges water in their hands or swearing by the Ganges.

In the Mahabharata it is said that the “Gita comprises all the Sastras, i.e.sacred writings, Hari (Vishnu) all the gods and the Ganges all the Sacred places”.

In addition to the Ganges there are many others which are regarded as sacred by the Hindus. River Narmada also considered sacred for burning dead bodies on its banks.

 

Hindu River Marathon!

 

To follow the course of any river on foot is considered a highly meritorious act. A pilgrim, for example, sets out from the source of Ganges at Gangotri and walks by the left bank of the river to its mouth, at Ganga sagara; then turning round, he proceeds by the right side back to Gangotri, when he departed. This takes six years to accomplish. In the same way a pilgrim starts from the source of Narmada, a peak on the Vindhya Mountains, and walks to the mouth near Broach and back. This takes three years. The rivers Godavari and Krishna require only two years for the same process. Of course, the merit accumulated is in proportion to the time occupied in pilgrimage and the sacredness of the ground traversed.

 

Romans and Persians

Romans and Persians did something like a river worship in the olden days.

Gen.Sleeman points out that among the Romans and ancient Persians rivers were propiated  by sacrifices. When Vitellius crossed the Euphrates with the Roman legions to put Tiridates on the throne of Armenia, he propiated the river by the scrfice of a hog, a ram and a bull. Tiridates himself sacrificed a horse. Tacitus does not praise the river god, but the stream itself.

 

Plato makes Socrates condemn Homer for making Achilles behave disrespectfully towards the river Xanthus in offering to fight him (illiad 20-73); and towards the river Spercheus, another acknowledged god, in presenting to the dead body of Patroclus the locks of his hair which he had promised to the river (Iliad 23-14—53)

Hindu customs such as worshipping a river and giving hair to god, prevailed in those places 2000 years ago. But the beauty of Hinduism is that these customs prevail in India with the same fervour, but in other countries it has gone into the history books.

 

–Subham–

 

A Vedic Story: How did the Cow get a Shiny Skin? (Post No.4068)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 10 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-20 am
Post No. 4068

 
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

There is a symbolic story in the Satapata Brahmana (3-1-2-16)

“That same skin which belongs to the cow was originally on man. The gods speak, ‘verily the cow supports everything here on earth; come, let us put on the cow that skin which is now on man; therewith she will be able to  endure rain and cold and heat’.

Accordingly having flayed man, they put that skin on the cow, and therewith now she endures rain and cold and heat. For man was indeed flayed; and hence wherever a stalk of grass or some other object cuts him, the blood trickles out. They then put that skin, the garment on him; and for this reason none but man wears a garment, it having been put on him as his skin. Hence also one should take care to be properly clad, so that he may be completely endued with his own skin. Hence also people like to see even an ugly person properly clad, since he is endued with his own skin. Let him then not be naked in the presence of a cow, for the cow knows that she wears his skin and runs away for fear lest he should take the sin from her. hence also cows draw fondly near to one who is properly clad”

 

 

Taittiriya Brahmana has the following passage:

“That a calf extorted a promise from certain sacrifices not to milk a cow within the first ten days after calving, and to let the calf suck for a fifth of the day after milking, and that for all time the promise has been honoured” (2-1-1-4)

Silence is observed when cows are milked.

My comments:

This story shows that the cow is the most sacred animal. It is needless to say that is the most useful animal. The cow is treated like a human being, particularly like a woman, who should be given all respect. Manu Smrti says that a woman must be respected, adorned and adored; if she is made to cry the family will be destroyed lock stock and barrel.

Probably they want us to understand that cows and human beings are same when it comes to giving respect. In Sangam Tamil literature and in the later devotional Tamil literature Brahmins and cows are treated equally.

 

This story can be interpreted in many ways. One should not misbehave in front of the cows or with the cows. One should also note that no other animal is dealt with in this way. Hindus gave respect to all animals  — Sanskrit and Tamil literature has stock phrase “from ant to elephant”—- the animals from plankton to whale should be fed and respected. Hindus do it in life every day. They do use flour to feed the ants when they draw kolams (rangoli) in front of their houses. It is a common decoration seen in front of all the houses in South India. This is part of Pancha Yajna (five sacrifices0 done by all orthodox Hindus.

Also read

How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Posted on  7 July 2017

–Subham–

How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 7 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 6-47 am    
Post No. 4059

 
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

The Aitareya Brahmana (4-3-17) explains how the cows got their hoofs and horns.

