Nine Muses in Greece and Nine Ceremonies in China (Post No.7150)

Compiled by  London Swaminathan


swami_48@yahoo.com

Date: 28 OCTOBER 2019

Time  in London – 15-40

Post No. 7150

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In ancient China  the number nine wasimportant in tne I Ching and in the Book of Rituals ( (Li Chi), which speaks o  nine ceremonies and they are-

Puberty rite for men

Wedding

Audience

Ambassadorship

Burial,

Sacrifice

Hospitality

Drinking and

Military rituals

In the Han dynasty a nine based cosmology was for favoured.

The ninth day of the ninth month  was a men’s festival of ‘yang raised to a higher power.

There were nine earthly provinces, nine mountains, nine fields of heaven and so on.

The center of Beujing had 8 roads leading in to it , and these added to the one central point, made for a similar nonary structure.

In the West, there were nine orders of angels, nine cosmic spheres  in medieval cosmology, nine muses.

Greeks have also chosen Goddesses for the arts and poetry like Hindus.

The Muses are the nine goddesses of the arts, history and astronomy in Greece. The muses were not highlighted in mythologies, but writers and poets invoke them like Hindus before writing a book or performing dance and music. They are the source of inspiration for them like Goddess of Knowledge Saraswati or Goddess of wisdom, Ganesh.

Muses were among the retinue of the god Apollo, the patron of music and the arts. They were said to reside on Mount Helicon near Thebes or on Mount Parnassus near Delphi (Like Kailash or Mount Meru of Hindu Mythology).

Their names and branches of arts they preside over are as follows:

Name                        Meaning                              Arts

Calliope                         Beautiful voice                    Epic Poetry

Clio                                Fame                                      History

Erato                             Lovely                                    Lyric Poetry

Euterpe                         Joy                                          The Flute

Melpomene                   Singing                                  Tragic Drama

Polyhymnia                   Many Songs                         Mime

Terpsichore                   Joyful dance                             Dance

Thalia                            Good Cheer/Plenty            Comic Drama

Urania                             Celestial                               Astronomy

xxx

Idioms and phrases

We say that a cat has nine lives and a person who is ‘dressed to the nines’ in wearing his or her most elaborate finery.

Nine Muses | Tamil and Vedas



https://tamilandvedas.com › tag › nine-muses

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4 Aug 2012 – Posts about Nine Muses written by Tamil and Vedas.

NAVARATRI IN JAPAN AND GREECE

 

 

Picture: Kolu at Raji Vijayakumar’s residence, United Kingdom

By London swaminathan

Nava Ratri, literally NINE NIGHTS, is the most popular festival among South Indian Hindu women. It is equally famous in Bengal where the last day of Nava Ratri is celebrated as Durga Puja. Dasara, literally ten day, is the biggest show in Karnataka.

Festivals similar to Navaratri were celebrated in different parts of the world including Japan, Rome and Greece. Indian temples are great centres of Arts. They were doing what Opera Houses are doing today in Sydney, London, Paris and New York. Even today South Indian Temples organise big music concerts and dance performances during Navaratri festival. Hindu women throng to temples during nine nights to see the illumination and decorations of temple idols.

 

In Tamil Nadu, Nava Ratri is a Toy and Doll Festival. They arrange toys in steps made up of wooden boxes or steps (look at the picture).

Doll Festival in Japan

Japanese celebrate a Doll Festival like Hindu Navaratri. It is celebrated every year on 3rd March as Girl’s Day. Navaratri is celebrated as Girl’s Day In India too. Young girls who are called Kanyas receive special box or bag full of Tilak/Kumkum, Turmeric powder, Mirror, Comb, jewels etc. with fresh coconut, betel leaves, fruits and flowers. Girls are treated as representative of Goddess. Girls come dressed in their new clothes.

