SERPENT WORSHIP IN GREECE AND ITALY (Post No.4874)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 2 April 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  13-34  (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4874

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

 

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Worshipping snakes is a very common sight in India. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari we have thousands of towns and villages named after the snakes. Sanskrit words Naga and Sarpa gave birth to English words such as S +naga (snake) and Serpent (serpent). Thousands of snake (Naga) statues are worshipped in almost all famous temples in South India. Kashmir’s History book Nilamata purana and Kalahana’s Raja Tarangini give lot of stories about Naga Kings. Naga Panchami and Varuna Panchami, celebrating the snakes, are followed by devoted Hindus even today. Nilamata Purana CONTAINS AN EXTENSIVE LIST OF THE NAGAS. IT GIVES THE NAMES OF 527 NAGAS. It surpasses in length of all lists from Sanskrit literature.

 

Abul- Fazl, Prime Minister of Moghul Emperor Akbar, had collected interesting notes from Kashmir snake worship. He also mentioned the miraculous powers of Nagas.

 

Naga rani (snake queen) Naga worship were found in the Vedas and Indus valley (Please read my previous article)

Snake worship in Greece

In Greece serpent became the guardian of the city and healing god. Similar to Hindu myths of Krishna subduing Serpent Kaliya, Greeks have Apollo destroying dragon Python. Cadmus fought and killed the dragon that devoured his men.

Though Hercules is said to be the destroyer of serpents, he was the progenitor of snake race through Echidna.

 

Like Hindus feeding snakes living in ant hills, Greeks fed the snakes in the caves of Delphi and Trophonius. The serpents figure in Greek mythology as the representative of gods, or as delivering oracles, or guarding sacred places.

 

The great centre of Serpent worship was Epidaurus where the serpents were kept and fed until the time of Pausanias (second century CE).

Plutarch tells us that Olympias, mother of Alexander, kept tame snakes in her house. Philip and Lucian believed that Alexander was born of a serpent.

 

Tiberius imported Snakes from India!

Lanuvium, 16 miles from Rome, had a large and dark grove, where there was a temple of Argive Juno. Aelian tells us that virgins of Latium were taken in to the cave annually to ascertain their chastity, which was indicated by the dragon. If the serpent accepted their offering, not only was their purity  confirmed but also a fertile harvest was assured.

 

Two snakes sent by Minerva to destroy Laocoon for his attempt to undeceive the fated Trojans. Two serpents were painted on the walls to indicate the palace was sacred.

Roman Scipio Africanus believed that he was nursed by a snake.

Emperor Tiberius kept a tame serpent for his amusement but one morning when he found it was eaten by ants, he procured a large serpent from India and placed it in the temple of Jupiter Olympias at Athens.

My old articles on Nagas:–

Serpent Queen:Indus Valley to Sabarimalai | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/06/17/serpent-queenindus-valley-to-sabarimalai/

17 Jun 2012 – British archaeologist Arthur Evans excavated at the palace of Knossos in Crete and revealed to the world the fascinating details of a new civilization that existed between 2700 BC and 1500 BC coinciding with theIndus Valley Civilization. The famous serpent queen figure is of a priestess holding two snakes …

 

Nagas from Meera Rai Post

Snakes and Snake Bites in Mahabharata! | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2015/03/snakes-and-snake-bites-in-mahabharata.html

10 Mar 2015 – The stories in Hindu scriptures are real life stories. They are not concocted. The best examples are stories of snake bites. From the story of Parikshit to down south Tamil stories of Periya Purana and Tiruvilaiyadal Purana, we hear about several deaths due to snake bites. In some stories gods or saints came ..

 

included the Olmec, the Mixtec, the Toltec, the Aztec, and the Maya.

snake miracle | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/snake-miracle/

(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com ORswamiindology.blogspot.com). sesha … Though there is no religion or culture without a snake in it, Hindus are the only community who worship snakes from the Vedic days until today. There are millions of … All the Hindu gods are linked with a snake in one way or another. All the .

 

Are Mayas, Indian Nagas? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/04/28/are-mayas-indian-nagas/

28 Apr 2012 – Maya calendar begins on 11th August 3114 BC. Indiancalendar Kaliyuga begins in 3102 BC. But Hindu mythology is very clear about their existence long before Kali yuga. Kaliyuga is the last of the four yugas. But Mayas are silent about their existence before this date 3114 BC. The amazing co incidence …

Amazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu Nagas | Tamil and …

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/amazing-similarities-between-mayas-and-hindu-nagas/

28 Apr 2012 – Amazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu NagasAmazing Similarities between Mayas and Hindu Nagas ( The first part of this article is Are Mayas, Indian Nagas?) 1. Strange co incidence: Kali Yuga 3102 BC and Maya Yuga beginning 3114 BC 2. Maya appearance:Maya people of Central America …

 

Naga Yakshi | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/naga-yakshi/

We have Nagapanchami celebrations celebrated throughout India where live snakes are worshipped. Hindus respect Nature and Environment and use the natural resorces to the minimum. Snake Goddesses such as Manasa Devi and Naga Yakshi are worshipped in India. The Vedas has an authoress named as Serpent …

Gondwana | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/gondwana/

They celebrate Hindu festivals such as Dasara and Naga Panchami. Like any other village community they have their own stories for everything. They are well versed in arts and building. They have divided themselves into four different castes lie the four divisions of work in ancient Hindu society. They form the biggest tribe …

 

–subham–

 

 

Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 21-16

 

Post No. 4795

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

 

Every day we read in the newspapers that the corrupt people and fraudulent people have accumulated enormous amount of money; suddenly the government take some action against them. But Chanakya and the Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar had their own strange calculations about the wealth of the frauds. Chanakya says it would disappear after 10 years. Valluvan said that it would make the corrupt people cry and then leave them. Great men think alike. Read below in their own words:-

Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

2.Chanakya Niti and Tirukkural part 2

Fate cannot be Averted

Just as a call goes to its mother even in the midst of thousands of cows, in the same way the action done follows the doer.

