Three curses on Ravana! (Post No.4869)

WRITTEN by London Swaminathan 

 

Date: 31 MARCH 2018

 

Time uploaded in London –  20-24 (British Summer Time)

 

Post No. 4869

 

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU

 

Ravana, the king of Lanka and the villain in the Ramayana did lot of penance ruled as an unconquerable man. But his inherent weakness was that he thought men can never kill him. He was suffering from superiority complex and so he ignored human beings from the list of potential threats. He always ridiculed men He thought he was a big mountain and the human beings are mosquitoes.

 

Apart from this wrong notion he had three big curses on him:

Curse 1

 

At one time Ravana waged a war against Anaranya. He did lot of atrocities against him and received a curse from him. From my  race of Ikshwaku kings, a man will  be born named Rama and he will kill you in battle. Ravana remembers the curse as he does many other curses he reived in his life (Vi-60-8/10)

 

Curse 2

I once ravished  a woman, Vedavati, and she said, “some how I am going to be your end. I think  she has been born as Sita and I have brought this danger into my palace and all this trouble upon me in consequence.@ Then he recalls some of the other curses he had received. VI-60-10-11

 

Curse 3

Uma nad Nandi cursed him as well. Once he went to Kailasa and tried to lift the sacred Hill and displeased Mahadeva himself. At that time he was stopped by Nandi when he went in. Ravana turned round, and looking at his oddface he laughed loudly. Nandi was very angry, but not liking to do battle in the palace of Shiva, that too without his permission. So Nandhi cursed Ravana.

 

“As you have set up this laughter as loud as thunder, there will born in the world, a race of monkeys having my look and also having my strength, in order to kill you and your whole family. As big as hills they will be, and they will fight with nails and teeth.”

 

–subham-

Ramayana cures Curses! Rajatarangini Episode! (Post No.3754)

Written by London swaminathan

 

Date: 24 March 2017

 

Time uploaded in London:- 21-58

 

Post No. 3754

 

Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.

 

contact; swami_48@yahoo.com

 

Kalhana, author-poet-historian of Kashmir, in his book gives an interesting anecdote about Ramayana in his book Rajatarangini.

From First Taranga of Rajatarangini:–

 

“Then Damodara (Damodara II) who was either descended from the House of Asoka or was born in some other dynasty, protected the land as the king.

“Highly resplendent with material resources was the king who was the crest jewel of Siva worshippers, and one hears of his spiritual power even to this day as a marvel of the world.

“Like Kubera this foremost among kings held under his own sway the Guhyakas; by ordering them he built the extensive dam at Gudda.

“When a lofty minded man is about to do some remarkably beneficent act, alas! impediments arise owing to the meagreness of the past merits of men.

 

“For he had tried with the help of Yakshas to build in his kingdom extensive dykes of stone to mitigate the havorc of inundations.

Spiritual Power of the Brahmins

“The spiritual power of the austerities of Brahmans of radiant enlightenment is unfathomable, since it could reverse the fortune of even such as he was.

 

“The prosperity of kings when destroyed by the forces of kinsmen and other rivals one has seen restored once more; it has no chance of being re-established if lost through disregard of the Brahmans.

“When he had risen to bathe to perform the  Sraaddha Ceremony (oblations to the departed souls), the king was requested by some hungry Brahmins, on one occasion, before he had taken his bath, to give them food.

“Desirous of proceeding to Vitasta (river) when he ignored this, they, by their spiritual power, then placed that river in front of him—‘Behold! here is Vitasta; now feed us. Even though addressed in this wise, he perceived that the production of the river was a delusion.

 

“I shall not offer food without bathing, O Brahmins!move on now for the time being; when they had been thus addressed by him, they cursed him as follows: May you become a snake.”

 

“Your sin will be atoned by listening in one single day to the whole of the Ramayana – thus they declared after they had been placated.

“In Damodara Suda, wandering fa through thirst, by the vapour of his breath, which is hot in consequence of the curse, he is recognised by the people even today.

“Then there ruled in this very land the founders of cities called after their appellations, the three kings named Huska,Juska and Kanishka”.

—-Chapter 1/ First Taranga of Rajatarangini

Ramayana was popular even before 2000 years from the Southernmost tip Kanyakumari to Kashmir. Even 2000 yeal old Tamil Sangam Literature (Purananuru) has verses containing Rama’s stories!

 

We have 3000 different versions of Ramayana, spreading over a vast geographical area up to Indonesia, Thailand and China.

