Post No. 10,457
Date uploaded in London – – 17 DECEMBER 2021

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Tamil epic Silappadikaram mentioned Soma Yaga for the first time in Tmil literature. Though earlier Purananuru of Sangam period mentioned Rajasuya Yagam, there is no mention of Soma juice; but it is known that Soma juice is used in Rajasuyam as well. Cholza king Perunarkilli performed Rajasuyam and invited Pandya king and Chera king as guests. Great woman poet of Tamil literature Avvaiyar also was there as a guest. She parised the Tamil unity (Purananuru verse 367), which is rare; Tamils were the only community in the world who fought among themselves continuously for at least 1400 years.It is in Sangam literature and later Tamil Inscriptions.
Matala Maraiyon, the Brahmin pilgrim, was a good friend of Cheran Senkuttuvan. He advised him to perform Raja suya according to Prof V R Ramachandra Dikshitar ( see page 378, The Cilappatikaram , Kazakam publishing, 1939 and 1978)
In Natukar Katai of Vanjik Kandam in the book, the achivements of king’s forefathers are listed. One of his ancestors brought the Catukkaputam unto Vanchi (the capital of Cera country) from Indra’s capital city Amaravati and performed Soma Yaga. Sanskrit word ‘Madhu’ is used by Ilanko, author of Silappadikaram (Cilappatikaram),which is used in Vedas for honey and sweet Soma juice as well.
Commentators are very clear in interpreting the world ‘Madhu’ as Soma juice.

Adi Shankara quotes Hari Vamsa (an apendix of Mahabharata)
Adi Shankara wrote a commentary on Vishnu Sahasranama, the oldest and the most famous Sahasranama.
Sahsranama is written for all Hindu Gods, giving 1000/Sahasra great attributes of God.
For the 974th name of Vishnu , ‘Yajnanga’, Adi Shankara gives the following comment:–
“All the parts of His body as the Incarnate Cosmic Boar (Varaha Avatar) are identified with the parts of a Yajna (Fire Sacrifice). So He is known by this name. Hari vamsa 3-34-34 to 41 says:-
Supreme Lord is Yajna (sacrifice)
Vedas = Feet
Sacrificial Post/Yupa= Molar
Sacrificial Rites= Arms
Fire = Tongue
Darbha grass= Hair
Brahma = Head
Day and Night (Sun, Moon) – Two Eyes
Six Veda Angas = Ear ornaments
Ghee = Nose
Sruvas/laddle= Mouth
Sama Veda= His Voice
Dharma and Truth = Two arms/hands
His activities = Foot steps
Penance= Nails
Vedic Chants= Intestines
Sacrificial Act = Sex Organ
(two woods are used in churning out fire)
Herbs= His Seed
Atmosphere= His soul
Mantras= His Hind Parts
Sacrificial Pits= Shouder
Sacrificial Beast= Knees
Sacrificial Offering = incense
Havya, Kavya = His great Speed
Pragvamsa = His Body
(Praagvamsa= Retiring quarter of the sacrificer)
Sacrificial Gift/Dakshina= Heart
He is a Yogi endowed with the wholesacrifice as His Being
Subsidiary Rites= His lips and teeth
Pravargya= Pores
Vedic Metres = His Routes/paths
Secret Upanishads= His Buttocks
His Shadow= His wife
He shines like a peak of Mount Meru.

These verses give the ful picture of a Vedic Sacrifice. The importance of Soma is emphasized by comparing it with God’s blood. One can easily see that it is a holy substance and not a narcotic drug as projected by Marxists and Max Muller Gangs.
My Comments:
One may be suprised to see the comparison between buttocks and Upanishads. Vedic Yajnas are done in sitting posture and one is prohibited in showing his buttocks, so secretive are Upanishads. Even when we go to see God in the temple or a saint in an Ashram, we step backwards slowly and turn when we are out of sight of god or saint. One is not allowed to show his backside. Only practising Hindus know this. It is very important that we read the interpretation of great saints and not the beef eating foreigners.


tags- Soma juice, God’s blood, Adi Shankara, Hari vamsa, Vishnu sahsranama, Soma in Tamil


