Four Duties of Ascetics (Post No.3971)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 4 June 2017


Time uploaded in London- 20-50


Post No. 3971


Pictures are taken from various sources such as Face book, Wikipedia and newspapers; thanks.




1.Dhyaanam saucham tathaa bhikshaa nityamekaanthasiilathaa

yateschatwaari karmaani panchamam nopapadhyate


Dhyana – Meditation

Saucam – Maintaining purity

Bhiksa- Getting alms

Nitayamekanta silata -Remaining in solitude




Four Types of Ascetics

One of the Upanishads classified ascetics into four types based on their goals:


Kutiicaka= seeking atmospheric world

Bahuudaka = seeking heavenly world

Hamsa= seeking penance world

Paramahamsa = seeking truth world


2.sanyaasaii syaat caturbedhah kutiicakabhahuudakau

hamsah paramahamsasca teshaam samjnaa ime bhudhaih

–Vedanta Samnjavali 135



Four Types of Bad Disciples

Prajnaamaandya- dull

Kutarka= argumentative

Viparyaya – Erroneous

Duraagraha – Adamant


  1. atha vakshye caturbhedaah samnjaah sisyahitaaya vai

pranjamaandhyam kutarkasca viparyayaduraagrahah

—–Vedanta Samnjavali 98


xxxx Subham xxxx




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