Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 21 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-53



Post No. 4323

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Rig Veda is the oldest religious book; and that is the oldest anthology. It is full of mystery and history. It shows a civilised society with very high values. The Vedic seers praised hospitality and charity. They made it one of the six tasks for Brahmins; they can accept donation but they must also give. Tamil literature also praised hospitality and charity. Tamils consider Tirukkural, the didactic book with 1330 couplets, as the Tamil Veda. It is authored by Tiruvalluvar, the greatest of the Tamil poets. Though Rig Veda and Tamil Veda are thousands of years apart, the values remained same throughout the vast land, then the world’s largest country.


The Vedic and Tamil poets were dead against the misers. They went even to the extent of preaching violence against the stingy fellows. The poets of the Rig Veda and Tamil Veda advocates arm twisting and jaw breaking tactics to extract money from the parsimonious and penurious lot.

Rig Veda says,

When will Indra trample, like a weed; the man who hath no gifts for him? RV 1-84-8

“Slay the niggards”- says another Vedic seer 1-184-2

“Wealth comes not to the niggard, unpleasant man” – RV 7-32-21


There are hundreds of places where the hospitality and charity are praised and penny-pinching, cheese-paring, ungenerous lot condemned.


Break the jaw; Crush him like Sugarcane: Valluvar

Tamil poet Tiruvaluvar never hesitated to advocate violence against the mean-minded, close fisted, Scrooge like fellows; he says in a Tirukkural couplet,

“At a mere word the good melt; but the mean, like the sugarcane, yield only under pressure” – 1078

Another translation of the same couplet: “Good men of virtue give charity at the mere call for help, but ignoble ones, will give only when crushed like sugarcane”.

Another couplet runs like this:

“The mean will not even shake off what sticks to their hands to any but those who would break their jaws with their clenched fists”- 1077

Another translation of the same couplet: Except to those who twist their hands and break their jaws, mean characters, will not even shake their food-moistened fingers.


S M Diaz in his Tirukkural commentary says “The well-known description of a bad miser in Tamil Nadu is that he will not even shake the hand with which he ate his food lest some starving crow should pick it up and eat. The idea is that the very fact that somebody will benefit from any action of theirs is repugnant to them. In this Kural/couplet, Valluvar has combined it, with certain other adverse qualifications of the miser, that he will part with that he has only to those, who are capable of twisting his hands and breaking his jaws. That is the only language, which he will understand”.

Tolkappiam and Bhagavad Gita

Oldest Tamil book Tolkappiam also says that those who don’t give will be shunned and those who give would be praised (Sutra 1036)


In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says those who cook for themselves, verily eat sin (B.G.3-13)


Manu also says the same: “The person who cooks only for himself eats nothing but sin, for the food left over from sacrifice is the food intended for good men”- Manu 3-118


2000 years ago, Tamil poet Ilamperu Vazuthi (Purananuru verse 182) said that Tamils wouldn’t eat alone even if they get Indra’s Amrta (ambrosia from the Indraloka); Giving and sharing was in their blood.






Written by London Swaminathan


Date:19 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-59



Post No. 4316

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


We all know that face is the index of the mind. Tamil and Sanskrit poets say that eye is the index of the mid; both are nearly same, because eye is the most important organ of face; without eyes we would not call it face, but blind.


The Sanskrit saying is “caksuhi manobhaavam aaviskaroti” i.e. The eye is the mirror of the mind.

Tiruvalluvar, the greatest of the ancient Tamil poets and the author of Tamil Veda ‘Tirukkural’ says,

“The measuring rod of the subtle brains is nothing but the eye revealing lurking secrets” (Kural 710)

It is interesting that only the Tamils took this virtue of DIVINING or SENSING FROM APPEARANCES  as an important one for a minister. Tiruvalluvar even raises a man with this virtue to the level of God. He advises the kings that a king must appoint such a person in the ministerial cabinet at any cost. He has devoted ten couplets on this topic.

“Regard him divine, who divines without a doubt what is passing in another’s mind” – Kural 702


“At any cost make him a member of the cabinet, who can judge by looks the intentions of another man”- Kural 703


The saying ‘face is the index of the mind’ is also echoed by Tiruvalluvar in another couplet:

“The mirror reflects nearby objects; even so the face indicates emotions throbbing in the mind” – Kural couplet 706

Cicero says, “the countenance is the portrait of the soul”.

Another Tamil poet of Naladiyar, collection of Tamil poems, says ‘ hatred or love could be read off from the eyes themselves, by those familiar with the eyes and the world is under the control of such people.

Experts in criminology and criminal investigation are convinced that an offender’s guilt is most often reflected in the eyes and the face.

