Story-‘Aasaa Dukhasya Kaaranam’ (Post No.4748)

Date: 15 FEBRUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London- 20-47


Written by London swaminathan


Post No. 4748


PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources.




There is no misery, if there is no desire- says Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar (Kural 368)


‘’Aasaa Dukhasya Kaaranam’’ , (Desire invites Misery) says a Sanskrit proverb.


‘’Striving for wealth with different designs, we follow our desires like cattle’’- says Rig Veda 9-19(3)


‘’Desire, which is never extinguished by the enjoyment of desired objects only becomes more intense like a fire fed with butter ‘’– Manu Smrti 2-94


There is a Telugu folklore in a hundred year old book. The story is as follows:

Four friends lived in Chitrapur and they were extremely poor. They decided to practise austerities. After some time, Goddess Kali appeared before them and gave them a talisman each. Since they asked for richness and happiness she told them to place the talisman on their heads and walk northwards. She told each one of them to dig the earth when a person’s talisman fell on the earth and take whatever one gets.


The four friends set out on their travel. At a distance, the talisman of the first man fell on the ground. Immediately he dug out the earth, an enormous quantity of copper was found. he told the other three friends that he was very happy and wanted to go back. Everyone agreed.

When they walked further north the second person’s talisman fell on the ground. The spot was dug into and he found enormous quantity of silver. He told them that he also wanted to go back like the first man. The other two proceeded further. one of the person’s talisman fell on the ground and the ground was dug into. There was enormous quantity of gold. By this time both of them were very tired. So the person who found gold said to the other man to come back with him and he would share the gold. But the fourth man who was very greedy still had the talisman on his head. He told the gold- man to go back and then proceeded further north.


After some time he was very happy because his talisman fell on the ground. He thought that he was  going to see mine of diamonds. But there was only iron when he dug into the ground. He was very tired and could not even take back the iron. He came such a long distance and already friends had gone back. So he could not take any of the iron. More over it would be uneconomical to transport from such a  long distance. He was dis appointed.

Now he learnt “ The man with unlimited desire is indeed poor but, if one is satisfied with what one has, can be rich” (Bhartruhari)

–Subham —


Desire and Hatred: Buddha and Valluvar Think Alike -Part 4 (Post No.3925)

Research article written by London Swaminathan


Date: 20 May 2017


Time uploaded in London: 15-50


Post No. 3925


Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, google and Wikipedia; thanks.






Thiruvalluvar said,

If desire, the greatest of afflictions, would become extinct there would be perpetual happiness even in this world (Kural 369)

There are ten couplets on desire– 361 to 370 in the chapter 37 — in Thirukkural written by Thiruvallavar


And Buddha said,

Since a shower of golden coins cloud not satisfy craving desires and the end of all pleasure is pain, how could a wise man find satisfaction even in the pleasures of gods? When desires go, joy comes; the follower of Buddha finds this truth (Dhammapada 186, 187)




Valluvar said,

What is called hatred is a disease that spreads the bitterness of discord among all beings (Kural 851)

Nip in the bud the feeling of hostility and you prosper well. For one is fast ruined by fomenting hatred (Kural 859)

Out of hatred arise evils; out of love comes the glory that is called discreteness (860)

There are ten couplets on hatred – 851 to 860in the chapter 86 — in Tirukkural

And Buddha said,

If a man speaks or acts with an impure mind, suffering follows him as the wheel of the cart follows the beast that draws the cart (Dhamma 1)

He insulted me, he hurt me, he defeated me, he robbed me- Those who think such thoughts will not be free from hate (Dhammapada-2)



Valluvar said,

Just as one’s shadow follows one wherever one goes, destruction follows the path of evil doer (Kural 208)


And Buddha said,


What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life of tomorrow; our life is the creation of our mind.

If a man speaks or acts with pure mind, joy follows him as his own shadow (Dhamma-2)




Valluvar said,


The best way to punish those who harm you is to make them feel abashed by doing them good and thinking no more of it (Kural 314)

Tamil poet Bharati also echoed this advice

And Buddha said,

For  hate is not conquered by hate; hate is conquered by love. This is a law eternal (Dhamma. 5)




Valluvar said,

What is achieved by a man that has wealth is like witnessing a fight between elephants having climbed to the top of a hill (Kural 758)

And Buddha said,

The Wiseman who by watchfulness conquers thoughtlessness is as one who free from sorrows ascends the palace of wisdom and there, from its high terrace, sees those in sorrow below; even as a wise strong man  on the holy mountain might behold the many unwise far down below on the plain (Dhamma.28)




Valluvar said,

Indra the King of Devas himself , will bear testimony to the will power of those who curbed

the desires of the five senses (Kural 25).

