Post No. 10,447
Date uploaded in London – – 15 DECEMBER 2021

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com
Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.
this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.
tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Are you writing a Ghost Story? Are you producing any Children’s games? Are you producing any Adult Video Games against baddies? Here is a long list of evil characters you may use without any copyright violation!!

Max Muller gang and Marxist gang came with an ulterior motive when they statred translating or interpreting Vedas; they wanted to destroy Hinduism and disintegrate India; They said Aryans came into India long ago and now we come to rule you; What is wrong in it?
Muslim gangs ruled India for 700 years and Christian gangs ruled holy Bharat for 300 years and Poet Bharati, the greatest of the modern Tamil poets, called it ‘1000 year unkind rule’. Swami Vivekanada told us to thow all the mud from the bottom of Indian ocean and yet it is not enough to punish them. Kanchi Paramacharya used the mildest terms in condemning them ; we call it ‘as mild as sending a needle into banana fruit’. Mahatma Gandhi and Ambedkar rejected the foreigners views.

Foreigners took one hymn from here and one hymn from there and tried to link them. When Manu Smrti praised women sky high in 5 verses, scoundrels took one verse to “show” , Manu didnt like women’s independence. No one has praised women that high anywhee in world literature 2000 years ago. In the same way 30 foreign jokers tried to translate the Vedas; Ralph TH Griffith was at least honest in saying in every other page of his translation, ‘the meaning is obscure, it is uncertain, enigmatic, can’t translate, not clear’ etc. Griffith refused to translate all sexy passages in the Vedas like the early Christians refused to translate third part of Tamil Veda Tirukkural!

These people quoted Sayana and Yaskar here and there and then gave their own hypotheses. One must be careful in quoting them. But yet I myself use one of the hymns from Griffith’s translation to show their inability to explain many words in the Vedas.
Here is the list of 30++++ ghosts in Atharvana Veda (AV).

AV ;Book 8; Hymn 6 (Sukta 439)
Sukta= Su + Ukta= Well said; good saying
‘The hymn is an incantation designed to exercise various evil spirits who beset women’.
Even 2000 year old Tamil Sangam literature talks about evil spirits harming pregnant women and prescribe white mustard (Aiyavi) smoke to drive them away.
But here are stange names! Where did they get the names from? What is the meaning in Sanskrit? If translated they sound funny; many of them are untranslatable! (in one of my articles I have given the list of Sumerian Ghosts). In some places, we know, they mean viruses and bacteria.
Here is the list of Ghosts or evil spirits from AV:


Black and Hairy Asura





(already translated by Griffith:- Maniac Haired, Groper Fiend, Biter, Bristly Haired, Five Footed, Fingerless, Four Eyed, Double Faced, Close Creeper, Worm, Quick Roller, Husband wooers, Egg eaters, Licker)

Medical Science or Abracadabra?
When you read this hymn you know all these are affecting women.They may be bacteria or virus. Mantra 12 in the hymn clearly says all these (bacteria/virus) are driven away by Sun light.
Griffith and Weber have translated some words in the list: Pinga and Baja- Strong scented plants that drive the evil spirits; Vatsapa-drinking like a calf; Husband wooers- the dainties which attract the future husbands; Palaala- straw; Malimlucha- robber; Koka- wolf or Koel; Rikshagriiva- bear necked; Durnaama- ill named; Stambaja- growing in a bush or pillar; Tundika- furnished with a snout; Viledehi- licker; Kukshilas- big bellied; Kakubhas- humpbacks; Karumas- dissonant; Kukurubhas- howlers; Khalajas – threshing floor; Sakadhumajas- produced from smoke of cow dung; Nagnaka- naked; Pavinasa- spear head nosed; For others- unknown meaning

Footnote adds Milton in Paradise Lost and stories in Roman and German mythology and folk tales have some funny names like this.

My comments
I have gone through the list of Sumerian demons; no where I found a long list like this. and all are in only one hymn where pregnant women are affected!
May be they mean different types of disease causing bacteria and virus; the hymn says Sun light cures;
Kimidin and Arayi occur in several hymns of the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world.
Araayi – RV 10-155-1 -one eyed, limping hag, fly ever -screeching! to the hill
Kimiidin- One of a class of malignant spirits. According to Nirukta of Yaska,the word originally means one who goes about crying ‘Kim Idaaniim? Quid nunc? What now?’ or ‘Kim Idam? What is this?’ Literally a quid nunc; a vile an treacherous spy and informer.