Post No. 10,426
Date uploaded in London – – 9 DECEMBER 2021

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Foreign translators of the Vedas misled the entire world with a wrong interpretation of the Soma herb. They dodged when starnge information about Soma herb came without interpretation or translation. Soma is brought by ealgles from heaven, Soma is a red tree, Soma purifies mind, Soma cures, Soma drives away Sins, Soma in Bhagavd Gita, Soma in Vishnu Sahsranama etc are ignored by Westerners. Soma is praised by the national poet Subrahmanya Bharati is also not received any attention from any quarters.
Bhagavad Gita , Vishnu Sahsranama and Dalvaipuram Tamil Copper Plates and many other sources praise Soma juice and present it with a positive coonotation.
Bhagavad Gita 9-20
The knowers of the the three Vedas who drink the Soma juice and are cleaned of sin,worshipping me with sacrifices, pray for the way to heaven. They reach the holy world of Indra (the lord of heaven) and enjoy in heaven the pleasures of the gods (9-20)
Let us look at what the greatest of the modern Tamil poets say about Soma herb :-

Bhrati himself has translated this poem into English:-

Unto the Mother (A Song of Sacrifice)
Some cll thee Matter; others have named thee Force
As Nature some do adore thee; others know as life,
Some call thee Mind.Yet others have named thee God.
Energy Supreme, O Mother, by grace accept our sacrifice
drink this excellent soma-wine that we offer thee
and let us behold thy dance of Bliss
(and in the fourth stanza (according to Tamil version)
Bharati adds)

Luminous thought is our soma wine
we have passed it for thee from the bright leaves of earthly life
by the force of Will.
Drink it O Mother, for we long to behold thine exultant dance
and sing ourselves into gods

(And in the third stanza, Bharati left some part not translated, but Dr T N Ramachandran gives it in English within brackets)

O thou true nectar, healer of wounds
and maker of delights
O deathless fire, O source of light and force
(virtue and perfervour gush forth
From thee- the spa of divine grace!
Through hast vowed ever to stand by us
to foster us in loving grace)

Through out the Vedas, nectar, honey, Madhu/mead, Soma are used in interchangeable way. So no one is sure what the seers meant. They deliberately punned on the word Soma. Even according to Western translators it has more than three meanings.
Here in Tamil and Bharati’s own English translation we see Soma Juice in good and positive light.
In Tamil the title is ‘Siva Shakt’i and in English the title is
Unto the Mother (A Song of Sacrifice)
So we see Soma is deified as in the Vedas. There we see even the vessels that contain Soma are deified; the stones that press the Soma herb are deified. In short everything linked to Soma is Divine. Bharati is also in the same wave length. So it is not a narcotic drug as projected by the Westerners.
In another verse also Bharati confirms his positive views on Soma Rasa unlike foreign translators:-
Vedic Rishis are punning on words and all the translators are confused with words like Soma, Madhu, Pasu, Ayas, Sea/Sky, Sindhu, Asva, Ship, Bird etc.
Even the Western translators clash on certain words and five people give five different meanings!
Coming to Soma, there is always a pun on this word to mean Soma herb and the Moon. Somasekar, Somasundaram are common names in Tamil linked to Lord Shiva.

Here DR T N RAMACHANDRAN translate the poem as Moon.
Look at the translation of the poem ‘Jaya Soma’

182.In Praise of the Moon
Hil, Soma, hail soma, hail Lord Chandra
Praise be, praise be.
Indra is the lord thanks to you.
Asuric Maya you did subdue
Wonderous earth you bathed with cool rays
You killed my woe and gave me grace
Lovers on earth you do protect
Two to thrive as one you connect
When darkness coms like clouds murky
Your smile makes it flee panicky.
–T N R

Here also there is pun on the word- Soma
Soma herb is associated with Indra throughout the Rig Veda and not Moon. Indra destroyed Asuras with the power of Soma herb says Rig Veda. Other lines in the poem may be attributed to both moon and Soma herb. So I take its as a poem on Soma herb for the simple reason that moon is not associated with Indra or with the destruction of Asuras.
From another angle, one may even say that Bharati also used the word Soma in two meanings like Vedic Rishis.
And to support my view I will even say that Bharti himslef sung on Moon with the Tamil word ‘Vennilavu’ in his other poems
I have given the Tamil originals for the sake of Tamil knowing public:-