 

“The cows being desirous of obtaining hoofs and horns, held a sacrificial session.

in the tenth month of their sacrifice, they obtained hoofs and horns.

We have obtained fulfilment of that wish for which we underwent the initiation into the sacrificial rites.

Let us rise, the sacrifice being finished. When they arose they had horns. They however, thought, let us finish the year. and recommenced the session.

On account of their distrust their horns went off; and they consequently became hornless.

 

They continuing their sacrificial session, produced vigour. Thence after sacrificing for twelve months, and having secured all the sessions,  they arose again at the end. For they had produced the vigour to reproduce hoofs and horns. Thus the cows made themselves beloved by all the whole world and are beautified (decorated) by all. He who has such a knowledge, makes himself beloved by everyone, and is decorated by everyone”.

 

The symbolic meaning is very clear in this story. If some one leaves a job in the middle without reaching the goal, he loses his name and fame. Name and Fame are described as horns in Vishnu Sahasranama and Tamil literature (Komban= horned; Srnga = horn, Chatvari srnga:; Na Eka Srnga etc). Vishnu Sahasranama and Vedas describe the Indus Valley God (so called Pasupati seal) as Komban. We can see the horns on the figure.

Till this day, cows are decorated and worshipped, particularly on Krishna’s birth day (Janma Ashtami). Tamils decorate the cows and bulls on Maattu Pongal Day (Cattle Pongal is celebrated one day after Makarasankaranti/Pongal Day)

 

Foreigners’ Ignorance!

In primitive parts of Africa there are some folk tales such as how did the cheetah get its spots? How did the tiger get lines on its body? Why did the elephant’s hand is long like a snake? Why did the giraffe has a long neck? In India we have some stories in Ramayana that squirrel got three lines because of Rama’s touch, crow’s one eye was blind because Rama’s arrow pierced it etc.

 

In Vedic literature, we have some stories such as cow getting the hoof, horn and skin. But there is a big difference between these stories and primitive folk tales. Our Vedic stories are religious stories where as others are folk tales. They are not used in rituals. Our stories have been kept alive for thousands of years by word of mouth (now in writing). Our stories have symbolic meaning and that is the reason they are embedded in between other religious rituals. Folk tales are just folk tales, no other significance is attached to it.

 

Foreigners who did not understand the symbolic meaning compared them with the folk tales of primitive tribes. They couldn’t say why they are absent in Europe and other parts of the world. If Hindus have come to India from other parts of the world these cow stories must exist there; cows must be venerated as we do in India for thousands of years. The fact of the matter is, we went to various parts of the world and taught the value of cows and bulls. Those ignoramuses forgot all those good things and started eating cows and blunted their brains. They fought two world wars and killed millions of people. They called themselves ‘civilised’ but in heart they are ‘uncivilised!’

 

-The placard says Tamil land is our land; cattle is our God.

 

-Subham–

Importance of Cow in Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.4053)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 5 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 9-28 am
Post No. 4053

 
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

The cow occupies a unique position in Hinduism. Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa gives a graphic account of care and respect shown to a cow by the emperor Dilipa.

Hindus’ greatest contribution to the world civilization is cow and its products. When the world was drinking goat’s milk and camel’s milk and even donkey’s milk they discovered that the cow’s milk is the best in the world and it is as good as mother’s milk. No ancient literature praises or values cow’s milk as Hindu literature. From Rig Veda to Sangam Tamil literature we find innumerable references in praise of the cow.

 

There are very interesting words in Sanskrit from the cow:-

Vaatslayam

Love and affection shown towards calf by its mother cow. Oft quoted in the Vedas

Go loka

The heaven of Krishna is Go loka (cow’s world)

Duhitri

A daughter is called milk maid (duhitri)

Gotra

clan; group

Gopis

Women with divine love towards Krishna

Madhuparka

All the saints are honoured with Milk and Honey. Hospitality is a unique Hindu concept. Rig Veda and Tamil Sangam book Purananuru have a lot of Danastutis, in praise of donation and hospitality. (English word donation comes from Sanskrit Dhaana).

Hosipitality is the rule of life among the Hindus. Tamil Veda Tirukkural has a chapter on it. Rig Veda praises it. Mahabharata has several stories in praise of hospitality. Panchatantra is full of quotations on hospitality. Guests were received with great ceremonies in ancient India. They must be given water to wash their feet and a seat to take rest. If they are unknown people, pial of the house was given to them to take rest and provided with full meals.

