Fate decides your Wealth, say Shakespeare, Bhartruhari and Valluvar (Post No.5810)

Written by London Swaminathan
Date: 21 December 2018
GMT Time uploaded in London – 18-07
Post No. 5810

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Fate decides your Wealth, say Shakespeare, Bhartruhari and Valluvar (Post No.5810)

Bhartruhari and Tamil poet Valluvar agree on several points in this sloka of Niti Sataka.

1.A person’s wealth is decided by his fate

2.Fate is written by Brahma, Hindu God of Creation on one’s head or forehead.

3.Saint Vidyaranya’s story shows that Harihara and Bhukka got it even whenthey were in arid land. But Saint Vidyaranya couldn’tget in the present birth (Read the story given below)

4.Valluvar explains it more clearly. One needs effort to get wealth. Inspiration and perspiration give wealth. But that comes only when your Good Karma (Punya done in one’s previous birth) acts. If you have bad Karma (papa), then laziness will engulf you.

44. Whatever fate has written on the forehead of each,

that shall he obtain, whether it be poverty or riches.

His abode may be the desert, but he shall gain no more if

he live even on Mount Meru. Let your mind be constant.

Do not be miserable through envy of the rich. The

pitcher takes up the same quantity of water whether it be

from the well or the ocean.

यद्धात्रा निजभालपट्टलिखितं स्तोकं महद्वा धनं
तत्प्राप्नोति मरुस्थले‌உपि नितरां मेरौ ततो नाधिकम् ।
तद्धीरो भव वित्तवत्सु कृपणां वृत्तिं वृथा सा कृथाः
कूपे पश्य पयोनिधावपि घटो गृह्णाति तुल्यं जलम् ॥ Niti Sataka 1.44 ॥

Look at the following couplets: –

Tirukkural 371, 377, 380

Except as ordained by the Lord, who measures out each man’s meet

Even the millionaire cannot enjoy his hoards -377

Even a millionaire cannot enjoy his wealth except as ordained by Fate. This is exactly what Shakespeare meant when he said in Hamlet,

There is a Divinity that shapes our ends

Rough-hew them how we will– Hamlet

Another couplet

The constructive industry that produces wealth, and the destructive indolence

That brings about adversity in life ,are both the outcome of fate-371

The last couplet of the chapter on fate is as follows,

What is more potent than Fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- 380

Another translation of the same couplet

Destiny is supreme, because its intended consummation will surely come about

Even if planned efforts are made to overcome it-380

STORY:- Vidyaranya found Golden Treasure!

Kanchi Shankaracharya (1894-1994 Paramacharya) in his Madras Discourses (1957-1959) gives the story of Vidyaranya’s discovery of gold and using it for establishing Vijayanagara Empire. Born as Madhava in a village in Karnataka he prayed to Goddess Mahalakshmi, Goddess of Wealth, for enormous amount of wealth. Lakshmi appeared before him and told him that he can’t enjoy wealth in this birth but it was possible for him to get it in the next birth. An idea flashed in his mind immediately. He told Goddess Lakshmi that he would take Sanyas ( Renunciation) which is considered a ‘second birth’ for a Hindu. Lakshmi agreed and gave him tons of gold. As soon as he saw rocks of gold and hills of gold he wept loudly. He knew that sanyas (renunciation ) means no attachment to anything worldly. “Oh My God, What Have I done? How can I touch gold when I have become a Sanyasi (an ascetic)”, he cried. Goddess Lakshmi disappeared while he was wondering what to do next.

At that time of history in 14th century AD, Muslim forces invaded South India and destroyed most of the temples along its routes. Madhava, who was later known as Vidyaranya, called two goatherds Harihara and Bhukka and asked them to build a city at the chosen place at the appointed auspicious time. Both of them did it and utilised the entire gold to establish a mighty and wealthy Hindu empire—later known as Vijaya Nagara Samrajya.

