Rig Vedic Hariyupia and Indus Valley Harappa: Rig Veda Mystery 7


Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1379; Dated 30th October 2014.

Please read the earlier posts covering from Rig Veda Mystery 1 to 6.
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are two major cities of the Indus valley civilization. Harappa is in East Punjab (now in Pakistan). It is on the banks of River Ravi. Ancient name of the river is Parusni.

There is a similar sounding word Hariyupia – in the Rig Veda. Few scholars identify it with Harappa of Indus Valley Civilization. Rig Veda describes it a as a Vedic city with Yupa posts of golden colours!!

Rig Vedic Index by A B Keith and A A Macdonell gives the following information:


“Hari-yúpíyá is mentioned in a hymn of the Rig Veda (6-27-5) as the scene of the defeat of the Vrivavants by Abhyavartin Caayamana. It may denote either a place or a river, since many battles seem to have been fought on the banks of rivers.

Ludwig took it as the name of a town on the river Yavyaavatii, which is identified in Sayanas’ commentary on the passage.

Hillebrndt thinks it is the river Iryaab (Haliab), a tributary of the Kurum (Krumu), but this is not all probable”.

The above passage from the Vedic Index shows that a big difference in views! It is very common in the Vedic interpretation. That is, no one can understand the Vedas!!!

Ralph T H Griffith’s translation of the hymn runs like this:
RV 6-27-5/6
“In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana, Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha.
At Hariyupia he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans, and the rear fled freighted

Three thousand, mailed, in quest of fame, together on the Yavyavati, O much sought after Indra
Vrcivan’s sons, falling before the arrow, like bursting vessels went to their destruction”.

harppa mohanjo

Griffith added foot note:
“Hariyupia (having golden sacrificial posts), the name of a town or according to others, a river.
Yavyavati: the name of a river, according to Sayana, identical with Hariyupia of stanza 5”.
So, according to Sayana, it is a river. Whether it is a river or a city, the meaning of the word “HARIYUPIA” is not disputed. It means place of golden Yupa posts.
A few people have even connected the word Hariyupia with Europa/Airoppa!!

Samudra Gupta gold coin with Asva and Yupa post

What is a YUPA? — From Tamil Literature

Yupa is a post made up of wood from the tree. There are two purposes: one is to tie the animal to be sacrificed at the fire pit (Yaha Gunda) and the other is a victorious post installed after each big Yaha like the Asvamedha or Rajasuya.

Kalidasa mentioned it in Raguvamsa 1-44 and several other places.

2000 year old Sangam literature mentioned Yupa with the same Sanskrit word “YUPA” in at least 4 places:
Purananuru verses 15 and 224
Maduraikanci line 27
Pathtrupathu 67-10

Nettimaiyar, one of the oldest poets of Sangam period, wonders ,“Oh! Pandya! please tell me whether the number of Yupa posts you installed more? Or the number of enemies you defeated more? Or the praises by the poets more?”
Verse 224 parised the greatest of the Chola kings Karikalan for installing the tall Yupa post.

Ujjain coin with yupa post

Tamil Kings Karikalan, Perunarkilli and Mudukudumi Peruvazuthi have done so many Yajnas according to Sangam Tamil literature. So the Rig Vedic word YUPA is very popular in Tamil Nadu even 2000 years ago. Karikalan and Mudukudumi are the two oldest Tamil kings we knew.

Kanchi Paramacharrya Swamikal in his 1932 lectures in Chennai pointed out that archaeologists were surprised to see the Mulavarman’s Yupa post in the “virgin” forests of Borneo, now part of Indonesia. He belonged to fourth century CE. It shows the word Yupa is known throughout South East Asia.

Now going back to Hariyupia, if it is Hari+Yupa, then Harappa is a Vedic city. The battles that happened there did not give the name to the place. It is only the Vedic Yajnas gave that name to the city – Harappa. So the battles may be described as internal wars among local kings. Tamils fought among themselves continuously for 1500 years, though they worshipped the same Hindu gods, spoke the same Tamil language, upheld the same values Dharma, Artha and Kama according to the oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam. Words Dharma, Artha, Kama is repeated several times in Sangam and later Tamil books (but the words are in tamil Aram, Porul Inpam).
So, my argument is that the word Hariyupia confirms the Vedic presence in East Punjab during Harappan period.


INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Read my other 30 posts on Indus:

Indus Valley-Brahmin Connection (Post No 1034, Date 10-5-14)
Bull Fighting: Indus Valley to Spain via Tamil Nadu (posted 21/1/12)
Human Sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt (posted on 31/10/12)

Ghosts in Indus Seals and Indian Literature
Flags: Indus Valley- Egypt Similarity
Tiger Goddess of Indus Valley: Aryan or Dravidian?
Indra on Elephant Vahana in Indus Valley
Indus Script Deciphered

Human sacrifice in Indus Valley and Egypt 0ct.31, 2012
Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana Dec.18, 2012
Open Sesame’: Password to Heaven Post No 756 dated 23rd December 2013
Change ‘’Indus’’ valley civilization to ‘’Ganges’’ valley civilization! Ulta! 29-3-2014
Indus Valley Case: Lord Indra Acquitted Post No 764 dated 28th Dec. 2013
‘Sex Worship’ in Indus Valley

harappa well

Flags: Indus Valley – Egypt Similarity (15/1012)
The Sugarcane Mystery: Indus Valley and the Ikshvaku Dynasty
Vishnu in Indus Valley Civilization (posted on 19-10-11)
Serpent Queen: Indus Valley to Sabarimalai 18 June 2012
Fall of Brahmin Kingdoms in Pakistan and Afghanistan 23-3-14
Indus Valley Civilization- New Approach , posted on May 29, 2011

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