And Buddha said,

It was by watchfulness that Indra became the chief of the Gods and thus the gods praise the watchful, and thoughtlessness is ever despised (Dhamma 30)


Also in Atharva Veda 11-5-19



Valluvar said,

If a man can look upon others faults as his own what evil can befall him? (Kural 190)

Valluvar said the same in his couplets-250, 318, 436 as well.

And Buddha said,

Think not the faults of others, of what they have done or not done. Think rather of your own sins, of the things you have done or not done (Dhamma.50)



Valluvar said,

Those who are unable to elucidate their learning are like a cluster of blossoms without fragrance (650).

Also in Rig Veda 10-71-5

And Buddha said,

Just as flower which seems beautiful and has colour but no perfume, so are the fruitless words of  the man who speaks them  but does them not (Dhamma.50)




Valluvar said,


Those who perform penance by fasting are certainly great but even they are not equal to those that forebear the harsh words spoken by others (Kural 160)

And Buddha said,

Watch for anger of words; let your words be self-controlled. Hurt not with words, but use your words well (Dhamma.232)

There are men steady and wise whose body, words and mind are self-controlled. They are the men of supreme self-control (Dhamma 234)



Kama deva – Hindu God of Love in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature! (Post No.2860)


Picture of Rathi, Silpi drawing

Research Article written by London swaminathan


Date: 1 June 2016


Post No. 2860


Time uploaded in London :–  18-07


( Thanks for the Pictures)




(for old articles go to OR




“In the beginning there was Desire (Kama)

Which was the primal seed and germ of the mind.

The Sages searching in their hearts with wisdom

found in non-existence the kin of existence”.

Creation Hymn, Rig Veda (10-129) by Rishi Prajapati Paramesthin


rathi 1

Manmatha, Silpi drawing

India was the largest country in the world 2500 years ago, with approximately an area of five million square kilometres. Though the Puranas named 56 countries inside Bharata, that is India, it was only namesake political divisions. Amazing thing about such a vast area is that from one end to the other end extending to 4000 miles there was only one culture. The oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam mentioned the Vedic Gods Indra, Varuna and Durga as gods worshipped by the Tamils. It also mentioned the four Vedas and the Hindu values of life Dharma, Artha ,Kama, Moksha. All the main deities of Hindu pantheon are mentioned in Sangam Tamil literature hundreds of times. Manmata, also known as Kamadeva, the Cupid of Hinduism is also mentioned in several places.


Since they knew all the mythological stories about Kamadeva, we may assume it was a house hold name. 2000 year old Akananuru mentioned him in one place and Paripatal and Kalitokai referred to him in several places. His flag, his festival and his beautiful wife Rathi were part of Tamil’s day today life. When we compare this with the Manmata in Kalidasa’s works, we may even say that they were very familiar with Kalidasa’s works. I have written elsewhere in this blog that the 200 similes of Kalidasa (out of 1000 plus) found in Sangam Tamil literature, show that Kalidasa lived well before the Sangam Age, probably in the first or second century BCE.

The God of Love, Kama, equivalent to Eros and Cupid, is found in the oldest Sanskrit literature. Rig Veda mentioned Desire (10-129) as the seed of creation.

1.Cupid in Sangam Tamil Books

Akananuru verse 181 by Paranar tells us about the three eyed Shiva, source of Four Vedas and then the Makara festoons in the ancient Port City of Pukar on the east coast of Tamil Nadu. The commentators explain that it was the beginning of Festival of Kama. We see such festival in the sixth century BCE king Udayana’s Kingdom. So it has been celebrated for thousands of years from North to South.

Kalitokai and Paripatal tell us that

he was the son of Vishnu (Kali 140-8),

his wife was Rati (Pari. 19-48),

his arrows made up of Five Flowers (Pari. 10-97, 22-26)

his Fish Flag (Kali. 26-3, 84-24) and

his brother Saman (Kali.26-4)


There are more references repeating the same points.


Kaman Festival is celebrated at the time of Holi in the Spring season. Even today street corner dance dramas are held in Tamil Nadu during the festival.


Sanskrit word KAMA is used in Tamil literature and his other Sanskrit name Mara is also found in Sangam literature (Pari 8-119). Kama gave the English word amorous.


2.Kamadeva in Sanskrit Literature

The earliest reference is found in Rig Veda (10-129). But it was not the God Kama. It is simple desire. Actually the abstract idea of Desire has given birth to a Concrete Kama (Cupid). One of his names is Ananga meaning ‘bodyless’. When he interfered Shiva’s penance he was burnt down to ashes. When his wife begged Siva to revive him, Lord Shiva told him that he would appear only to her in body form. So he was called Ananga. This is symbolic. The lustful desire was destroyed but the real love existed in between husband and wife. Other names such as Atmabhu (self existent), Mano ja, Manasija:, Anayaja: meaning mind born or unborn also show it is only an abstract idea. Stories were created only for the laymen. Arrows made of five flowers are all symbolic.