There is another story about Sri Vidyaranya, who later became Jagadguru of Sringeri Mutt, about making gold shower in the lands of Vijayanagara Empire. When there was a draught, Harihara and Bhukka approached Vidyaranya swami for help. He prayed to goddess Lakshmi again and there was a shower of gold in the capital city.

Water pot simile

Another interesting information in this sloka is Bhartruhari’s simile of water pot in in the ocean; This is followed by Tamil poetess Avvaiyar as well. Avvaiyar lived a few centuries after Bhartruhari. Another Avvaiyar lived before him in Sangam Age.

“Though you dip the measure/pitcher deep in the deep sea water, it will not contain four measures. O Maid ! Though riches and husband are choice, the happiness of the couple hangs on fate or destiny”—Muthurai by Poetess Avvaiyar

Tag- water pitcher, Wealth,Fate, Valluvar, Bhartruhari



Compiled by London swaminathan

Date: 27 JULY 2018


Time uploaded in London – 13-41  (British Summer Time)


Post No. 5263


Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Wikipedia, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks. Pictures may be subject to copyright laws.





Fortune which merchants obtain by misappropriation of deposits, which courtesans get by deceiving their lovers, or princes through treason, is after all impermanent– Raja Tarangini of Kalhana 4-181


All profits, that makes others weep, depart with tears. Even if lost, blessings flow from good deeds-– Tiruk Kural 659 of Tiruvalluvar


Fortune moving about unsteadily, like the lightning playing in the sky, always follows the cloud of destiny. With whom does it abide permanently? Rajatarangini of Kalhana 8-1896

An adverse destiny blunts a man’s intelligence  and makes him lose his wealth, whereas when he gets good luck it quickens his intelligence and promotes prosperity- Tirukkural of Tiruvalluvar 372

When extraordinary good fortune of overwhelming glory comes to a man, retreating misfortune increases the power of its sorrows – Rajatarangini 7-795

Through the influence of fate all good means of acquiring wealth may prove disastrous, and all foul means prove helpful- Tirukkural couplet 375

Fate grants fortune to that person whom those who think themselves wise, persist in considering as unfit –Rajatarangini 8-491


Fortune like a prostitute daubed with a magic powder conquers even the strong minded, making them unlawful- 8-189

It is one thing to be wealthy, but to attain wisdom is quite another. This is the two fold nature of this world- Tirukkural 374




Destiny can be opposite if and when jackals victoriously control a lion- Rajatarangini 8-1470

Except as ordained by the Lord, who measures out each man’s meet,

Even the millionaire cannot enjoy his hoards- Tirukkural 377
The mighty are cheated by the infirm and those who hold all might in their control, are deluded by the power less- Rajatarangini –Rajatarangini 7-959


The constructive industry that produces wealth, and the destructive indolence

That brings about adversity in life, are both the outcome of fate- Tirukkural 371


A man will not be slain even by a stroke of lightning before his time but one who has reached his allotted span might die even from a flower –Rajatarangini of Kalhana 8-531


The characteristic feature of the world is the transitoriness of the life. The disappearance today of one who existed yesterday is a common occurrence – Tiruk Kural 336 of Tiruvalluvar


What is there more potent than fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- Tirukkural 380



Devotion to king
Devotion to one’s sovereign does not change in honest men till they die –RAJATARANGINI OF KALAHANA 7-1322


Men of clear vision do nothing base and displeasing or take undue advantage of the leader’s (king’s) favour- Tirukkural 699

One should behave towards the leader/king as befitting his splendour, never making light of him on the score of youth or kinship- Tirukkural 698

The minister whose mind plots treason against the ruler is worse than millions of open enemies- Tirukkural 639


Diamond; Great people help
The diamond is not cut by any other precious stone but on the contrary it cuts them. Rajatarangini 4-51

The great for a few favours give much of their own. Rajatarangini 3-276

Valour, honour, a great tradition and loyalty- these are the four defences of an army- Tirukkural 766


Earth/ Heroism
The earth has been preordained for enjoyment of the valiant. 7 Rajatarangini -1288

