Who is a Dasyu? Kalidasa and Rig Veda explain! (Post No.3982)

Research article Written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 8 June 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 11-00 am

 

Post No. 3982

 

Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.

 

contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

Dasyu means a thief; but foreign ‘thieves’ who translated the Hindu Vedas wrote that Dasyu mean an aborigine- a deliberate distortion. In every community, there are thieves and we can find them even in all the scriptures. We have poems about robbers and thieves in Sangam Tamil literature. Some words gain wrong meaning in course of time. We have several caste names (Pariahs and Kallars) in Tamil literature which have earned wrong connotation in course of time. But nobody bothered about them.

English newspapers around the world use the Tamil word ‘PARIAH’ everyday with wrong connotation, which originally meant a drummer or an announcer. Countries and leaders are described as International Pariah in English newspapers and TV stations every day. The new meaning the English dictionaries give is AN UNTOUCHABLE!

 

Tamils were the only race in the world who fought among themselves for at least 1500 years according to Tamil literature and Tamil inscriptions. But nobody divided them on racial lines. The Chera, Choza, Pandya kings fought with each other for 1500 years continuously, killed one another, detained their women and made ropes out of their hair to pull their Victorious Chariots. The Tamil poets praised the kings as great heroes. The poets also say that they burnt the palaces of other Tamil kings and razed it to ground and ploughed it with donkeys just to insult the defeated Tamil king. The Sangam Tamil poets sang about rivers of blood as well. Even though the Tamil kings claimed different origins the foreigners never attributed any race into it.

 

But foreigners who wanted to divide the Hindus, deliberately divided the Hindu community into two : Aryan and Dravidian which are not found in Tamil or Sanskrit literature. Though we have the word Aryan in Sangam Tamil literature  and Arya in the Rig Veda, the meaning is ‘cultured’, ‘civilized’ or ‘saints in the Himalayas’. There is no racial division or connotation. But from the days of Max Mullers and Caldwells, they coloured the word with racial paint.

Dasyu in Kalidasa

In the Sakuntala drama, Sarngarava in his anger accused the king Dusyanta as a thief. It is because the king married Sakuntala secretly and abandoned her. When she was sent back to the king, the simile Kalidasa used was that sending the stolen property to a thief himself! The word Kalidasa used is DASYU for thief (Act 5-21)

 

Dasyu in Rigveda

In the Vedic Index, Keith and Macdonell say,

“Dasyu, a word of somewhat of doubtful origin, is in many passages of the Rig Veda, clearly applied to superhuman enemies. On the other hand, there are several passages in which human foes, probably the aborigines, are thus designated.

Dasyus are described as

God Hating (a-devayu) 8-70-11

Not sacrificing (a-yajvan) 4-16-9

Devoid of rites ( a karman); RV 10-22-8

Lawless (a vrata)

Addicted to strange vows (anya vrata) 8-70-11

Reviling the Gods (deva piyuu) AV 12-1-37

It is impossible in all cases to be certain that people are meant.

No clans of dasyus are mentioned;

Indra is Dasyu-hatya (killer of dasyus); but never mentioned as Dasa hatya. This means Indra was against criminals, thieves, robbers etc but not against people.

It is like later inscriptions describing Hindu kings as ‘parantapa’ scorcher of the enemies (Bhagavd Gita)

 

In one passage of the Rig Veda they were described as A-nas(RV 5-29-10); some wrongly translated this as nose less and attributed to Dravidians; Dravidians have big noses! As far as we know only the Japanese have small noses; some foreigners translated it as faceless, broken nose.

When the Rig Veda described them in one place as ‘Mrdhra vac’, they translated it as ‘stammering, unintelligible speech!’

Actually Sangam Tamil literature describe the Yavanas (Romans, Greeks and Arabs) as people of harsh speech; Tamil literature describe the shepherds as Kallaa Idaiyar ( rude, uneducated, uncultured etc). No one attributed any race or aborigine element into it.

 

Every scripture or every literature has such words to describe the enemies from their own clan or from the opposite sides.

 

In Iran there is a province with the name Dasyu!. What they meant was it was an enemy country. We can call Pakistan and China as Dasyus today. England which fought 1000 year war with France would have called them Dasyu!.

When Cumuri, Sambara and Susna fought Indra they were described as Dasyu, meaning ‘a brutal enemy’.

 

In the Aitareya Brahmana it meant uncivilized people.

