Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 22 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-35



Post No. 4326

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


There are strange stories about the appearance of animals and the origin of animals and birds in the Brahmana literature.

The reddish appearance of a white horse’s mouth is explained as follows:-

“Agni went away from the gods; he entered the water. The gods said to Prajapati: Go thou in search of him; to thee, his own father, he will reveal himself He became a white horse, and went in search of him. He found him on a lotus, having crept forth from the water. He eyed him, and Agni scorched him.  Hence the white horse has, as it were, a scorched or reddish mouth, and indeed is apt to be weak-eyed. Agni thought he had hit and hurt him, and said to him, ‘I grant thee a boon’.

–Satapata Brahmana,7-3-2-14


Agni’s mark is also on the shoulder of the Ox:

“For such a one (as an ox) is of Agni’s nature, since its shoulder (bearing the yoke) is as if burnt by fire.”

–Satapata Brahmana,4-5-1-15

“The Asuras persecuted the Devas and came into contact with them. The Devas turned horses (asva) and kicked them with their feet. Thence the horses are called ‘asva’ from ‘as’ to reach. He who obtains this knowledge obtains all he desires. Thence the horse is the swiftest of animals because of its kicking with the hind legs. He who has such a knowledge destroys the consequences of guilt”

–Aitareya Brahmana Vol.1 (Haug’s Vol.2, page 319)


This was the more necessary because animals, and even plants avenged in a future existence injuries inflicted on them in this life—Satapata Brahmana, 11-6-1-1


The origin of some of the birds and quadrupeds is explained in the following texts:-

“Tvashtri had a three-headed, six eyed son. He had three mouths, and because he was thus shaped, he was called Visva-Rupa (all shape). One of his mouths was Soma-drinking, one spirit-drinking, and one for other food. Indra hated him, and cut off those heads of his. And from the one which was Soma-drinking, a hazel cock sprang forth; hence the latter is of brownish colour, for King Soma is brown. And one which was spirit-drinking, a sparrow sprang; hence the latter talks like one who is joyful, for one who has drank spirits, one talks as one who enjoys himself; And from one which was for other kinds of food, a partridge sprang; whence the latter is exceedingly variegated; ghee-drops have, as it were, dropped on his wings, in one place, and honey drops, as it were, on another; for such like was the food he consumed with that mouth” — –Satapata Brahmana,5-5-4-12

Origin of Lion, Wolf and Trees

“Indra, uninvited, consumed what pure Soma there was in the tub, as the stronger would consume the food for the weaker. But it hurt him; it flowed in all directions from the opening of his vital airs; only from his mouth it did not flow. From what flowed from the nose a lion sprang; and from what flowed from the ears a wolf sprang; and from what flowed from the lower opening wild beasts sprang, with the tiger as their foremost; and what flowed from the upper opening (top of the head whence the soul issues at death), that was foaming spirit. And thrice he spat out; thence were produced the fruits called Kuvala, Karkandu and Badara, three different species of the Jujube tree). Indra became emptied out of everything, for Soma is everything. Being thus purged by Soma

he walked about, as one tottering. The Aswins cured him by this offering… By offering he indeed became better.”

–Satapata Brahmana,5-5-4-8

My Comments:–

These stories are like stories told by the illiterate tribes living in the remotest parts of the forest or hills. But unless they have hidden meanings they would not have survived from 1000 BCE. More over along with such stories we have very high thoughts, big numbers in mathematical order, information about 27 stars, linguistics etc. So we have to do more research into their statements. Foreigners called these writings, silly, childish and gibberish. But Hindus value them as mantras (holy spells or magic spells).





Marriage between Heaven and Earth (Post No.4301)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:14 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-59



Post No. 4301

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



The Heaven Father and the Earth Mother are two of the ancient deities in the Rig Veda. They are revered as primitive pair from whom the rest of the Vedic gods sprung. They are described in the Vedas as ‘wise, great and energetic’. They ‘promote happiness and lavish gifts upon their worshippers’. Their marriage is a most poetic conception. In the Aitareya Brahmana (4-27) the marriage of Heaven and Earth is mentioned:

“The gods then brought the two, Heaven and Earth together, and when they came together they performed a wedding of the gods.”

“The Vedas set before us a world of rich and vigorous life, full of joyous fighting men”, says Huxley.

“These two worlds were once joined (subsequently) they separated. (After their separation) There fell neither rain, nor was sunshine.