My Comments
In the modern world we also name many spies with different names ‘007’ ‘Jamesbond’, Sherlock Holmes etc.
So we may find only from its context the correct meaning. Sanskrit has lot of funny etymolgies for many words; we come across a lot in Satapata Brahmna; Yaskar, wrote a book on etymology (Nirukta) even before Greek, Latin Tamil appeared in the world of literature. Most of the ancient languages had no literature when sanskrit men wrote grammar, etymology, astrology, logic etc;
The next hymn to this in AV is about Ayur Veda; the seer talks about the amazing power of animals in identifying the healing herbs. I will write about it in my next article.
Here is the Full ‘Mumbo Jumbo’ Hymn:-

Hymns of the Atharva Veda, by Ralph T.H. Griffith, [1895], at sacred-texts.com

A charm to exercise evil spirits who beset women
1Let neither fiend of evil name, Alinsa, Vatsapa, desire
Thy pair of husband-wooers which thy mother cleansed when, thou wast born.
2Palala, Anupalala, Sarku, Koka, Malimlucha, Palijaka Vavri- vāsas and Asresha, Rikshagriva and Pramilin.
3Approach not, come not hitherward: creep not thou in-between her thighs.
I set, to guard her, Baja, that which chases him of evil name
4Durnāmā and Sunāmā both are eager to converse with her.
We drive away Arāyas: let Sunāmā seek the women-folk,
5The black and hairy Asura, and Stambaja and Tundika,
Arāyas from this girl we drive, from bosom, waist, and parts below.
6Sniffer, and Feeler, him who eats raw flesh, and him who licks his lips,
Arāyas with the tails of dogs, the yellow Baja hath destroyed.
7Whoever, in thy brother’s shape or father’s comes to thee in sleep,
Let Baja rout and chase them like eunuchs with woman’s head- dress on.
8Whoever steals to thee asleep or thinks to harm thee when awake,—
These hath it banished, as the Sun travelling round drives shade away.
9Whoever causeth her to lose her child or bear untimely fruit,—
Destroy him, O thou Plant, destroy the slippery fiend who lusts for her.
10Those who at evening, with the bray of asses, dance around the
house, Kukshilas, and Kusfilas, and Kakubhas, Srimas, Karumas,
These with thine odour, O thou Plant, drive far away to every side.
11Kukundhas and Kukūrabhas who dress themselves in hides and skins,
Who dance about like eunuchs, who raise a wild clamour in the wood, all these we banish far away.
12All those who cannot bear the Sun who warms us yonder from the sky,
Arāyas with the smell of goats, malodorous, with bloody mouths, the Makakas we drive afar.
13All those who on their shoulders bear a head of monstrous magnitude,
Who pierce the women’s loins with pain,—those demons, Indra drive away!
14Those, bearing horns upon their hands, who first of all approach the brides;
Standing in ovens, laughing loud, those who in bushes flash forth
light, all these we banish hence away.
15Those who have retroverted toes, and heels and faces in the front,
Khalajas, Sakadhūmajas, Urundas, all the Matmatas, impotent Kumbhamushkas, these,
Drive thou, O Brāhmanaspati, far from this girl with vigilance.
16Sightless and with distorted eyes, impotent. woman less be they.
O Healing Plant, cast each away who, not her husband, would approach this woman wedded to her lord.
17The Bristly-haired, the Maniac-haired, the Biter, and the Groper-fiend,
The Creeper-near, the Copper-hued, the Snouty, and the Saluda,
With foot and heel kick over, as a hasty cow her milking-pan.
18If one should touch thy coming babe or kill thine infant newly born,
The yellow Plant with mighty bow shall pierce him even to the heart.
19Those who kill infants unawares, and near the new-made mothers lie,
Let Pinga chase the amorous Gandharvas as wind chases cloud.
20Let it maintain the genial seed: let the laid embryo rest secure.
Let both strong Healers, to be worn within the girdle, guard the babe.
21From the Kimīdin, for thy lord and children, Pinga shield thee well,
From Sāyaka, and Nagnaka, Tangalva, and Pavīnasa.
22From the five-footed, fingerless, from the four-eyed, the double- faced,
From the Close-creeper, from the Worm, from the Quick-roller guard her well.
23Those who eat flesh uncooked, and those who eat the bleeding flesh of men,
Feeders on babes unborn, long-haired, far from this place we banish these.
24Shy slinkers from the Sun, as slinks a woman from her husband’s sire,
Deep down into the heart of these let Baja and let Pinga pierce.
25Pinga, preserve the babe at birth, make not the boy a female child.
Let not Egg-eaters mar the germs: drive the Kimidins far away
26Sterility, and infants’ death, and weeping that announceth woe,
Dear! lay them on the fiend as thou wouldst pluck a garland from a tree.