The 2000 year old Sanskrit book Panchatantra puts in a beautiful sloka/poem,

“The guilty man is terrified
By reason of his crime.
His pride is gone, his powers of speaking fail
His glances rove, his face is pale.

The sweat appears on his brow,
He stumbles on, he knows not how,
His face is pale, and all he utters
Is much distorted; for he stutters.
The culprit always may be found
To shake, and gaze upon the ground:
Observe the signs as best you can
And shrewdly pick the guilty man.

While on the other hand
The innocent is self reliant
His speech is clear, his glance defiant
His countenance is calm and free
His indignation makes his plea

–(Panchatantra 151- 158 The Tale of the Weaver’s Wife)


In Tamil there are even proverbs about the eyes of the thieves (Thiruttu Muzi). When children do some naughty things, we spot them easily by looking at their face, particularly from their eyes!

In Indian classical dance Bharatanatyam, eyes play an important role; most of the emotions can be revealed through the eyes and face.

My old articles on the appearance of the people are given below:–

Face is the Index of Mind | Tamil and Vedas

3 Nov 2013 – Face is the Index of Mind. Mirror. Great men think alike: Quotations on Mind. 1.Manu on Examining witnesses. He shall discover the internal …


31 Indian Quotations on Mind! | Tamil and Vedas…/31-indian-quotations-on-min…

27 Dec 2014 – Face is the Index of the Mind (English Proverb). January 7 … The human mind has a tenedency to do what is forfidden — Kathasaritsagara.



Index to Vedas by Katyayana and Significance of No.432,000! (Post No.4313)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:18 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 20-46



Post No. 4313

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Hindu civilisation has reached its pinnacles during Vedic period itself.

They wrote the first grammar book and they taught grammar in the Vedic school. And even before Panini of seventh century BCE , they had  umpteen grammarians. We were fortunate enough to get the Book of Panini (Seventh Century BCE), but others were lost.


We wrote the first Nikandu /Thesaurus and we added the Contents and Index to the Vedas, Even the law book written by Manu, was earlier than Hammurabi who lived in 2600 BCE. The latest version of Manu Smrti, we have today is from second century BCE. Since the name of Manu occurs several times in the RV. Manu refers to Sarasvati river, we know he lived at the time of Sarasvati’s mighty flow. Now due to the satellite picture from NASA and Carbon-14 dating of the underground water by the Bhaba Atomic Research Institute, the date of Sarasvati’s disappearance is fixed 2000 BCE or earlier. So Manu who wrote the original book must have lived well before that. He never mentioned Sati, like the RV. During Vedic period, there was no Sati/widow burning. So the original Manu Smrti belongs to Rig Vedic period. This is confirmed by his definition of Brahmavarta and Aryavarta (Manu Chapter 2). He mentioned the rivers Drsadvati and Sarasvati. Aryas included all the four Varnas/castes according to Rig Veda (10-90).


All the anti Shudra verses in the Manusmrti are added to it during the Sunga period. Sunga Kings were Brahmins. Anyone who reads Manu from top to bottom could easily find the interpolated portions. They go against the natural flow of Manusmrti. They are not only controversial but also contradictory.

Beautiful Vedic Index

Katyayana who lived before 600 BCE counted all the hymns, mantras, syllables in the Rik Veda and prepared the Anukramani/ Index. He did a painstaking research and counted everything in the Vedas, leaving no scope for interpolation or corruption.


Sarvanukramani (Rig Vedic Index) of Katyayana gives the first word of each hymn, the number of the verses, the name and the family of the poets, the names of the deities and the metres of the verses. Saunaka did another anukramani based on the Anuvakas.

Yajur Veda has three anukramanis .

And we have anukramanis for Sama and Atharva Veda as well, one each.

It is strange that someone had such a scientific approach 2600 years ago, when most of Europe was semi civilised or barbaric. If some society has reached the heights of philosophical thought around 850 BCE (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad), no wonder they have mastered numbers grammar, linguistics and language.

Significance of 432,000

The number of syllables in the Rig Veda is 432,000.

This number has a great significance in Hinduism

The total number of years in Kali Yuga is 432,000 years. Other Yugas have the multiple of this number.

Half baked and biased foreigners argued that Yuga cycles and the big numbers are added to Hindu scriptures later. Now this number 432,000 and the very big numbers in the Brahmanas prove them wrong

Katyayana’s count of Verses in the RV is 10,662 (minus the appendix- 10,402)

The words in the RV – 1,53,826

We have lost lot of our Vedic literature. Even during Vyasa’s time (3100 BCE+), Vedas had become very bulky and unmanageable. So he divided it into four (Rik, Yajur, Sama and Atharvana) and gave the responsibility of teaching it to the future generations by the word of mouth. It is great wonder that tradition has been maintained until today. Brahmins deserve great admiration for doing this wonderful task.