In short Dasyu meant hostile, uneducated, uncultured thieves and robbers. These types of people are found in every scripture and  every ancient book. But only in Hindu scriptures they were coloured by foreigners as aborigines or Dravidians. A deliberate distortion with an ulterior motive. Marxists and Dravidian politicians spread the distorted version to laymen for their own political gains.

It is Hindus’ primary duty to translate the Vedas  properly and rewrite Indian History.

–subham–

Part-5: Anti- Weaver,Tanner, Scavenger Proverbs (Post No.3076)

cobbler, tribe

Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 20th August 2016

Time uploaded in London:  12-12

Post No.3076

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks for the pictures.

 

Part-5 on caste Proverbs. For proverbs on Brahmins, Banias, Jats, Carpenters, Blacksmiths, Goldsmiths and agricultural castes, please read the first four parts.

 

 

 

Anti – Weaver Proverbs

 

Weaver’s loom being sunk in the ground, he is said to dig a pit and fall into it himself.

 

If the weaver has a pot of grain he thinks himself a Raja/king.

 

He finds the hind peg of a plough, and proposes to star farming on the strength of it.

 

If there are eight Jolaahaas (Mohammedan weavers) and nine huqqas (things), they fight for the odd one.

 

The Jolaahaa goes to see a ram fight and gets butted himself.

(The stupidity of the weaver is the staple subject of proverbial philosophy through out India)

 

Being one of a company of twelve who had safely forded a river, he can only find eleven, as he forgets to count himself and straight goes off to bury himself in the belief that, as he is missing, he must be dead.

A crow snatches a piece of bread from a Jolaha’s child and flies with it to the roof, the prudent father takes away the ladder before he gives the child anymore.

 

A Jolaahaa hears the Koran being read and bursts into tears; on being asked what passage moves him so, he explains that the wagging beard of the Mulla, reminded him of a favourite goat that he had lost.

When his dog barks at a tiger he proceeds to whip his child.

He will steal a reel of thread when he gets the chance.

He has his own standard of time; he lies like a Chamaar; and even if you see him brushing the newly woven cloth, you must not believe him when he says that it is ready.

shoemaker

Anti – Shoemaker/tanner/cobbler Proverbs

 

He is as wily as a jackal, he is so stupid that he sits on his awl and beats himself for stealing it.

 

He laments that he cannot tan his own skin.

He knows that nothing beyond his last, and the shortest way to deal with him is to beat him with a shoe of his own making.

 

Old shoes should be offered to the shoemaker’s god

Stich, Stitch is the note of the cobbler’s quarter; Stink Stink of the street where the tanners live.

 

The Chamar’s wife goes barefoot, but his daughter, when he has just attained puberty, is as graceful as an ear of millet.

There is no hiding the belly from the midwife (Chamar’s wife knows everything)

 

Chamar is inquiring after the health of the  village headman’s buffalo ( a humorous allusion to the practice of poisoning animals with arsenic)

 

Anti- Doms (Scavengers,Executioners, Basket makers, Professional burglars; in Tamil Nadu they were called Pariahs; in Maharashtra Mahars, the Dheds)

 

Dom is the Lord of Death (they supply wood for the funeral pyre)

He is ranked with Brahmans and goats as a creature useless in time of need.

 

He is a friend of all castes:-

Kanjar steals his dog;

Gujar loots his house;

Barber shaves him for nothing;

Jolaahaa makes him a suit of clothes.

 

If donkeys could excrete sugar, Doms would no longer be beggars.

 

A Dom in a palanquin and a Brahmin on foot (Society turned upside down)

Every village has a Brahman’s street and every village has a Pariah street

 

A palm tree casts no shade; a Pariah has no rule or castes

 

He that breaks his word is a Paraih at heart

 

If a Pariah offers a boiled rice, will not the God take it?

My comments:–

Foreign invaders described this caste as the remnants of a Dravidian tribe crushed out of recognition by the invading Aryans and condemned to menial occupations. Sir Grierson said that they are the ancestors of the European Gipsies and the Rom or Romany is nothing more than a variant of Dom. This shows how hard the foreign invaders tried to drive a wedge between different Hindu castes; one would wonder whether they are scholars or crooks. Every society, every culture has people of different vocations. Some foreigners have said that Indus Valley Civilization is the source of Caste system.

 

These were recorded 100 years ago in the book:

The People of India by Sir Herbert Risely, London, 1915.

 

……to be continued

–Subham–