Hindu gods in Zend Avesta- Part 2 (Post.10,642)


Post No. 10,642

Date uploaded in London – –    8 FEBRUARY   2022         

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

We have already seen Indra, Aryaman, Vayu, Vritragna, Bhaga, Aramati, Narasamsha,Trita and 33 gods. We will see more angels in this second part.

There are common legends in both the Vedas and the Zend Avesta. But the difference is Hindus attributed them to the gods whereas Iranians or Parsis attributed them to the angels and the heroes.

Yima kshaeta (Jamshed) and Yama Raja

The names and the epithets are same. Yima is identical with Yama and khshaeta means king, same as Raja/ king. The family name of both is also the same. Vivahao or son of Vivanghvat in the Zend Avesta. Here’ in the Vedas he is the son Vivasvan.

In Zend Avesta, Yima gathers round him men and animals in flocks, and fills the earth with them; and after the evils of winter had come over his territories, he leads a select number of beings of the good creation to a secluded spot, where they enjoy uninterrupted happiness

According to the hymns of the Rigveda , Yama, the king, the gatherer of the people, has descried a path for many, which leads from the depths to the heights. He first found out a resting place from which nobody can turn out the occupants; on the way the forefathers have gone, the sons will follow them. – Rigveda 10-14-1/2

Yama is here described as the progenitor of the mankind; as the first mortal man, he experienced death. He gathered round him all his descendants. This happy ruler of the blessed in paradise has been transformed, in the modern Hindu mythology, into the fearful god of death.

In the legends of Iranians ,Yima was the king of golden age and the happy ruler of the Iranian tribes


Trita, Thrita, Thraetaona ( Fredun) and Trita, Traitana.

He who is one of the Sama family, from which the great hero Rustam sprang, is in the Zend Avesta. He is the first physician, the curer of the diseases created by Ahriman; an idea which we find attached to Trita in the Vedas. He is said, in the Atharva Veda, 6-113-1, to extinguish illness in men, as the gods have extinguished it in him; he must sleep for the gods,19-56-4.

He grants a long life (Taittriya Samhita, Krishna Yajur Veda).

Any evil thing is to be sent to him to be appeased RV 8-47-13

This is hinted in the Zend Avesta by the surname Sama, which means ‘appeaser’

In the Chatur vida Upayas ,we have Sama, dhana, beda, Danda.

He is further said to have been once thrown into a well, whence Brihadpati rescued him- RV1-105-17.

Hindus called him a Rishi and ascribed to him several hymns in the Rigveda Eg. 1-105

But there are some hymns which show him with godly virtues.

He drinks Soma, like Indra, for obtaining strength to kill demon Vritra RV.1-187-1

He cleaves with his metal club the rocky cave where the cows are concealed 1-52-5


Thraetaona (Fredun)

Thraetaona is easily recognised in the Vedic Traitana, who is said to have severed the head of a giant from his shoulders RV 1-158-3

His father is called Athwyo, which corresponds exactly with the frequent surname of Trita in the Vedas,viz., Aptya. Trita and Tritana seem to have confounded together in the Vedas , whereas originally they were quite distinct from one another.

Trita was the name of a celebrated physician, and Traitana that of a conqueror of a giant or a tyrant; the first belonged to the family of the Samas, the later to the Aptyas. In the Zend Avesta, the original form of the legend is better preserved.

It is in the Homa Yasht 7.

There is more interesting comparison between the Kavi, Kavya in the Zend Avesta and the Usanas Kavi in the Bhagavad Gita and the Rigveda. We will look at it in the third part.


My comments

Martin Haug thinks about only one Trita. But there may be more than one Trita and Traitana. If one does similar feats then we call him with the same name of the original performer

Tamil word in Avesta!!

In 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature the word eema = Yima is used for all funeral ceremonies. It is interesting to compare it with Yima in Avesta. Eema is closer to Avesta than Yama in the Rigveda.

To be continued……………………………….

tags- Tamil word,eema, Trita Aptya, Yima, Yama, Parsi

Sculptor who tried to fool Yama, God of death (Post.9424)


Post No. 9424

Date uploaded in London – –26 MARCH  2021     

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

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if u want the article in word format, please write to us.