Even with all the google, internet and computers in our hands,we find it difficult to analyse all the 20,000 plus mantras in the four Vedas, leave alone the very huge Brahmana literature.

Let us salute the great Vedic Seers and the Brahmins





Asuras and Rakshasas: Foreigners’ Interpretation!! (Post no.4309)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:17 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 10-36 am



Post No. 4309

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Foreigners who came to rule India and destroy Hinduism spread a big lie that Asuras and Rakshasas were aborigines and they opposed the invaders because they tried to encroach their lands. But any Hindu can see this is nonsense from the following facts:


1.The Brahmana literature and the epic literature clearly say that the ASURAS and DEVAS were all born to the same parents.

2.The ‘Da Da Da’ Upanishad story clearly show that they went to the same gods to get advice.

Da……………Da……………Da Story – Tamil and Vedas

19 Feb 2014 – Da….Da: The Thunder Said”- is the most popular story in the Upanishads. Most of you know it already. In our own times, Kanchi Paramacharya …


3.Ravana and other Rakshas were great Siva devotees/Bhaktas. They got boons from Brahma or Siva.

  1. Krishna’s son Pradyumna married a Rakshasa girl; Arjuna married a Rakshasa girl; Bhima married Hidimba, a Rakshasa woman.


  1. From Pasmasura to xyz everyone prayed, and did the penance in the same way.
  2. Even in the churning of the ocean anecdote they were also called to churn the ocean
  3. In the Rig Veda gods Agni, Varuna and Indra were called Asuras. Then it meant Supreme spirit and person of great strength. Later they denoted exactly opposite meaning.

But why did the Devas fight against the Asuras? Because they were immoral, lawless criminals. Like we have filled all our jails with criminals, Devas punished all the criminals. Dasyus were described as Dravidians by cunning, divisive foreigners, but second century BCE poet Kalidasa used it for thieves.

Dasyus, Asuras and Rakshas were born to same parents, but they did not care for the law or rule of the land. Like we have murderers, rapists robbers, thieves, money launderers, cheats, frauds in our society, Vedic society had Asuras, Rakshasas and Dasyus. They raided the civilised community in the night time and killed the people, carried their women and cattle. They obstructed the Yagas and Yajnas. Throughout Hindu literature they were described as cannibals. They ate human beings like the non vegetarians eat chicken and mutton. This is a big difference between the Devas and Rakshasas. All these things are crystal clear in Mahabharata, Ramayana and Brahmana literature.


Foreigners knew that majority of the Hindus don’t read the Hindu scriptures and so they easily misled the laymen. Hindu scriptures are huge in volume, incomparable with any religious literature in the world. And the wonder of the wonders, all the Brahmanas and Vedic samhitas were written before the old testament of the Bible, Tamil literature, Greek literature and latin literature.


Since Muslims ruled India for 700 years and Christians ruled for 300 years, intellectuals kept quiet or their voice was not heard by many. Foreign “scholars” were paid coolies and they had to support the government or their pay masters. There is a proof for this. No where in the world so many people were studying another religion just to criticize it. If there are equal number of scholars studying and critically analysing another holy book then we may consider them ‘scholars’.


Now we shall look at the actual proof from our literature which no foreigner told us:-

Rakshas were called night walkers; no honest person  or a warrior will attack anyone in the night. Only cowards or criminals do it.

They were described as taking different forms or shapes during the attacks. That means they wore masks or came in different disguises. No honest person would do it.

Born from Prajapati!


According to Taittiriya Brahmana, the breath (asu) of Prajapati became alive and with that breath he created the Asuras. Satapata Brahmana also says that Asuras were created from the lower breath of Prajapati.

In another part of the same book, it is said that Prajapati became pregnant and he created the Asuras from his abdomen.

Taittiria Aranyaka says that Prajapati created Gods, Men, Fathers, Gandharvas and Apsarasses from water and that the Asuras, Rakshasas, Pisachas sprang from the drops which were split.

Manu says they were created by Prajapati.

Puranas says that Asuras were created from the groin of Brahmaa/Prajapati.

The word Asura has been used for long as a general name of the ‘enemies of the gods’, including the Daityas and Danavas and other descendants of Kasyapa, but not including the Rakshasas, who descended from Pulastya. Both of them were Brahmins and Vedic seers!

Asura has another explanation; ‘a’ is taken as the negative prefix, and a+sura signifies ‘not a god’; sura means god.

Another meaning for Asura is those who are not fond of Sura (liquor). There are over 40 theories about their origin and meaning.


Goblins or evil spirits are called Rakshas. There are categories in it: Yakshas, not so bad, and Danavas/Rakshas and Pisachas, who occupy crematoriums and cemeteries. Chief of the Rakshas was Ravana, who descended from Pulastya Maharishi.