tags-  Ghosts, Evil spirits, Atharvana Veda, Kimidin, 39 ghosts



Post No. 10,201

Date uploaded in London – 12 OCTOBER  2021         

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

Pictures are taken from various sources for spreading knowledge.

this is a non- commercial blog. Thanks for your great pictures.

tamilandvedas.com, swamiindology.blogspot.com

Rig Veda, the oldest book, and the oldest anthology in the world, contains many riddles. Sometimes the seers (Rishis) play with numbers, sometimes they play with words and sometimes with names. Even about the name, they talk about Secret Names of Gods. No one knows what they mean. Even the half baked, non- believers of Western countries could not say anything about them.

In the Yajur Veda the seers talk about 200 animals, plants, objects to be sacrificed in the Horse Sacrifice called Asvamedha. No one could identify several words in the list.  They don’t even know whether they mean a bird or insects or animals or plants!

Let us stick to Rig Veda and see how many unknown names crop up:


Seven and Three are found in Indus Valley seals . Among the Number Seals they are at the top. For Hindus everything Sacred is 7 or 3. Seven rivers, cities, hills, continents etc are Sacred for them. Here Sayana rightly says they are the seven tongues of Fire/ Agni. They are given names Kaali, Karaali etc.

Seven is associated with rain bow colours (VIBGYOR) and Hindus called them Seven Horses of the Chariot of Sun God.

Mr Dave describes Seven Sisters as a kind of birds in Eastern Part of the country. Even Sayana interprets Seven differently as 7 meters in prosody, Saptaswara in  Music. That is why Hindus said Veda is the root of the world :-


वेदोऽखिलो धर्ममूलं स्मृतिशीले च तद्विदाम् ।

आचारश्चैव साधूनामात्मनस्तुष्टिरेव च ॥ Manu 2-6

 “The whole Veda is the (first) root of the righteousness/ dharma/ religion and sacred law, next the tradition and the virtuous conduct of those who know the Veda further, also the customs of holy men, and finally self-satisfaction”- MANU 2-6

पितृदेवमनुष्याणां वेदश्चक्षुः सनातनम् ।

अशक्यं चाप्रमेयं च वेदशास्त्रमिति स्थितिः ॥ Manu12-94॥

 “The Veda is the eternal eye of the ancestors, gods and humans; the teachings of the Vedas are impossible to master and impossible to measure; this is an established fact”- Manu 12-94


GANDHARVI : Rig Veda 10-11-2

Said to be the daughter of Surabhi, one of the daughters of Daksa and the Mother of the Race of Horses ( we are reminded of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels- Houyhnhnms are a fictional race of intelligent horses described in the last part of Jonathan Swift’s satirical 1726 novel Gulliver’s Travels. The name is pronounced either or. Swift apparently intended all words of the Houyhnhnm language to echo the neighing of horses)

(Seeds of all Hindu Mythologies are in the Rig Veda; one must  learn to read between the lines)



Kavyas – a class of manes, the spirits of a pious race of ancient times. No one knows who they are. Funeral hymns in the tenth Mandala are full of puzzles and riddles.

Matali is the charioteer of Indra; but in the Vanaparva of Mahabharata he is the pilot of Inter Galactic Space Shuttle who takes Indra to another galaxy and brings him back to earth. Even theory of Time Dilation is explained there. Stars are interpreted as departed pious people.


GHOSTS 10-14-9

According to Sayana, this stanza is addressed to the Pisacas/ ghosts and other evil spirits that haunts the place of cremation.

Sangam Tamil book Purananuru also talks about the spooky, eerie and unearthly things in the crematorium.

Next mantra talks about world’s first recorded dog Sarama’s two off springs, two dogs with four eyes. Sarama is Indra’s hound. Greeks borrowed this word from us and called Hermes (H=S in Greek; Sindhu becomes Hindu)


USANAN -10-22-6

Usanaa or Usanas Kavya is frequently mentioned in the Veda as a favoured friend and companion of Indra.