Chanakya Niti,13-14

What is there more potent than fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- Tiruk Kural 380

 

xxx

Spring of Knowledge!

Just as one gets to subterranean water by digging with a spade, in the same way does a pupil knowledge embodied in teacher.

Chanakya Niti,13-16

The sand spring flows with water as you dig deeper. By deeper study knowledge flows – Kural 396

 

xxx

Water is Jewel

There are three jewels on the earth –water, food and wise saying. The ignorant gives the name of jewel to pieces of stone.

Chanakya Niti,14-1

Rain is instrumental in the production of good food and is itself food -Kural 12.

Duties of life cannot be performed by any person in the absence of water -Kural 20

By the continuance of rain the world is preserved in existence; it is there fore worthy to be called ambrosia – Kural 11

xxxx

King and Fire

King, fire, teacher and women, when too close, lead to destruction, when far do not serve the purpose. So they have to be approached by the middle path.

Chanakya Niti,14-11

Even like those, who desire to warm themselves before a fire, persons in the king’s service will not go too close, nor stay away too far- Kural 691

Fire burns when it is touched; does it also have the potential to burn, when it goes far away from one?- Kural 1159.

 

xxxx

Hold back your Tongue!

If you want to bring round the whole world to you with one action,

hold back your tongue from speaking ill of others

Chanakya Niti, 14-14

 

Guard your tongue, whatever else you may not guard, otherwise you wi come to grief -Kural 127

xxx

Sweet Speech

One who knows words that go well with the context, the sweet speech that goes well with his glory and anger that befits his strength is wise

Chanakya Niti,14-15

Pleasing speech of good effect is productive of righteousness and virtue- Kural 97

 

Let men of sagacity who understand the use of words study the assembly and address it with discretion- Kural 711

The learning of the scholar shall shine before an assembly if flawless scholars who know the art of words.- Kural 717

 

xxxxx

Why no Sweet Words?

 

All beings feel happy with sweet words. So one should go for them. Why is the Parsimony in sweet words?

Chanakya Niti, 16-17

When a man knows that kind words bring joy and happiness,

why should he resort to harsh words?- Kural 99

 

If you speak at all speak profitably-Kural 200

xxxx

Wealth through Unjust means

The wealth earned through unjust means stays for ten years. With the onset of eleventh year it vanishes root and branch.

Chanakya Niti,15-6

All profits, that make others weep, depart with tears. Kural 659

Another translation of Kural 659:- Wealth amassed in the midst of other people’s tears, will also go that way causing one’s own distress;

while by good actions, even if loss is sustained, final results will be beneficial.

 

xxx

Death better than Insults

 

It is better to die than to live under insult. In death, it is a momentary pain, in insult it is a daily affair

Chanakya Niti, 16-16

It is better to die with honour than be slaves of those that scorn you – Kural 967

Hair lost, the yaks live not; Honour lost, noble men leave their life – 969

 

xxx Subham xxx

POETS’ CLOSE OBSERVATION ON BEES! (Post No.4782)

Time uploaded in London- 19-48

Written by London swaminathan

Post No. 4782

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources. They may not be directly related to the article. They are only representational.

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Tamil and Sanskrit poets are keen observers of nature. We have already seen how Dattatreya and others observed the nature and learnt from them. Crows and snakes are used by the poets and saints to teach us lot of things. Two poets warn us not to accumulate money so that we would not lose like the bees. William Wordsworth said, ‘Let Nature be your Teacher’; Hindu poets have been following it for over two thousand years. Here are two verses about the bees:

Chanakya says,

The pious people should always give food and money in charity, never should they accumulate them. The glory of the illustrious Karna, Bali and Vikramditya persists unabated even now. Look, the honey bees rub their hands and feet because of the despondency of losing honey that they had gathered for long.

–Chanakya Niti 11-18

 

deyam bhojyadhanam sadaa sukruthirbinaa sanchitavyam sadaa

sriikarnasya nhaleerasca vikramateradhyaapi kiirtihi sthithaa

 

asmaakammadhu daanabogarahitam nashtam chiraat sanchitam

wirvaanaaditi paanipaathayugale garshantyaho makshikaahaa

xxx

A Tamil poet in Naladiyar says………………

Naladiyaar is a Tamil didactic book composed by Jain saints in Tamil. The poet Padumanaar, who compiled 400 verses, says,

“Those who vexing their own bodies by stinting in food and clothing, perform not acts of charity that ever remain undestroyed, but avariciously hoard up a great wealth, will lose it all. O Lord of the mountains, which touch the sky, the bees that are driven away from the honey they have collected bear testimony to this.

 

—-Subham–

 

 

 

Crow in Chanakya Niti (Post No4733)

Date:12 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 7-48 am

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4733

 

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources.

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

 

Birds are used by Indian poets to teach people some morals. Crows are very common in India from Kanyakumari to Kashmir. Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar used crow in many of his couplets in the Tamil Veda Tirukkural.

picture by Lalgudi Veda from Tirunallaru temple in Tamil Nadu, Crow Vahana

Chanakya says,

Of men, a barber is cunning, of birds it is crow, of animals it is jackal and of women it is lady gardener.

Naraanaam naapito dhuurtah pakshinaam caiva vaayasah

Catuspadaam srugaalastu striinaam dhuurtaa ca maalinii

Chankaya niti, chapter 5, sloka/verse 21

 

Caandaala bird

 

Of birds it is crow who is Caandaala (wicked), of animals it is dog, of sages it is fiery one, of all it is the one who defames.

 

Pakshinaam kaakascaandaalah pasuunaam caiva kukkurah

Kopii muniinaam caandaalah sarveshaam caiva nindakah

Chanakya niti, chapter 6, sloka 2

Crows eat anything

What is that which the poets do not see, women do not do, drunkards do not blurt out, crows do not eat?

Kavayah kim na pasyanti kim na kurvanti yoshitah

Madhyapaah kim na jalpanti kim na bakshanti vaayasaah

Chapter 10, verse/sloka 4

 

Can crow become an eagle?