There are more explanations:

Vishnu Purana says that they were descendants of Kashyapa Maharishi and Khasa, daughter of Daksha, through their son Rakshas.


Ramayana says they were created by Brahma, who were appointed as the guardians of water .Raksha means ‘protect’ in Sanskrit. According to Ramayana they were in different forms and shapes, most of them very crude.


Rakshasas had many epithets

Hanushas= killers or hurters

Ishti pachas= stealers of offerings

Sandhya balas= strong in twilight

Naktan charas, nicicharas= night walkers

Kiilaalapas, rakta pas= blood drinkers

Dandasukas = biters

Malina- mukhas = black faced

Karburaas=  users of rude words




Marriage between Heaven and Earth (Post No.4301)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:14 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-59



Post No. 4301

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



The Heaven Father and the Earth Mother are two of the ancient deities in the Rig Veda. They are revered as primitive pair from whom the rest of the Vedic gods sprung. They are described in the Vedas as ‘wise, great and energetic’. They ‘promote happiness and lavish gifts upon their worshippers’. Their marriage is a most poetic conception. In the Aitareya Brahmana (4-27) the marriage of Heaven and Earth is mentioned:

“The gods then brought the two, Heaven and Earth together, and when they came together they performed a wedding of the gods.”

“The Vedas set before us a world of rich and vigorous life, full of joyous fighting men”, says Huxley.

“These two worlds were once joined (subsequently) they separated. (After their separation) There fell neither rain, nor was sunshine.

This marriage of heaven and earth were found in many cultures. They have borrowed it from the Vedic Hindus. The Greeks addressed the Earth, ‘as the Mother of the gods and starry heavens’.

In the 41st fragment of Aezchylus (from the Danaides), Aphrodite is introduced as saying, “The pure heaven loves to inflict upon earth an amorous blow; and desire seizes the Earth to obtain the nuptial union. Rain falling from the moist Heaven impregnates the Earth, who brings forth for mortals the food of sheep, the sustenance of Demeter (Deva Mata= demeter). The verdure of the woods also is perfected by the showers preceding from this marriage. Of all these things I (Aphrodite) am in part of the cause”

French author Albert Reville says, that “the marriage of Heaven and Earth form the foundation of hundred mythologies”.


Max Muller Bluff

Max Muller and Wilkins spread wrong information that Dyaus (Sky father) and Prithvi (Mother Earth) as ‘the most ancient deities of the Aryans and they were replaced by Indra and Agni later’. But there is no proof for it. All the references to marriage of Dyaus (sky) with Prthvi (earth) come from later part of the Vedas. Greeks borrowed it from us and pronounced it as Zeus.


Moreover, in the early Mandalas Agni and Indra are praised more than the Dyaus and Prithvi. The early Suktas divided it into three Sky, Atmosphere and Earth. Even the parents of Earth and Heaven (Pusan) are mentioned. So his concocted story that the Earth and the Heaven are ‘the most ancient deities’ has no basis.


If one idiot says something 1000 idiots repeat it without verifying the fact. With very great enthusiasm, he identified himself with those ‘’marching Aryans’’ who entered India .

Dyaus in Rig Veda :

“At the festivals ( I worship) with offerings, and celebrate the praises of Heaven and Earth, the promoters of righteousness, the great, the wise, the energetic, who, having gods for their offspring, thus lavish with the gods the choicest blessings in consequence of our hymn”

“With my invocations I adore the thought of beneficent Father, and that mighty inherent power of the mother. The prolific parents have made all creatures, and through their favours (have conferred) wide immortality on their offspring”—Rig Veda 1-159-1


One must be careful about English translation of the Vedas. No two foreign authors agree on the meanings of the Vedic mantras. And these people add ‘Sayana said’, ‘Sayana thinks’, ‘Sayana believed ‘and then add “Aryan” as a race. Sayana never used it in that sense. He used it like the ancient Tamils used Arya in Sangam literature and Greatest Tamil poet Bharati used Arya throughout his poems; in short, no racial connotation! They meant ‘cultured’, ‘who believed God’. Even Buddha used Arya (Ajja= ayya= ayyar in Tamil) in the right sense. Those who use English translations of the foreign authors must be very careful; there are over 40 interpretations on the word Asura and origin of Asuras!!!

Dyaus Pita | Tamil and Vedas

In the hymns there are various speculations about the origin of Dyaus and Prithvi. A Perplexed poet enquires, “Which of these was the first, and which the last?