Once there was a sculptor so talented as to reproduce himself to such perfection that you could not tell the reproduced from the original. He was so brilliant that he could just take a look at you and create your exact image. But he was also arrogant about his ability. Time went by and he became very old.

One day he knew that the God of Death was coming down to take

 tags – Yama, God of Death, Sculptor, Arrogance


Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 28 May 2018


Time uploaded in London – 18-59


Post No. 5055


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.





Sculptures of Vedic Gods Indra, Varuna, Yama and Kubera are found in many temples in Thailand. They are sculpted on the panels, gable and bas reliefs. Indra is more prominent than other gods. In some places he is portrayed with three headed Airavata, his elephant vehicle. In other places he is riding Airavata with one head. Varuna is sculpted with three Hamsas/swans. In India his vehicle was Makara (Crocodile or fish). Yam is riding his vehicle buffalo. It is very rare to see Kubera in India in temples. In Thailand we see him with goddess.


Along with the trinities Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva we see the Vedic Gods. But there is no temple for them. Kala, a strange figure is also found in Thai temples. Let us look at some beautiful sculptures of those Vedic Gods.



Indra with mysterious Kala with a big mouth



Indra with three headed Airavata


Varuna with three swans

Kubera with goddess of wealth


Varuna: Prasat Phimai, 12th Century

Kubera: Temple at Mo Ee Daeng

Yama:Prasat Phnom Rung

Indra: Prasat Narai Jaeng Waeng, Prasat muang khaek, Khao Phra Viharn and many more places

Source book for pictures: Palace of Gods



A Strange Story about Yama and his Wife Vijaya! (Post No.4259)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 30 September 2017


Time uploaded in London- 15-19



Post No. 4259


Pictures are taken from various sources such as google, Facebook friends, newspapers and Wikipedia for non-commercial use; thanks.


In the Bhavishya Purana the following legend of Yama’s marriage is found:-

Yama was exceedingly pleased with a girl named Vijaya, a Brahmin’s daughter. When she first saw him she was greatly alarmed, alike at his appearance and on learning who he was. At length he allayed her fears and he consented to marry him.


On her arrival at Yama’s city, her husband cautioned her and assured her all would be well if she never visited the southern portion of kingdom. After a while curiosity overpowered her, and thinking that a rival wife may live in the Southern region and that is why Yama asked her never to visit that area, she visited the forbidden region.


There she saw the torments of the wicked, and alas! amongst these she recognised her own mother. Greatly distressed she appealed to Yama to release her mother but Yama told her that was impossible unless someone living on earth perform a certain sacrifice, and transfer the act of the merit of the act to this poor woman then suffering. After some difficulty, a woman was found willing to perform the sacrifice, and Vijaya obtained her release.

Bhavishya Purana included this story to inculcate certain values:

  1. Even if it is your own relative and you are very close to the ruling class, God wont change the rules out of favouritism. But there is an escape route, an exit strategy. That is prayer, Yaga or Yajna.
  2. The Southern region is Yama’s region according to Sangam Tamil literature, Tamil Veda Tirukkural and all the Sanskrit books. This is very strange and unique Hindu concept. In other cultures, such as Egyptian the direction of sunset, West, is the direction where the departed souls go. Thousands of such Hindu concepts, rules, rituals are absent in Europe or other parts of the world. This explodes the myth of Aryan migration. Hindus were the sons of the soil. Sangam Tamil literature supports whatever said in the older Sanskrit literature. Thousands of words that were found in ancient languages can be traced back to Sanskrit or Tamil. That explodes the fake linguistic theories and fake classification of the languages. There is Dravidian family. There is only one family of Indian languages. Tamil branched out 2500 years ago and still Tamil and Sanskrit are the two closest languages.
  3. There are several interesting stories about Yama’s defeat at the hands of human beings in Hinduism, such the little boy Nachiketas, Markandeyan and chaste wife Savitri. This gives hope and positive thoughts to the Hindus. Yama-Vijaya story is ne another story in this category.

Every story in the Puranas has a moral to teach.