This marriage of heaven and earth were found in many cultures. They have borrowed it from the Vedic Hindus. The Greeks addressed the Earth, ‘as the Mother of the gods and starry heavens’.

In the 41st fragment of Aezchylus (from the Danaides), Aphrodite is introduced as saying, “The pure heaven loves to inflict upon earth an amorous blow; and desire seizes the Earth to obtain the nuptial union. Rain falling from the moist Heaven impregnates the Earth, who brings forth for mortals the food of sheep, the sustenance of Demeter (Deva Mata= demeter). The verdure of the woods also is perfected by the showers preceding from this marriage. Of all these things I (Aphrodite) am in part of the cause”

French author Albert Reville says, that “the marriage of Heaven and Earth form the foundation of hundred mythologies”.


Max Muller Bluff

Max Muller and Wilkins spread wrong information that Dyaus (Sky father) and Prithvi (Mother Earth) as ‘the most ancient deities of the Aryans and they were replaced by Indra and Agni later’. But there is no proof for it. All the references to marriage of Dyaus (sky) with Prthvi (earth) come from later part of the Vedas. Greeks borrowed it from us and pronounced it as Zeus.


Moreover, in the early Mandalas Agni and Indra are praised more than the Dyaus and Prithvi. The early Suktas divided it into three Sky, Atmosphere and Earth. Even the parents of Earth and Heaven (Pusan) are mentioned. So his concocted story that the Earth and the Heaven are ‘the most ancient deities’ has no basis.


If one idiot says something 1000 idiots repeat it without verifying the fact. With very great enthusiasm, he identified himself with those ‘’marching Aryans’’ who entered India .

Dyaus in Rig Veda :

“At the festivals ( I worship) with offerings, and celebrate the praises of Heaven and Earth, the promoters of righteousness, the great, the wise, the energetic, who, having gods for their offspring, thus lavish with the gods the choicest blessings in consequence of our hymn”

“With my invocations I adore the thought of beneficent Father, and that mighty inherent power of the mother. The prolific parents have made all creatures, and through their favours (have conferred) wide immortality on their offspring”—Rig Veda 1-159-1


One must be careful about English translation of the Vedas. No two foreign authors agree on the meanings of the Vedic mantras. And these people add ‘Sayana said’, ‘Sayana thinks’, ‘Sayana believed ‘and then add “Aryan” as a race. Sayana never used it in that sense. He used it like the ancient Tamils used Arya in Sangam literature and Greatest Tamil poet Bharati used Arya throughout his poems; in short, no racial connotation! They meant ‘cultured’, ‘who believed God’. Even Buddha used Arya (Ajja= ayya= ayyar in Tamil) in the right sense. Those who use English translations of the foreign authors must be very careful; there are over 40 interpretations on the word Asura and origin of Asuras!!!

Dyaus Pita | Tamil and Vedas


In the hymns there are various speculations about the origin of Dyaus and Prithvi. A Perplexed poet enquires, “Which of these was the first, and which the last?




Written by London Swaminathan


Date:13 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-42



Post No. 4298

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Vedic seers (rishis) believed in the extraordinary powers of the sound. They believed that certain intonations can do miracles. They were highly civilized and cultured and used metres in the poems to derive power. It is amazing to see such thinking before other civilizations never wrote poems following prosody or a set of grammar rules.

Following articles posted by me have the full details:

Vedic metrs | Tamil and Vedas


Translate this page

These are the Vedic metres, part of prosody (the study of versification, especially, the systematic study of metrical structure). Vedic Hindus paid so much attention …


Vedic grammar | Tamil and Vedas


So they named all the Vedic metres after women starting from Gayatrimetre (24 syllables) and the speech as Vac or Sarasvati or Bharati. Some stanzas of the …


Vedas and science | Tamil and Vedas


Posts about Vedas and science written by Tamil and Vedas. … The term ‘Chandas’ (metre) normally sets a limit to the number of words used in a ‘Rik’; at a …


Vedic riddle | Tamil and Vedas


Posts about Vedic riddle written by Tamil and Vedas. … Seven hands are explained as seven metres of the Vedas. Triple bonds are Mantra, Kalpa and …


Satapata Brahmana has very interesting information   regarding this. Unless we do proper scientific research, we would not know the full significance of it. Even though Sayana and several others before him tried to interpret Vedas, traditionalists never acknowledged it. They believed mantras have sound effect and there is no need to know the meaning.