 

We have continuous production of Ramayana for over 2000 years. No other epic was treated that way.

Added together all the Ramayanas will run into millions of lines.

Ramayana was composed in more languages than any other language.

Ramayana is called Adi Kavya (the first classic in the world); Soka (sadness) turned into Sloka (Sanskrit couplets);

When Valmiki saw, a hunter shooting down one of the two love birds, he felt sad (Soka) and burst into poetry (sloka).

Ramayana has over 3400 similes. Grand message in simple Sanskrit!

Ramayana was the epic done by all the oriental religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.

–Subham–

Donkeys in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature

Picture: No sympathy for the collapsed donkey, laughing at it in Afghanistan.

Donkeys in Tamil and Sanskrit Literature

Donkey is the animal that got most negative publicity in classical Indian literature. Some animals like cow and elephant are elevated to the position of sacred animal. Lion is the unquestionable king of the forest. Bull, Tiger and Lion are used in addressing Vedic and Epical characters. Rama is called the Tiger among men in Venkateswara Subrabatham. Kings called themselves lions (sing or Kesari which became Caesar in Europe). But poor vegetarian donkey is considered a dirty animal. George Orwell is right when he said ‘’All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others’’ in his novel Animal Farm.

The strange thing about donkeys is that they were vehicles of Vedic gods Indra and Agni in Atharva Veda. But later became the vehicle of Jyeshta (Muthevi) and Shitala Devi (Goddesses of poverty and disease). They were relegated to back stage. Greek gods Dionysus and Hephaestus used donkey as their vehicles. Jesus rode into Jerusalem victoriously on a donkey according to Gospel of Mathew.

Picture of overloaded donkey cart in Gaza Strip, Plaestine.

Donkey plough of Tamil and Orissa Kings

2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature and Kharavela’s Hathikumbha inscription have some strange coincidence. When the kings conquer some new countries, they destroy the towns and plough the land with donkeys. This strange custom existed throughout India. Sangam Tamil books Purananuru (verse 15, 392), Pathitru pathu (25) say that the Pandya king Muthukudumi Peuvazuthi , a local chieftain Pokuttezini and Cheran Selkezu Kuttuvan defeated their enemies and ploughed their lands with donkey ploughs. Avvaiayar, Palai Gauthamanar and Nettimaiyar sang in praise of those kings. According to Kalinga (Orissa) King Kharavela’s inscription, he did the same in Pataliputra and Rajagiri. He broke the 100 year old Tamil Federation and did use a donkey plough in a Tamil port. Pandya king sent him gems, elephants and horses as tribute.

Kharavela (2nd century BC) was one of the just kings of India who commanded respect from every one. He was a Jain and ruled a large part of India. Through his inscriptions we know a lot about ancient India.

kalighat_shitala

Picture of Shitala Devi

Donkey procession for Criminals

Now and then we read news items in Indian news papers about criminals taken in procession around the town on donkeys with red and black spots painted on their faces. This is also an ancient punishment followed by Indians for thousands of years. We read about it in Sanskrit literature. Nowadays it is followed in North Indian villages.

Even the Tamil proverbs are against donkeys. Parents use the names of donkeys and dogs to scold their children. From ancient times these animals are used to carry heavy luggage such as salt and pepper and Sangam books Akananuru (verse 89) and Perumpanatrupadai ( line 80) confirm this. But in other parts of the world even Jesus used it because it was considered a humble animal compared to  arrogant horse.

 

Donkey Curses

Another interesting area is the curses in the epigraphs and inscriptions. Those who violate the instructions or damage the gifted articles are cursed to go to hell that is meant for copulating with donkeys. Unnatural sexy sculptures and diagrams accompany such inscriptions.

Donkey demons are painted in Mycenaean culture. The frescoes of demons with donkey heads belong to 1500 BC.

Picture of Jesus riding a donkey into Jerusalem.

Donkeys in Vedic period

I have already written about it in one of my posts on Vahanas (Mounts of Gods). I am reproducing it here:

Hephaistos is an Olympian God in Greece. He rides a donkey. Donkey is Vahana for Hindu Gods and Goddesses as well:

Donkey Vahana for Indra: A.V. 9-6-4

Donkey vahana for Agni: Aitareya Brahmana 4-9-1

Donkey Vahana for other Gods: AV 8-8-22

Jyeshta or Muthevi or Seetala Devi have donkey has her Vahana.

In western countries, people have started charities for abandoned donkeys. They look after them well.

Contact: swami_48@yahoo.com

DonkeyRavens