(Indra is a title; not a single person; it means leader)

In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna identifies himself with Usana among the Kavis/poets. Even during Rig Vedic days he became legendary. Probably the world’s first poet. He is known as Kavi. From him came Kavya; the oldest Tamil poet Tol Kappiyan also belongs to this clan. He is called Tol- Kavya. V=P/B are interchangeable. He is not the only one from this clan- Kavya Gotra; another Kaappiyaatru Kaappiyanaar of Sangam book Pathitru Pathu is also famous. They are all from Kerala, ancient Taml Chera Country.


SUSA, SUSI – 10-26-6

Ludwig says name of a man and a woman. According to Sayana and Wilson it is ‘he goat’ and ‘she goat’. But why Susa and Susi for goats? No explanation. This mantra also says about woollen garments

Vedic god Pusan has a goat drawn Chariot (it is in mantra 8). In later Puranas, the Vahana of Agni is also goat.



Here Sayana gives some interesting details about Soma herb. Its leaves grow for 15 days in the bright half of month and dies in the next fifteen days in the dark half of a month. So, Soma is punned with Soma/moon because of this quality. Now we know the reason Soma herb is named after Soma, the moon because of this. Hindus always link Moon and the growth of plants, unlike others. Scientists couldn’t agree with us.



For the purple tinted eagle, commentators say Soma, The Moon (My view is that Soma herb is always connected with the falcon or eagle in many verses. So, it is not moon).

And in the fifth mantra Soma Osadhi is interpreted as Dharba or Kusa grass. In short Soma is interpreted according to their whims and fancies!



Probably it meant two kinds of waters called Ekadhanaa and Vasativari.

( I don’t know what they mean; probably terms used in the Yaga??)



No one knows whether it is the name of a king or anyone that hears the hymn. Sayana interprets ‘the one who hear the praises’ (in the hymn); but others say it is the name of a King!!


DHUHISASU- 10-33-1

There is a scholarly discussion  on the word. Ludwig suspects it to be the name of a prince defeated by the king KURURSRAVANA. Literally the word means ‘the malevolent’.Ghost??


WOLF AND QUAIL- 10-39-13

Commentators say the quail is probably ‘Dawn’ delivered from the jaws of the wolf ‘Night’ by the TWIN LIGHT GODS. This is Yaska’s interpretation according to Sayana. Also in 1-112-8. Everyone, thus, agrees, that a lot of imagery, symbolism and allegory are in the Vedas. Wolf is not an animal here; quail is not a bird here!!!



Vaikunthaa was a female demon. Her son was Vaikuntha. That ‘Asuri’ woman becomes Indra’s second mother!

Saptagu means drawn by Seven Oxen!!



Commentators say apparently ‘Tree Demons’. Sangam Tamils said Anangus/ Nymphs live in lakes, ponds, rivers and on Trees. Later Hindu Tamil epics said Brahmarakshas live in natural spots.

In 1-53-8 also we come across them along with one more Asura Vangrda



KAVI, 10-49-3 father of Indra’s friend Usana


MRUGAYA, 10-49-5 A demon of the air.

Also occurring in 4-16-13 and 8-3-19

In Fourth Mandala, Mrgaya and Pipru are described as demons of the Air. And in the next line Indra is said to have struck down 50,000 black demons. Immediately the Anti Hindu Max Muller gang added it must be native aborigines!!! In all the world conflicts, we see enemies! But in Vedas only, all enemies are given Racial attributes!!! In 2000 year old Tamil literature Tamils killed only Tamils and they are all described as fiery enemies!!!


SRUTHARVARNAN -KING 10-49-5; may be a king.

PADGRIBI- DEMON  or some savage or enemy 10-49



VAGINAN – 10-56-2 it meant strong, strong steed; apparently the name of the deceased.

ASUNITI – 10-59- 5 it is assumed it is the personification of a deity presiding over the funeral

USEENARANI- 10-59-10- It must mean wife of Usinara. The meaning is not clear. With the same name some people in Madhya Pradesh are found.

ASAMAATI- 10-60-2 Sayana says it is the name of a king; others don’t agree and they say it meant Unequalled.

BAJERATHA VAMSAM- 10-60-2 Griffith writes it is un certain whether the name of a prince or a country!


BOAR- 10-67-7 Sayana says bearers of excellent water!

SEVEN SISTERS – 10-71-3 commentators say tone of seven singers. One ornithologist says it meant a kind of birds. Even today they are known as seven sisters in Bengal.