Looking at the mantras in the Brahmana literature we would also think the same, because many of them have no meaning literally or the meaning would be ‘silly’.


Here are some passages from the Brahmanas:

“On account of the metres of the first three days being ascending, the fire blazes up, for the upper regions belong to fire. On account of the metres of the middle three days being crossed, the wind blows across. The wind moves across the other regions, and the waters flow also across; for the region which is across the others belong to the wind. On account of metres of the last three days being descending, that one (i.e. the sun) burns downwards, the rain falls down, and the constellations in the heaven sends their light down. For the region which goes down belongs to the sun”.


“The strength of the metres was exhausted by the gods, for it was by the metres that the gods attained the world of heaven.   And the response song is ecstasy – what ecstasy there in the Rik and that is there in the Saman, that is sap. This sap now he lays in the metres and thus makes the metres of restored strength, and with them of restored strength, they perform the sacrifices”—Satapata Br. 4-3-2-5


The science of the Vedas is most intimately connected with  the rhythm and metres of the Vedas. Vedic Hindus had great faith in the stupendous powers of different metres, employed in the several mantras  recited at the sacrifices, the number of feet in each, the variety of the feet, and the manner in which these occurred, as stated above, for example.

In the Aitareya Brahmana we have the following: –

“Which has its analogy in the fact that great people, when travelling to a distant place, yoke to their carriage at every station fresh horses or oxen which are not fatigued. Just in the same way the sacrificers travel to the celestial world by employing at every station fresh metres representing the horses or oxen which are not fatigued”.


Here is another way of obtaining rain: On the fourth day of the Dvadasa Sacrifice, the singers make ‘Nyunkha’ of the syllable ‘Vach’ by pronouncing it with a tremulous voice increasing and decreasing the tone. This serves to make the fourth day particularly important. Because the ‘Nyunkha’ (the special mode of intoning vach) produces food for the singers seeking a livelihood, wander about to make food grow by their singing for rain’- Aitareya Br. Haugh Vol. bii. P 323


Food and rain are thus produced by making Nyunkha. The power of Nyunkha to bring rain must be explored scientifically. I believe that the sound waves and water were used by the Vedic Hindus to give one a boon or throw a curse.

The power of Kusa/Dharba grass is also known only to Vedic Hindus. We must do scientific research.





Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 9 September 2017


Time uploaded in London- 11-54 am


Post No. 4196


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.






A verse quoted by Nagesa provided a clue for dividing the northern region from that of the eastern. The river Sarasvati is said to be the dividing line in that verse. Amarakosa has also given such direction. It included Kamboja North eastern Punjab the mountainous union or Parvatiya sang indicated by Panini. MBH describes them as Parvatiya (mountainous), Girigahvaravaasi (those living in the caves of the mountains). The following 62 janapadas have been identified in the group:

ABHISARA: south of Kasmira the PunchaRajanr; Greeks called the north western districts of Peshwar – abisaris

AMBASTA: Lower parts of the Chenab river; Panini mentioned Ambasta and AAmbasta; it corresponds with the Greek—Sambastai and Avastanoi

AAHUKA: Kabul basin in Afghanistan

AUDUMBURA: federal state of Udumbura

BARBARA:situated in Oxus valley; Panini named a pot named Barbarika near Karachi in Pakistan

BODHA:they are identified with Yaudheyas; Bayaanaa and Johiaakara region of Bharatapura


BHARADWAJA:Western part of Assam

CARMAMANDALA: may be Samarakhandika

CINA: Modern Sinkiang or Chiense Turkestan

DARADI: Dardistan area of Giljit

DAARVA: Daggar Jammu area

DASAMAALIKAA: area between River Jhelam and Bias (Vyas)

also Dasanaamika; Girivraja capital

DASERAKA:Marwara region of Rajasthan

GRAMANIIYAKA:Panini also mentioned them; they are militant. Cave dwellers organised under leader GRAMANI.

GANDHARA: It has been famous from Vedic days; region stretching from Taxila to River Kabul; modern Khandahar in Afghanistan; Pushkalavati Takshsheelam capitals


GIRIGAHVARAVAASINAH: militant race organised under Gramani. also known as Gauri. they are called Parvatiya (mountainous)

17.HAMSAMARGA: name of the Hunja region. janapada of the Parvatiya sanga ( unio of mountainous group)


18.HARAHUNA: Harmurtika, land of black grapes; janapada in Herat.