சோமதேவன் புகழ் by Bharati
ஜய சோம, ஜய சோம, ஜய சோம தேவா!
ஜய ஜய!
நயமுடைய இந்திரனை நாயகத் திட்டாய்,
வயமிக்க அசரரின் மாயையைச் சுட்டாய்;
வியனுலகில் ஆநந்த விண்ணிலவு பெய்தாய்,
துயர்நீங்கி யென்னுளஞ் சுடர்கொளச் செய்தாய்;
மயல்கொண்ட காதலரை மண்மிசைக் காப்பாய்;
உயவேண்டி இருவருளம் ஒன்றுக் கோப்பாய்;
புயலிருண் டேகுமுறி யிருள்வீசி வரல்போற்
பொய்த்திரள் வருமதைப் புன்னகையில் மாய்ப்பாய்
— பாரதியார் கவிதைகள்

சிவசக்தி by Bharati
இயற்கையென் றுனைரைப்பார்-சிலர்
இணங்கும்ஐம் தங்கள் என்றிசைப்பார்:
செயற்கையின் சக்தியென்பார்-உயித்
தீயென்பார் அறிவென்பார் ஈசனென்பார்;
வியப்புறு தாய்நினக்கே-இங்கு
வேள்விசெய் திடுமெங்கள்‘ஓம்’என்னும்
நயப்படு மதுவுண்டே?-சிவ
நாட்டியங் காட்டிநல் லருள்புரிவாய்

அன்புறு சோதியென்பார்-சிலர்
ஆரிருட் பாளின் றுனைப்புகழ்வார்:
இன்பமென் றுரைத்திடுவார்-சிலர்
எண்ணருந் துன்பமென் றுனைஇசைப்பார்;
புன்பலி கொண்டுவந்தோம்-அருள்
பூண்டெமைத் தேவர்தங் குலத்திடுவாய்
மின்படு சிவசக்தி எங்கள்
வீரைநின் திருவடி சரண்புகுந்தோம்.

உண்மையில அமுதாவாய்;-புண்கள்
ஒழித்திடு வாய்களி, உதவிடுவாய்!
வண்மைகொள் உயிர்ச்சுடராய்-இங்கு
வளர்ந்திடு வாய்என்றும் மாய்வதிலாய்;
ஒண்மையும் ஊக்கமுந்தான்-என்றும்
ஊறிடுந் திருவருட் சுனையாவாய்;
அண்மையில் என்றும் நின்றே-எம்மை
ஆதரித் தருள்செய்யும் விரதமுற்றாய்

தெளிவுறும் அறிவினைநாம்-கொண்டுங
சேர்த்தனம்,நினக்கது சோமரசம்;
ஒளியுறும் உயிர்ச்செடியில்-இதை
ஓங்கிடு மதிவலி தனிற்பிழிந்தோம்;
களியுறக் குடித்திடுவாய்-நின்றன்
களிநடங் காண்பதற் குளங்கனிந்தோம்;
குளிர்சுவைப் பாட்டிசைத்தே-சுரர்
குலத்தினிற் சேர்ந்திடல் விரும்புகின்றோம்

அச்சமும் துயரும் என்றே-இரண்டு
அசுரர்வந் தெமையிங்கு சூழ்ந்துநின்றார்.
துச்சமிங் கிவர்படைகள்-பல
தொல்லைகள் கவலைகள் சாவுகளாம்;
இச்சையுற் றிவரடைந்தார்-எங்கள்
இன்னமு தைக்கவர்ந் தேகிடவே,
பிச்சையிங் கெமக்களித்தாய்-ஒரு
பெருநகர் உடலெனும் பெயரின தாம்

கோடி மண் டபந்திகழும்-திறற்
கோட்டையிங் கிதையவர் பொழுதனைத்தும்
நாடிநின் றிடர்புரிவார்-உயிர்
நதியினைத் தடுத்தெமை நலித்திடுவார்.
சாடுபல் குண்டுகளால்-ஒளி
சார்மதிக் கூடங்கள் தகர்த்திடுவார்;
பாடிநின் றுனைப்புகழ்வோம்-எங்கள்
பகைவரை அரித்தெமைக் காத்திடுவாய்!

நின்னருள் வேண்டுகின்றோம்-எங்கள்
நீதியுந் தர்மமும் நிலைப்பதற்கே
பொன்னவிர் கோயில்களும்-எங்கள்
பொற்புடை மாதரும் மதலையரும்
அன்னநல் லணிவயல்கள்-எங்கள்
ஆடுகள் மாடுகள் குதிரைகளும்,
இன்னவை காத்திடவே அன்னை
இணைமலர்த் திருவடி துணைபுகந்தோம்.