The heroic think an object attainable by courage, the timid by caution; otherwise between them there could be little difference. Rajatarangini 6-363


Brave traditional heroes do not quail before a crisis; they hold the field; risking life – Tirukkural 762

That alone is an army which has the courage even to meet death advancing in anger and to confront him in a body- Tirukkural 765




If the banks of rivers will only smell of a lion, to elephants they will seem as though they are on fire –Rajatarangini 8-3013

It is folly not to fear what should be feared; to fear that which should be feared is the way of the wise- Tirukkural 428

The mean follow the law for fear, and sometimes, when there is hope of profit- Tirukkural 1075


The lightning of prosperity, the crane of celebrity, the thunder of boldness, and the rainbow of prowess, follow the cloud of prudence. Rajatarangini 7-1455


The world clings to the feet of the great leader who  wields his sceptre with love for his subjects- Tirukkural 544


Whatsoever a great man does, the same is done by others as well; whatever standard he sets, the world follows- Bhagavad Gita 3-21

To esteem men who are greater than oneself and follow in their footsteps is the highest of all powers- Tirukkural 444





Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 28 FEBRUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London – 21-16


Post No. 4795

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.





Every day we read in the newspapers that the corrupt people and fraudulent people have accumulated enormous amount of money; suddenly the government take some action against them. But Chanakya and the Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar had their own strange calculations about the wealth of the frauds. Chanakya says it would disappear after 10 years. Valluvan said that it would make the corrupt people cry and then leave them. Great men think alike. Read below in their own words:-

Wealth Accumulated by Frauds disappears after 10 Years! – Chanakya (Post No.4795)

2.Chanakya Niti and Tirukkural part 2

Fate cannot be Averted

Just as a call goes to its mother even in the midst of thousands of cows, in the same way the action done follows the doer.

Chanakya Niti,13-14

What is there more potent than fate? It forestalls every expedient one may resort to for averting it- Tiruk Kural 380



Spring of Knowledge!

Just as one gets to subterranean water by digging with a spade, in the same way does a pupil knowledge embodied in teacher.

Chanakya Niti,13-16

The sand spring flows with water as you dig deeper. By deeper study knowledge flows – Kural 396



Water is Jewel

There are three jewels on the earth –water, food and wise saying. The ignorant gives the name of jewel to pieces of stone.

Chanakya Niti,14-1

Rain is instrumental in the production of good food and is itself food -Kural 12.

Duties of life cannot be performed by any person in the absence of water -Kural 20

By the continuance of rain the world is preserved in existence; it is there fore worthy to be called ambrosia – Kural 11


King and Fire

King, fire, teacher and women, when too close, lead to destruction, when far do not serve the purpose. So they have to be approached by the middle path.

Chanakya Niti,14-11

Even like those, who desire to warm themselves before a fire, persons in the king’s service will not go too close, nor stay away too far- Kural 691

Fire burns when it is touched; does it also have the potential to burn, when it goes far away from one?- Kural 1159.



Hold back your Tongue!

If you want to bring round the whole world to you with one action,

hold back your tongue from speaking ill of others

Chanakya Niti, 14-14


Guard your tongue, whatever else you may not guard, otherwise you wi come to grief -Kural 127


Sweet Speech

One who knows words that go well with the context, the sweet speech that goes well with his glory and anger that befits his strength is wise

Chanakya Niti,14-15

Pleasing speech of good effect is productive of righteousness and virtue- Kural 97


Let men of sagacity who understand the use of words study the assembly and address it with discretion- Kural 711

The learning of the scholar shall shine before an assembly if flawless scholars who know the art of words.- Kural 717



Why no Sweet Words?


All beings feel happy with sweet words. So one should go for them. Why is the Parsimony in sweet words?

Chanakya Niti, 16-17

When a man knows that kind words bring joy and happiness,

why should he resort to harsh words?- Kural 99


If you speak at all speak profitably-Kural 200


Wealth through Unjust means

The wealth earned through unjust means stays for ten years. With the onset of eleventh year it vanishes root and branch.