19.HAIMAVATAH: living in the Himalays; north of Sikkim

20.HUNA:the race shifted to one place to another.Kalidasa points them towards Persia; lived near Oxus and its tributaries


21.JAGUDA: Gazni area of Afghanistan

  1. KAMBOJA:Pamir region; they say sa va to go according to Mhabhasya;its used in Galcha dialect; Dwaraka capita. some identifies with Kashmir.
  2. KASMIRA: Sarada country; blessed by Goddess of learning city-Adhistana; present Kashmir.

24.KALATOYAKA- near Suleman hills

25.KEKAYA: associated with the country of Dasamalika; Ramayana locates it near Ghandhara

26.KHASA:Baltistan; mid-oxus

27.KULINDA:region in the Himalayas

28.KULUUTA: Bhima killed Ksemamuurti, King of Kuluutas; ii is in modern Kulu

29.KURUJANGALA: region between river Sarasvati and Ganga; Haryana

30.LOHITA: Rohela of Afghhanistan

31.LAMPAKA:North of Kabul Laghamanas attacked Satyaki in the Jarasadha Vadha; alinagar valley

32.MADRAKA: capital- sakala; modern Sialkot; associated with princess Savitri and Vedic teacher Sakalya

33.MADREYA:Madri is from this country; same as madraka; janapadas of noth Punjab

34.MAULEYA: modern Malwa region

35.PRASTHALA: near Patiala

36.PANCABHEDA: five rivers=Punjab

37.PAHLAVA: who came from the tail of Vasistha’scow; Parthian’s of Iran; samarkhand to Iran

38.PARATAKA:Hingula region of Pakistan


40.PISACA: neighbours of Lampaka janapada; Pasai Kafirs were the inhabitants

41.PULINDA: Panini called them SAALVAAVAYANA. part of salva janapada

42.RAMATHA: near Ghazni in Afghanistan

43.SUKUTTA: Suket estate

44.SAIRANDHRA: Sirhind region

45.SAKA: Modern Seistan in Iran

46.SAAKALA: modern Sialkot; Panini referred to it.

47.SAATVAKA: Mandi on the northern bank of Sutlej

48.SALVA:Panini mentioned threeSaalva, Saalveya and Saalvaavayana. Near Matsyas

49.SIVI:Rik Veda mentioned them; country ath the confluence of Jhelam and Sindhu in Pakistan.

50.TANGADA PARATANGANA: country of Mleccas; Bhota country;Kullu Kangda region; mountainous

51.TRGARTA: Panini mentioned people of this country lived on arms. There was a union of six countries in Trgarta: Kaundiparatha, Dandika, Krautsika, Jaalamani, Brahmagupta and Jaanika

52.TUSAARA:Tokharistan (former USSR) They were present at Rajasuya Yajna of Yudhidthira

53.TOMARA:Tibetan region near Bhutan

54.UTSAVASANKETA: Ramapura, Basahara region of valley of Satluj

55.URAGA:Hazara district; between the Rivers Sindhu and Jhelum

56.VANAYU: Wana valley of Waziristan in Pakistan

57.VAATADHAANA: region east of Pancanada between Rivers Satluj and Ravi

58.VAAHLIKA: Balkh; Bactria of the Greeks; Skanda Purana mentioned this country out of 72 regions including 400,000 villages.

59.VAHIKA: according to Panini it is a synonym of Usinara; durin Panini’s times whole of Punjab was called Vahika.

60.VAIYAMAKA:identified near DARADI

61.YAVANA: The Greeks were called Yavanas with yellow coloured bodies; part of Jambudwipa; north west India

62.YUGANDHARA:Yugasila country near Dehradun of UP on the bank of River Yamuna


In the third and  part we will look at southern regions.

………………….to be continued


100 Karnataka Wonders: Part 5 (Post No.4170)

Murudeshwar temple

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 28 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 17-44


Post No. 4170

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.


Tumakuru District




Vijayanagar period Laksminarayanaswamy temple is the oldest temple here.



The large sculpture of Nandhi (bull) is splendidly carved out of a single black stone in front of Gangadhareswara Temple. Three impressive temples with Hoysala inscriptions are in the town.



There is a Gurukula type of higher education centre is in the town. The waters of a natural spring here is considered to be sacred.


