Post No. 9194

Date uploaded in London – –27 January 2021      

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com


Two Seals (2800 BCE) found in Ur and Kish of Mesopotamia (IRAQ) are particularly of Mohenjo-Daro type. 16 seals have been found in Ur and 14 in Kish and other places, 30 seals in all.

Besides these, there are also other indications of intercourse between India and Mesopotamia: broken portions of earthen jars, toilets sets, horns on the head of human figures, trefoil decoration on cloth, beads, covers of jars etc


Sumerian in Rig Veda- URU , KISH

The following verses are found in the Rig Veda (RV):-

1. NE’ER doth the man repent, who, seeking profit, bringeth his gift to the far-striding Visnu.

     He who adoreth him with all his spirit winneth himself so great a benefactor.

2. Thou, Visnu, constant in thy courses, gavest good-will to all men, and a hymn that lasteth,

     That thou mightst move us to abundant comfort of very splendid wealth with store of horses.

3. Three times strode forth this God in all his grandeur over this earth bright with a hundred splendours.

     Foremost be Visnu, stronger than the strongest: for glorious is his name who lives for ever.

4. Over this earth with mighty step strode Visnu, ready to give it for a home to Manu.

     In him the humble people trust for safety: he, nobly born, hath made them spacious dwellings.


5. To-day I laud this name, O gipivista, I, skilled in rules, the name of thee the Noble.

     Yea, I the poor and weak praise thee the Mighty who dwellest in the realm beyond this region.

6. What was there to be blamed in thee, O Visnu, when thou declaredst, I am Sipivista?

     Hide not this form from us, nor keep it secret, since thou didst wear another shape in battle.

7. O Visnu, unto thee my lips cry Vasat! Let this mine offering, Sipivista, please thee.

     May these my songs of eulogy exalt thee. Preserve us evermore, ye Gods, with blessings.



In Tamil literature we have Uru, Urukezu used in several places and Uru means in Tamil—

Beauty – from Sanskrit Rupa (Rupa is a common name for girls from Kanyakumari to Kashmir)

Statue/figure/idol – from Sanskrit Rupa

Disease, Musical piece, Boat/ship and Big/long/Spacious

Surprisingly Sayana translated URU as ‘spacious’ as in Tamil!

(Uru Kesa= Beautiful hair in Maori according to A Kalyanaraman of Aryatarangini)

But the actual meaning is Uru and Kish  are two place names where from different kings ruled. It is confirmed as place names in other RV verses:-

“Oh, Soma flow for Indra , Varuna and Vayu. Let our wealth remain intact. Let the Devas assemble in Urukshiti hearing the sound of your sacrifice “(9-84-1)

“Oh Fire , blaze in your glory and burn the Rakshasas  in the houses in Uru” (RV 10-118-8)

“The dwellers of Uru worshipped you who are the most worshipful with hymns of praise” (10-118-9)

The names Ur and Kish in ancient Mesopotamia (Iraq) are clearly the corruptions of the word URU-KSHITI

Kshiti is colloquially pronounced as Kish

Uru is used in other places in Mesopotamia as Uru, Uruk, Urkashade etc.

Even modern names of ancient places of India are corrupted, some beyond recognition.


Kishkinda in Patanjali

All Indians know about Kishkinda of Hanuman and Anjaneya of Ramayana. Scholars have identified this place with Hampi in modern Karnataka state of India.

But Patanjali mentioned another Kishkinda 2300 years ago.

Sudras outside Aryavarta lived in Kishkinda-Gabdikam, Saka- Yavanam, and Saurya- Krauncham.

All these places are outside present India.

So, Kish people might have gone to Sumeria. Sumerians clearly say that they came from East and from a mountainous area. All Sumerian scholars repeated this but identified the East and Mountainous area with different places. My research shows that they went from Himalayan area. For the same reason Valmiki also named Kishkinda for the rocky areas of South  India in Ramayana.