One goes up by one’s qualities and not by occupying a high seat. Does a crow by sitting on top of a place turn into Garuda?

Gunairuttamataam yaati noccaira asanasamsthitah

Praasaadasikharasthopi kaakah kim garudaayate

Chapter 16, verse 6

 

For comparison with Tamil poets please visit my previous articles given below: –

 

Strange Belief about Crows in India and Britain!! | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2015/02/…/strange-belief-about-crows-in-india-and-britain/

26 Feb 2015 – Bird Omens: Cries of Crows-Part 1 Written by London swaminathan Research Article No. 1678; Dated 26 February 2015. After going through hundreds of books about all the ancient civilizations, now I can tell anyone that Sanskrit is the only ancient language that has got all the subjects in its ancient …

Crow | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/crow/

“The crow is black and the cuckoo is black. What is the difference between the two? It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa …

You visited this page on 11/02/18.

What can a Crow Teach You? | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2015/08/05/what-can-a-crow-teach-you/ – Translate this page

5 Aug 2015 – Once a crow got somehow a piece of bread. With the bread in its peak, it wanted to fly to a tree, and sitting on its branch, make a quiet meal of it. But a number of other crows pursued this crow to wrest the bread out of it. The crow with the bread flew with all its speeds in order to escape from the clutches of …

You visited this page on 11/02/18.

INDIAN CROW | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2013/02/09/indian-crow/

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9 Feb 2013 – INDIAN CROW by Mark Twain. ( Mark Twain (1835- 1910) was an American author. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. His famous works include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. His essays are popular and his sense of humour is enjoyed by everyone.

crow sex | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/crow-sex/

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4 May 2017 – Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach certain morals to the society. Tiruvalluvar, the author of the Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ send us two messages using the crow:.

Humility of Indian poets! Varahamihira, Kalidasa … – Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/kalidasa/

It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa in his most famous work, Shakuntalam says, “king Speaks,. Intuitive cunning is seen …

You’ve visited this page 2 times. Last visit: 22/01/18

 

Athena | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/athena/

In India the famous fable book Panchatantra has a long story of a fight between the crows and owls. At the end, the owls are burnt with their nests by the clever crows. Indians who practise black magic kill owls during Deepavali to ward off evil or to gain magical powers. Villagers kill owls for their meat thinking that it would …

Owl and crow | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/owl-and-crow/

Posts about Owl and crow written by Tamil and Vedas.

bird predictions | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/bird-predictions/

Crow is praised and insulted in Tamil proverbs. I have posted 200+ Proverbs on elephants from among the 20,000 Tamil Proverbs. Tamil Panchang (traditional calendars with Hindu festival days etc.) has got two pages devoted to Pancha Pakshi Shastra (Prediction by Five Birds) and Lizard Predictions. Nobody has done …

Vedic predictions | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/vedic-predictions/

Hindus linked the black bird crow with the departed souls which is in Sangam Tamil literature and earlier Sanskrit literature. Tamils linked the arrival of the guests with crowing. When the housewives cook special dishes naturally the good smell will attract the crows around the house. But many of their beliefs cannot be …

desire | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/desire/

Once a crow got somehow a piece of bread. With the bread in its peak, it wanted to fly to a tree, and sitting on its branch, make a quiet meal of it. But a number of other crows pursued this crow to wrest the bread out of it. Thecrow with the bread flew with all its speeds in order to escape from the clutches of the others.

advice | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/advice/ – Translate this page

Follow the Habits of a Crow: Tamil Poets’ Advice (Post No.3878). Written by London swaminathan. Date: 4 May 2017. Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach certain morals to the …

 

Bird omens | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/bird-omens/

In India the famous fable book Panchatantra has a long story of a fight between the crows and owls. At the end, the owls are burnt with their nests by the clever crows. Indians who practise black magic kill owls during Deepavali to ward off evil or to gain magical powers. Villagers kill owls for their meat thinking that it would …

Koel | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/koel/

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5 May 2017 – It is when spring arrives that the crow is identified and the cuckoo is identified as cuckoo” (by their harsh and sweet voice). kakah krsnah pikah krshnah ko bedhah pikakakayoho. vasanta kale samprapta Kakah kakah pikah pikah. Kalidasa in his most famous work, Shakuntalam says, “king Speaks,. Intuitive …

Artemis | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/artemis/

Pictures of Goddess Meenakshi, Kamakshi and Andal. “ I suppose he (thecrow) has no enemies among men. The whites and Mohammedans never seemed to molest him; and the Hindoos, because of their religion, never take the life of any creature, but spare even the snakes and tigers and fleas and rats”. –Mark Twain …

Kautilya | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/kautilya/

crow will conquer owl in brad day light;. The king the foes would crush, need fitting time to fight. The bond binds fortune fast is ordered effort made. Strictly observant still of favouring season’s aid. Says the Kautilya, “That season is best which is suited to the manoeuvre of one’s own army and unsuited to ones enemny.

Nature | Tamil and Vedas | Page 3

https://tamilandvedas.com/category/nature/page/3/

17 Jun 2017 – Follow the Habits of a Crow: Tamil Poets’ Advice (Post No.3878). Written by London swaminathan. Date: 4 May 2017. Time uploaded in London: 22-07. Post No. 3878. Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. contact; swami_48@yahoo.com. Tamil poets use several birds or their habits to teach …

Raven | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/raven/ – Translate this page

A strange coincidence is that he and other Tamil saints mention only crowas the bird for finding the direction. It is similar to the raven of Sumerian and Biblical stories. Swami Sri Vedanta Desikan who lived around 1300 AD also sang a poem on Vishnu in Kanchipuram. He also used the same simile like Kulasekara.

