RIG VEDA IN TAMIL BOOK ‘TIRU VASAGAM’ (Post.9826)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9826

Date uploaded in London –7 JULY   2021           

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Manikka vasagar (maanikka vaasagar), one of the four great Tamil Saivite saints, wrote Tiruvasagam. He might have lived just before Sambandar and Appar, which will fix his time around seventh century CE. His masterpiece Tiruvasagam attracted even Christian preachers like Rev.G U Pope. He translated it into English. It contains 51 hymns on Lord Shiva. Manikka vasagar’s another work is Tirukkovaiyar.

Manikka vasagar makes some interesting remarks about the Vedas.

Those remarks are echoes of the mantras found in the Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world ,dated between 6000 BCE and 1500 BCE.

I will compare only a few hymns from the RV.

The common factor between the two is

“Crying and weeping for His grace”.

****

RV 1-25-19

Varuna , hear this call of mine; be gracious unto us this day.

Longing for help I cried to thee.

Manikka vasagar  says in 2-136

நாத நாத என்றழு தரற்றிப்
பாத மெய்தினர் பாத மெய்தவும்

On earth they rolled, they fell, they wailed

They rushed with eager foot to reach the sea;

Our Lord, Our Lord , they wept and called

****

1-34-12

Bring in your triple car, O Asvins, bring us present prosperity with noble offspring.

I cry to you who hear me for protection; you be our helpers where men win the booty.

Manikka vasagar says in 4-59…..61

தப்பாமே, தாம் பிடித்தது சலியா,
தழல் அது கண்ட மெழுகு அது போல,
தொழுது, உளம் உருகி, அழுது, உடல் கம்பித்து,
ஆடியும், அலறியும், பாடியும், பரவியும்,

Lest I should go astray, He laid His hand on me

As wax before the unwearied fire

With melting soul I worshipped, wept, and bent myself,

Danced , cried aloud and sang, and prayed

***

1-38-2

Now whither to ? what goal of yours you go in heaven and not on earth?

Where else you find cows bellowing (mooing)?

Manikka vasagar says 5-85

Thee worship the earth and heaven , with shouts of joy, and Four fold Vedas

They are yearning pine for Thee

Again in the same fifth hymn 5-348

Estranged, a  slave , I wildered weep

  வணங்கும் நின்னை, மண்ணும், விண்ணும்; வேதம் நான்கும் ஓலம் இட்டு
உணங்கும், நின்னை எய்தல் உற்று, மற்று ஓர் உண்மை இன்மையின்;
வணங்கி, யாம், விடேங்கள் என்ன, வந்து நின்று அருளுதற்கு,
இணங்கு கொங்கை மங்கை பங்க! என் கொலோ நினைப்பதே?

(Vedas cry for your help . The words earth and heaven found here– are repeated hundreds of times in the Vedas too. This confirms Manikkavasagar is repeating the Rig Vedic Mantras.

What we find in common between M and RV is that devotees always cry for the help from Gods.

அழுகேன், நின்பால் அன்பு ஆம் மனம் ஆய்; அழல் சேர்ந்த
மெழுகே அன்னார், மின் ஆர், பொன் ஆர், கழல் கண்டு
தொழுதே, உன்னைத் தொடர்ந்தாரோடும் தொடராதே,
பழுதே பிறந்தேன்; என் கொண்டு உன்னைப் பணிகேனே?

In other words they pine, weep, yearn and long for God.

In 5 -357 to 360, Manaikkavasagar says

பாடல் எண் : 90 
யானேபொய் என்நெஞ்சும் பொய் என்அன்பும்     பொய்
ஆனால் வினையேன் அழுதால் உன்னைப்   பெறலாமே
தேனே அமுதே கரும்பின் தெளிவே    தித்திக்கும்
மானே அருளாய் அடியேன் உனைவந்    துறுமாறே   

I am indeed false; my heart also is false;
my love too is false;Yet,if ,
I the Karma-ridden one,
weep for You I can secure You.
O Honey,Nectar,Essence of sweet cane

And sweet and great One,grace me,Your slave, to reach You.

xxxx

Thus we see Manikka vasagar echoing the Rig Vedic mantras in his great devotional work. From the Himalayas to Kanyakumari, from the Vedic days to devotional period in Tamil Nadu, the approach was same. Though the Vedas mentioned different gods in different hymns the attributes to Gods were nearly same.

—subham—

Tags -Tiruvasagam, Rig Veda, Crying, Weeping

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