STAR MYSTERIES IN THE RIG VEDA- Part 1 (Post No.4247)

Research article written by London Swaminathan

 

Date: 26 September 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 16-27

 

 

Post No. 4247

 

Pictures are taken from various sources such as google, Facebook friends, newspapers and Wikipedia for non-commercial use; thanks.

Hindus believed that stars are holy souls or departed souls. In Vanaparva of Mahabharata and Sakuntalam of Kalidasa, Arjuna’s space travel is explained in detail. Please see the links at the end of this article for my old articles regarding this. Read Stars are Gods? We are Stars!

 

Egyptians, Greeks, Eskimos, Indians of Amazon forest and Australians believed that the heavenly lights have formerly been their ancestors. Hindus have the oldest reference to this in the Mahabharata. We were the ones who gave the Seven Seers (Saptarishis)  a place in the Ursa Major constellation in addition to Dhruva (pole star) and Agastya (canopus).

Stars, known as Nakshatra in Sanskrit, appear in the Rig Veda, oldest book in the world. It slowly increases in number to 28 in the later Vedas. The mystery about the star is its heliacal rising at different times in different periods. That is, they were not in the place where they are today.

 

Another mystery in the Veda is the beginning of the year. It did not begin in Chitrai (April-May) as we have now.

 

The study of all these things pushed the date of Vedas to 4500 BCE. Two researchers did astronomical study independently and arrived at a period between 4000 and 4500 BCE for the Rig Vedic hymns. They were Balagangadhara Tilak of India and Herman Jacobi of Germany. The wonder about this research is that they did it independently without  the other knowing such a research!

Satapata Brahmana of Shukla Yajurveda is an encyclopaedia. For the white skinned foreign scholars it is the most childish, rubbish prattle, blabber, jabber and gibberish. For Hindus it is the biggest resource book of Yagas and Yajnas detailing hundreds of rituals.

 

The half baked western “scholars” were happy to read about the Asvamedha Yajna and Purushamedha Yajna in it. The Purushamedha Yajna lists 179 human beings from different professions to be thrown into fire. But it had never happened anywhere in India. The only reference is about a boy called Sunashepa who was rescued by the great sage Viswamitra. Now they must read this episode in various rituals and they will get gold coins for reciting it! All these things puzzle and confuse the western “scholars”. For us it is great encyclopaedia giving 179 different professions in Vedic period. That shows the Vedic society was a highly civilized and advanced one. Several workers or jobs or professions are heard only through the Purushamedha yajna.

 

In the same way Asvamedha Yajna lists 200 plants and animals for sacrifice. Nobody knew the meaning of the whole list. They did not even know whether it is a plant or animal or an insect!! No proof is there for to show that all the animals were placed in the fire.

Western “scholars” project themselves as clowns, jesters and Jokers by giving different interpretations for each word. Their primary aim was to confuse the Hindus in every sentence, in every word and in every aspect. The sycophant English educated Indians of the 19th century also wrote lot of rubbish following these “great western scholars”. Marxists gave them the lead by interpreting everything as ‘class struggle’! Now we know those people were pukka idiots because we get a bird’s eye view of the Vedic literature and Sangam Tamil literature.

 

The amazing thing about the huge and voluminous Satapata Brahmana is about that one  can find any subject from Astronomy to Zoology in it. But most of the things they say wouldn’t mean anything if we take them literally. But we know they were very intelligent because they talk about linguistics, psychology, botany etc.

 

All these things are said to illustrate that the Satapata Brahmana talk about all the stars we know of in astrology and astronomy. No ancient book, Babylonian, Mayan or Egyptian give such a detailed list. Satapata Brahmana belongs to a period around 1000 BCE. It lists 27 or 28 stars.

Let us start from the Rig Veda:

There are various interpretations abbot the meaning of Nakshatra. The meaning is ‘guardian of night’ or ‘having rule over night’ (Nakta is night).

 

The star appears in all the passages where this word occurs (2-1-2, 2-1-18)

 

The sun and nakshatras are mentioned together (AV 6-10-3 and later books)!

Now we know that sun is also a star.

At least three stars are mentioned in the Rig Veda: Tisya (RV.5-59-13, 10-64-8) Aghas and Arjuni (10-85-13). It seems probable that they are the later lunar mansions called Maghas and Phalguni. It occurs in the wedding hymn.

 

Ludwig and Zimmer have seen other references to the Nakshatras as 27 in the Rig Veda (1-162-18—34 ribs of the horse=moon, sun, 5 planets and 27 stars); other “scholars” don’t agree with them.

Nakshatras as Lunar Mansions (months)

In later Samhitas (hymn books) the connection of the moon and the stars is conceived as a marriage union. Two samhitas (Khathaka and Taittiriya) state that Soma/moon was wedded to the mansions, but dwelt with only with Rohini)

 

It is very interesting to note that Tamils and other North Indians did marry only on the Rohini asterism day according to 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature and Vedic literature.

It is also interesting to note that Tamils have special names (multiple names) for all the 27 stars 2000 years ago. Some of them are Tamilized Sanskrit words or translated Sanskrit words.

 

In the second part I will show you how Jacobi and Tilak calculated the age of Vedas on the basis of stars and their heliacal rising.