This is confirmed by other evidence:

“The Indus Script and the Rig Veda” by Egbert Richter Ushanas (New Delhi, 1997) gives detailed comparison of Sumerian seals and Indus seals. He interpreted all the seals on the basis of Rig Veda .

A beautiful summary is available from Aryatarangini of A Kalyanaraman (Asia Publishing House, 1969)

Here is the gist in bullet points…………..



In the paper submitted to the All India Oriental Conference in 1964, Shri BK Chattopadhyaya makes the following points-

1.Apropos of the Indus Valley seals (dated circa 2500 BCE) found at Ur and Kish in Mesopotamia, there is mention of a place valled Uru-Kshiti, in Rig Veda 7-100-4 as below:

2.Vishnu traversed the world , in order to give lands to his worshippers! Those who worshipped him got a fixed abode . He created Uru- Kshiti

In another verse in RV 10-84-1

Oh Soma, flow for Indra, Varuna and Vayu; Let Gods assemble at Uru-Kshiti, hearing the recitation of your mantras!

Further in RV 10-118-8 occur these significant paasages-

Oh, Agni, blaze in the houses of Uru and destroy the Rakshasas; the dwellers of Uru kindled you (Agni) with hymns.

Finally in RV 8-68-12/13 the word Uru occurs in a context which suggests that it is a name of a place and not the equivalent of  ‘great’ or ‘much’ as interpreted by Sayana (died in 1387 CE) .

Dr Marshall believed that Indus seals were carried to Ur and Kish by people hailing from India and settling in Mesopotamia .

Mr Chattopadhya holds that the first invasion of Sumeria by the Hindus took place in 3500 BCE.

Rudra and Shiva are not two different deities but one and the same as we find in Yajur Veda and the Indus valley people worshipped Shiva and Sakti. The religion of Mohenjo-Daro must have been Vedic, concludes B K Chattopadhyaya.


Sayana was wrong

Urukshaya is translated as BIG HOUSE IS NOT HAPPY by Sayana who lived 600 years ago. He tried to interpret Vedas which came about in 4500 BCE. So he couldn’t have understood it fully.

From the statement that Vishnu gave Urukshit to his followers which has been explained by Sayana to mean that Vishnu took it from the Asuras and gave it to the Devas and for the fact that Indian seals of 2800 BCE have been found in Uru and Kish it is clear that the Vedic Hindus established a colony in Mesopotamia in that early date. Sumerian literature also say that they came from the East, from a mountainous area and settled in the ‘plains’.

Later Hittites (corruption of Kshatrias; even today Kshatrias call themselves Khatti in North India) and Kaassites form Kasi/Varanasi also settled there from 1900 BCE.


Uru in other RV verses

Uru -kaksa in 6-45-3 = dwelling on the Ganges or name of a person

Uru- ksaya  in 10-118-8/9

According to Ludwig translation of the RV,

A family of singers and worshippers of Agni. They are knows as Uru ksayas.

Tamil Uzavu= ploughing is in other Verses

Urvara denotes a piece of ploughland . it occurs from first mandala to tenth mandala of RV, in all ten books! In Tamil it is Uzavu (cultivation) uzavaaram- cultivated land;

Uzu – plough. English word Plough came from this Ur/Uzu/

R =L; P=U


My Evidence

My research shows that Ur and Kish Kings have Sanskrit names:


Enmebaragesi – Kesi suffix is very common India ; even Maoris of New Zealand had Uru kesi as a name. we have Neelakesi , Rishikesi etc. he ruled kish in 2650 BCE

Agga is the next king we know of. It is Aja whom we find in Raghuvamsam of Kalidasa and puranas.

Ur nanshe ruled in 2500 BCE

Ur in Sumerian means dog as well. But here it may be his town – Ur

Tamil poets are called with their town names in Sangam literature.

Then we have Akul – shiva’s name followed by 5 names with Natum . it may be Nathan like my name swami Nathan.