Written by London Swaminathan


Date:12 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 20-32



Post No. 4295

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Hindus believe that spirits or angels live everywhere in nature- from sea to the hill top. They are the guardians of hills, groves, streams, fountains, paths, trees, rivers, paths and cities. Sangam Age Tamils called them Anangus. They are cognisant of every human action. In considering the domination of the above, compare Milton’s lines:-



Millions of spiritual creatures walk the earth

Unseen, both when we wake and when we sleep

—Paradise Lost




Worship of Earth by the Hindus


They always ask for forgiving before stepping on it or ploughing or digging a well. The worship of the earth assumes many forms. The pious Hindu does reverence to her when he rises from his bed in the morning and even the indifferently religious man worships her when he begins to plough or sow.


Pious Hindu recites a couplet saying, please forgive me for stepping on you, Vishnu patni namastubhyam padas sparsam kshmasvame


In Punjab when a cow or a buffalo  is first bought, or when she gives milk after calving, the first five streams of milk drawn from her allowed to fall on ground in honour of the goddess Mother Earth, and at every time of milking the first stream is so treated.


The dying man is laid on the earth at the moment of dissolution and so is the mother at the time of parturition.


Milton in his Paradise Lost says

………till like ripe fruit thou drop

Into thy mother’s lap- 9-273



Earth again is regarded as a remedy for disease. It is used frequently as a poultice, and an application for the cure of wounds and sores.



Earth in Wedding Ceremony of Lower Castes


Following incident is mentioned by Rev. Osborne Martin in his book Gods of India, year 1914



At the side of a Mission compound in North India is a tank which during half the year is dried up. The women of a neighbouring Chamar village, before any wedding, go in a procession to the dry tank to fetch from it sacred earth used to make the marriage altar and fire place on which the wedding feast is cooked.  The ground close to which the earth is taken is smeared away with vermillion, and marigold flowers are scattered here and there, while puja is offered before the soil is removed. The earth is always given by the digger to a maiden, and married women are not allowed to touch it. The maiden receives it in her sari and heads the procession on its return to the village. This rite is performed with secrecy, and usually at nightfall. This is part of ancient earth worship.


Valluvar and Milton


Tamil poet Tiru Valluvar says,


If one exercises self-restraint with knowledge and intent

He will gain distinction among the wise (Kural couplet 123)


If one practises self-control in respect of thought, word and deed, he will certainly come to be counted among the good people of the world. In fact as the great English poet Milton would say


“The command of one’s self is the greatest

Empire one can aspire to”


Lord Krishna says in the Bhagavad Gita about the Self-Restrained:

“But the self-controlled man, moving among objects with senses under restraint, and free from attraction or aversion, attains tranquillity- Gita 2-64



Milton says

The Ionian Gods – of Javan’s issue held

Gods, yet confessed later than Heaven and Earth

Their boasted parents – Paradise Lost 1-508


Vedic Rishis also give queer notions of their gods.



In the Vedas there is a hymn called the Bhumi Sukta and that is the oldest hymn by a community to Mother Earth. I Have already written about it:-


 Bhumi Sukta | Tamil and Vedas

Posts about Bhumi Sukta written by Tamil and Vedas.


Interesting Anecdote about Shaalagraama (Fossil) Marriage (Post No.4292)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:11 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-26



Post No. 4292

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Interesting Anecdote about Shaalagraama (Fossil) Marriage (Post No.4292)

What is a Shalagrama?

Hindus worship fossils with several designs made by the impressions of dead animals. Such stones are millions of years or thousands of years old. Devotees of Lord Vishnu regard them as a most sacred objects. They see the symbols of Lord Vishnu (Chakra=wheel, Shank= Conch) in it. Normally other stone images of Gods must be consecrated in a special ceremony by a priest before they can be used; but with Shalagrama (Fossil stone) you can worship straight away. This stone is inherently sacred and is worshipped as a part of deity himself. It is a round black ammonite and is found in River Gandaki in Nepal. They are valued according to their size, hollowness, and inside colouring and impression. For rarer kind big amount of money is given.


Hindus believe that whoever keeps this celebrated stone in the house can never become poor; they never want to part with it. It is passed from one generation to another generation for Puja/worship.

Bhagavata Purana has a story about Shalagrama:

Vishnu created nine planets (celestial objects) to preside over the fates of men. Sani/Saturn commenced his reign by requesting Brahma to become subject to him for 12 years. Brahma referred him to Vishnu, who asked him to call on him next day. When he called, he found that the god, dreading the influence of the inauspicious planet, had transformed himself into a mountain. Sani them became a worm, and ate into the vitals of the mountain for twelve years. At the expiration of that time Vishnu resumed his proper shape, and ordered henceforth the stones of this mountain Gandaki should be worshipped as the representatives of himself.


Hindus worship this form of Vishnu in homes. They first bathe or wash the stone, reciting the mantras and then offer flowers, incense, light sweetmeats and water, repeating the mantras. After the worship the offerings ae eaten by the family.