 

Hindus not only domesticated the cows and oxen, they worshipped them as gods and goddesses. Kamadhenu is the wish fulfilling cow. The picture and statues of Kamadhenu are in Hindu houses and temples.

Go puja and Gaja Puja (cow and elephant worship) are done in all the temples and religious Mutts. This has been going on for several thousand years without stopping. No animal in the world is worshipped continuously like this.

A word ‘Gohna’ is used for the guests. Foreigners translated it literally as Cow killer. They thought a cow was killed by the seer to feed another seer. The real meaning is that a cow’s products such as milk, butter, ghee, curd/yogurt, cow dung Go mutra (cow’s urine)– all are used in the service of the guests. Cow dung will be sprinkled with water in front of the house. Cow dung will be smeared in the oven to clean it. Cow’s urine is used to purify a place and a person.

Story of Cow’s creation

Satapata Brahmana (2-2-4-1) gives the story of Cow’s creation.

“Prajapati alone existed. He generated Agni (fire) from his mouth.

When they had sung praises, they went towards east saying, ‘We will go back thither! The gods came upon a cow which had sprung into existence. Looking up at them, she uttered the sound ‘hin’. The gods perceived that this was the ‘hin’ of the Saman (melodious sacrificial chant of Sama Veda); for heretofore their song was without ‘hin’, but after that it was the real Saman. (musical chant of Rig Vedic mantras; Hindus discovered the musical notes sa, ri, ga , ma pa, da ni – seven notes)

 

And as this same sound, ‘hin’ of the Saman, was in the cow, therefore the latter affords the means of subsistence; and so does he afford the means of subsistence whosoever thus knows the ‘hin’ of the Saman in the cow”.

 

“They said, ‘Auspicious indeed, is what we have produced here, who have produced the cow; for truly she is the sacrifice, and without her no sacrifice is performed; she is also the food. This word ‘go’ (Sanskrit word for cow; English word cow came from Sanskrit Go) then, is a name of those cows, and so it is of the sacrifice; let him therefore repeat it, saying , good, excellent! and verily, whosoever, , knowing this, repeats it, as it were saying good, excellent! with him those cows multiply, and the sacrifice will incline to him”.

Foreigners couldn’t understand this mantra. They took the word sacrifice and wrote that cow was sacrificed in the fire. But Hindus knew the correct  meaning: without cow’s products they cant run their life or do religious performance; Hindus use milk in birth and funeral ceremonies. Without Go mutra (cow’s urine), Ghee and milk no ceremony is done. They were great scientists to find that that Cow’s urine and Cow’s poo (cow dung) have got great curative and anti- bacterial properties.

Another story about cow is as follows:

Cow came from Prajapati’s Breath

Satapata Brahmana says ((7-5-2-6)

“Prajapati was alone at first. He desired, May I create food, may I be reproduced!. He fashioned animals from his vital airs, a man from his soul (mind), a horse from his eye, a cow from his breath, a sheep from his ear and a goat from his voice”.

 

Foreigners couldn’t understand the meaning of such mantras. Whenever and wherever they wanted they interpreted some words according to their whims and fancies; and the fact is no two foreigners agreed on the meaning, because they don’t know the real meaning. We can see this tend throughout the Vedic translations done by 20 to 25 authors. For them it was jigsaw puzzle game.

 

In the above mantras if they see a direction ‘North’, they will write “Look, they have come from North pole”. Here in the mantra the direction mentioned is east. Poor foreigners couldn’t say that Aryans came from the east. So they will keep quiet!

 

–Subham–

 

 

Biggest Loss of the Hindus- Wonderful Soma Plant! (Post No.4009)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 17 June 2017
Time uploaded in London- 14-50
Post No. 4009
Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.
contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Most wonderful herb in the world is the Soma herb. Hindus must rediscover the Soma plant; it must be somewhere in the Himalayas or beyond the Himalayan Mountains. The whole ninth Mandala of the Rig Veda and the later literature praise it sky high. It has got miraculous effects. Had it been a narcotic drug, Hindus would have replaced it with opium or similar drugs. Had it been identified, foreigners would have made billions of dollars, by bottling the juice for sale. Vedic Hindus knew it; but in the modern times, It is not identified yet and it is not found yet. So Hindus must rediscover it through serious research.