எம்முயி ராசைகளும்-எங்கள்
இசைகளும் செயல்களும் துணிவுகளும்,
செம்மையுற் றிடஅருள்வாய் நின்தன்
சேவடி அடைக்கலம் புகுந்துவிட்டோம்
மும்மையின் உடைமைகளும்-திரு
முன்னரிட் டஞ்சலி செய்துநிற்போம்;
அம்மைநற் சிவசக்தி-எமை
அமரர்தம் நிலையினில் ஆக்கிடுவாய்
–பாரதியார் கவிதைகள்

tags — tags- Bharatiyar, Soma, Moon, Herb, Soma juice, Bhagavd Gita 

Gandharvas in the Vedas!


Gandharvas in Mamallapuram sculptures, Tamil Nadu

Research Paper No.1803; Date: 16th April 2015

Written by London swaminathan

Uploaded from London at 10-55 am

Summary of the Article

1.Gandharvas were the dominant community in the Indus/Sarasvati valley civilization 2.They were well versed in music and dance 3. They were in charge of Soma plants and Soma juice production 4.Indus valley had other communities and sects like modern day Hinduism. They had fights and peaceful existence with them 5.Ramayana and Mahabharata give lot of information about Gandharva territories (Indus/Sarasvati valley) 6.Now we know the full significance of the filter like emblem found in most of the Indus seals. Those seals belong to the Gandharvas. Other seals belong to other sects of the Indus valley 7.The dancer statue of Indus valley belongs to the Gandharvas 8.Scholars who were misled by the Aryan Dravidian racist theory failed to understand the multi-cultural, multi ethnic fabric of the Indus/Sarsvati valley. It was NOT a homogenous community.

I have a strong suspicion that the Indus valley Civilization was a Gandharva Civilization or dominated by the Gandharvas who lived along with other sects. I have already written two posts showing the link between the civilization and the Gandharvas:

Haha and Huhu: Famous Celestial Musicians, Posted on 27 October 2014

Indus Valley Cities in Ramayana, posted on 18 December 2012

Gandharvas were celestial musicians and their marriages were love marriages. Of the eight types of marriages mentioned in Manu Smrti and oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam, love marriage is called Gandharva type. Indus Valley people probably led a free life like the Gandharvas. The famous dancing statue stands as a proof for this.

Here are more references from the Vedas which also prove that they were popular during Vedic times which nearly coincides with the Indus valley period according to latest accepted date for the Rig Veda (1700 BCE):

Indus Seal2 002

Soma filter in front of the animal in Indus seals

1.Consorts of Gandharvas were called Apsarasses.

2.In the later Samhitas Gandharvas forms a distinct class by the side of gods, Fathers and Asuras (AV 11-5-2; TS 7-8-25-2) (Like in today’s India they might have co-existed with others such as Asuras, Devas, Humans in the Indus Valley)

3.Their number is fixed as 27 in some Yajus texts and even said to be 6333 in the Atharva Veda (11-5-2)

4.Rig Veda has only few references: in books 2 and 7, while in book 8 it occurs twice.

5.In one place they are shown hostile to Indra (but I will treat it as an insignificant fact. Indra was hostile to every one: Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, several Vedic seers such as Agastya, Gautama, Krishna, Vedic Brahmins Trisiras, Vrtra etc Since Indra is a title like King, we would never know which Indra did what).

6.Gandharvas were associated with Sky or higher areas. (Probably they lived in hills and mountains or they came from higher areas).

7.He is a measurer of space (RV 10-139-5).He is found in the fathomless space of  air (8-66-5).He stands erect on the vault of heaven(RV 10-123-7)

8.He is the lover on whom the Apsaras smiles (RV 10-123-5).His abode is heaven(AV 2-2-1-2) and the blessed live with them (AV 4-34-3)

9.They are connected with celestial light. He is brought into relation with the sun- the golden winged bird), the messenger of Varuna.

10.He is further connected with rainbow in one hymns(RV 10-1-23). In post Vedic literature, one of the names of the mirage is ‘’City of Gandharva’’.

11.He is connected with Sun bird, Sun Steed, 27 stars, particularly Rohini Star. (Rohini’s closeness to moon is in many mythological stories. Tamils and north Indians celebrated marriages on Rohini star day).