Udupi District


The important Vaishnavite pilgrim and cultural centre. It is the centre of most famous Krishna temple. Also famous for its South Indian cuisine. All over South India we have Udupi Bhavans (restaurants).


The temple is associated with Sri Madhwacharya, founder of the Dwaitha philosophy.The Paryaya festival held once in two years attracts large a number of devotees from all oover the country.



Centre of many temple and relics of an old fort.


It is known for a 12-8 metre high monolith of Lord Gmateswara, a Jain sage. Important Jain centre.



A quiet and beautiful beach is here.


Famous for its educational institutions.

Centre of Water Sports. West Coast Highway is spectacular. Beautiful spot with lush green hills on one side and delta of river Sauparnika on the other side.


Uttar Kannada District


Excellent beach at the mouth of Kali river. It is angler’s paradise. Sadashivgahta Hill Fort, Naganath Temple, Baithkola Beach, Karwar Harbour are frequented by tourists. Karwar is famous for its muslin factory as well.


79 species of birds are seen. Migratory birds from various countries also flock to the sanctuary.


It is near mundgod. Students from different countries come here to study Buddhist Philosophy.


Industrial Centre; Gateway to the famous Dandeli wildlife sanctuary.


Gokarna means Ear of the cow. According to legend, Rudra Shiva arrived here shortly after the creation of the earth, squeezing through the ear of the earth. An important beach centre.


Magnificent Shiva temple perched on a hillock near the beach. Temple is famous for its Atmalinga.



Kudle beach is on the southern side of Gokarna. Om beach resembles the sacred Hindu symbol OM.


Atop the hill is famous temple of Lord Shiva, enshrining the Linga. Beach is clean and unspoilt. The view of the sea from the hill is awe inspiring.



Twin peaks of Bairaveshwara Shikara

and Mohini Shikara (shikara = peak) are venerated by the locals. Mahashivarathri festival is very popular.


New bridge across the Sharavati river dominates the landscape.





The world’s largest Venna (appr.10 ft long) is in Sringeri.

The world’s largest account book is in Government museum in Shivamogga.

Indi\’s highest water fall Jog Falls is near Shmogga.

Biggest bulls (Shiva’s bull) made up of monoliths (single stone) are in several temples.

Mysuru palace has the biggest gold throne weighing 200 kilos.


In Belur, Halebidu and Somnathpur several thousands of sculptures ae there. Marching elephants, Gods are all differently carved. The don’t like similar.


Statues of Jain saint Gamateswara are in two different places. The Maha Mastaka Abisheka of Gomateswara is in Srvanabelagola. It is 57 ft tall. The ceremony held every 12 years is colourful.






100 Wonders of Karnataka- Part 4 (Post No.4168)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 27 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-24


Post No. 4168

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.



The city of demon Mahisasura who was killed by the presiding deity of the city goddess Chamundeeswary. I t was ruled by the kings of Wodeyar family. Cleanest city in India with beautiful mansions.




The three storeyed palace was built on an old structure. Durbar Hall and Kalyana Mandapam were decorated with foreign materials. Golden treasurers are in the palace. 200 kilo gold gold throne and a golden Howdah are used in the annual Dasara procession.Millions watch this procession.



Art gallery housed in Jaganmohan Palace and the museum have a very rare collection.


Museum houses priceless locomotives. Folklore museum has a collection of 6500articles Mysuru is one of the oldest zoos in the country.



It is in the outskirts of the city at the foot of the Chamundi Hills. built in European style now it has been converted into a hotel.


IT IS 1065 METRE HIGH AND THE FAMOUS Chamundeeswary Temple is here. 1000 steps and a motorable road are there. Chamundy Temple is believed to be 2000 year old. It is famous for its monolith Nandi (bull) towering nearly 5 metres. It is one of the famous seven Nandis. Gigantic statue of Mahisasura in on the top of the hill.



It is famous for its annual Chariot festival attended by large number of devotees.



King Narasimha III built it in 1268. Excellent example of Hoysala architecture. Epic secenes decorate the walls in sculptural form.


The Hindu pilgrim centre on the left bank of the Kaveri river has Pancha Lingas (five lingas). The Panchalinga Darshan is arranged once in 12 years.



It means the face of Lord Shiva. Keladi Nayaks, Kadambas, Gangas, Chaukyas, Rashtrakutas and Vijayanagara rulersruled from very early years.