Parsees also praised Soma plant in Zend Avesta. It is unique to Indian sub continent. Since Zoroaster migrated from Saurashtra region of Gujarat, he knew the miraculous properties of the Soma plant (See Kanchi Shankaracharya’s lecture on Zoroaster)

Here is the gist of Ninth Mandala of Rig Veda where 114 hymns praise the Soma herb.

Immortality

The juice of the plant is an immortal draught, which the gods love. Soma, the god in the juice, is said to clothe the naked and heal the sick, though him the blind see, and the lame walk. Many other divine attributes are ascribed to him. He is addressed as a god in the highest strains of veneration. All powers belong to him; all blessings are besought of him as his to bestow.

 

He is said to be divine, immortal and to confer immortality on gods and men. Future happiness is asked from him:

“Place me Oh, Pavamana, in that ever lasting and imperishable world where there is eternal light and glory” -RV 9-113-7

 

Gave God Like Powers

Soma sharpened the sense. Gods, men and angels enjoyed it, especially Indra and Maruts, Yama and the Pitrs/ancestors (This mantra shows it is not alcoholic drink because gods and ancestors are included). The potent juice of the Soma plant which endowed the feeble mortal with god-like powers.

 

The gods bought soma in the eastern direction. Thence he is generally bought in the eastern direction.

Number 17

The Adhvaryu priest draws 17 cups of Soma plant and the Nesthri 17 cups of Sura (alcohol), for to Prajapati belong these two plants, to wit the Soma and Sura – and of these two the Soma is TRUTH, PROSPERITY, LIGHT and the Sura is untruth, misery, darkness.

(This Satapata Brahmana mantra explains the bad effect of alcohol and the good effects of Soma- SB 5-1-2-10/14)

 

Girl and Soma

There are many symbolic stories about Soma which confused and baffled the foreigners; they started blabbering like drunkards when they read these passages!

“King Soma lived among the Gandharvas. The gods and rishis (seers) deliberated as to how the king might be induced to return to them. Vach—the goddess of the speech said—The Ganharvas lust after women. I shall therefore transform myself in to a woman and then you will sell me to them in exchange d for Soma (Aitareya Brahmana)

In the Taittiriya Brahmana, Vach is turned into a woman one year old, and induced to come back again by singing, and hence women love a man who sings”

The meaning is those who have lust cannot have Soma.

 

Such symbolic stories made the foreigners crazy and stated writing rubbish. Their Vedic translations have become a big Joke Book now!

Satapata Brahmana says (3-2-41)

Soma formerly lived in the sky, whilst the gods were on earth. They desired to get it that they employ it in sacrifice. The Gayatri flew to bring it to them (Gayatri is the most powerful mantra found in all the four Vedas, which was discovered by a Non Brahmin; Brahmins recite it three times a day until today). While she was carrying it off, the Gandharva Vibhanasu robbed her of it. The gods became aware of it and knowing the partiality of the Gandharvas for females, they sent a Vach (Word) to get it from them and the word succeeded in doing it.

 

There are hundreds of pages with symbolic mantras like it about Soma. No where in the world a narcotic drug is treated like this. If it is a drug they would have consumed it and the race would have perished. But Vedic civilization is alive today! That is the only civilization alive today from among the ancient civilizations!!

 

Fragrant Flowers!

 

The Soma is a creeping plant, with small white fragrant flowers. It yields a milky juice, which is filtered and mixed with milk. While they press the plants for juice, they recite mantras. They sing the praise of it and pour it in the sacrificial fire. They even named the different vessels and spoons in the Soma sacrifice.

Various accounts are given of the way in which the Soma plant was obtained. Soma plant is brought from the mountains by an eagle, says the scriptures. Some passages say it is with the Gandharvas. Other passages say it is brought from a mountain by sellers. Foreigners bluffed about these things without understanding the hidden meaning.

When Soma was brought to the gods, there was a dispute  as to who should have the first draught. It was decided that a race should be run.; the winner to have first taste. Vayu first reached the goal, Indra came second

 

Soma juice purifies the mind, says a Tamil inscription. Soma Yaga performers were gifted with a white umbrella meaning that person is equal to a king; in those days, only kings and gods can have white umbrella. White umbrella stands for purity, authority and intelligence.

 

Soma also meant Moon. Hindus only connect plants with the moon. Future research will establish this fact and the Hindus would get the credit. So far only sun is linked with the plants because it helps them in photosynthesis.

 

–Subham–