 Kings of Ur

First king is

Ur Nammu – 2112 BCE

Shulgi 2094 BCE

Then we have three Sanskrit names

Sin is Chandra / moon in Sumerian ; I read it as sena ; Mahabharata has many sena names

We have


Kaushik Chandra  and many more chanders

In Sumer we have

Amar sin – 2046 BCE

Shu sin – 2037 BCE

Ibbi sin – 2026 BCE

I gave only the kings who ruled 4000 years ago.

So there is no doubt that they were Hindus who went there and settled and ruled. Later Mitannian kings have very pure Sanskrit names from 1400 BCE.


So  far as archaeological evidence is concerned , a piece of Indian teak found in the ruins of Ur of the Chaldess at Al Muqayyar (Sayce, Hibbert Lectures, 1887, pp 18, 136-137 was the first indication of a commercial contact between India and Sumer.


A .V. Pandya identified the Asuras in Rig Veda with Assyrians in the Middle East in his article ‘Some Ancient Cities of Iraq in Early Indian Literature’ (Ballabh Vidhyamandir Research Bulletin, Vol.I, Issue I, 1957).


My old articles

A Hindu Story in Sumerian Civilization | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com › 2014/05/11 › a-hindu-story-in-su…

11 May 2014 — Picture of Eagle headed genie from Assyria 883 BCE. There are 60,000 lines on clay tablets in chaste Sumerian ’emegir’ and another 60,000 …

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14 Oct 2018 — Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including … Those who read the history of Assyria, Babylonia and Sumeria will come …


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19 Sept 2020 — Thanks for your great picturestamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com I wrote about Sumukan Mystery six year ago. Now I have got …

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2 Aug 2015 — (I have already shown that even the most popular Valentine day symbol of an ‘arrow piercing the heart’ is from the Atharva Veda). bes. image of …

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tamilandvedas.com › 2014/10/09 › did-indra-attack-ur-…


9 Oct 2014 — Tamil and Vedas. A blog exploring themes in Tamil and vedic literature. Did Indra attack Ur in Sumeria?

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Sumerian | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com › tag › sumerian


17 Mar 2017 — Posts about Sumerian written by Tamil and Vedas. … Some of the images in Sumerian would remind any Hindu the penance done by the King …

Lord Rama in Sumeria | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com › tag › lord-rama-in-sumeria


14 Oct 2018 — Posts about Lord Rama in Sumeria written by Tamil and Vedas. … Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, …

Sapta Rishis in Sumeria! Similar to Hindus! More Tamil and …

tamilandvedas.com › 2014/11/18 › sapta-rishis-in-sume…


18 Nov 2014 — God Baal of Sumer ( Indra of Sumer) Research paper written by London … of clay which is then brought to life is another image of creation.

Sumer | Tamil and Vedas

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Posts about Sumer written by Tamil and Vedas. … Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks. Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, contains references to …

30 Sumerian Proverbs that reflect Hindu Views! (Post No.7159 …

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31 Oct 2019 — 7159 Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright … blog; posted in swamiindology.blogspot.com and tamilandvedas.com simultaneously. … I have chosen 30 Sumerian Proverbs which are similar to Indian …

Sumerian Proverbs | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com › tag › sumerian-proverbs


31 Oct 2019 — Posts about Sumerian Proverbs written by Tamil and Vedas. … Pictures are taken from various sources; beware of copyright rules; don’t use …

Hindu Vahanas in Egypt and Sumeria | Tamil and Vedas

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20 Oct 2012 — Posts about Hindu Vahanas in Egypt and Sumeria written by Tamil and Vedas. … Pictures: Tutankhamen of Egypt and Adad of Babylonia.

Why did Sumeria and Egypt worship Indra? | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com › 2014/09/14 › why-did-sumeria-a…


14 Sept 2014 — He is a Hindu god from India travelling to different parts of the world. In my previous article, I published the pictures of Laos and Mongolia stamps …


tags- Ur, Kish, Urukshiti, Rig Veda, Sumeria, Mesopotamia