Government Museum in Shivamoga dispalys rare coins, mansuscripts, palm leaves,  and an ancient account book measuring 18-29 long.. Apart from this the Seetha Rama Anjaneya temple in the fort is a fine example of Hoysalas.


IT IS CALLED THE CHIRAPUNJI OF Suth India with maximum rain fall for four monts. It is set in the Tropical Rain Forest region with rare orchid flowers.

Spectacular sunset point 90 kms from Sivamoga is very popular.




Industrial city also known as Steel City.Lakshminarasimha Temple and Rameshwara Templeon the banks of Tunga river are of Hoysala period.


The dam on the River Tunga and the elephant camp are poular.


Important Jain pilgrim centre with Panchakuta Basadi. Jain Temples are here.



Highest Water Fall in the country with an elevation of almost 1000 ft. River Sharavati falls from the top as four different cascades: Raja, Rani, Roarer and Rocket. It is a thrilling spectacle.


Pilgrim and Cultural centre on the confluence of rivers Tunga and Bhadra. A Smartha Mutt was established in the 16th century.



Located on the small island of River Tunga. Surrounded by dense forests. Attracts migratory birds.


LION SAFARI WAS STARTED IN 1988 AMIDST DENSE FOREST. Other wild animals are also roam the forest.

Agumbe Rain Forest

to be continued………………………….

100 Wonders of Karnataka- Part 3 (Post No.4165)

Compiled by London Swaminathan


Date: 26 August 2017


Time uploaded in London- 13-27


Post No. 4165

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.



Haveri District


Known for Cardamom Export; important centre for Kalamukha sect.


Places of attractions: Siddheswar Temple and Tomb of Hazrat Jama Shah.


Nawab’s palace, relics of a fort and annual fair of Sathyabodaswami mutt are very popular.


Kodagu (Coorg) District


Hill station at 4000 ft. Famous for coffee plantations, orange groves. The sunset view from the Rajah’s seat is beautiful.

  1. FORT

Built in 182; houses a museum and a temple


Built in 1820 and as Vishnu and Shiva. It is a unique blend of Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture.



Beautiful picnic site with a waterfall across the Madikere stream.



It is on the confluence of three rivers Kaveri, Kanike and the Suiyothi. Triveni bathing and Bhandeswara attract the tourists.


Heballa elephant camp is attractive. It is a wildlife sanctuary with tigers, elephants, panthers and deer.


Source of the sacred river Kaveri. it originates from the Brahmagiri Hills. Important Hindu pilgrim centre.

Kolar District


Kuvalala is the original name and was the capital of Gannas, Cholas, Vijayanagar kings, British and Tipu Sultan ruled this area.


Built by Rajendra Chola. It has Chola inscriptions and ornately carved door.


The hill of Kolar is also called Shata Shata Shringa Parvat ( the hundred peaked mountain).


One of the deepest mines in the world and it is 9959 ft deep. It is called Champion Reef Gold Mine.


Health centre and a pilgrim centre. Height 1478 metres. Tipu Sultan and the British stayed there during summer.

Mandya District


Annual chariot festival of Janardhanaswamy temple attracts a large number of devotees in April-May. Mandya district is known for its natural beauty.



Brindavan gardens is 19 km from Mysuru. The terraced ornamental garden is built at the foot of the Krishnarajasagar dam. Twinkling lights, musical water fountains, well-lit gardens make it a fairy land in the evenings.


It is at the confluence of Kaveri, Hemavathi and Lakshmanatirtha Rivers. It was constructed by the famous engineer Vishveswarayya in 1932. The dam is 2621 metres long and 39 metres high; covers an area of 130 sq.kms.


This bird sanctuary attracts migratory birds. They come from Europe, Africa and Australia.


Narasimha temple, built at Hoysala’s time and Varadaraja Temple built before the Chola occupation are famous.



It means High Fort. Cheluwaraya Swami temple has a rich collection of Royal jewellery. The Vairamudi Festival (Diamond crown) is held in March-April. Associated with Sri Ramanuja.


It has three rocky islets with full of trees. It is a paradise for bird watchers.



Island capital of Tipu Sultan. Within the ramparts of the fort beautiful palaces are located. Ranganathaswamy temple, Daria Daulatbagh, Tipu’s summr palace are worth visiting.