3.Fact File of Manmatha

His wife’s name- Rati

His brother’s name – Saman

His Flag – Fish

His Vahana (mount) – Parrot

Five Flowers in his arrow- Asoka, Lotus, Mango flower, Nilotpala and Jasmine

He is Mind born from Vishnu or Brahma

He was burnt to ashes by Shiva but revived

His reincarnation – Krishna’s son Pradyumna

He is Lord of the Apsarasses (heavenly nymphs)


4.Ninteen Names of Manmatha

Amarakosa,the first thesaurus in the world, gives 19 names of Kamadeva:–

Madana, Manmata (Churner of Mind),Maran, Pradyumna:,Meenaketana: (Fish Flag holder), Darpaka, Smara:, Ananga: (bodiless), Kandarpa:, Kama, Sambarari ( enemy of Eunuchs), Manasija: (mind born), Kusumesa: ( Flower arrowed), Ananyaja: (born of no other), Pushpadhanva (Flower arrow),Ratipati (wife of Rati), Makaradwaja: (Fish flagged), Atmabhu: (Self Existent), Panchasara: (Five arrowed).


Other names found in Sanskrit literature: Ishma, Kanjana, Kinkira, Rama, Ramana, Bhavaja,Manoja, Karshnii, Mayasuta, Srinandana, Abhirupa, Dipaka, Gadayintu, Gridhu, Gritsa, Kamana, Kharu, Kantu, Kalakeli, Mayi, Madhudipa, Muhira, Murmura, Ragavinta,Rupastra, Ratanaricha, Samantaka, Sansaraguru, Sringarayoni, Titha, Vama.

rati or who

5.Kamadeva in Kalidasa

All the works of Kalidasa have Kama deva in several places. Following are some of the references for comparing with Tamil literature:–

Sakuntala: — sak,Kumarasmbhava: -ks,Raguvamsa: -rv, Megaduta:-mg, Vikramorvasiya: -vu,Malavikagnimitra: -ma

Flower Arrows:–ks 7-92,3-10, 4-40,45, 6-44, 7-67; vu 2-6,11; ma 4-12; sak- act 3-3; mg-104; rv 9-39, 11-45.

Manmata, Madana- sak-3, 1-41,

Fish flag :– sak 3-5, rv 9-39, vu 2-2


6.Early References in the Vedas

Rig Veda first mentioned Desire (Kama) in 10-129; Dr Muir says that Greeks also connected Desire with creation. This Kama or Desire, not of sexual enjoyment, but of good in general, is celebrated in a curious hymn of the Atharva Veda which exalts Kama into a Supreme God and creator.


“Kama was born first. Him neither gods nor fathers, nor men have equalled. Thou art superior to these and forever great” (Atharva Veda).

In another part of the same Veda Kama appears to be first desire, then the power which gratifies the desire. Kama is also in the same Veda often identified with Agni, and when  “distinguished from each other, Kama may be looked upon as a superior form of the other deity.


7.Five Views on Kama’s Birth

1.He is the son of Dharma(God of Justice) and Sraddha (the goddess of faith)—Taittriya Brahmana

2.He is Atmabu (self existent)

3.He is the son of Lakshmi – Harivamsa

4.He was water born (Ira-Ja)

5.He is Unborn (Aja), Ananyaja ( born of no other)


Son of Krishna and Rukmini was so handsome and identified with Kamadeva; considered a reincarnation of Manmata/Kama.






What can a Crow Teach You?

காகா காதலோ

Article No. 2046

Written by London swaminathan

Date : 5  August  2015

Time uploaded in London : – 17-13

So long as a man clinging hard to the transitory objects of life, he can never know true peace and happiness. This is exemplified the story of the crow and the piece of bread.

Once a crow got somehow a piece of bread. With the bread in its peak, it wanted to fly to a tree, and sitting on its branch, make a quiet meal of it. But a number of other crows pursued this crow to wrest the bread out of it. The crow with the bread flew with all its speeds in order to escape from the clutches of the others. It flew and flew hotly pursued by other crows, in all directions to save the bread in its beak. This went on for two or three hours.

The crow with the bread was dead tired as a result of its continuous flying and felt it would be well to drop the drop the piece of bread which was picked by another crow, which in turn was pursued by the other two crows. The first crow, having thrown away the piece of bread, flew to the branch of a tree and sitting under its cool shade, attained perfect rest and tranquillity.


Peace truly comes when we give up desire for the perishable things of the world.

Moral: Give up desires to gain peace.