 

Xxxxxxx subham xxxxxxxxxxxxx

 

 

 

 

Be a Snake! Paramahamsa and Chanakya Advise! (Post No.4579)

picture by Lalgudi Veda

 

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 3 JANUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 18-35

 

 

 

Post No. 4579

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

A snake must be a snake; it must instil fear in others; otherwise it will die. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the great saint and Chanakya , the great philosopher, statesman and astute politician agree on snakes!

Chanakya says,

“Even a snake with no poison should raise its hood. Be there poison or not, the raising of the hood instils fear”—Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9, sloka/verse 10

 

Here is the verse in Sanskrit:-

nirvishenaani sarpena karthavyaa mahati fanaa

vishamastu na chaapyastu fanaayopo bhayankarah

Sometimes you may be weak or in a weaker position, but yet you can pretend to be strong.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa narrates a story:-

“A serpent dwelt in a certain locality. No one dared to pass by that way; for whoever did so was instantaneously bitten to death by the serpent.

 

Once a holy man passed by. As usual the serpent pursued the sage with a view to biting him, but when it approached the holy man, it lost all kits ferocity and was over powered by his gentleness. Seeing the snake, the holy man said,

‘Well, friend! Do you want to bite me?’ The snake was abashed and did not reply. At this the sage said again, ‘hearken friend, do not injure anyone in future’. The snake bowed and nodded assent.

 

After the sage, had hone his own way, the entered its hole, and began to live a life of innocence and purity without even wishing to harm anyone. In a few days, it became a common belief in the neighbourhood that the snake had lost all its venom and was no more dangerous, and so people began to tease it. Some pelted stones at it., and others dragged it mercilessly by the tail. Thus there was no end to its troubles.

Fortunately, sometime after, the sage again passed that way seeing the bruised and battered condition of the poor snake, was very much moved to pity and inquired about the cause of its distress.

At this the snake replied, Sir, I have been reduced to this state, because I Have not been injuring anyone since I received your instruction. But alas! they are so merciless!

The sage smilingly said, ‘Dear friend, I only advised you not to bite anyone, but I never asked you not to hiss and frighten others. Although you should not bite any creature, still you should keep everyone at a considerable distance from you by hissing’.

 

Similarly, if you live in this world, make yourself feared and respected. Do not injure anyone, but do not at the same time let others injure you.

Source:

Sayings of Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Chennai 600004

Canakyaniti, Satya Vrat Shastri, Bharatiya Vidya Mandir, Kolkata

 

 

Snake and Great men

If You see a Snake……………….

“Between a snake and a wicked person, it is the serpent which is better. Serpent bites ever and anon but a wicked person does so at every step”—Chanakya Niti, Chapter 3, Sloka

 

 

Three other poets sang about great men and poisonous snakes

Even if poisonous snakes enter an assembly of scholars it will pass through them unscathed. They won’t hurt them, says a Tamil poem in ‘Pazamozi Four Hundred’. Even the Sangam Tamil Literature (Neithal kali, Kali Tokai) gave the same message.

Another poet ( of Tamil book “Aranerisaram” ) viewed the snakes differently. He says, look at this, If you give water to a cow it gives you milk; but if you give milk to a cobra, it produces poison! Likewise, the books read by bad people are interpreted negatively. The same books read by the great people are interpreted positively”.

The best examples for this poem are our Vedas and the Epics. Foreigners who read these books interpreted them negatively. They are like snakes that convert milk into poison. The great Tamil kings Chera, Chola and Pandyas fostered Vedas and Vedic Yajnas for over 2000 years according to Sangam Tamil Literature. In the North, more Asvamedha Yajnas and Rajasuyas were done. Vedas are viewed positively in Kalidasa’s works and Sangam Tamil works. They are like cows that turns water into milk.

Tamil poetess Avvaiyar in her book ‘Vakkundaam’ compared water snake to good people and cobra to bad people. She says that the water snake is not poisonous and it lies openly on the banks of rivers and lakes. But the cobra is poisonous and so it hides in the holes. Good people don’t fear any one, bad people fear others and lead a secret life! They pretend to be good.

Chanakya also agrees,

“Those vile men who disclose each other’s secrets come o naught, for sure, like a snake in an ant-hill” – Chapter 9, Verse 2s

–Subham–

Twenty Qualities for Success: Chanakya’s Strange Advice (Post No.4561)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 29 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London- 8-03 am

 

 

Post No. 4561

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks

 

Greatest statesman and astute politician who succeeded in establishing the largest empire in ancient India, Chanakya, gives a strange advice. He advises to learn 20 qualities for invincibility from animals and birds. But he is not the first one to use animals and birds for teaching. Dattatreya listed 24 Gurus from Nature. It is in the Bhagavata Purana.

 

 

Learn from Animals and Birds:

One should acquire one quality each from a lion and a crane, four of them from a cock, five of them from a crow, six of them from a dog and three from an ass.

—chapter-6, sloka 14, Chanakya Niti

 

If he has left it like this it would be a puzzle leading to different answers. But Chanakya, fortunately continued with more slokas giving the details

 

The first lesson one has from a lion, as they say, is that whatever work, big or small, one wants to accomplish, one should put in all efforts for it –sloka 15

 

A wise man should accomplish all things with a brake on his senses like a crane weighing the proper place, time and his own capacity – sloka 16

One should acquire four qualities from a cock: to wake up in time, to be ever ready for an assault, to distribute equally (what one has acquired) among his kith and kin, and eating a thing attained through self-attack- sloka 17

 

One should learn the following five from a crow:

Coitus in secret, insolence, accumulation of things from time to time, alertness and non-trust- sloka 18

 

Eating in good quantity, feeling satisfied with a little, good sleep, getting alert even with a feeble sound, loyalty to master, bravery – these six are the qualities that one should learn from a dog- sloka 19

One should acquire three qualities from an ass: however tired it may be, it goes on carrying load, does not care for cold or heat, moves about in all contentment – sloka 20

A person who follows these twenty qualities in the course of all types of his work, will become invincible- sloka 20

Panchatantra and Hitopadesa used only nature to teach the youths. Adi Shankara and others used plants and animals to illustrate their teachings. Tamils did not lag (Tirukkural, Viveka Chudamani, Divya Prabandam). They used the tortoise image to teach Self -control. We find it in Sanskrit literature as well in the Bhagavad Gita, Manu Smrti and other books.

