NONE HAS GROWN RICHER BY ENVYING- A STORY (Post No.4744)

Date: 14 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 21-39

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4744

 

PICTURES ARE TAKEN from various sources.

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

 

Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar has sung about Envy (jealousy) in his work Tirukkural, which was praised as Tamil Veda by his contemporaries.

Tiruvalluvar says,

‘’None has grown richer by envying

Ans no one has lost by not envying’’ (Kural 170)

 

In another couplet he says

‘’If an envious man accumulates wealth, and a virtuous man

Comes by misfortune, both these need scrutiny’’ – 169

 

‘He who is envious needs no enemies to ruin him’ – 165

‘The Goddess of Fortune shuns the envious’-  167

‘Envy destroys one’s wealth’ – Kural 168

 

Here is a story about envying told by C Hayavandana Rau in a book published 100 years ago. I have summarised it:

 

“A poor man with numerous children to support was daily begged by his wife to try his luck in a different town. At last he yielded to her request and started on a long trip. Overjoyed at his determination, his wife, who was a thoughtful woman, prepared him some dishes and packed them in a box.

Half way through his travel he wanted to take rest and so placed everything under a tree and went to wash his hands and feet in the nearby river. He suspended his meal box in a tree branch after looking around and making checks for monkeys and other animals.

Siva- Uma Rangoli by Mangalam srinivasan

Since it was evening, Parvati and Parameswar were on their usual round. The soft breeze carried the sweet smell of the dishes to the gods. Parvati, being a woman wanted to taste the food and get the recipe. Parameswar (Siva) agreed.

Before the person came back they ate the food and replaced the bronze box with a golden box with magical powers.

When the person came back from the river he was very hungry and so spread the banana leaf and tried to empty the box. Nothing was inside but he noticed the box is a golden box now. And he turned it over on the leaf before him, and his plate (leaf) was full of the tastiest food in the world. Now he realised it was a gift with magic powers sent by the gods. He returned home hurriedly to tell his wife and others the story. Just to thank the deities who gave him the magic box husband and wife arranged a big party for the villagers.

       

Everybody heard the story about the bronze box becoming a golden box and it gave food for everyone and it never runs out. The word about miracle spread far and wide and he had a very jealous couple in the very next door. The jealous wife asked her husband to go on travel like him. She expected a bigger golden box. She also made pack lunch for him and asked to do everything the same way his neighbour did. He went on a trip and took rest like his neighbour. At that time a Brahma Rakshas ( Ghosts) couple were travelling along that path. When the jealous man went to take a bath the ghosts took his bronze box with food and left him a lead box with evil powers. When the jealous man saw the change in the bundle ran to his wife saying the box had changed. Without checking, his wife invited all the villagers for a lunch. When she emptied the box, the ghosts (brahma rakshas) appeared before everyone and cut off the persons’ nose.

 

The moral of the story is ‘Jealousy brings punishment in its train’.

–Subham-

 

 

 

 

 

MUSLIM, CHRISTIAN SUPERSTITION ANECDOTES (Post No.4725)

Date: 10 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 9-37 AM

 

Compiled by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4725

 

PICTURES ARE TAKEN FROM VARIOUS SOURCES SUCH AS FACEEBOOK, GOOGLE AND WEBSITES.

 

 

WARNING: PLEASE SHARE MY ARTICLES; BUT DON’T SHARE IT WITHOUT AUTHOR’S NAME AND THE BLOG NAME. BE HONEST; OTHERS WILL BE HONEST WITH YOU.

Superstition Anecdotes 

Coleridge, when asked by a lady if he believed in ghosts, replied,

“No, madam, I have seen too many to believe in them”.

 

Xxx

How to serve Meals?

Carefully explaining the correct procedure in serving meals, the wealthy society lady ended her little lecture to the new maid by saying,

Now, Mary, don’t forget. You always serve from the left and take the plates from the right.

 

I won’t forget, Madam, answered the girl in a conciliating tone of voice, but what is the matter? Superstitious or something?

Xxx

Negros Superstition

 

Abraham Lincoln told this story

A balloon ascension occurred in New Orleans before the war, and after sailing in the air for several hours, the aeronaut who was arrayed in silks and spangles like a circus performer, descended in a cotton field where a gang of slaves were at work. The frightened negroes took to the woods ,all but one venerable darky, who was rheumatic and could not run, and who, as the resplendent aeronaut approached, having apparently just dropped from heaven, said,

Good morning. Massa Jesus; how is yo pa?

