Parthenon of Athens and its Hindu Links! (Post No.4122)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 2 August 2017
Time uploaded in London- 21-39
Post No. 4122
Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

pictures by london swaminathan.

 

Parthenon was the temple of Goddess Athena in the capital city Athens in Greece.

I went to Athens on 27th of July and spent almost a full  day visiting Acropolis, Parthenon and the Acropolis museum. An approved tourist guide approached us ( a group of 11 people0and explained everything in two hours for the price of 100 Euros. This is in addition to the ticket price of 30 Euros per head. As a history student, first I objected to hiring her, the tourist guide. But after listening to her, I said I was happy. she gave the whole history of Greece in two hours. Above all, looking at us she asked whether we were from India. We said we were of Indian origin, but at the moment coming from London, Sydney and New Zealand. The reason she asked us about our origin was that she compared the Goddess River Ganges (ganga devi) with the Goddess Athena. The comparison does not stop there. I will explain it one by one in my article today.

 

Athens was named after the goddess Athena Parthinos. Naming a city after a goddess is typical Hindu custom. We have the famous Mumbai, Kolkata, Madurai, Kanyakumari and hundreds of towns in India named after Hindu goddesses. Athena Parthenos means Virgin Goddess, i.e. Kanya Kumari.

Raghuvamsa of Kalidasa, Ramayana of Valmiki and Silappadikaram and Manimegalai , the Tamil epics – all these talk about the goddesses of the towns such Lanka Devi, Mathura Devi, Manimeghala, goddess of Ayodhya etc.

The tourist guide beautifully explained how the Christians and Muslims systematically destroyed the building Parthenon and the wonderful Athena statue inside the Parthenon temple. They converted the building as a church and then a mosque and then arms depot. at one time they torpedoed the statue like Muslim terrorists who bombed the tallest Buddha staue in the Bhamiyan cave of Afghanistan. The Greek tourist guide angrily accused the British for plundering the marbles in the Parthenon temple and placed them in the British Museum in London as Elgin marbles. She blamed that Elgin stole them and why did they call Elgin marbles. She rightly told that it should be called Parthennon marbles or Phydias marbles and should be returned to Greece. Immediately I remembered the British looting of Kohinoor and the Victoria looting Sapphire of Madurai Goddess Meenakshi.

Now let us look at the structure of Parthenon:

 

Parthenon was the temple of Athena Parthinos (the Virgin). It was built on top of Acropolis in Athens. Phydia,s the sculpto,r supervised it and the architects Callicractes and Ictinus built it. It had a beautiful statue of Goddess Athena, made up of gold and ivory. It was a tall statue. The rectangular building is the best specimen of Doric style. It has 8 pillars or columns on one side and 13 columns lengthwise. It is called golden ratio.

The tourist guide added some information which I did not find in the encyclopaedias. Proportionately the Parthenon structure is similarto A 4 size paper. So it is a perfect size. Since it is not on a flat surface the lines drawn from the columns will meet at five kilometres above the Parthenon and it will form a pyramid.

It was built between 447 and 438 BCE. But people believe that there was another building before that.

 

Parthinogensis means birth without a male’s participation. That is virgin birth. We have Draupadi, Sita, Andal, Five Pandava brothers and several others in this category.

I will compare the birth of Athena and the Ganga in the second part. The story of birth of Athena is a symbolic story like the symbolism we find in the Rig Veda and the Brahmanas. It symbolises the dawn of wisdom. I will also explain how Christians and Muslims destroyed the temple. It is also a repeat of what they did in India and Sri Lanka. The Muslim terrorists who destroyed Bhamiyan Buddha and Syrian Palmyra just imitated the Christians and Muslims of Europe. They were the roll models for these terrorists. The full history of destruction is in Wikipedia and other encyclopaedias. I will just tell you what the tourist guide told us.

 

–to be continued………………….

 

 

 

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