 

Following is the link for my earlier articles on the subject.

 

Lessons from Nature | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/lessons-from-nature/

 

This type of learning started in the Vedic days. I have already written about what the Devas, Demons and Humans learnt from the Da,Da,Da sound from the Thunder. It is a parable in the Upanishad. I have also written about the connection between Dattareya and William Wordsworth two years ago (Dattatreya episode is in …

The Connection between William Wordsworth and Dattatreya | Tamil …

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/the-connection-between-william-wordsworth-and-dattatr…

10 Nov 2011 – Let Nature be Your Teacher ”–William Wordsworth and Dattatreya William Wordsworth was an English poet who lived from 1770 to 1850 in England. … The most interesting thing about Dattatreya is that he mentioned 24 natural objects or living beings as his teachers. … What did he learn from the nature?

-SUBHAM-

MUSIC WONDERS: MOZART AND NIETZSHE (Post No. 4502)

Compiled by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 16 DECEMBER 2017 

 

Time uploaded in London-  7-58 am

 

 

Post No. 4502

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

WHO WAS MOZART?

Johann Chrysostom Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  (1756-1791) was Austrian composer and performer, who showed astonishing precocity as a child and was an adult virtuoso.

 

WHO WAS NIETZSHE?

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) was a German Philosopher who rejected the accepted absolute moral values and the slave morality of Christianity. He argued that God is dead and therefore people were free to create their own values.

    

Mozart’s retort

A lad once asked Mozart how to write a symphony. Mozart said, “you are a very young man. Why not begin with ballads?”

The aspirant urged, “You composed symphonies when you were ten years old.”

“Yes”, replied Mozart, “but I didn’t ask ‘How?’

 

xxx

Nietzsche

When Nietzsche one day observed to Wagner that in ‘Figaro’ Mozart had invented the music of intrigue.

Wagner replied, “On the contrary! In ‘Figaro’ Mozart dissolved the intrigue in music”.

(intrigue: mysterious or fascinating quality)

xxxx

Fabulous Memory

The composer, Gounod, had a fabulous memory. When he was about 19 he had attended a rehearsal of ‘Romeo et Juliette’ which was still in manuscript and was being directed by the composer, Berlioz. The next day he called upon Berlioz, sat at the piano and proceeded to play the entire finale of the opera from memory.

The composer stared at him in terror and astonishment. Had his work been pirated? Was it some incredible coincidence?

“Where the devil did you get the music?”, he demanded.

“At your rehearsal yesterday,” replied Gunod.

 

xxx

Elegy to George Gershwin

When an American composer, George Gershwin, died, a man of sentiment combined with musical aspirations wrote an elegy in his honour. He sought out Oscar Levant. Reluctantly Levant granted him a hearing. Eagerly the man rendered the piece with his own hands and then turned expectantly toward Levant seeking approbation.

 

I think it would have been better, Levant said, if you had died and Gershwin had written the elegy.

 

Xxx

I was the abominable Creature!

At premiere performance of Caesar Frank’s symphony, the gentle, benign old composer, who had seldom ventured out of his organ loft, was seated in the audience. The stupid and blasé assemblage were hostile to this fine work which did not until later read find its proper appreciation.

One pompous and arrogant woman, who chanced to be seated directly behind the composer, remarked loudly in the interim between two of the movements,

“Who is the creature who writes this abominable music?”

The gentle Frank turned around in his seat and said courteously,

“Madam, it is I”.

 

Xxx SUBHAM xxx

 

 

 

MORE ABOUT TREE WORSHIP IN ANCIENT INDIA (Post No.4389)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 12 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 13-17

 

 

Post No. 4389

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

I have written several articles on trees. Now I am adding more points to the Pipal and Nyagrodha tree articles:-

Three important trees of Ficus genus (Plant Family: Moraceae) are considered holy by the Hindus. Of the three, the most important one was Ficus Religiosa known as Pipal or Peepul or Bodhi tree. Tamils named it as King Tree, i.e. the King of the Trees. Hindus has never lived without the Pipal tree. They used the sticks for the fire sacrifice. Even today Brahmin boys use it for their daily Samidhadanam ( fire ritual of celibate boys) . The seers were named after this tree. Pippaladan is found in Vedic literature. Almost all the Pipal trees in Tamil Nadu will have one god’s statue underneath and worshipped. Because of its sanctity Buddha who was born as a Hindu sat under it and attained wisdom. Asoka made the tree more popular by sending its branches to Sri Lanka and other places. Then it became more popular among the Buddhists.

 

Upanayana and Wedding to a Tree!

Pipal tree is believed by some as to be the abode of Brahma and is consequently invested with the sacred thread by the regular Upanayana ceremony. Others believe that all the Three Gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva abide in it. Ohers again connect it to Vasudeva, father of Krishna.

Devout Hindus worship the tree, pour water at its roots and smear the trunk with red ochre. Women make vows under the tree to get a male child. In Tamil,  there are even proverbs about it. “As soon as she went round (circumambulated) the tree, she touched her abdomen” to see whether she had become pregnant is the Tamil proverb.

 

Women tie cotton threads around its trunk or fastening red strips of red materials to its lower branches. A vessel of water for the comfort of the departed souls on their way to ‘the land of the dead’ is hung from its branches.  And beneath it is placed the rough stones which form the shrine of many village gods. In Tamil Nadu, Ganesh statues or Nagadevas (snake figures) are installed under the tree.

 

When a statement is made on oath the witness sometimes takes one of its leaves in his hand and invokes the gods above him to crush him if he is guilty of falsehood.

In South India the trees are married to Neem trees. Some people touch it only on Sundays believing Lakshmi, goddess of wealth, comes to it on Sundays.  They go around the tree after pouring water at its roots. If a Monday coincides with new moon day, pious Hindus go round it 108 times. They wind cotton threads about its trunk.