Picturesque waterfalls across the river Kaveri. Asia’s first Hydroelectric power station was constructed here.

to be continued……………………




Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 2 August 2017
Time uploaded in London- 6-13 am
Post No. 4120
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



pictures by london swaminathan.

We went to Athens and Santorini Islands in Greece for six days in July 2017. The islands are volcanic islands and Hot water springs are in the middle of the sea. The ferry took us to the place where the sea water was heating up due to the volcanic rocks underneath. Tourists jumped from the boat into ocean and swam for 15 minutes and then all of them returned to the boat. I was just watching from the deck of the boat. Even children were swimming with the help of floating life jackets.

One young couple boarded the wrong boat and tried very hard to jump from one boat to other.  Husband succeeded but his wife with bikinis was struggling with fear and embarrassment. At last she managed to jump into our ferry.

If you look at all the pictures you can see the water colour changes from blue to green to yellow. The spot where the color of the water is yellow is the hottest place. swimmers go up to the point to get good hot water bath with sulphur content which will cure skin diseases. Volcanoes underneath is heating the water.

There are two important beaches in Santorini, one is with black sand beach and another is red beach. This is due to the volcanic activity in the islands. I have taken these pictures from the black sand beach. Santorini buildings are in white and blue colours. The churches have six or ten bells at the top. The domes of the churches are in Muslim’s mosque style. People come here for relaxing and to enjoy the breath taking views of the Agean sea , part of the Mediterranean sea. Palm leaf umbrellas are in thousands all along the coast which the tourists hire. They relax themselves there and get tanned in the sun bath.


Greece has 2000 islands and out of them 225 are inhabited. If you count all the protruding rocks you may say Greece has 6000 islands.


Biggest Volcanic Eruption


These volcanic islands have a long history. The biggest eruption happened around 1660 BC. and the Minoan civilization was destroyed because of the tsunami following the explosion or eruption. People believed that the Mysterious Atlantis continent disappeared because of this huge eruption. It must have affected Indus Valley Civilization and the legendary Tamil Kumari Kandam (Lemuria continent). The climatic changes after the biggest eruption in human history affected everyone on earth in one way or other.

Greece survive by tourism. Boarding and Lodging are more expensive in Santorini than in Athens. But the breath-taking views make the trip worthwhile. The blue sea and dry climate give plenty of time to do outdoor activities.


One of the emblems of Santorini is donkeys. This helped the people before the modern transport was introduced

There is a monastery in the islands. The islands are famous for the wine. It has a particular type of wine. There is a winery museum.


Sunset along the west coast is watched b thousands of people. Sunset point at Oia village attracts thousands of tourists. There is a bazar with lot of shops selling specialised, localised artefacts


Fira is the capital of the islands. All the islands were created by the volcanic eruption.

While we were doing shopping in the narrow streets of Oia in Santorini, The White Door Theatre group marched with a band distributing their leaflets of daily show.



Ganges in Greek Geographer’s Writings! (Post No.4090)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 17 July 2017

Time uploaded in London-21-37

Post No. 4090

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


India is the land of mighty rivers, and Ganga is the holiest of all those rivers. Ganga’s sister stream Yamuna is also worshipped because of Lord Krishna’s association with the river. Their banks are dotted with temples and shrines and thousands upon thousands worship daily the sacred streams. The principal centres of worship on the Ganges are Gangotri, the source of the Ganges in the mountain; Haridwar, where she forsakes her mountain home; Triveni Sangam (Allahabad) where she joins water with Yamuna (Jumna) and the mythical stream, the Sarasvati; Benares (Varanasi), the holiest city for the Hindus; and Sagar Island, where she mingles with the ocean.


According to the Greek geographer Strabo (64 BCE to 24 CE), Hindus worshipped Jupiter Pluvius, the River Ganges, and the gods of the country. This Jupiter Pluvius was Indra (Strabo 15-1-69). This shows Ganges was worshipped by the Hindus 2000 years ago which was noted by a Greek writer.


The day of Ganga’s supposed descent on earth, the tenth of the light half of Jeshth (June), and the day of the full moon or Kartik (October) are observed as festivals in her honour by all Hindus.


Water Power!

“Take away, O Waters, whatsoever is wicked in me, what I have done by violence or curse, and untruth” is a Vedic prayer repeated often today (Rig Veda 1-22-3)

So strong is the popular belief in the sanctity of the river that both in private life as well as in the law-courts people often give up cherished claims if their opponents deny them when holding Ganges water in their hands or swearing by the Ganges.

