ஆங்கில கட்டுரையாளர், கவிஞர் சார்ல்ஸ் லாம் (Post No.9874)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9874

Date uploaded in London –20 JULY   2021           

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ஆங்கில மொழியில் கட்டுரைகள் எழுதிப் புகழ்  அடைந்தவர் சார்ல்ஸ் லாம் CHARLES LAMB . 200 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னர் அவர் எழுதிய கட்டுரைகள் இன்றும் பெரிதும் விரும்பிப் படிக்கப்படுகின்றன.

லாம் , லண்டனில் பிறந்தார். க்ரைஸ்ட் ஹாஸ்பிடல் (Christ Hospital) என்ற பள்ளியில் படித்தார். அங்குதான் அவர் பிற்காலத்தில் கவிஞ ராகப் புகழ் எய்திய சாமுவேல் கோல்ரிட்ஜை  (SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE ) சந்தித்தார். பள்ளிப் பருவத்தில் ஏற்பட்ட தொடர்பு வாழ்நாள் இறுதி வரை தொடர்ந்தது. நட்பின் இலக்கணமாகத் திகழ்ந்தனர் இருவரும்.

14 வயதில் பள்ளிப் படிப்பை விட்டு வெளியேறிய சார்ல்ஸ் லாம், கிழக்கு இந்தியக் கம்பெனியில் (EAST INDIA COMPANY)  குமாஸ்தாவாக (எழுத்தர்) சேர்ந்தார். 50 வயது வரை அங்கு வேலை பார்த்தார்.

21 வயதானபோது கோல்ரிட்ஜ், அவரை எழுதும்படி தூண்டினார். பல்வேறு விஷயங்கள் குறித்த கவிதைகள் (POEMS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS ) என்ற தலைப்புள்ள அந்தப் புஸ்தகம்தான்  லாமுக்கு இலக்கிய நுழை வாயிலாக அமைந்தது.

1796ம் ஆண்டில் நடந்த ஒரு துயர சம்பவம் லாமின் வாழ்க்கையை மாற்றியது. லாமின் பெரிய சகோதரி பெயர் மேரி . அவர்தான் லாமுக்கு மிக நெருக்கமானவர். மேரிக்கு மன நோய் உண்டு. ஒருநாள் அவர் வெறிபிடித்து தனது தாயாரையே கொன்றுவிட்டார். தாயாரை இழந்தபோதும் மேரியைத்  தான் கவனித்துக் கொள்வதாக லாம் சொன்னதால் நீதிபதிகளும் மன நோய் பீடித்த மேரியை விடுதலை செய்தனர் . மேரியின் மன நோய் நீடிக்கவில்லை.

மேரியை வாழ்நாள் முழுதும் பார்த்துக்கொள்ள வேண்டிய பொறுப்பை ஏற்ற போதும் அவரது எழுத்துப்பணி தொடர்ந்தது.

அவர் அக்காலத்தில் விரும்பிப் படிக்கப்பட்ட பல பத்திரிக்கைகளுக்கு கட்டுரை எழுதினார். சிறுவர் சிறுமியருக்காக ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் நாடகக் கதைகளை எழுதுமாறு வேண்டுகோள் வந்தவுடன் சகோதரி மேரியுடன் சேர்ந்து ஷேக்ஸ்பியர் கதைத் தொகுப்பை வெளியிட்டார். இது 32 வயதில் நடந்தது. இதன் நடை எல்லோரையும் ஈர்த்ததால் இன்றுவரை மீண்டும் மீண்டும் அச்சாகி வருகிறது  சகோதரி மேரியுடன் சேர்ந்து மேலும் பல கதைகளை சிறுவர்களுக்காக எழுதினார்.

இதில் சிறுவர் சிறுமியர்க்கான கவிதைகளும் அடக்கம்.

லாம், பத்திரிகைகளில் எழுதிய கட்டுரைகளின் தொகுப்பு எலியாவின் கட்டுரைகள் ESSAYS OF ELIA என்ற தலைப்பில் 2 தொகுதிகளாக வெளிவந்தது. இது 48 வயதில் நடந்தது. இதற்குப் பத்து ஆண்டுகளுக்குப் பின்னர் எலியாவின் கடைசி கட்டுரைகள் THE LAST ESSAYS OF ELIA  என்ற தலைப்பில் மேலும் ஒரு நூலையும் வெளியிட்டார்.

