Written by London swaminathan


Date: 17 April 2019

British Summer Time uploaded in London – 21-26

Post No. 6275

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Let us continue with Niti sataka of Bhartruhari

Slokas / verses 56, 57, 58, 59, 60


What are good Ornaments?

Verse 56. The ears of such men as these are adorned with

hearing revelation, not with earrings ; their hands with

liberality, not with bracelets ; their bodies shine through

doing kind deeds to others, not with ointment of sandal-


श्रोत्रं श्रुतेनैव न कुण्डलेन
दानेन पाणिर्न तु कङ्कणेन ।
विभाति कायः करुणपराणां
परोपकारैर्न तु चन्दनेन ॥ 1.56 ॥

Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda

Tirukkkural says,

Listening and earning from the wise is the treasure of treasures; the best of wealth-  Kural 411

Of the nature of deaf is the ear into which wisdom heard has not pierced, although it hears.-  Kural 418


Good men keep secrets; bad men are like drums

57. The good man shuns evil and follows good: he

keeps secret that which ought to be hidden : he makes

his virtues manifest to all: he does not forsake one in

adversity: he gives in season. Such (according to the

wise) are the marks of a worthy friend.

पापान्निवारयति योजयते हिताय
गुह्यं निगूहति गुणान्प्रकटीकरोति ।
आपद्गतं च न जहाति ददाति काले
सन्मित्रलक्षणम् इदं प्रवदन्ति सन्तः ॥ 1.57 ॥

The mean are like the drum that is beaten, for they hear secrets and betray them – Kural 1076


Clouds pour down unasked!

58. The sun opens the lotuses; the moon illuminates

the beds of water-lilies ; the cloud pours forth its water

unasked : even so the liberal of their own accord are

occupied in benefiting others.

पद्माकरं दिनकरो विकचीकरोति
चम्द्र्प्वोलासयति कैरवचक्रवालम् ।
नाभ्यर्थितो जलधरो‌உपि जलं ददाति
सन्तः स्वयं परहिते विहिताभियोगाः ॥ 1.58 ॥

Paropakaaraathamidam sariiram- Vikramacaritam 66

The body is for helping others

Saadhuunaam hi paropakaarakarane nopaadhyapeksam manah- subhashita rnaada manjusah

The good hearted unconditionally help others.

The selfless shirk not from sacrificing their lives for those in dire need–Katha sarit sagaram

Himself without any clothes, the beggar is passionate about giving charity- Kahavatratnakar


Who are Demons?

59. Those men are good men who study the good of

others without regarding themselves. Those men are

ordinary men who, while they benefit others, do not

neglect their own interests. Those men are demons who

destroy another’s good for their own profit. What shall

we call those who aimlessly destroy that which is an-

other’s ?

एके सत्पुरुषाः परार्थघटकाः स्वार्थं परित्यजन्ति ये
सामान्यास्तु परार्थम् उद्यमभृतः स्वार्थाविरोधेन ये ।
ते‌உमी मानुषराक्षसाः परहितं स्वार्थाय निघ्नन्ति ये
ये तु घ्नन्ति निरर्थकं परहितं ते के न जानीमहे ॥ 1.59 ॥

The mean find fault with others even if they eat and dress themselves normally – Kural 1079


Friendship of the Good

60. The milk that has been joined to the water has

long since given over to it its own innate qualities. The

water has seen the milk growing hot, and has immediately

made an offering of itself in the fire. The milk

was eager to rush into the fire, but having seen its

friend’s distress, remains still, being joined to the water.

Even so is the friendship of the good.

क्षीरेणात्मगतोदकाय हि गुणा दत्ता पुरा ते‌உखिला
क्षीरोत्तापम् अवेक्ष्य तेन पयसा स्वात्मा कृशानौ हुतः ।
गन्तुं पावकम् उन्मनस्तदभवद्दृष्ट्वा तु मित्रापदं
युक्तं तेन जलेन शाम्यति सतां मैत्री पुनस्त्वीदृशी ॥ 1.60 ॥

Genuine friendship hastens to redress distress even like the hand which picks up quickly the garment that slips- Kural 788

Friendship  protects in moments of danger and ruin; directs on the right path and shares suffering – Kural 787

XXXXX subham xxxx


 Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 13 NOVEMBER 2017


Time uploaded in London- 16-25



Post No. 4392

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.


SIVA Purana tells us that there was a demon king of Tripura, by name Taruka, who was exceedingly ambitious and oppressive. He forced Brahma by his austerities to grant any boon he should demand. A list of these austerities is interesting, as devotees in certain parts of India may be seen today practising many of them. Taruka went through eleven mortifications, extending over a hundred years:

  1. He stood on one foot, holding the other, and both hands up towards heaven, with his eyes fixed on the sun
  2. He stood on one great toe
  3. He took only water as sustenance
  4. He lived on air
  5. He remained in water
  6. He was buried in earth, but continued in incessant devotion
  7. He was burned in fire
  8. He stood on his head
  9. He hung on a tree by his hands
  • He bore the weight of his body on one hand
  • He hung on a tree head downwards.

Such merit was irresistible, and Brahma granted his request. After getting a boon that he should not be defeated by anyone, he became arrogant. Indra was forced to give his horse, Rishis had to part with their Kamadhenu/ magical cow. At last Siva’s son Kartikeya killed him.


What is the message such stories give us?

1.Foreigners are wrong in describing demons as aborigines who were against Hinduism. In fact, all the demons got their boons from the same Hindu gods who Devas also worshipped.

2.Why did Hindu gods help the demons?

Hinduism go by mathematical rules. Success directly is proportional to the efforts you put in. Even bad people get their share according to their efforts, but the inherent weakness of bad people destroy them.