In the hot months, to cool the sacred stone,  a vessel is suspended over it, as in the case of the Linga/ Shiva, and a small hole is bored into the bottom of the vessel. The water poured into the vessel drips over the Shalagrama stone/s. The water is collected and used as holy water. The marks of the stone are shown to dying men, in the belief that the concentration of the mind on this object will ensure the soul a safe passage to Vaikund, Vishnu’s abode.

A separate room or a particular spot in the Hindu houses is kept for the worship of the gods.


Shalagrama – Tulsi Plant Wedding


There is a very interesting account of a marriage of Shalagrama with Tulsi (Holy Basil) plant in a 100 year old book:


“The king of Orrcha in Central India, used to spend three lakhs of rupees (100 years ago) on this marriage. The officiating priests get good fees. A procession of 8 elephants, 1200 camels and 6000 horses, all mounted and elephants caparisoned. On the leading elephant of this cortege was carried the Pebble God (shalagrama/ fossil). He was carried to pay his bridal visit to the little shrub goddess/Tulsi.


All the ceremonies of a regular marriage were gone through, and when completed the bride and bridegroom were left to repose together in the temple of Ludhaura till the next year. Over one lakh people were present, and they were feasted at the king’s expenses”.


In addition to the black ammonites (shalagrama), white agates, typifying Shiva in his linga form and red stones, as symbolising Ganesa with certain forms of coral, are also worshipped.


Shashthi, protectress of married women and of children has no temples or idols, but her proper representation is  a rough stone, smeared with red paint and set up at the foot of a banyan tree. Lord Shiva is worshipped by the well known Linga (formless) stone.

Source: The Gods of India by Rev Osborne Martin, 1914




Written by London Swaminathan


Date:10 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-58



Post No. 4289

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.




During Deepavali, every year Hindus are faced with a question whether to buy sparklers and crackers or not. Do I do anything wrong by using fire crackers?

My view is………………

Hindu youths must buy fire-crackers and fire them happily.

Otherwise arson attacks will increase!

During bandhs and riots, more houses, buildings and buses will be burnt. Why?

Human beings are pyromaniacs according to science journals.

From the days we lived in caves millions of years ago, we started big fires for cooking and to drive away the wild animal ; in cold places we did it for keeping us warm.

This is in our genes. If we don’t allow to use this genetic trait, our youths will use it during riost and bandhs.

In Hindiusim, everything is scientifically thought and placed in the scriptures. Thy have made cushions and shock absorbers to solve all sorts of problems to reduce tension, depression , riotous behaviour and suicides.


Even western countries allow fire works and bonfires during Guy fawkes day and other events.







Leather industry and factories pollute the air more than anything.


Some people argue fireworks create noise pollution.

Loud speakers at political meetings and mosques don’t allow us to have an undisturbed sleep. The bombs that explode in 55 countries on any one day, the billions of cigarettes smoked at any one day cause more deaths. No US President could stop the arms sale even inside US after weekly shooting on innocent people. Mac Donalds in USA sell fire arms! Why shouldn’t we sell fire works for one week?


In short the arms and weapons, the cigars and cigarettes, one dollar or one pound shops run by Chinese or with Chinese goods, the fireworks done during Olympics, New Year Day, Independence day, Special celebrations, the leather industry, the nuclear tests by the Western countries, the jet planes manufactured by the Western countries, the thousands of cargo / container ships and Oil Tankers cause terrible pollution.


When we consider such big every day, every minute pollution, one day Diwali fire crackers won’t harm the world. Having said that

A word of caution…………..

In those days Hindus lived in big towns wide apart; nowadays we live in big multi story buildings accommodating 500 families or so in one building!

Nearby there are hospitals and offices.

Old and sick people live very near the buildings in care homes and hospitals.

Birds and animals live in the near by woody areas.

Just born children may also be in many flats. Pregnant ladies may be there.

Since we live in densely populated areas,  doing fire works may disturb many people.


So Hindus must show self-restraint.


Fix the time for fire works between 5 am and 11 am on Diwali  day and Diwali Eve.

Let us do fireworks without hurting the feelings of others or harming them.


Tamil Temples paintings show that the fire- works have been in use for many centuries.

China is making big money by selling Fireworks to all the countries in the world. Let us also think how we can give more jobs suing Diwali. We know that textile industry, restaurants, sweet shops and transport make big money. Workers get Diwali bonus ad inams. Let us think positive.


I have already written two articles about the significance of Diwali. Please read those articles as well.