What is the difference between the Doctor and Yama?


Compiled by London swaminathan

Post No.2226

Date: 8  October 2015

Time uploaded in London: 19-58

Thanks for the pictures.

Don’t use pictures. Don’t reblog for at least a week.

Yama is the God of Death in the Hindu mythology. There is a funny couplet in the collection of Sanskrit couplets dealing with different subjects, known as Subhasita Ratna Bhandagaram.

Vaidhyaraaja!Namastubhyam Yamaraaja Sahodara!

Yamastu harate praanaan, Vaidhyah Praanaan  dhanaani cha!



Hello Doctor! Brother of God of Death (Yamaraja)! I salute You!

God of death takes away our lives! Doctors take away our lives and our money too!

There is another saying in Sanskrit

Hatvaa nrnaam sahasram paschaat  vaidhyo bhavet siddhah


It is only after finishing off a thousand (patients)  that a doctor becomes proficient.

Doctors are the butt of many jokes around the world conveying the same feeling. I have already given the following  anecdotes elsewhere:



A lawyer and a doctor having a dispute about precedence, referred it to Diogenes, who gave it in favour of the lawyer in these terms:

“Let the thief go before and the executioner follow.”

Diogenes: Greek Philosopher 412 BCE to 323 BCE


Alexander Dumas, the French novelist, being the guest one day of Dr Gistal, an eminent doctor of Marseilles, was asked by his host after dinner to enrich his album with one of his witty improvisations.

“Certainly,” replied Dumas with a smile, and drawing out his pencil he wrote under the eyes of the doctor, the following lines:

“Since Dr.Gistal came to our town,

To cure diseases casual and hereditary,

The hospital has been pulled down” –

“You flatterer!”, exclaimed the doctor, mightily pleased.

But the poet went on —

“And we have made a larger cemetery.”


Funny Doctor Cartoons And Jokes2

The patient was lying on the stretcher waiting to be pushed into the operating room. “I am so nervous,” he remarked to a sympathetic young woman standing by.

“This is my first operation.”

“So am I,” said the young lady, “my husband is the doctor and it is first too.”


Why do Hindus Worship God of Death Everyday?


By London Swaminathan

As a Brahmin I worship the Vedic God Yama every day along with Agni, Indra, Varuna, Mitra, Vayu, Arka (sun), Vageesa (Brihspati/ Jupiter) and Vishvedeva:. I feel very proud to continue the tradition that was started at least 5000 years ago on the banks of the mighty River Sarasvati.


I turn towards South and recite a mantra for Yama, Lord of Death, in my daily prayers called Sandhya vandanam. Brahmins, and in olden days, all the three castes Brahmin, Kshatriya and Vaisya were performing this ritual known as Sandhyavandhanam (Surya Worship) thrice a day; just before sun rise, mid day and during sun set.


Yama is known as Dharma Raja, Mrtyu, Antaka, Vaivasvata, Kala, Sarva Bhoota Kshayakara, Audumbara, Dathna, Neela, Parameshti, Vrukodara, Chitra, Chitra Gupta (14 names) in the mantra.


One of the names is ‘Black’ (neelaaya). This is another blow to Aryan Dravidian theory. Like Kali, Sanaischara (Saturn), Vishnu, Vyasa, Krishna, Rama, Yama is also black. Black is the colour of death all over the world. Even today Christians and Jews wear only black dress for funeral ceremonies. Without realising this, so called Dravidian political parties of Tamil Nadu also follow this and wear Black badges for funerals!! Yama is always associated with South.

Only known statue of Lord Yama

Why do Hindus, particularly Brahmins, worship Yama every day?

Remembering death every day will make them do good things without any delay. This is because Hindus believe that the merits (Punya) that one earns in this life will help one in the afterlife. Remembering death every day serve as shock absorbers. As births in any family are common, deaths are also common in all our families. But some people find it very difficult to overcome such a big shock. If they recite Yama mantra every day this will give them some solace. Because we know Yama will visit us one day with his accountant/ assistant Chitra Gupta.