 

Birds drop its seeds in the cracks of the building and it sprouts from there damaging the buildings. But yet because of its holiness some people never disturb it.

BANYAN TREE WORSHIP

Huge banyan tree, another Ficus species (Ficus indica), is also worshipped in the same way. This tree is sacred to Vishnu. But we find other village gods also under the tree. The tree once planted propagates itself by its hanging roots. It lives for several hundred years. The planter uses the following prayer:

“Oh Vishnu, grant that for planting this tree, I may continue as many years in heaven as this tree shall remain growing on earth.”

He also expects that he won’t be scorched on his way to Yama loka (after death).

 

Please read my old articles on Trees:-

Nyakrodha tree | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/nyakrodha-tree/

Posts about Nyakrodha tree written by Tamil and Vedas.

of trees | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/of-trees/

5000 year old Yew Tree (from The Guradian News paper). Research Article Written by London swaminathan. Date: 3 November 2015. Post No:2297.

Trees in literature | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/trees-in-literature/

Picture of Deodar: Tree of the Gods. We have heard about people adopting children. But the greatest of the Indian poets Kalidasa and Sangam Tamil poets give …

 

save trees | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/save-trees/

 

Picture of Palasa tree. Research Article Written by london swaminathan. Date: 7th August 2016. Post No. 3043. Time uploaded in London :– 16-24. ( Thanks for …

Trees of Wisdom | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/trees-of-wisdom/

Picture shows Newton under Apple Tree. Hindu Saints composed Upanishads under the Himalayan Trees. Buddha attained wisdom under the Bodhi Tree.

water and trees | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/water-and-trees/

Posts about water and trees written by Tamil and Vedas.

Peepal tree | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/peepal-tree/

19 Feb 2017 – Trees are used as similes and metaphors in Tamil and Sanskrit literature from very ancient times. The upside down Peepal Tree(Ficus …

Bodhi Tree | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/bodhi-tree/

Mahabodhi Tree in Bodha Gaya. Research paper by London Swaminathan Post No.1325; Dated 3rd October 2014. This article is part of my series on …

 

Nature | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/category/nature/

Posts about Nature written by Tamil and Vedas. … “Trees that have fruit but no flowers are traditionally known as the Lords of the Forest; those that bear both …

Hindus’ Respect for Trees and Forests | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/hindus-respect-for-trees-and-forests/

 

18 Feb 2015 – In the Vedas, Lord Shiva is called the Lord of the Forests (Vanaspathi), Lord of the Trees (Vrkshanaam pathi) and Lord of the Animals …

 

Tamarind Tree | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/tag/tamarind-tree/

Posts about Tamarind Tree written by Tamil and Vedas.

 

Magic of Trees! | Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/2012/11/25/magic-of-trees/

 

25 Nov 2012 – Buddha attained wisdom under the Bodhi Tree. Vaishnavite saint Nammalvar attained wisdom under a Tamarind tree. Sanatkumaras attained …

Tansen and Tamarind Tree! Ghosts in Tamarind … – Tamil and Vedas

https://tamilandvedas.com/…/tansen-and-tamarind-tree-ghosts-in-ta…

 

26 Mar 2016 – Tansen and Tamarind Tree! Ghosts in Tamarind Trees! (Post No 2666). tansen tomb. Research Article by london swaminathan. Date: 26 March …

 

Indian Wonder: The Banyan Tree | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2012/05/indian-wonder-banyan-tree.html

26 May 2012 – There is a beautiful verse in the Panchatantra about Banyan Tree: “Deer recline in its shade; Birds in multitude gather to roost. Darkening its …

Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/

Nov 6th. வேதத்தில் மரங்களின் கதை (Post No.4372). Nov 6th. STRANGE STORIES ABOUT TREES IN VEDAS –Part 2 (Post No.4371).

Plants in Mahavamsa | Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2014/10/plants-in-mahavamsa.html

3 Oct 2014 – In the same chapter we come across the story of Nigrodha (MrBanyan Tree). When Emperor Asoka killed his elder brother Sumana, his …

Significance of Neem Tree in Hinduism – Swami’s Indology Blog

swamiindology.blogspot.com/2017/06/significance-of-neem-tree-in-hinduism.html

11 Jun 2017 – 18 Mar 2013 – Reand and enjoy this article about “Banyan Tree” from Mr. Santhanam Swaminathan. Tamarind Tree | Tamil and Vedas.

 

–subham–

 

 

 

 

Manu, not only a Law Maker but also a Great Botanist! (Post No.4375)

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 7 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 20-39

 

 

Post No. 4375

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

Manu Smrti, law book written by Manu, talks about lot of subjects which makes it a Hindu Encyclopaedia. Manu was not only a law maker but also a scientist. Though some of his theories may not hold good today, he was the precursor of several scientific theories.

 

One of the greatest Indian plant scientists was Jagadish Chandra Bose. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose’s greatest achievement was his invention of the crescograph, which allowed scientists to discover how the seasons and external stimuli affected plant life.

The scientist worked tirelessly to chart how chemical inhibitors, temperature and light change the way plants grow, and advise humans on how to better care for vegetation.

It paved the way for scientists to better understand how to cultivate crops in a more effective way, and encouraged people to take better care of plant life. In one particular report, Bose wrote that he believed plants “feel pain and understand affection” just as much as humans do. But even before Bose, Manu has said about the feeling of plants!

His famous quotation was that ‘don’t even throw a rose flower on your lady love because the rose flower will be hurt’.

Manu must have lived long ago. Though the updated Manu Smriti available now is dated around second century BCE, he lived during the Rig Vedic days. He talks about the Saraswati River, which disappeared later. So the original Manu Smrti must be dated around 2000 BCE. Moreover, like the Rig Veda he never mentioned Sati, the widow burning.

 

About plants he says,

“All the plants that grow from the seed or node are borne from shoots; herbs are those that bear many flowers and fruits and then die with the ripening of the fruit.