SCIENCE BEHIND DEEPAVALI- Part 1 | Tamil and Vedas

3 Nov 2012 – Science behind Deepavali (swaminathan’s Talk delivered today 03/11/2012) Actual Diwali falls on 13-11-2012 Good Evening,Namsthe …


SCIENCE BEHIND DIWALI-2 : 175 SWEET ITEMS!! | Tamil and Vedas…/science-behind-diwali-2-175-sweet-ite…

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3 Nov 2012 – SCIENCE BEHIND DIWALI-2 : 175 SWEET ITEMS!! Picture from Wikipedia : Making Fire Crackers. This is Second Part of my speech: swami.



Hero Stone Worship in North India (Post No.4286)

Image of Hero Stone in Karnataka

Written by London Swaminathan


Date:9 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-15



Post No. 4286

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


Hero Stones are erected by ancient Tamils for those killed in some community work. We have ancient hero stones found in different parts of Tamil Nadu from 5th century CE. Two-thousand-year-old Sangam Tamil literature also refers to it.

In Tamil Nadu and adjacent places Hero stones are placed in the road junctions and they are worshipped. The hero stones were erected for those who sacrificed their lies for others, particularly killing a tiger, or saving a village from an attack.

In Karnataka and Rajasthan, Pattinis, women who sacrificed their lives were worshipped. Thus India has 1000s of God like people who are elevated to the  status of divinities.


Tamil inscriptional Evidence

Tamil inscription names even a dog called Kovivan in a hero stone. Mahendra Pallava’s Eduthanur Hero Stone inscription praised Kovivan that died with his master in the battle. This Tamil inscription belongs to sixth century CE.


Erecting a stone or a pillar over the burial or the place of cremation has been practised by lot of communities around the world. Probably this pagan custom resulted in erecting decorative graves by the Christians where the pillar was replaced by a cross.

Hero Stone from Gotlur

Bridegroom’s Tragic Death mad him a Hero!

Dulhaa Deo (Bridegroom God) is worshipped in North India. Dulhaa Deo was an unfortunate bridegroom who was killed by lightning marriage ceremonies. People believed he and his horse were stoned into stones. Actually, people erected stones in memory of the horse and the rider like the Tamils.


General Sleeman gives a different version about this accident: In the valley of Nerbudda (River Narmada), near Bhopal, one may see on the side of the road, upon a spur of the hill, a singular pillar of sand stone rising in two spires. On the spur of a hill half a mile distant is another sand stone pillar not quite so high. The tradition is that the smaller pillar was the affianced bride of the larger one, who was a youth of great eminence in those parts. When the bride and bridegroom along with his uncle looked at each other discarding the rules (not to look at each other before the ceremony) they were converted into stones.”

This deity is one of the chief household gods of the tribal people. Flowers are offered to him on the last day of February, and a goat at marriages. In some places, even Brahmins worship him., and his symbol is a fetish battle axe, fastened to a tree.


In Mirzapur he is worshipped in the family cook room, where oil and turmeric are offered to him; when two or three marriages are taking place at the same time there is a combined offering of rice and goat.

Memorial Stone from Andhra Pradesh


In course of time, lot of different customs get mixed up, particularly among illiterate people. Hundreds of such customs exist in Tamil Nadu. Road side stones/deities are offered various things such as lemon, coconut, flowers and incense sticks. In several places like Sabarimala, Madurai Chitra festival even Muslims are linked with Hindu Gods.

Rev Osborne Martin, author of Gods of India even point out similar custom in the Bible:

“For a father afflicted with untimely morning, when he had made an image of his child soon taken away, now honoured him as a god which was then a dead man: Thus in process of time an ungodly custom grown strong was kept as law.”





Puja to King George! Abisheka to Queen Victoria!! Scenes from British India (Post No.4283)

King George and Queen Mary

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 8 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-05


Post No. 4283

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

Puja to King George! Abisheka to Queen Victoria!! Scenes from British India (Post No.4283)

The Gods of India by Rev. E Osborn Martin published in 1914, gives some interesting information about the Hindu ‘slaves’ in the British India. This is what made many freedom fighters’ blood boil. Poets like Bharati and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee tried to educate the Hindu people through their writings. Ignorant Hindus justified everything in the name of Fate and Karma. Even some scholars openly supported the British. In Tamil Nadu, Justice party and Dravida Kazakam wanted the British Rule to continue in India. All the text books had one poem praising the King and the Queen.

Here is what Osborne Martin says in his book,

“There is no limit to this kind of deification in India. Volumes might be written describing instances that have occurred, or are constantly occurring, in all parts of the country. Let a man show any heroism, any extraordinary sanctity, any act of great self-sacrifice or any so-called miracle, a niche is sure to allotted him amongst the 330, 000, 000 gods of the Hindu pantheon. Still it is important to note that the granting of divinity is usually associated with four classes of people -kings, warriors, Brahmins, saints and sages—these enjoying a kind of a priory claim.


