SuMeru, KuMeru, PaMeru,Meru

(Pamir (Pa Meru Mountains)

Research paper written by London Swaminathan
Research article No.1398; Dated 8th November 2014.

Sumeru is Iraq; old Mesopotamia
Kumeru is South Pole, Kumari in South India and Khmer in Cambodia
Pameru is Pamir, the roof of the world in Tazkistan, Kyrgystan, Afghanistan
Meru is North Pole and Mountain Peak in Kenya; Himalayas in modern times

I am just developing a theme on the basis of Kanchi Paramacharya Swamikal’s lecture in Chennai in 1932. Kanchi Paramacharya (1894 -1994) was the Shankaracharya of Kamakoti Mutt. His Madras lectures were famous and brought out in book form in several editions. On 12th October 1932, he was talking on the topic “Our Religion”. In his scholarly exposition, he said that our Puranas explain that North pole is Su Meru and South Pole is Ku Meru and in between there are seven oceans and seven continents. But today we don’t see such a division because it was the position seen millions of years ago. Then he explained how the earth pole is tilted and how the pole star changes during thousands of years.

Mount Meru in Kenya, Africa

Now look at the words Sumeria, Pamir Mountains, Khmer civilization of Cambodia and Kanyakumari of South India. All these have Meru in their names which mean a Peak, a High place, a Mountain etc.
Meru becomes Medu (high land) in Tamil. I have already explained in one of my posts that R=L=D are interchangeable in most of the names we know.

Kumari in South India is the land’s Southern most point today. But thousands of years ago it was a mountain area which went into the sea.Tamil literature mentioned it in at least two places. There they referred Kumari only as a mountain ( Kumari Kodu in Tamil). It may be Ku+Meru. The people might have migrated to different places and named them after Kumari. We see Comoros islands in Indian Ocean and Khmer in Cambodia.

If you search for the origin of the words Khmer and Sumer, you will draw blank. There is no origin for Sumer, Khmer and Kumari. At least Kanchi Shakaracharya’s 1932 talk explained Kumeru. But he did not elaborate on this and he never said Kumeru is Kumari. I only guess that Tamils might have named it Kumari after the South pole Ku Meru.

sumermap2 in modern Iraq
Sumer in Iraq

In the absence of logical explanation for the Khmer race or Khmer Kingdom, I guess that is also based on Ku+Meru. There is no need to explain Khmer’s Hindu origin. Kambojas were living in the North West part of India long ago and they migrated to different places. The Sanskrit word Kamboja (Camboja=Cambodia) and Meru like Angkhor Wat and Borobudur (Java in Indonesia) temples are self explanatory.

Now look at Sumeria. Again no encyclopaedia gives the origin of the word. Sumerum was the term given by Akkadians according to the “Dictionary of the Ancient Near East” published by the British museum, London; it adds, “However it has not prevented violent scholarly debates in modern times about the possible origins outside Mesopotamia of a Sumerian race who allegedly entered the area as immigrants”.

After going through the Dictionary several times I strongly believe that the Sumerians migrated from some parts of India. If we study the music in ancient Sumer we can see the Sapta swara (seven notes) contribution of Akkadians and all other music things from the Hittiltes. Scholarly world knew that Kassites and Hittites spoke a language closer to Sanskrit family.

Maha Meru in Sri Chakra of the Hindus

Hindus who migrated to Mesopotamia might have named it Su+Meru. The term occurs for the first time in Taitriya Aranyaka. English people who migrated to Australia, Canada and United states 200 years ago named all the new places after their places of origin. Just to avoid confusion they added ‘NEW’ before the place names (Eg. New South Wales, New England). Tamils who migrated to Northern Sri Lanka named several places after Tamil towns in Tamil Nadu. All the Sri Lankan rivers are given Ganga as a suffix. In the same way Hindus named their new land Su+Meru.

The peak of the tallest mountain in East Africa is also called Meru (Kenya). Meroe is also a known place name in Kushite civilization. When we have a bird’s eye view from top we know that all these civilizations were helped by the Hindus

Even Kailash is consiered meru in modern days

Pameru= Pa+Mir
Mir in Arabic and Urdu means high, exalted, honourable which is used as a suffix or prefix in many place names and peoples’ names. Pamir is called the roof of the world. No wonder they called it Meru (Pa+Meru). Pa is a Sanskrit prefix which is used in the book title Pamathy. The nearby mountain in China is called Tien Shan (Deva Achala). It means celestial mountains in Chinese.

So I believe that these Pamir Mountains, Khmer culture, Sumerian civilization and Tamil Kumari mountains (which went under the sea long ago according to Tamil literature) share the word Meru which means high place or a tall mountain.

In the Hindu religious literature Meru has geographical, symbolical, ritual and mythical meanings (John Woodroffe and many others have explained it).

Tamil Reference book :– Sri Jagaguruvin Upadeasangal, First Part, page 75, Kamakoti Kosasthanam, Chennai, 1957, Rs.3.


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