In the Mahabharata it is said that the “Gita comprises all the Sastras, i.e.sacred writings, Hari (Vishnu) all the gods and the Ganges all the Sacred places”.

In addition to the Ganges there are many others which are regarded as sacred by the Hindus. River Narmada also considered sacred for burning dead bodies on its banks.


Hindu River Marathon!


To follow the course of any river on foot is considered a highly meritorious act. A pilgrim, for example, sets out from the source of Ganges at Gangotri and walks by the left bank of the river to its mouth, at Ganga sagara; then turning round, he proceeds by the right side back to Gangotri, when he departed. This takes six years to accomplish. In the same way a pilgrim starts from the source of Narmada, a peak on the Vindhya Mountains, and walks to the mouth near Broach and back. This takes three years. The rivers Godavari and Krishna require only two years for the same process. Of course, the merit accumulated is in proportion to the time occupied in pilgrimage and the sacredness of the ground traversed.


Romans and Persians

Romans and Persians did something like a river worship in the olden days.

Gen.Sleeman points out that among the Romans and ancient Persians rivers were propiated  by sacrifices. When Vitellius crossed the Euphrates with the Roman legions to put Tiridates on the throne of Armenia, he propiated the river by the scrfice of a hog, a ram and a bull. Tiridates himself sacrificed a horse. Tacitus does not praise the river god, but the stream itself.


Plato makes Socrates condemn Homer for making Achilles behave disrespectfully towards the river Xanthus in offering to fight him (illiad 20-73); and towards the river Spercheus, another acknowledged god, in presenting to the dead body of Patroclus the locks of his hair which he had promised to the river (Iliad 23-14—53)

Hindu customs such as worshipping a river and giving hair to god, prevailed in those places 2000 years ago. But the beauty of Hinduism is that these customs prevail in India with the same fervour, but in other countries it has gone into the history books.




A Vedic Story: How did the Cow get a Shiny Skin? (Post No.4068)

Compiled by London Swaminathan
Date: 10 July 2017
Time uploaded in London- 10-20 am
Post No. 4068

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


There is a symbolic story in the Satapata Brahmana (3-1-2-16)

“That same skin which belongs to the cow was originally on man. The gods speak, ‘verily the cow supports everything here on earth; come, let us put on the cow that skin which is now on man; therewith she will be able to  endure rain and cold and heat’.

Accordingly having flayed man, they put that skin on the cow, and therewith now she endures rain and cold and heat. For man was indeed flayed; and hence wherever a stalk of grass or some other object cuts him, the blood trickles out. They then put that skin, the garment on him; and for this reason none but man wears a garment, it having been put on him as his skin. Hence also one should take care to be properly clad, so that he may be completely endued with his own skin. Hence also people like to see even an ugly person properly clad, since he is endued with his own skin. Let him then not be naked in the presence of a cow, for the cow knows that she wears his skin and runs away for fear lest he should take the sin from her. hence also cows draw fondly near to one who is properly clad”



Taittiriya Brahmana has the following passage:

“That a calf extorted a promise from certain sacrifices not to milk a cow within the first ten days after calving, and to let the calf suck for a fifth of the day after milking, and that for all time the promise has been honoured” (2-1-1-4)

Silence is observed when cows are milked.

My comments:

This story shows that the cow is the most sacred animal. It is needless to say that is the most useful animal. The cow is treated like a human being, particularly like a woman, who should be given all respect. Manu Smrti says that a woman must be respected, adorned and adored; if she is made to cry the family will be destroyed lock stock and barrel.

Probably they want us to understand that cows and human beings are same when it comes to giving respect. In Sangam Tamil literature and in the later devotional Tamil literature Brahmins and cows are treated equally.


This story can be interpreted in many ways. One should not misbehave in front of the cows or with the cows. One should also note that no other animal is dealt with in this way. Hindus gave respect to all animals  — Sanskrit and Tamil literature has stock phrase “from ant to elephant”—- the animals from plankton to whale should be fed and respected. Hindus do it in life every day. They do use flour to feed the ants when they draw kolams (rangoli) in front of their houses. It is a common decoration seen in front of all the houses in South India. This is part of Pancha Yajna (five sacrifices0 done by all orthodox Hindus.

Also read

How did Cow get Hoofs and Horns? A Vedic Story (Post No.4059)

Posted on  7 July 2017