Chanakya Niti,15-6

All profits, that make others weep, depart with tears. Kural 659

Another translation of Kural 659:- Wealth amassed in the midst of other people’s tears, will also go that way causing one’s own distress;

while by good actions, even if loss is sustained, final results will be beneficial.



Death better than Insults


It is better to die than to live under insult. In death, it is a momentary pain, in insult it is a daily affair

Chanakya Niti, 16-16

It is better to die with honour than be slaves of those that scorn you – Kural 967

Hair lost, the yaks live not; Honour lost, noble men leave their life – 969


xxx Subham xxx

As you sow, so you shall reap!




Article Written by  London swaminathan

Date: 14th September 2015

Post No: 2158

Time uploaded in London :–20-05

(Thanks  for the pictures) 


Hindus believe in Karma theory. They know the deeds of one individual will follow the individual in his/her next birth. What a person has done in former birth, will come upon him again. There is a saying in Tamil that “He who sows millet, reaps millet, he who sows deeds (good or bad) will reap accordingly”. Hindus also believe that Brahma, the creator, has already written in one’s head what is going to happen. It cannot be changed.

“That which does not exist will not come into existence, and that which exists will not be annihilated” – is another saying. They have several stories in their folklore and scriptures. Here is a story to show that inherited fate will not expire.

There was a priest in a Kali (goddess) temple. He used to swindle money allocated to make Prasad (Food Offering) for the goddess. Even the Prasad he made for public distribution, was not distributed it to the public. Because of his overeating, he fell sick. Then he prayed to Goddess that he would sacrifice two goats to the goddess if he was cured. His illness was cured in a weeks’ time. Then he sacrificed two animals just to satisfy his hunger.

In the meantime, there was severe drought in the kingdom. So the king and the minister decided to visit the Kali temple. As soon as the priest saw the king and minister coming, he thought that they were coming to punish him for all his bad acts. So he hid himself behind the goddess Kali’s statue.

The king and the minister prayed loudly, “Oh Merciful Mother! The country is suffering from acute drought for a long time. You must save the country and the people by showering timely rain”. Then the goddess replied that she needs a human sacrifice to set things right. Immediately the king told the minister that it was the solemn duty of a king to protect his people. So let me sacrifice myself. But the minister objected to his proposal and said there are several ministers to help the king. But there is only one king so let me die for the sake of the country.

They argued like this for a long time. At last they decided to ask goddess about her choice. Before they opened their mouth, Goddess said loudly, “When I said human sacrifice I did not mean you people. Please sacrifice the priest who is hiding behind me”. Both of them got the priest and took their sword to finish him off. He also said his last prayer, “Oh, Mother! I have been serving you for half a century. And yet you wanted my blood! Why? Why?”


Goddess said smilingly, “Dear priest! You became sick because of your over eating. And yet you found an excuse to eat more and sacrificed two innocent animals. As you sow, so shall you reap.”

The king and the minister cut off the head of the priest. Goddess appeared before them and asked what they wanted now. They told her to remove the drought by regular rain and revival of the dead priest. She did both according to their request. The priest behaved from that day. There was copious rain fall which made everyone happy.

This is a folk tale.

Socrates, Napoleon, Valluvar believed in Fate!


Research paper written by By Santhanam Nagarajan

Research article No.1483; Dated 13th December 2014.

Fate and Free will – Part VI

Maharishi Aurobindo has explained that all men great and strong have believed some higher force. He explains Fate, thus:

“There have been people who have believed in fate or destiny or whatever you may call it. Napoleon III used to say, ‘So long as something is necessary to be done by me it will be done in any case and when that necessity will cease, I shall be thrown on the wayside like an unworn vessel.’ And that is what exactly happened to him. Napoleon also believed in Fate.

All men who have been great and strong believe in some higher Force, greater than themselves, moving them. Socrates used to call this his Daemon, man’s divine being. It is curious how sometimes even in small things one depends on this voice.