 

Xxx

Muslims object to Telephone

 

When the first line was put in for King Ibn Saud in Arabia, Moslem religious leaders protested against such innovations and works of the devil from the land of the Infidel. Ibn Saud listened to their complaint and gave judgement,

If the telephone is really the work of the Devil , the holy words of Koran will not pass over it,if the holy words do pass over it. It assuredly cannot be the work of the Devil. So we will appoint two mullahs, one to sit in the palace and one in the telephone exchange, and they are to take turns reading a passage from the Holy Book, and we will see. By this test the r religious leaders were convinced.

 

Xxxx

Key and Snake!

A snake having twined itself round a key, which was declared by the seers to be a portent, Leotychidas (Spartan Ruler 545 BCE) remarked

It would have been more of a portent if the key had twined itself round a snake.

Xxxx

No Boots!

General Emilio Mola, second in command with the Spanish fascists, was killed in an airplane crash. When the peasants picked him up they found he was in his stocking feet. A brother officer explained that a Gipsy had once told the General he would die with his boots on, and he therefore always took his shoes off when in an air plane.

 

Xxxx subham xxxxx

 

 

Hindu Beliefs in Shakespeare: Moon, Eclipse, Ghosts (Post No.4096)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 19 July 2017


Time uploaded in London- 17-11


Post No. 4096


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

It is needless to say that Shakespeare was a great scholar, playwright and a poet. he must have read and heard about India a lot. He lived just 500 years ago and no wonder he knew about India and Hinduism; by that time lot of Europeans were travelling in different directions in search of wealth. We see several references to Hindu beliefs in his plays. Had he been an essayist he would have mentioned the sources; but he was only a playwright and his main aim was to satisfy the English audience.

I have been collecting such references from different sources; I have written about his reference to Nagaratna (Cobra gem) a few years ago. Now look at some more references about Moon, Eclipses and Ghosts.

Mr Crooke, in his book Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, has an interesting note on the moon:

“The moon has several special functions in relation to disease. Roots and simples collected by moonlight are more efficacious”. This is quite Shakespearian for Jessica says,

 

“n such a night Medea gathered the enchanted herbs

That did renew old Aeson “(The Merchant of Venice)

And Laertes speaks of the poison ‘collected from all simples that have virtue under the moon’ (Hamlet) .

Also very common is the belief that any disease contracted by  a man under the waning moon tends to diminish. Patients are often told to look at the moon reflected in butter or milk or water, and the cure will be effected. This is mostly done in the case of leprosy and similar diseases.

“In spite of all these advantages there is very little special worship of the Moon. When an image is erected to him it is usually associated with that of the Sun God. Moon worship is most popular in Bengal and Behar.”

 

My comments

I have already written about Moon’s effect on mind, why Hindus worship moon, Nagaratna and Vedic hymns linking Plants and Moon. Western biologists have not yet found out what Hindus already knew. Soma is used to denote Moon, Soma herb and moon in astrology.

Eclipses in Shakespeare

Until today Hindus are the only race in the world who take eclipses seriously.  They knew the bad and good effects of the eclipses. Any prayer done during eclipse is 100 times more effective. Any food eaten during or just before the eclipse will have bad effects. Such beliefs and special rituals like propitiating the departed souls do not exist in any other religion. They put Dharba grass in all the cooked foods to save it from the radiation. The reason is that not all the eclipses are bad. But they want the same rules for all eclipses so that people will remember to follow them.

Eclipses are believed to be of evil omen. Gloucester summarises admirably the Hindu belief in passage in King Lear (1-2)

“These late eclipses in the sun and pointed no good to us… love cools, friendship falls off, brothers divide; in cities mutinies; in countries discord; in palaces treason; and the bond cracked ‘twixt son and father”.

 

Shakespeare said more than what Hindu scriptures said about the eclipses. Hindus will eat no food which has remained in the house during an eclipse, and all the earthen vessels which are in the house must be broken. During an eclipse, all the household business is suspended and eating and drinking prohibited. Even sleeping is forbidden. They bathe before and after the eclipse; use the time for prayers. Orthodox Hindus stand in the water and recite Gayatri mantra. Bathing during eclipse also cleanses from sin.

 

People born under particular stars wear special talisman, i.e., a palm leaf written with mantra is worn on forehead.