Tamil Poet Tiruvalluvar, author of Tamil Veda Tirukkural says,

“Though the fate written by God stands in the way, strenuous effort yields ready fruit. Labour recompenses what fate denies.”

Even if providence is not particularly helpful, personal efforts will bear proportionate results.

In Hinduism, even Gods obey the rules. Once they are propitiated they must give the boon; once they give the boon they cannot withdraw it. But god and demons are controlled by Truth. Truth alone will triumph (Satyameva Jayate).


3.The third message we get is that the methods employed by demons and seers for doing penance requires utmost concentration. Once a student gets that much concentration he succeeds in his studies. Once an aspirant practise that much concentration and involvement in the task he or she undertakes, definite success is assured.

  1. The eleven types of penance gave stuff for modern comics like Superman, Spiderman, Phantom, Tarzan and Harry Potter.

–Subham —



Never Lose Hope! (Post No.2543)

two pillars

Compiled by London swaminathan


Date: 15  February 2016


Post No. 2543


Time uploaded in London :–  9-53 AM


( Thanks for the Pictures  ) 




(for old articles go to tamilandvedas.com OR swamiindology.blogspot.com; contact 





Escape may lie between this pillar and that!


An innocent man was condemned to death by an unjust governor, and when the executioner had bound him to a pillar and was about to cut off his head, the victim begged he might be bound to the next pillar instead.


The executioner laughed at him, saying “what can you hope to gain so brief an interval? You might just as well let me finish my job.”

But eventually he gave way to the man’s entreaties; and while he was engaged in untying him and fastening him to the next pillar, the king chanced to pass by and asked the meaning of the large crowd that had gathered. On being told, he sent for the condemned man, who was able to convince him of his innocence, and so escaped death.




May God always bless us with such evil!

A pious man bought a cow in the market and set out for his home. He was followed by a thief who planned to steal his cow. On the way the thief fell in another man who revealed himself as a demon who planned to take the pious man’s life.


As they drew near to the latter’s house, where the cow was now tied up, it occurred to the thief that if the demon killed the pious man first, his family may be aroused, and it would be impossible to steal the cow. At the same time the demon thought that, f the thief stole the cow first, the pious man would be awakened by the bellowing, and so would escape death.


Each began to ask the other to wait and take the second place, and eventually they came to blows. The thief began to shout, ‘O Pious man, here is a demon who has come to take your life!’ while the demon shouted back ‘O Pious man, here is a thief who has come to steal your cow!’


In the end the man and his family were aroused, the thief and the demon took to their heels, and the pious man prayed, “May God always bless us with such evil” for the benefit of his family.


999 Prisoners + One Poet

Eight Anthologies (Ettu Tokai) and Ten Long Poems (Pathu Pattu) were composed during Tamil Sangam period. These 18 books are collectively known as Sangam Literature. Sangam poets lived in the first few centuries of modern era. Sangam poetry is predominantly secular in character but consists of lot of references to Hindu epics and mythologies. Of the Ten Long Poems known as Pathu Pattu in Tamil, Tiru-muragatrup-padai is a religious work. It is attributed to poet Nakkirar who headed the Third Tamil Sangam (Tamil Academy). He had composed a secular poem ‘Nedunal Vaadai’ in the Ten Long Poems.


Nakkirar was the most controversial poet of the period. There are many legends which project him as a revolutionary poet. He challenged Lord Shiva at one time according to a popular legend. The story behind this Long Poem Tiru Murugatrup Padai is also equally interesting. It is a story of a demon who imprisoned 999 people and was looking for the last one to offer them in a big sacrifice. The source for this story is a passing reference in Tiruppugaz composed by poet Arunagirinathar of fifteenth century. But Nakkirar lived at least 1200 years before him.


One day Nakkirar was doing Shiva Puja (offering to Lord Shiva). A strange incident distracted him from the Puja. A leaf from the nearby tree fell into water and half of the leaf was in the water and the other half was on land. The water half became a fish and the land half became a bird and each one was pulling the other. Nakkirar stopped the Puja and watched this. At that time a demon appeared and caught hold of Nakkirar for violating the rules of the Siva Puja. The demon took him to a cave, where he saw 999 detainees. They started crying as soon as they saw Nakkirar. The poet was puzzled. Then the detainees in the cave explained to him that that they were happy inside the cave because the demon fed them very well until today. But they were told that the day the prisoner’s strength goes up to 1000 they will be sacrificed and eaten. Nakkirar was the thousandth prisoner.

Nakkirar was upset when he heard the story. He thought Lord Skanda/ Murugan can alone save them at times like this. So he composed Tirumurukatruppadai in praise of Lord Skanda/Murugan. When he recited this poem Lord Skanda appeared before them and killed the demon. All the 999 prisoners were released and they were very happy. This story is authenticated by Tiruppugaz.


We have one such story in Mahabharata about a squirrel with half of its body gold and the other half normal grey. It appeared at Dharmaputra’s Yagna (Fire sacrifice) to test the effect of the Yagna. Probably this episode gave birth to the story of half fish and half bird. Tiru Murugatrup Padai is a beautiful poem running to 317 lines. It describes the beauty and sanctity of six famous centres of Skanda/Murukan worship in Tamil Nadu. Atruppadai poems belong to a particular genre, where in one poet who has received voluminous gifts from a patron, guides another poet to him. But in the Tiru Murukatru Padai, the poet guides others to Lord Murukan.


The poem is regarded as part of canonical literature of Saivism. It is included in the Eleventh Tirumurai. Devotees of Lord Murukan or Skanda  recite this poem with great reverence and devotion.


Tamil Reference for the story from Tiruppugaz:

மலைமுகம் சுமந்த புலவர் செஞ்சொல் கொண்டு

வழி திறந்த செங்கை வடிவேலா:

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