Learn Tamil Verbs (Past Tense)- Post No11,358


Post No. 11,358

Date uploaded in London – 15 OCTOBER 2022                  

Contact – swami_48@yahoo.com

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Lesson 9

Let us look at past tense today; this is the most difficult part in learning Tamil as a Non-Tamil. I will use the same verbs used yesterday as example.

நிகழ் காலம் Present tense , வருங் காலம் Future tense, இறந்த காலம் Past tense

தூங்கினேன் I slept  , குடித்தேன் I drank



The middle part is the Past Stem with which you add PGN


First class verbs (three types)

1.a செய்- செய்த்– செய் தேன்  I did

1.b.கொள் — கொண்ட் — கொண் டேன் I took

1.c.வெல் — வென்ற் — வென்றேன் I won


Class two Verbs

2.உட்கார் — உட்கார்ந்த் – உட்கார்ந்தேன் I sat


Class 3 Verbs

3.வாங்கு — வாங்கின் — வாங்கினேன் I bought


Class 4 Verbs

4.சாப்பிடு — சாப்பிட்ட் – சாப்பிட்டேன் I ate

பெறு — பெற்ற் — பெற் றேன் I got (I gave birth)


Fifth class has four types

5.a.உண் — உண்ட் – உண்டேன் I ate

5.b.தின் – தின்ற் — தின்றேன்  I ate

5.c.கேள் — கேட்ட் – கேட்டேன் I asked or I heard

5.d.வில் — விற்ற் – விற்றேன் I sold


Class six Verbs

6.பார்– பார்த்த் — பார்த்தேன் I saw or I looked at


Class 7 Verbs

7.நட — நடந்த் — நடந்தேன் I walked


Irregular Verbs (when you look for stems , it is not regular; it changes)

வா  2 – வந்தேன்  I came

போ 3- போனேன் I went

சொல் 3 – சொன்னேன் I told, I said

கேள் 5 – கேட்டேன் I asked or I heard

நில் 5 – நின்றேன்  I stood

வில் 5 – விற்றேன் I sold

The numbers that after the root of the verb shows the class. But the stem is irregular

காண் 5  – கண்டேன்

ஆ, ஆகு 3 – ஆனேன்

சா 2 – செத்தேன்


Is there any criteria to find out what class a verb belongs to?

Yes. There is; but it wont help you. The best way to learn is to practise it; listening to Tamil speaker.

So it is not just Seven Classes. There are sub divisions in Class 1, Class 5 verbs. And in addition , there are irregular verbs!!!

To be continued…………………………

tags- seven class verbs, Tamil, Past tense

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