ARJIKIYA, SUSOMA, VIBHASA – 10-75-5 commentators couldn’t even recognise these rivers.

SILAMAVATI and URNAVATI ARE RIVERS – 10-75-8 but no one knows where they are. Sayana says they are Sindhu’s other names.


10-85 is the most famous Wedding Mantras, used even today by the Brahmin priests:-

RAIBHI 10-85-6

This and the following two are feminine names; they may be secular songs; only a guess




KOSAM 10-85-7 some say bridal outfit; others say chariot part; only a guess

KRTHYA 10-85-28 it may be the name of a deity or an evil spirit or demon



Some interpret it as parts of wedding dress; others as cutting, chopping meat. Hindus never serve non vegetarian food in weddings.

Even in wedding mantras (10-85) foreign translators could not get the meaning. They add ‘may be, probably’ etc. They say the wedding mantras are latest part of Vedas and yet they couldn’t get the meaning!



tags- Soma plant, Demons, Asuras, Ghosts, Evil Spirits, in Rig Veda


Date: 14 FEBRUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London- 21-39


Written by London swaminathan


Post No. 4744


PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources.




Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar has sung about Envy (jealousy) in his work Tirukkural, which was praised as Tamil Veda by his contemporaries.

Tiruvalluvar says,

‘’None has grown richer by envying

Ans no one has lost by not envying’’ (Kural 170)


In another couplet he says

‘’If an envious man accumulates wealth, and a virtuous man

Comes by misfortune, both these need scrutiny’’ – 169


‘He who is envious needs no enemies to ruin him’ – 165

‘The Goddess of Fortune shuns the envious’-  167

‘Envy destroys one’s wealth’ – Kural 168


Here is a story about envying told by C Hayavandana Rau in a book published 100 years ago. I have summarised it:


“A poor man with numerous children to support was daily begged by his wife to try his luck in a different town. At last he yielded to her request and started on a long trip. Overjoyed at his determination, his wife, who was a thoughtful woman, prepared him some dishes and packed them in a box.

Half way through his travel he wanted to take rest and so placed everything under a tree and went to wash his hands and feet in the nearby river. He suspended his meal box in a tree branch after looking around and making checks for monkeys and other animals.

Siva- Uma Rangoli by Mangalam srinivasan

Since it was evening, Parvati and Parameswar were on their usual round. The soft breeze carried the sweet smell of the dishes to the gods. Parvati, being a woman wanted to taste the food and get the recipe. Parameswar (Siva) agreed.

Before the person came back they ate the food and replaced the bronze box with a golden box with magical powers.

When the person came back from the river he was very hungry and so spread the banana leaf and tried to empty the box. Nothing was inside but he noticed the box is a golden box now. And he turned it over on the leaf before him, and his plate (leaf) was full of the tastiest food in the world. Now he realised it was a gift with magic powers sent by the gods. He returned home hurriedly to tell his wife and others the story. Just to thank the deities who gave him the magic box husband and wife arranged a big party for the villagers.


Everybody heard the story about the bronze box becoming a golden box and it gave food for everyone and it never runs out. The word about miracle spread far and wide and he had a very jealous couple in the very next door. The jealous wife asked her husband to go on travel like him. She expected a bigger golden box. She also made pack lunch for him and asked to do everything the same way his neighbour did. He went on a trip and took rest like his neighbour. At that time a Brahma Rakshas ( Ghosts) couple were travelling along that path. When the jealous man went to take a bath the ghosts took his bronze box with food and left him a lead box with evil powers. When the jealous man saw the change in the bundle ran to his wife saying the box had changed. Without checking, his wife invited all the villagers for a lunch. When she emptied the box, the ghosts (brahma rakshas) appeared before everyone and cut off the persons’ nose.


The moral of the story is ‘Jealousy brings punishment in its train’.








Date: 10 FEBRUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London- 9-37 AM


Compiled by London swaminathan


Post No. 4725






Superstition Anecdotes 

Coleridge, when asked by a lady if he believed in ghosts, replied,

“No, madam, I have seen too many to believe in them”.



How to serve Meals?

Carefully explaining the correct procedure in serving meals, the wealthy society lady ended her little lecture to the new maid by saying,

Now, Mary, don’t forget. You always serve from the left and take the plates from the right.


I won’t forget, Madam, answered the girl in a conciliating tone of voice, but what is the matter? Superstitious or something?