சார்ல்ஸ் லாம்

பிறந்த தேதி – பிப்ரவரி 10, 1775

இறந்த தேதி – டிசம்பர் 27, 1834

வாழ்ந்த ஆண்டுகள் – 59

எழுதிய புஸ்தகங்கள் –

1798 – BLANK VERSE

1798 – A TALE OF ROSAMUND GRAY

1807 – TALES FROM SHAKESPEARE

1808 – THE ADVENTURES OF ULYSSES

1809 – MRS LEICESSTER’S SCHOOL

1809 – POETRY FOR CHILDREN

1811 – PRINCE DORUS

1818 – THE WORKS OF CHARLES LAMB

1823- ESSAYS OF ELIA

1833 – THE LAST ESSAYS OF ELIA.

-SUBHAM-

யாரடாவன் கூட்டத்துல பாம்பு …

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26 Nov 2018 — சார்ல்ஸ் லாம்ப் (CHARLES LAMB) என்பவர் பிரபல ஆங்கில எழுத்தாளர், கவிஞர்.

—ssubham—

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 சார்ல்ஸ் லாம் 
, Charles Lamb, Essays of Elia

DR JOHNSON ON GOLDSMITH- AUTHORS ANECDOTES (Post No.6013)

COMPILED by London swaminathan

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Date: 31 JANUARY 2019
GMT Time uploaded in London – 18-21
Post No. 6013
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Authors Anecdotes

When D’Angeu, a Parisian writer, heard that all rank and merit were threatened with destruction on the breaking out of the Revolution, he exclaimed
Well, come what will, I have Two hundred verbs well conjugated in my escritoire!
escritoire (noun)=a small writing desk with drawers and compartments.


Xxxw

Shaw’s Friends did not like him!


When George Bernard Shaw , as a young man, emerged from his native Ireland and moved to England he began writing a column for a London weekly publication. At that time Oscar Wilde was enjoying his vogue as a wit and epigram maker. One evening an acquaintance, calling upon Wilde, happened upon a copy of the paper to which Shaw was a contributor and reading therein one of Shaw’s characteristic articles which was signed with the authors initials, said to his host,
I say, Wilde, who is this chap G B S, who is doing a department for this sheet?

He is a young Irishman named Shaw, said Wilde.
Rather forceful, isn’t he?
Forceful, echoed the other, well, rather! My word, how he does cut and slash! He doesn’t seem to spare anyone he knows. I should say he is in a fairway to make himself a lot of enemies.


Well, said Wilde, as yet he has not become prominent enough to have enemies. But none of his friends like him.

Xxx


Soon after Goldsmith’s death, some people dining with Dr Johnson were commenting freely on some parts of Goldsmith’s work , which in their opinion showed neither talent nor originality . To this Dr Johnson listened for some time, when at length his patience being exhausted he arose with great dignity, looked them full in their face, and exclaimed,
If nobody were allowed to abuse poor Goldsmith but those who could write as well, he would have few censors.

Xxx

WARBURTON


Goldsmith and Johnson onetime had an argument on the merits of Warburton, the writer. Goldsmith asserted that Warburton was weak writer. Dr Johnson refuted this saying.


Warburton may be absurd, but he will never be weak; he flounders well.
FLOUNDER (verb)=struggle or stagger clumsily in mud or water.


Xxx

DEDICATING A BOOK!

Somebody told Jerrold that a friend of his, a prolific writer, was about to dedicate a book to him
Ah! Replied Jerrold gravely, that is an awful weapon he has in his hands!

Xxx

B B BETTER……….
Barry Cornwall tells how he once said something in Lambs presence which he thought possessed some smartness.
Lamb commended him with a stammer ,
Very well, my dear boy, very well. Ben ( taking a pinch of snuff). Ben Johnson has said worse than that, and b b b better.

Xxxx

SNAKE OR GOOSE OR FOOL IN THE CROWD? (Post No.5696)

 

COMPILED by London Swaminathan

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Date: 24 November 2018

GMT Time uploaded in London –14-41
Post No. 5696

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources including google, Wikipedia, Facebook friends and newspapers. This is a non- commercial blog

Lecture anecdotes
On the occasion of a lecture which Charles Lamb was once delivering, a loud hiss emanated from somewhere in the audience. There was an embarrassed silence. Lamb, not turning a hair said,
There are only three things that hiss—
A goose
A snake and A fool.
Come forth and be identified.