Another belief among Hindus is that by reciting certain mantras, you can avoid death until you are hundred years old. Hindus fixed one’s full life span as 100. They were the inventors of decimal system. So all their mantras will have 100, 1000, 100, 000 (Lakh= laksha) or Koti (ten million).

Brahmins recite one other mantra before this Yama mantra. It is recited in the mid day oblations. They ask for good eye sight, good hearing power, good life, healthy and happy life for 100 years ( (The mantra begins with Pashyema Sardas satam……).

For Hindus, death is like throwing away old shirts (old body) and birth is like taking new shirts. Krishna makes it very simple through this simile in His Bhagavad Gita ( Sloka 2-22 begins with Vasamsi Jeernanani…….). Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar compares it to birds leaving the nests (Kural 338, 339).


Tamil and Sanskrit literature is full of hymns and poems on the impermanence of life. They are taught to children from very young age through school text books.


Mahabaharata has a beautiful episode called Questions of a Ghost known as Yaksha Prasna. Yakshas are tree spirits. The last question of the ghost was ‘’What is the most wonderful thing in the world?’’. Dharma, while answering this question, said, ‘’ Every day people are dying, but yet people think that they are going to be here permanently and don’t bother about death at all.’’

yama statue 2

A couple of observations here won’t be out of place:

Yama is called ‘dathnaya’. English word death came from this.

Chitra Gupa is called Yama’s accountant who takes into account the good and bad deeds we do every day and punishes or rewards after death. If the balance is in our favour we go to heaven, if it is not in our favour we go to hell. Hindus believe in this Punya and Papa. In fact Chitra Gupta is an abstract thing. Whatever we think is recorded as mental pictures or impressions. That is known as Chitra Gupta= Secret Drawing/picture.

We may lie to anyone but not to our conscience. We may pretend that we are following the right path. But our inner conscience contradicts it. Chitra Gupta takes in to account all our good and bad thoughts and deeds. Even our thoughts are counted. If our brain and computers can do billions of calculations, can’t Chitragupta do it?


Interesting Facts about Yama :(Source: Yama by Kusum P.Merh)

Yama means twins in general. Yama has a twin sister Yami. Yama was the first man to die. Yama was the son of Vivaswat. His brother was Vaivaswata Manu. Yama is compared to Pluto and Minos in western pantheon. Yama has two dogs with four eyes each. He rides upon a buffalo. In Mahabaharata he was the father of Dharma. Chitra Gupta’s register is called Agra Sandhani. Yama carries a noose. His wives are Hemamala, Susila and Vijaya. Rig Veda has a hymn on Yama (10-14). Yama’s mother was Saranyu.


Yama is compared with Avestan Yema, Lettic jumis, Mir.emuin (all meaning Twins); Latin geminus, gemellus, Greek Didumos according to Guntert.


Following is the prayer to Yama; Brahmins recite it thrice a day:

‘’Yamaaya dharma raajaaya

Mrutyave cha antakaaya cha

Vaivasvataaya kaalaaya

Sarva bhoota kshayaaya cha.


Audumbaraaya dadhnaaya

Neelaaya parameshtine

Vrukodaraaya chitraaya chitraguptaaaya vai namaha

chitraguptaaaya vai nama om namaha  iti’’.


Statue of Takao Yama, Japan

Meaning in English: Yama vandanam : Salutations to Yama,( Lord of Death ) who controls everything, Lord of Dharma (righteousness), who is death and who is time, who dissolves all ,who terminates everything, who is the son of Vivsvan, who is very strong, who has the name of Dadhna, who is of black complexion, who is worshipped by all, who has a large belly, who preserves all secrets scrupulously and who is a miracle himself. Prostration with On to Chitragupta.


For more on Sandhaya Vandhana, please road my A layman’s Guide to Sandhya Vandhana titled ‘’ Why Do Brahmins Deserve an Entry in to Guinness Book of Records?’’. Also ‘’Why Do Hindus worship Bells?’’ ‘’Why do Hindus worship Shoes?’’ ‘’Why do Hindus practise Homeopathy’’? HEAD TOWARDS NORTH IS WRONG  + 600 articles.

Pictures are taken from other sites;thanks. Contact swami_48@yahoo.com