Negros Superstition


Abraham Lincoln told this story

A balloon ascension occurred in New Orleans before the war, and after sailing in the air for several hours, the aeronaut who was arrayed in silks and spangles like a circus performer, descended in a cotton field where a gang of slaves were at work. The frightened negroes took to the woods ,all but one venerable darky, who was rheumatic and could not run, and who, as the resplendent aeronaut approached, having apparently just dropped from heaven, said,

Good morning. Massa Jesus; how is yo pa?



Muslims object to Telephone


When the first line was put in for King Ibn Saud in Arabia, Moslem religious leaders protested against such innovations and works of the devil from the land of the Infidel. Ibn Saud listened to their complaint and gave judgement,

If the telephone is really the work of the Devil , the holy words of Koran will not pass over it,if the holy words do pass over it. It assuredly cannot be the work of the Devil. So we will appoint two mullahs, one to sit in the palace and one in the telephone exchange, and they are to take turns reading a passage from the Holy Book, and we will see. By this test the r religious leaders were convinced.



Key and Snake!

A snake having twined itself round a key, which was declared by the seers to be a portent, Leotychidas (Spartan Ruler 545 BCE) remarked

It would have been more of a portent if the key had twined itself round a snake.


No Boots!

General Emilio Mola, second in command with the Spanish fascists, was killed in an airplane crash. When the peasants picked him up they found he was in his stocking feet. A brother officer explained that a Gipsy had once told the General he would die with his boots on, and he therefore always took his shoes off when in an air plane.


Xxxx subham xxxxx



Hindu Beliefs in Shakespeare: Moon, Eclipse, Ghosts (Post No.4096)

Written by London Swaminathan

Date: 19 July 2017

Time uploaded in London- 17-11

Post No. 4096

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


It is needless to say that Shakespeare was a great scholar, playwright and a poet. he must have read and heard about India a lot. He lived just 500 years ago and no wonder he knew about India and Hinduism; by that time lot of Europeans were travelling in different directions in search of wealth. We see several references to Hindu beliefs in his plays. Had he been an essayist he would have mentioned the sources; but he was only a playwright and his main aim was to satisfy the English audience.

I have been collecting such references from different sources; I have written about his reference to Nagaratna (Cobra gem) a few years ago. Now look at some more references about Moon, Eclipses and Ghosts.

Mr Crooke, in his book Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, has an interesting note on the moon:

“The moon has several special functions in relation to disease. Roots and simples collected by moonlight are more efficacious”. This is quite Shakespearian for Jessica says,


“n such a night Medea gathered the enchanted herbs

That did renew old Aeson “(The Merchant of Venice)

And Laertes speaks of the poison ‘collected from all simples that have virtue under the moon’ (Hamlet) .

Also very common is the belief that any disease contracted by  a man under the waning moon tends to diminish. Patients are often told to look at the moon reflected in butter or milk or water, and the cure will be effected. This is mostly done in the case of leprosy and similar diseases.

“In spite of all these advantages there is very little special worship of the Moon. When an image is erected to him it is usually associated with that of the Sun God. Moon worship is most popular in Bengal and Behar.”


My comments

I have already written about Moon’s effect on mind, why Hindus worship moon, Nagaratna and Vedic hymns linking Plants and Moon. Western biologists have not yet found out what Hindus already knew. Soma is used to denote Moon, Soma herb and moon in astrology.

Eclipses in Shakespeare

Until today Hindus are the only race in the world who take eclipses seriously.  They knew the bad and good effects of the eclipses. Any prayer done during eclipse is 100 times more effective. Any food eaten during or just before the eclipse will have bad effects. Such beliefs and special rituals like propitiating the departed souls do not exist in any other religion. They put Dharba grass in all the cooked foods to save it from the radiation. The reason is that not all the eclipses are bad. But they want the same rules for all eclipses so that people will remember to follow them.

Eclipses are believed to be of evil omen. Gloucester summarises admirably the Hindu belief in passage in King Lear (1-2)

“These late eclipses in the sun and pointed no good to us… love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide; in cities mutinies; in countries discord; in palaces treason; and the bond cracked ‘twixt son and father”.


Shakespeare said more than what Hindu scriptures said about the eclipses. Hindus will eat no food which has remained in the house during an eclipse, and all the earthen vessels which are in the house must be broken. During an eclipse, all the household business is suspended and eating and drinking prohibited. Even sleeping is forbidden. They bathe before and after the eclipse; use the time for prayers. Orthodox Hindus stand in the water and recite Gayatri mantra. Bathing during eclipse also cleanses from sin.