Though Hindus knew what causes eclipses and they calculated precisely and forecast the date and time, they told the laymen some stories. Ignorant people cant understand  astronomical calculations. They told the laymen that two planets (shadows) Rahu and Ketu are demons or snakes and they devour sun and moon.

Ghosts in Shakespeare

Foreigners have a big confusion about Hindu beliefs in ghosts. All the foreigners described Hindus as devil worshippers. Ignorant people like Dr Caldwell called all the Nadar community members as devil worshippers. Other foreigners described 90 percent Hindus are devil worshippers. This is because of their ignorance; they could not differentiate between the Asuras, Rakshasas, departed souls, Brahmarakshas (Brahmin ghosts), demon planets Rahu and Ketu and the actual ghosts (of people who died unnaturally in murders, suicides, accidents); apart from these some tribal beliefs about forests caves and hills (they are like Bermuda Triangles) and anything that cant be explained were classified as mysterious ghosts. Foreign writers classified all these as devil worships. Such beliefs exists in all parts of the world and in all cultures. Atharva Veda described even bacteria and Viruses as demons because the laymen won’t understand. Eclipsing planets such as Rahu and Ketu were described as demons but not ghosts

 

In King Lear, Shakespeare says,

:Unsepulchred they roamed and shrieked, each wandering ghost”.

The earliest Shakespeare in which Ghosts appear is Richard III. Richard is visited by the spirits of his victims in sleep.

In Hamlet, Horatio doubts the existence of ghosts that Barnardo and Marcellus claimed to have seen on two previous nights.

Horatio says that before Julius Caesar’s assassination,

“he sheeted dead

Did squeak and gibber in Roman streets”

In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare says, Brutus saw the apparition of murdered Caesar. He wondered whether it was some god or angel or devil.

 

This is definitely Hindu way of questioning.

In Macbeth Banquo’s ghost plays an important role.

In short all the important plays of Shakespeare have ghosts.

Monier William’s Ignorance:—

Rev, E Osborn Martin adds the epithet “bloody” for all the Hindu gods and goddesses: Shiva, Kali, Avatars of Vishnu and Ganesh! They are described in the chapter ‘Demon and Devil worship in India’ in his book ‘The Gods of India’.

Ignorant Sir Monier Williams writes, “the people worshipping a milkman who was killed by a tiger and he became devil”.

Sangam Tamil literature said that the heroes were worshipped after their death. If a person dies in an attack by a tiger or any animal when he tried to save the general public, Tamils erect Hero Stone for him and worship. Even today all the countries in the world erect memorials for their leaders and the visiting foreign dignitary must lay a wreath there. When some accidents happen people go to the spots and lay wreaths or flower bunches and light candles etc. Poor Monier Williams and his colleagues such as Caldwells would have described them as devil worship!

 

All the ladies who sacrificed their lives to save their honour or in Satee are worshipped! Ignorant foreigners called those devil worship. But they themselves erect war memorials in every nook and corner and ask Kings and Queens to lay flower wreaths every year. we can call them Devil worshippers!!

 

Sir Alfred Ryall declared that “every mysterious, gruesome looking dell, cavern, steep pass and wild and desolate hill top or ridge in Central India has its Deo (god), never seen of man, but felt by those who visit the spot – by shepherds and herdsmen camping out far amid the melancholy worlds or by travellers along the lonely tracks…. The whereabouts of the spirits is sometimes marked by a heap of stones, sometimes by rags tied to bush, occasionally by chains suspended mystically from a cliff or a tree; or the spirit wanders around a huge banyan tree or a ruined temple.

 

Mr Bowtring, in his Eastern Experiences (1871), described the Spirit Houses found in the Mysore Forests – little sheds built over the white ant hills and dedicated to the wood demons.

Captain Forsyth, writing about Berar, mentions that when the Gonds fell the wood on a hill side, they leave a little clump of trees to serve as a refuge for the spirit whom they have dislodged.

Westerners also believed in haunted buildings; every year newspaper articles about haunted places appear during Halloween times.

Sangam  age Tamils also believed that spirits occupy all the hills, water sources and trees. It is in Sangam literature. Those who don’t study both Tamil and Sanskrit literature blabber more than others. Hindus believed in ghosts but they are different from good spirits.

Tags: Shakespeare, Hindu Beliefs, Ghosts, Moon ,Eclipse, devil worship

 

–Subham–

 

 

 

White Mustard Seeds to drive away the Ghosts!