Kinnara in Thailand Museum (aasociates of Gandharvas)

12.Gandharva is associated with Soma.He guards the place of Soma and protects the race of the Gods (RV 9-83-4;9-85-12;9-113-3). Through Gandharva’s mouth Gods drink Soma (AV 7-73-3)The Maitrayani Samhita says that Gandharvas kept Soma for the Gods ((3-8-10)

(My comments: INDUS VALLEY AND SOMA CULT– The mysterious figure in a lot of Indus seals is interpreted as a Soma rasa filter. These hymns linking Gandharvas with the Devas confirm my view that the Gandharvas were the dominating people of the Indus valley. Others might have co-existed with them. When I say Gandharvas, it was a tribe who identified themselves with the heavenly Gandharvas; they need NOT be actual Gandharvas of the heaven).

13.Gandharvas knows plants(AV 4-41). Soma was stolen by Gandharva Visvavasu, but was brought back.

  1. Gandharvas are fond of females (AB 1-27;TS 6-1-6-5,MS 3-7-3); Gandharvas in the waters (RV 10-10-4; RV 9-86-36;AV 2-2-3; 4-37-12)
  1. Gandharvas are connected with Hindu weddings: The unmarried maiden is said to belong to Gandharvas as well as to Soma and Agni( RV 10-85-40 and 41)
  1. Gandharvas’ physical appearance: They are wind haired (RV 3-38-6) and have brilliant weapons (RV 10-123-7). The Atharva Veda is more definite (4-37-8-6-1ff). Here they are said to be shaggy and to have half animal forms, being in many ways antagonistic to men. Elsewhere they are spoken of as handsome (SB13-4-3-7). The RV mentions that Gandharvas wears a fragrant (surabhi) garment (10-123-7), while in the Atharvaveda (12-1-23) the odour (gandha) of the earth is said to have given rise to the Gandharvas.

(Source: A Cultural Index to Vedic Literature by N N Bhattacharya with my comments)

soma filter

Soma filter on Indus seals

Gandharva Desa = Indus Valley

17.Varahamihira’s Brhat Samhita adds:–

Gandharva desa seems to be the original name (Ramayana 7-101-11) of Gandhara which is extended from Kabul Valley to Taxila (Takshasila) and comprised the Rawalpindi and Peshawar districts in Pakistan. Varahamihira mentioned two towns of Gandhara viz. Takshasila and Puskalavati (modern Charsadda) situated to the east and west respectively of the Indus River ( Souce:-Brhat Samhita translated into English by Prof.Ramakrishna Bhat)

Mahabharata and Puranas on Gandharvas

18.Mahabharata says that Shantanu’s elder son Chitangada was killed by a Gandharva by the same name on the banks of River Sarasvati. In another episode Arjuna fought with the Gandharvas and released Duryodhana who was earlier captured by them.

Mahabharata says about a 12 year long drought in the Sarasvati River area and Brahmins all forgot the Vedas during that period. Others migrated to different areas and those Brahmins are called Sarasvats. Son of Dadhichi only remained there and taught the Vedas to the seers when they returned to Sarasvati basin. His name was Sarasvata. (This shows that there was an exodus from Sarasvati River (Indus Valley Civilization area) at one time. Probably that was the reason for empty Indus cities).

19.Gandharvas’ names have the word CHITRA more often. If we are able to decipher this word in the Indus script we can make a breakthrough in deciphering the script.

19.Since Gandharvas are said to live in the sky and their main job was to prepare Soma juice for the Gods, we can assume that they lived in mountains where Soma plant was grown. Vedas always say everything in a secret language (in the sky= high mountains, preparing juice for Gods= bringing soma for Yajnas)

soma filter 2

The mysterious emblem infront of the animal is the Vedic device to extract Soma juice

  1. Later Puranas gave different accounts: Vishnu Purana says that they were born from Brahma’s nose. Chitraratha was the chief of Gandharvas. The cities of the Gandharvas are often referred to as being very splendid (probably they mean Cities of Indus valley). The Vishnu Purana has a legend of the Gandharvas fighting with the Nagas, whose dominions they seized and whose treasures they plundered. Nagas sent Narmada to Purukutsa (Vishnu in disguise)) who was led by Narmada to Gandharvas. Purukutsa destroyed them. This shows that they extended their sway up to Narmada River at one time and Purukutsa defeated them. Purukutsa may be one of the kings of rival groups of Indus Valley.

There is more scope for research into GANDHARVAS.

Pictures are used from different sites;thanks