People born under particular stars wear special talisman, i.e., a palm leaf written with mantra is worn on forehead.

Though Hindus knew what causes eclipses and they calculated precisely and forecast the date and time, they told the laymen some stories. Ignorant people cant understand  astronomical calculations. They told the laymen that two planets (shadows) Rahu and Ketu are demons or snakes and they devour sun and moon.

Ghosts in Shakespeare

Foreigners have a big confusion about Hindu beliefs in ghosts. All the foreigners described Hindus as devil worshippers. Ignorant people like Dr Caldwell called all the Nadar community members as devil worshippers. Other foreigners described 90 percent Hindus are devil worshippers. This is because of their ignorance; they could not differentiate between the Asuras, Rakshasas, departed souls, Brahmarakshas (Brahmin ghosts), demon planets Rahu and Ketu and the actual ghosts (of people who died unnaturally in murders, suicides, accidents); apart from these some tribal beliefs about forests caves and hills (they are like Bermuda Triangles) and anything that cant be explained were classified as mysterious ghosts. Foreign writers classified all these as devil worships. Such beliefs exists in all parts of the world and in all cultures. Atharva Veda described even bacteria and Viruses as demons because the laymen won’t understand. Eclipsing planets such as Rahu and Ketu were described as demons but not ghosts


In King Lear, Shakespeare says,

:Unsepulchred they roamed and shrieked, each wandering ghost”.

The earliest Shakespeare in which Ghosts appear is Richard III. Richard is visited by the spirits of his victims in sleep.

In Hamlet, Horatio doubts the existence of ghosts that Barnardo and Marcellus claimed to have seen on two previous nights.

Horatio says that before Julius Caesar’s assassination,

“he sheeted dead

Did squeak and gibber in Roman streets”

In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare says, Brutus saw the apparition of murdered Caesar. He wondered whether it was some god or angel or devil.


This is definitely Hindu way of questioning.

In Macbeth Banquo’s ghost plays an important role.

In short all the important plays of Shakespeare have ghosts.

Monier William’s Ignorance:—

Rev, E Osborn Martin adds the epithet “bloody” for all the Hindu gods and goddesses: Shiva, Kali, Avatars of Vishnu and Ganesh! They are described in the chapter ‘Demon and Devil worship in India’ in his book ‘The Gods of India’.

Ignorant Sir Monier Williams writes, “the people worshipping a milkman who was killed by a tiger and he became devil”.

Sangam Tamil literature said that the heroes were worshipped after their death. If a person dies in an attack by a tiger or any animal when he tried to save the general public, Tamils erect Hero Stone for him and worship. Even today all the countries in the world erect memorials for their leaders and the visiting foreign dignitary must lay a wreath there. When some accidents happen people go to the spots and lay wreaths or flower bunches and light candles etc. Poor Monier Williams and his colleagues such as Caldwells would have described them as devil worship!


All the ladies who sacrificed their lives to save their honour or in Satee are worshipped! Ignorant foreigners called those devil worship. But they themselves erect war memorials in every nook and corner and ask Kings and Queens to lay flower wreaths every year. we can call them Devil worshippers!!


Sir Alfred Ryall declared that “every mysterious, gruesome looking dell, cavern, steep pass and wild and desolate hill top or ridge in Central India has its Deo (god), never seen of man, but felt by those who visit the spot – by shepherds and herdsmen camping out far amid the melancholy worlds or by travellers along the lonely tracks…. The whereabouts of the spirits is sometimes marked by a heap of stones, sometimes by rags tied to bush, occasionally by chains suspended mystically from a cliff or a tree; or the spirit wanders around a huge banyan tree or a ruined temple.


Mr Bowtring, in his Eastern Experiences (1871), described the Spirit Houses found in the Mysore Forests – little sheds built over the white ant hills and dedicated to the wood demons.

Captain Forsyth, writing about Berar, mentions that when the Gonds fell the wood on a hill side, they leave a little clump of trees to serve as a refuge for the spirit whom they have dislodged.

Westerners also believed in haunted buildings; every year newspaper articles about haunted places appear during Halloween times.

Sangam  age Tamils also believed that spirits occupy all the hills, water sources and trees. It is in Sangam literature. Those who don’t study both Tamil and Sanskrit literature blabber more than others. Hindus believed in ghosts but they are different from good spirits.