Mustard-Seed

Research Article No.1743; Date:- 23  March, 2015

Written by London swaminathan

Uploaded at London time  20-21 pm

“Aa Setu Himachala Paryantam”—From the Himalayas to Kanya Kumari — is a phrase used very often in Hindu literature. Kanyakumari is also called Setu according to the Sankalpa mantra followed in the district. Hindus followed the same culture from land’s southernmost point to the Northern most Himalayas. I have already given umpteen examples from the oldest Tamil literature and the Vedas to prove this point.  Now I have found out that they followed the same technique to drive away the ghosts!

We have already seen exemplary chaste woman Arundhati, Holy Ganges, Holy Himalayas, Sages, Six Seasons, Four Divisions of Army, Rajasuya Yagna, Four Vedas, Dharma, Artha, Kama and Gods Indra, Varuna, Shiva, Vishnu, Rebirth, Karma Theory, astrology etc are followed or respected in the oldest part of Tamil literature as well as Sanskrit literature. It is the same culture with some regional peculiarities. And anthropologists and sociologists knew that such differences exist in all parts of the world. There is no exception.

white mustard

Picture of White Mustard

This uniform Hindu culture has bulldozed the Aryan- Dravidian Racist theory. To drive one more nail in the coffin here is the ghost busters from the Atharva Veda and Sangam Tamil Literature!

Sinapis alba or Brassica alba known as Baja or white mustard seeds (Aiyavi in Tamil) are used to protect wounded people, pregnant women and new born babies from the evil spirits according to Tamil Literature and the Atharva Veda. Atharva Veda is dated before 1000 BCE. Tamil Literature is dated the first few centuries of Common Era. So the same belief existed over a vast land of 1-5 million square miles for at least 1000 years!

In the Atharva veda various remedies are suggested to avoid miscarriage and abortion. One of them is an amulet with white or yellow mustard seeds. It is tied on the body of pregnant women to prevent the evil spirits attacking her ( Samething is practised in Tamil Nau!) These evil spirits are believed to cause abortion (AV 8-6-9) or pain in her hips (AV 8-6-13). They like to devour the embryo of the pregnant women (AV 8-6-23). They cause the child to die in the womb or immediately after birth (AV 8-6-18). The cure for such maladies is the white mustard. The mustard prevents problems like still birth, labour pain, bareness (8-6-26).

white-yellow-mustard-

Picture of Mustard Plant

The Atharva Veda (2-25-3) refers to the demons called Kanvas, who eat foetus. The plant prisniparni is the wonderful divine remedy against the vile tricks of Kanvas, in particular causing abortion.

Medical Research needed!

Since 2000 year old Tamil literature and at least 3000 year old Vedic literature talk of the same remedy, serious medical research is required regarding the efficacy of white mustards in protecting infants and the pregnant women. Probably it has anti- bacterial and anti- virus qualities. Tamils used it along with Neem leaves. Margosa or neem leaves are effective anti- virus medicines which are used in treating small pox.

Flowing are the references in Tamil literature—

Tiru murugatru padai – line 228

Maduraikanchi – line 287

Nedunalvadai – line 86

Natrinai verses -40 and 370

Purananuru – 98, 281, 296

Neem-flower

Picture of Neem Tree

Summary of the information from the above verses:

Wounded soldier’s wife says (Pura.281)

Come on, let us insert Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica) so that the ghosts won’t harm him. Let us sprinkle the white mustard seeds. Let us also ring the bells and play on Ambal pipes and lyre.

Just to prevent the ghosts, burn and make smoke of white mustard (Pura.296)

Chieftain Athiyaman is in ferocious in his attacks. Even when they burn and make smoke from white mustard,  the god of death is definitely going to take the lives of his enemies (Pura.98)

New born baby is just lying by the side of its mother. The lady has worn white mustard paste over her body (Natrinai 40)—just to avoid the evil spirits.

Another house with a new born baby is smeared with white mustard Natrinai 370

The two Natrinai verses show that new born babies and their mothers were protected with white mustard powder mixed in ghee (clarified butter). Long poems also talk about white mustard mixed with ghee is applied in some places. Commentators are very clear about it. They say that this practice is followed to drive away the evil spirits.

It is not a strange coincidence but an accepted practice that the Vedas and Tamil literature refer to. Both are speaking about the same protective measures to save the new born babies and pregnant mothers with white mustard.