“Trees that have fruit but no flowers are traditionally known as the Lords of the Forest; those that bear both flowers and fruit are called trees.

“The various sorts of plants that have one root and those with many roots, the different species of grasses and climbing vines and creepers all grow from a seed or a shoot.

“ENVELOPED BY A DARKNESS THAT HAS MANY FORMS AND IS THE RESULT OF THEIR OWN INNATE ACTIVITIES, THEY HAVE AN INTERNAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND EXPERIENCE HAPPINESS AND UNHAPPINESS.

“IN THIS TERRIBLE CYCLE OF TRANSMIGRATION OF  LIVING BEINGS, WHICH MOVES RELENTLESSLY ON AND ON, THE LEVELS OF EXISTENCE ARE SAID TO BEGIN WITH BRAHMA AND TO END WITH THEM”

–Chapter 1, Manu Smrti

 

Grass (laid down for a resting place), space (to rest), water and pleasant conversation – these four things never run out in the house of good people- Manu 3-101

From Manu’s days pious people were doing penance sitting on the mat made up of Dharba grass.—3-208

 

If we believe that Manu lived in the Sarasvati River period, he is the first man to classify plants; he is the first one to talk about the consciousness of plants. He is the first to write about numerous plants. If we put all the plant facts from the Vedas, Brahmanas and Manu Smrti together, we will know how much the ancient Hindus studied the plants.

 

My old article:-

 

‘Save the Trees’ and ‘Save the Forests’ in Manu Smrti!(Post No.3043)

 

Research Article Written by london swaminathan

Date: 7th    August 2016

Post No. 3043

Time uploaded in London :– 16-24

( Thanks for the Pictures)

The topics Manu covers in his Law book are amazing. He makes passing remarks on several things; since ancient people know all these things he takes them for granted. Let us look at the couplets where he mentioned the trees, saving the trees, sacred trees and saving the forests.

 

If a Brahmin cuts the fruit trees, shrubs, vines, , creepers or  flowering plants , a thousand Vedic verses should be chanted – Manu 11-143

 

Cutting down green trees for fire wood, undertaking acts for one’s own sake only and eating forbidden food  are minor crimes — Manu 11-65

 

Assembly halls, road side watering places, cake-stalls, whore houses wine shops , SACRED TREES, cross roads, crowds and places where people assemble for spectacles, GARDENS, ARTIFICIAL GROVES MUST BE WATCHED FOR THIEFS –9-265

Trees that have fruit but no flowers are traditionally known as the Lords of the Forest; those that bear flowers and fruits are called trees–  Manu 1-47

 

The various sorts of plants that have one root and those with many roots , the different species of grasses and climbing vines and creepers all grow from a seed or a shoot. — Manu 1-48

 

xxx

 

The belt of a priest should be made up of smooth, three ply rushes; of a ruler it should be a bow string of hemp fibre; and of a commoner, a thread of hemp.

If rushes are unattainable, the belt should be made up of kusa asmantaka or balbaja (Eleusine Indica).

The initiatory thread of a Brahmin should be made up of cotton; of a ruler it should be made up of hemp threads and of a commoner it should be of wool threads.

A priest’s staff should be made up of wood apple (Aegle Marmelos)and the palasa (Butea Frondosa);

A ruler’s of banyan (Ficus Indica) and acacia (Acacia Catechu);

A commoner’s of palm (Careya Arborea) and fig (Ficus Udumbara).

Height of the Staff of a priest – – up to his hair

King = up to his forehead

Commoner = up to his nose

–Chapter 2 of Manu smrti

 

Sitting on a kusa grass mat is mentioned in 2-75

Xxx

Grass laid down for a resting place, space to rest, water and pleasant conversation – these four things never run out in the house of good people – 3-101

 

Priests should sit on a seat of sacrificial grass/ kusa—3-208.

Kusa grass and mat made up of Kusa grass are emtioned in several places.

Weights made up of krsnala seeds (Kundu mnani in Tamil) are found in the book.

It is good to see so many plants names in a Law Book.

 

xxx

From these passages we come to know:-

Cutting trees is a crime;

Preserving trees is encouraged;

Sacred trees were there in every town;

Gardens and artificial groves were there;

Temples and Kiosks/stalls were constructed underneath huge trees.

Like Tamil kings had three different trees for each of them, three castes have different trees.

Even before the Westerners classified the plants, Hindus divided them into various groups.

 

Please read my research articles posted here earlier: –

Flowers in Tamil Culture, posted on 25 August 2012

 

Confusion about Vedic Soma Plant , posted on 5 May 2013

 

107 Miracle Herbs in the Hindu Vedas, posted on 16 September 2013 

 

255 Indian trees, herbs and flowers mentioned in Brhat Samhita Part-1, posted 21 February 2015

 

255 Indian trees, herbs and flowers mentioned in Brhat Samhita Part-2, posted on 23 February 2015

 

Amazing Medical information in Hindu Vedas, posted here on 18 June 2015

 

Jangida Mystery in Atharva Veda , posted on 29 December 2014

 

Hindus’ Amazing Knowledge in Botany, posted here on 20 July 2014

 

Knowledge of Biology in Hindu scriptures, posted on 10 February 2013

 

Dynasties with Plant names and Dynasty in Shiva’s Bilva tree name, posted on 24 January 2015

 

Lord Shiva and Tamils adopted Trees, posted on 6 July 2013

 

 

Hindus’ respect for trees and forests , posted on 18 February 2015

 

Cucumber in the Rig Veda

–subham–

 

 

 

STRANGE STORIES ABOUT TREES IN VEDAS –Part 2 (Post No.4371)

Granite tree in a Tamil Temple; posted by Lalgudi Veda

Written by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 6 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 16-08

 

 

Post No. 4371

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

(First part was posted yesterday)

 

Picture of a sacred tree in Varanasi

 