Xxxx

Picture of Scheele

UNDESERVED GOT THE AWARD

Scientists anecdotes
When Gustavus III of Sweden was in Paris, a deputation of French scientist s called on him. It congratulated him on the happy fortune, that had given him so great a man as Scheele, the discoverer of Magnesium, as his subject and fellow countryman.
The king, who took small interest in the progress of science, felt somewhat ashamed that he should be so ignorant as never even to have heard of the renowned chemist.

He dispatched a courier at once with the laconic order
‘Scheele is to be immediately raised to the dignity of a count’.
‘His Majesty must be obeyed’, said the prime minister, ‘but who in hell is Scheele?’

A secretary was told to make inquiries.’
He came back with very full information, Scheele is a good sort of fellow, said he, a lieutenant in the artillery, a capital shot, and a first -rate hand at billiards.
The next day the lieutenant became a count, and the illustrious scientist was completely forgotten by King and court.

Xxxx

DESTROYER OF BEAUTY
A botanist found a beautiful plant by the wayside. He sat down to analyse it. He pulled it apart and examined every part under a microscope.
When he had finished, he could tell the colour of the flower, its classification and the number of stamens and pistils and petals and bracts, but the life and beauty and the fragrance were gone.

Xxx

MONKEY LOOKING AT YOU!


They tell the story of a celebrated biologist who tried for months to train a monkey to play ball. As a last resort, he shut up the little creature by itself in a room with a bat and a ball. After some considerable time, had elapsed he finally stooped and peeped through the keyhole. He was disconcerted to find himself starting into an intent brown eye.

Tags- Scheele, Charles Lamb, Training monkeys, scientists

XXXX SUBHAM XXX

MEN ARE SCOUNDRELS- ANECDOTES! (Post No.4958)

Compiled by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 28 APRIL 2018

 

Time uploaded in London – 16-36 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4958

 

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WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

BEHAVIOUR AND EATING ANECDOTES

GEORGE CHEYNE, A SCOTCH PHYSICIAN, WHEN A PERSON WAS TALKING ABOUT THE EXCELLENCE OF HUMAN NATURE, EXCLAIMED:

“HOOT, HOOT, MAN!

HUMAN NATURE IS A ROGUE AND A SCOUNDREL, OR WHY SHOULD IT PERPETUALLY STAND IN NEED OF LAWS AND OF RELIGION”

 

XXX

 

EATING

At a certain dinner party Daniel Webster found himself preyed upon by hat type of hostess who endlessly and mercilessly worries her guests with the insistence that they are not eating enough, that possibly they do not like this or that, will they not have more, is there anything else they would prefer, and so forth.

 

“You are hardly eating a thing, Mr Webster”, she protested for the umpteenth time.

“Madam”, said Webster solemnly, “permit me to assure you that I sometimes eat more than at other times but never less”.

 

xxx

 

Time to eat!

Bishop Davidson of Winchester was once one of a party of ecclesiastics who went into dinner after a religious conference. One of the others observed in a tone of pompous self-righteousness, “This is the time to put a bridle on our appetites”.

No, returned the bishop, “this is the time to put a bit in our mouths”.

 

xxx

Why did I come to Africa?

 

“Why did I come to Africa?” Cecil Rhodes once remarked to a friend, “Well they will tell you that I came on account of my health or from love of adventure – and to some extent that may be true, but the real fact is that I could no longer stand their eternal cold mutton”.

 

xxx

Strawberries and Prunes!

In his early boarding-house days, in Kansas city, Eugene Field was invited to dine at a hospitable house where the best of everything was to be found. Some delicious strawberries were passed. Filed gazed at them longingly but shook his head.

“Why, Mr Field”, said his host in surprise, “ don’t you like strawberries?”

I dote on them.

Then why don’t you take some?

“I am afraid”, said the poet sadly, “that if I did, they would spoil my appetite for prunes”.

xxx

Charles Lamb

Thomas Hood, tempting Charles Lamb to dine with his said, “We have a hare”.

“Ad how many friends”, anxiously inquired Lamb.

 

xxx

Alfred Hitchcock

Alfred Hitchcock is a man notably fond of food. He is said to have once been a guest at a rather sparsely furnished dinner table, which had yielded him no more than a small portion of one thing or another amounting to a totally unsatisfactory sum. As the coffee was being brought in, his host said, “I do hope that you will soon dine here again”.

“By all means”, said Hitchcock. “Let us start now”

–Subham–