In Japan they arrange dolls like Hindus arrange clay toys, dolls and other items. Japanese spread a red cloth on the steps and arrange the dolls. This festival is called Hina Matsuri (Girl’s Day). In India, the dolls represent mythological characters, shop owner (Chettiyar/shresti/Bania)with his saleable items, kings, national leaders, saints, musicians and ordinary men. In Japan they arrange the dolls of emperor, empress, servants and musicians.

 

Japanese have been celebrating this for over one thousand years. Indians have been celebrating it from time immemorial. Japanese started this as river festival of floating reed toys. Then they changed it to arranging dolls at home. It started after the spread of Buddhism. India might have influenced them in this matter. Japanese celebrate it for health and happiness of the girls. They also make special snacks like Hindus. They also invite friends to their houses and give them food.

In short we see amazing similarities in three things: 1) Arranging dolls on steps 2) Celebrating as girl’s/women’s day 3) Inviting girls home and giving them special food and gifts.

Hindus see God in everything, whether it is music or dance or drawing (Rangoli,Henna) or Food (Prasad. So Hindu Navaratri is more of a religious festival where as Japanese and Greek celebrations are more of secular things.

 

Nine Muses in Greece

Greeks have also chosen Goddesses for the arts and poetry like Hindus.

The Muses are the nine goddesses of the arts, history and astronomy in Greece. The muses were not highlighted in mythologies, but writers and poets invoke them like Hindus before writing a book or performing dance and music. They are the source of inspiration for them like Goddess of Knowledge Saraswati or Goddess of wisdom, Ganesh.

Muses were among the retinue of the god Apollo, the patron of music and the arts. They were said to reside on Mount Helicon near Thebes or on Mount Parnassus near Delphi (Like Kailash or Mount Meru of Hindu Mythology).

Their names and branches of arts they preside over are as follows:

 

Name                        Meaning                              Arts

Calliope         Beautiful voice                    Epic Poetry

Clio                 Fame                                      History

Erato              Lovely                                    Lyric Poetry

Euterpe         Joy                                          The Flute

Melpomene Singing                                  Tragic Drama

Polyhymnia Many Songs                         Mime

Terpsichore Joyful dance                                    Dance

Thalia             Good Cheer/Plenty            Comic Drama

Urania                       Celestial                     Astronomy

 

Though we don’t see many similarities between these Gods and Hindu Gods, each Hindu artiste worships different gods for different arts: e.g Sculptors-Viswakarma, Flutists –Krishna, Dance- Nataraja/Shiva and Poets-Saraswati.

Hindu Goddess is worshipped as Kumarika, Trimurthy, Kalyani, Rohini, Kali, Chandika, Sambavi, Durga and  Sambadra during nine nights in north india.

Hindu women in South India divide the nine nights in to three X three  (3X3) and allocate them to Lakshmi, Saraswati and Durga. In Bengal they worship Goddesses in different forms. South Indian temples decorate Goddesses in nine different ways during nine nights. If we go deeper we may see more similarities. But Romans and Greeks keep them in museums nowadays, where as Hindus keep them in temples and continue the tradition.

Hindu women make snacks with boiled pulses such as Channa dhal, Bengal gram, green gram or black gram, peas, peanuts etc and distribute them to the visitors.

Vijayanagara kings celebrated Navaratri on a grand scale. Coorg people celebrate Dasara with great enthusiasm.

For more of the same, contact swami_48@yahoo.com or Swaminathan.santanam@gmail.com

 

 

Please read other posts by London Swaminathan on

1)Bull Fighting from Indus Valley to Spain via Tamil Nadu

2)Sugarcane Mystery: From Ikshvaku Dynasty to Indus Valley

3)Vedic Bird Homa in India and Iran

4)Sahasralinga in Karnataka and Cambodia

5)Delphi Oracle and Tamil oracles (In Tamil)

6)Naga –Mayan similarities (3 parts in Tamil)

7)Serpent Queen in Indus Valley and Minoan

8)Tamil Words in Greek ( 3 parts in Tamil)

9)Madagascar-India link via Indonesia

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