In Manu’s law book a king is said to be created by drawing eternal particles from the essence of the eight guardian deities of the world. Again, he says “A king even though a mere child, must not be treated with contempt, as if he were a mortal; he is a great divinity in human shape.”


Instances of such worship came under writer’s notice. At Ayodhya, a new marble statue has been recently erected in memory of Queen Victoria, and within a few weeks of the erection of the statue a constant stream of pilgrims was offering worship, poring sacred water and scattering flowers on the pedestal of the good Queen’s statue.

At the recent Durbar at Delhi, when King George and Queen Mary amid scenes of unparalleled magnificence had received the homage of all India and taken their departure over the arena and, prostrating themselves before the empty thrones, offered ‘Puja’ or worship- as a mark of their extreme veneration. After which they carried away to their homes handfuls of dust from the place where their Majesties had stood. The same occurred after the gorgeous pageant in Calcutta.


There is a striking parallel in Wisdom of Solomon (xiv.v.20, “And so the multitude, allured by the grace of the work, took him now for a god, which a little before was but honoured as a man.”



The Transition from the worship of kings to that of military heroes and warriors is easy. An example will be given in this chapter of a Muhammadan warrior, GHAAZI MIYAAN, who with the wonderful catholicity of Hinduism, is probably more reverenced today by the Hindus than by the Muhammadans.

The extraordinary catholicity of Hinduism was never better illustrated than in the case of Ghazi Miyan, or  Sayyid Salaar Masaud to give him his real name. Muhammadan though he was, nephew of the ruthless Muslim conqueror, the Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, whose career is written in blood on the pages of Indian History.


Ghazi Miyan was born in A D  1015 ad led one of the early invasions into Oudh and was slain in battle with the Hindus at Bahraich in AD 1034. Close to the battlefield where he met his death is a tank with the image of the Sun God on a stone slab on its banks. Masaud, whenever he passed it, was wont to say that he wished to have this spot for a dwelling place and would, if it so pleased god, through the spiritual sun, destroy the worship of the material. He was therefore buried by his followers in this chosen resting place, and tradition avers that his head rests on the image of the sun he had given his life to destroy.


Some believe that the worship of Masaud merely succeeded some primitive local worship such as that of the sun, and it is significant that the great ceremony in  honour of the martyr is called byah, or marriage of the saint, which may also be a continuation of the ancient marriage of earth and the Sun celebrated to promote fertility of crops. Every year a Mela/festival is held in Bahraich for which pilgrims from far off places come by walk. After the marriage was held, water brought by the pilgrims in pots are poured and this water, people believed, had miraculous properties.


Statue of Queen Victoria

Nikkal Sen

A still more remarkable case occurred in the Panjaab where a nobody of Fakirs became Nikkal Sen worshippers. General Nicholson, the mutiny hero, who met his death at the assault of Delhi, was a horseman of unexampled bravery.. He frequently made night journeys of wonderful speed and confronted his enemies by suddenly appearing before them.  His followers, the hardy Northern Tribesmen, from adoration rose to worship of their hero. Nicholson was much annoyed, and tried to stop the progress of deification by administering corporal punishment, but it made them persist in their “puja” with even greater determination, as the chastisement was regarded as an additional proof of this divinity. On hearing of Nicholson’s death, the head of the committed suicide.


Coming the Brahmins, Manu affirms that a Brahmin is a mighty god, a supreme divinity, whether he be learned, or even employed in inferior occupations (Manu 9-317, 319)

From the birth alone a Brahmin is regarded as a divinity even by the gods (Manu 11-84) Especially are religious teachers, Gurus, objects of worship among Hindus.


My comments

Ghazi Miyan story is a hotchpotch of several earlier ancient customs. Even in my home town Madurai in Tamil Nadu, Lord Vishnu visits a Muslim woman’s ‘house’ every year during Chitra Festival. Islam came very recently when compared with the history of Hinduism. Various things get mixed up and people slowly concoct a story.


Regarding the Saints and Miracles, Europe is full of such Catholic saints and  places of worship such as Lourdes in France and Lady Fatima in Portugal. They make big Money by selling lot of mementoes and sacred objects, holy water etc. Joan of Arc, who was burnt alive at the stake, was made into a saint later. There over 800 saints in the catholic religion. In countries like Ireland all the old beliefs are attributed to later Christian saints. In Communist countries Mao, Stalin, Lenin, Marx, Engles were also elevated to venerable status. Big statues, eternal flames, thousands of stamps celebrate their memory. So hero worship is there in every country. You may call them saints, political thinkers or leaders. Buddha who fought against all the rituals, has the highest number of statues all over the world!!! Is it not strange? Not many people follow his teachings but the statues decorate many tables and temples!