The Gods and the Asuras, both of them sprung from Prajapati, strove together. The gods, having placed Agni in the front, went up to the Asuras.  The Asuras cut off the point of that flame held forward. It settled down on this earth and became that Krimuka tree; hence it is sweet, for there is vital essence in it. Hence also it is red, for it is a flame, that Krimuka tree being the same as Agni; it is in the shape of fire that he imparts growth to it- Satapata Brahmana 6-6-2-11

 

When Prajapati performed the first offering, a Vinkankata tree (Flacouritas apida) sprang forth from that place where, after offering, he cleansed his hand  –6-6-3-1

 

“When the gods and Asuras, both of them sprung from Prajapati, strove together, all the trees sided with the Asuras, but  the Udumbara tree alone did not forsake the gods. The gods having conquered the Asuras took possession of their trees. They said, ‘come let us lay into the Udumbara tree whatever pith, whatever vital sap, there is in these trees; were they then to desert us they would desert us worn out like a milked-out cow or like an ox that has been tired out drawing the cart. Accordingly they laid into the Udumbara tree what pith and essence there was in those trees; and on account of that it matures fruit  equal to all other trees; hence that tree is always moist, always full of milky sap- that Udumbara tree indeed, being all the trees, is all food—Sat Br. 6-3-2-3

 

Aitareya Brahmana also gives the same story (1-23)

 

(VERY IMPORTANT POINT: Gods and Asuras came from Brahma/Prajapati. Foreigners wont highlight this point anywhere in their writings; those cunning and conspiring people wanted to project Asuras as aborigines or Dravidians. Throughout Hindu literature, Asuras, Rakshasas or so called Shudras are shown as children of same father and mother)

 

“Trees were temples of Divinities, and in the old way the simple country folk to this day dedicate any remarkable tree to a god”—Pliny in Natural History 12-3

Pliny (23-79 CE) was a Roman scholar and his Natural History reflected the Hindu views on Trees.

 

Persian Poet Haafiz praised the trees too,

“Mark where yon tree rewards the stony shower

With fruit nectareous, or the balmy flower,

All nature calls aloud, ‘Shall man do less

Than heal the smiter and the railer bless?”

Posted by Lalgudi Veda, Vellerukku, Siddhavatam

In India that is Hindustan all life is sacred. Hindus are believers in the law of continuity, for in their creed the life of gods is connected with that of demons, the life of demons  with men, the life of men with animals, the life of animals with that of trees and plants, the life of plants with a supposed life in rocks and stones, and the divine soul is thought to permeate all. There is no break anywhere. Tamil Saints like Manikkavasagar sings about several births of soul from stone to man. According to Hindus, all plants are conscious beings, having distinct personalities and souls of their own as gods, demons, men and animals (Manu 1-49).

 

Good spirits and demons occupy the trees. They may often resort to it as guests or take up their abode as tenants.

 

There is a firm belief that certain trees are demon haunted. Tamils believe that demons occupy Tamarind trees. However it is necessary to make clear  distinction between sacred trees and trees feared as the home of evil spirits. Hindus worship trees out of fear or out of its sacredness. Another reason for the worship of trees is their wonderful utility in daily life. Their shade is grateful in a hot climate. Their wood is the source of fuel/fire. Their fruits, juices are bark have medicinal and curative properties. Plamyra palm or Coconut tree of south India has over fifty distinct uses.

Huge banyan trees are assembling point for vendors, gossip mongers, Assembly Hall and Court House of the village communities. It becomes the abode of village god or Ganesh in South India.

Kuruntha Tree, Avudayar Koil, by Lalgudi Veda

 

TREE MARRIAGE

 

In the olden days a Hindu who plants a grove of mango trees will not take the fruit f the mango tree before they have been married to another kind of tree, usually a tamarind tree, sometimes an acacia or even a jasmine plant which is planted in the grove. It is done only when the mango tree reaches fruit bearing stage. In the same way a tank is married to a plantain tree.

 

The tree worship began in Vedic age. We see a whole Mandala of Rig Veda is devoted to Soma (plant) worship. Pipal tree is worshipped from the Vedic days. Rishis/ seers are named after Pipal trees. Buddha, born as a devoted Hindu, did penance under the pipal tree (Bodhi).  Parijata came form the ocean when demons/ Asuras and Devas/angels churned the milky ocean.

 

Tree worship is seen among tribal Hindus as well; in the Birbhum district annual pilgrimage is made to shrine in the jungle to leave offerings to a Bel tree.

 

The custom of hanging votive offerings or rags or threads on the trees is of great antiquity. It is seen from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

Kadamba  Tree in Chir Ghat, Yamuna River

This custom existed in other parts of the world as well; names like Holyoake, Hollywood recall the English worship of trees and groves.

 

Ovid (43 BCE), the Roman poet, says,

“There stood a mighty oak of age-long strength

Festooned with garlands, bearing on its trunk

Memorial tablets, proofs of helpful vows”

–Metamorphoses, 8-741, also Fasti 3-267

 

This Hindu custom was prevalent in different parts of the world; now we can see such pictures in museums or in their literature; but in Hindu India, where it originated, is still practised!!

 

The famous Bodhi tree in Gaya (Bihar, India) and its sister trees in Sri Lanka, Tamarind tree of Tansen and Nammalvar, Banyan Tree of Lord Krishna and Panchavati (five Banyan trees) of Lord Rama are some examples. There are hundreds of trees like these throughout India Every Tamil temple has a tree worshipped in its complex.

A pilgrim under a tree

Classical analogies of tree deities are found in many places: Daphne turned into a laurel that Apollo honours for her sake, and the sorrowing sisters of Phaethon changing into trees, yet still dropping blood and crying for mercy when their shoots are torn”

–Metamorphoses of Ovid 1-452, 2-345

 

Like I have pointed out earlier, they are all in old literature or museums in other parts of the world; In India, Hindus practise it even today and worship all the nature as God; and India is not primitive; it is the first developing country to send a spaceship into sky; it is the first developing country to explode a nuclear device. it is the country with highest number of computer personnel.

–Subham–