Tags: Shakespeare, Hindu Beliefs, Ghosts, Moon ,Eclipse, devil worship






White Mustard Seeds to drive away the Ghosts!


Research Article No.1743; Date:- 23  March, 2015

Written by London swaminathan

Uploaded at London time  20-21 pm

“Aa Setu Himachala Paryantam”—From the Himalayas to Kanya Kumari — is a phrase used very often in Hindu literature. Kanyakumari is also called Setu according to the Sankalpa mantra followed in the district. Hindus followed the same culture from land’s southernmost point to the Northern most Himalayas. I have already given umpteen examples from the oldest Tamil literature and the Vedas to prove this point.  Now I have found out that they followed the same technique to drive away the ghosts!

We have already seen exemplary chaste woman Arundhati, Holy Ganges, Holy Himalayas, Sages, Six Seasons, Four Divisions of Army, Rajasuya Yagna, Four Vedas, Dharma, Artha, Kama and Gods Indra, Varuna, Shiva, Vishnu, Rebirth, Karma Theory, astrology etc are followed or respected in the oldest part of Tamil literature as well as Sanskrit literature. It is the same culture with some regional peculiarities. And anthropologists and sociologists knew that such differences exist in all parts of the world. There is no exception.

white mustard

Picture of White Mustard

This uniform Hindu culture has bulldozed the Aryan- Dravidian Racist theory. To drive one more nail in the coffin here is the ghost busters from the Atharva Veda and Sangam Tamil Literature!

Sinapis alba or Brassica alba known as Baja or white mustard seeds (Aiyavi in Tamil) are used to protect wounded people, pregnant women and new born babies from the evil spirits according to Tamil Literature and the Atharva Veda. Atharva Veda is dated before 1000 BCE. Tamil Literature is dated the first few centuries of Common Era. So the same belief existed over a vast land of 1-5 million square miles for at least 1000 years!

In the Atharva veda various remedies are suggested to avoid miscarriage and abortion. One of them is an amulet with white or yellow mustard seeds. It is tied on the body of pregnant women to prevent the evil spirits attacking her ( Samething is practised in Tamil Nau!) These evil spirits are believed to cause abortion (AV 8-6-9) or pain in her hips (AV 8-6-13). They like to devour the embryo of the pregnant women (AV 8-6-23). They cause the child to die in the womb or immediately after birth (AV 8-6-18). The cure for such maladies is the white mustard. The mustard prevents problems like still birth, labour pain, bareness (8-6-26).


Picture of Mustard Plant

The Atharva Veda (2-25-3) refers to the demons called Kanvas, who eat foetus. The plant prisniparni is the wonderful divine remedy against the vile tricks of Kanvas, in particular causing abortion.

Medical Research needed!

Since 2000 year old Tamil literature and at least 3000 year old Vedic literature talk of the same remedy, serious medical research is required regarding the efficacy of white mustards in protecting infants and the pregnant women. Probably it has anti- bacterial and anti- virus qualities. Tamils used it along with Neem leaves. Margosa or neem leaves are effective anti- virus medicines which are used in treating small pox.

Flowing are the references in Tamil literature—

Tiru murugatru padai – line 228

Maduraikanchi – line 287

Nedunalvadai – line 86

Natrinai verses -40 and 370

Purananuru – 98, 281, 296


Picture of Neem Tree

Summary of the information from the above verses:

Wounded soldier’s wife says (Pura.281)

Come on, let us insert Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica) so that the ghosts won’t harm him. Let us sprinkle the white mustard seeds. Let us also ring the bells and play on Ambal pipes and lyre.

Just to prevent the ghosts, burn and make smoke of white mustard (Pura.296)

Chieftain Athiyaman is in ferocious in his attacks. Even when they burn and make smoke from white mustard,  the god of death is definitely going to take the lives of his enemies (Pura.98)

New born baby is just lying by the side of its mother. The lady has worn white mustard paste over her body (Natrinai 40)—just to avoid the evil spirits.

Another house with a new born baby is smeared with white mustard Natrinai 370

The two Natrinai verses show that new born babies and their mothers were protected with white mustard powder mixed in ghee (clarified butter). Long poems also talk about white mustard mixed with ghee is applied in some places. Commentators are very clear about it. They say that this practice is followed to drive away the evil spirits.

It is not a strange coincidence but an accepted practice that the Vedas and Tamil literature refer to. Both are speaking about the same protective measures to save the new born babies and pregnant mothers with white mustard.