 

My Old articles: —

 

  1. Space Travel | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/space-travel

Matali is always associated with space travel and I have written about Arjuna’s space travel in Matali’s … //tamilandvedas.com/2014/09/12/did-kalidasa-fly …

  1. Did Kalidasa fly in a Space Shuttle? | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/2014/09/12/did-kalidasa-fly-in…

Research Paper written by London swaminathan Post 1284; dated 12th September 2014. Kalidasa gives us an amazing picture of space travel in his most famous drama …

  1. Orion | Tamil and Vedas

tamilandvedas.com/tag/orion

There is a fascinating account of Arjuna’s Space Travel in the Vanaparva … The amazing thing about this space travel of Arjuna in … //tamilandvedas.com …

 

—to be continued

 

Vedic References to Hair Styles – Part 1 (Post No.3200)

bengali-3

Research article written by London Swaminathan

Date: 29 September 2016

Time uploaded in London: 15-43

Post No.3200

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

Contact swami_48@yahoo.com

 

 

Vedic literature has got lot of references to hair and hair style; the number of words used to describe the hairdos shows that they are from an advanced civilization and who were leading city life; otherwise they wouldn’t have so many terms. The foreign writers who studied these words couldn’t explain the meaning and as usual made wild guesses and showed themselves as laughing stocks! And those “so called scholars” described the Vedic Hindus as nomads. Here are some words and what foreigners ‘think’ about them!

 

Source:-Vedic Index of Names and Subjects by Keith and Macdonell

 

 

Opasa

 

Opasa is a word of somewhat doubtful sense, occurring in the Rig Veda, the Atharva Veda and later literature. It probably means a plait as used in dressing the hair, especially of women, but apparently, in earlier times of men also.

 

The goddess Siiniiivaali is called SVAUPASA an epithet of doubtful sense, from which Zimmer conjectures that the wearing of false plaits of hair was not unknown in Vedic times what was the difference between the braids referred to in the epithets PRTHU STUKA= having broad braids and VISITA STUKA =having loosened braids and Opasa cannot be made out from the evidence available. Geldner thinks that the original sense was ‘horn’ and that when the word applies to Indra it means diadem.

 

My comments:

The above passage has got lot of doubts. Like no two cloack agree, no two foreigners agreed on vedic words. Everywhere they express “DOUBTS”. If we agree with Zimmer that shows that the Vedic Hindus are not nomads because they used advance artificial hair accessories. If we don’t agree them and go with Geldner that shows it is crown/diadem in in men and and a stylistic hair do in women. I think that is correct because in Tamil MUDI means hair as well as crown.

yazidis

Yazidis (Vedic Hindus of Iraqi Mountains)

Kaparda, braid  (RV 10-114-3)

Kaparda means braid and Kapardin means wearing braids. These words describe the Vedic custom of wearing the hair in braids or plaits. Thus a maiden is said to have her in four plaits (catus-kapardaa), and the goddess SIINIVAALII is described as wearing fair braids (su-kapardaa).

Men also wore their hair in this style, for both Rudra and Puusan are said to have done so, while the Vasisthas were distinguished by wearing their hair in a plait on the right (dakshina- kaparda). The opposite to wear one’s hair plain (pulasti).

 

My comments:

Opasa and Kaparda are used for goddess Sinivali; that shows these terms are different hairstyles or hairdos.

The terms Four Plaits, Right side plait are interesting; nampudiri Brahmins of Kerala, Dikshitars of Chidambaram and Choza country Brahmins (Soziyan) have different hair styles; Sangam Tamil Literature describes the women having five plaits (AIM PAAL0. Some commentators interpret them as five different hairdo. But I have posted the picture of Vedic Hindus of Iraq, known as Yazidis with four plaits and five plaits in my year 2015 post.

 

Kumba

Atharva veda (6-138-3)mentions Kumba with Opasa and Kuriraas an ornament of woman’s hair. Geldner thinks that, like those two words, it originally meant horn, but this is very doubtful. Indian tradition, simply regards the term as denoting a female adornment connected with the dressing of the hair.

 

My comments

Again we have the word ‘doubtful’ in the commentary. Throughout the Vedas, foreigners use this word and words such as ‘meaning is obscur’e, ‘uncertain’, ‘not clear’, ‘may mean thi’s, ‘probably this, probably that’, we ‘guess’ etc. This is like a blind man trying to describe the sun.

 

Again this word shows that the women of Vedic society were advanced in civilization and they were using hairpins and other ornaments to fix their hair. Many cultures, even aborigines, would have used such things. But putting them in a religious book and preserving it for thousands of years differentiate them from other uncivilized people. One should pause a second to think why did they use so many words for a Goddess Sinivali’s hair style.

bengali-wedding-dress-4

Kuriira

Kuriira, like Opasa and Kumba, denotes some sort of female head ornament in the description of the bride’s adornment in the wedding hymn of the Rig Veda (10-85-8) and the Atharva veda (6-138-3). According to the Yajur Veda samhitas, the Goddess SINIIVAALII is described by the epithets su kapardaa, su kuriira, sv-opasa as wearing a beautiful head dress.

According to Geldner, the word originally meant ‘horn’, but this is uncertain, as this sense is not required in any passage in which the term occurs.

 

My comments:-

Note the word ‘uncertain’ in the above commentary. Foreigners made the biggest confusion in the interpretation of the Rig Veda by wrongly interpreting Dasyus, noseless, sisnadeva: etc. they deliberately gave racial connotation for the words Arya and Dravida which is not found anywhere in Tamil or Sanskrit. They tried to confuse the Hindus and they succeeded in it with the help of Dravidian and Marxist politicians. By the wrong interpretation of the word ARYA they created a Hitler, who boasted that Germans were of the purest Aryan race and caused the death of millions of people.

North Indian women use crowns, Kreetas, Mukutas, head ornaments etc during wedding celebrations. South Indians don’t use that type of ead ornaments. Only South Indian Kings had those crowns, diadems, Kieetas and Mukutas. India is a vast country equal to 20 European cutries. So differences in style exist in different regions.

 

My Earlier article:

Vedic Hindus’ Hair Style, posted on 22 April 2015

Hindu Hair Style: Why do Hindus put Kumkum on parting of hair?, posted on 28th September 2016 

–to be continued