Socrates’ belief in Fate

Once Socrates was walking with a disciple when they came to a place where they had to take a turn. The disciple said, ‘Let us take this route.’ Socrates said, ‘My Daemon asks me to take to take the other.’ The disciple did not agree and followed his own route. After he had gone a certain distance he was attacked by some pigs and thrown down by them.

There are some who do not follow the inner voice but an inner light. The Quakers believed in that.”

Quoting Napoleon, Aurobindo further explains fate and effort.
“Napoleon when asked why he believed in Fate, yet was always planning and acting, answered, ‘Because it is fated that I should work and plan.”

The great work Thirukkural explains fate and effort very interestingly.
The great work Thiurkkural is the master-piece of Tamil literature. The great poet Thiruvalluvar has given it to the whole world. It consists of 1330 couplets.

valluvar 4

Valluvar’s belief in Fate

Rev G.U. Pope said: “Thiruvalluvar was undoubtedly one of the greatest geniuses of the world. Complete in itself, the sole work of its author has come down the stream of ages absolutely uninjured, hardly a single various reading of any importance being found.

The Kural owes much of its popularity to its exquisite poetic form. The brevity rendered necessary by the form gives an oracular effect to the utterances of the great Tamil “Master of Sentences”. They are the choicest of moral epigrams.”

Now let us read the two couplets.

The couplet no 380 says: “What is stronger than Fate? Even if we think of a way to avert it, it will forestall us.”
The couplet no 620 says: “Those who labor on untiringly and without fault will overcome even fate.

Even though both these couplets seem to be contradictory, they are not.
Work hard and smart and leave the rest to God. God helps to those who help themselves.

Maharishi Thiruvalluvar and Maharishi Aurobindo have explained very beautifully Fate and effort thus.
Let us explore further.


Maharishi Aurobindo explains fate and effort, quoting Napoleon. “Napoleon when asked why he believed in Fate, yet was always planning and acting, answered, ‘Because it is fated that I should work and plan.” The great Tamil poet Thiruvalluvar in his great work Thirukkural says: “What is stronger than Fate? Even if we think of a way to avert it, it will forestall us.” But he also says: “Those who labor on untiringly and without fault will overcome even fate.”

To be continued …………………..

Sathya Sai Baba explains the effect of Karma


Written by Santhanam Nagarajan

Article No.1477; Dated 11th December 2014.

Fate and Free will – Part V

Sri Sathya Sai Baba gives one simpler example to explain Prarabhda, Sanchita and Agami karmas.

He explains:
Prarabhda can be compared to the dust that follows in the wake of a bus. When the bus is going, the dust also will be following it. So when the Karma which can be compared to the bus, is running, the Prarabhda, which can be compared to the dust will be pursuing it. When the bus stops and does not travel, then the dust comes and falls over it. But when the bus does not stop and keeps on running, the dust will be only at a distance. So when we are satisfactorily doing our daily duties without interruption, the dust or the Prarabhda will be at a distance and behind us without affecting us.

You may ask how long can we travel in a bus? We have to stop somewhere, It is not so. This road is of three kinds; work, worship and wisdom. This work is related to Karma and dust will be only there. You may take this as a village road. But if you pass some distance, then you will have a better road, a tar road. When the tar road comes, the dust will never fall on the bus. If you go still further you shall reach trunk road, the high way. So the road of karma is called the village road. Bhakti or worship is the town road or the tar road. Wisdom is the highway wherein there is no possibility of the dust coming. When we are following only the path of Karma, this Prarabhda will never come to an end. But, if we do the Karma in a way that we perform all actions for the pleasure and for the satisfaction of God, in worship and dedication to Him, no Prarabhda will trouble us.”

Now the question arises- By worshipping God can the Prarabhda and Sanchita Karmas be removed?


Baba clarifies:

“We need be afraid of Prarabhda or Sanchita. If we think that the effect of the Prarabhda Karma is inescapable, then what is the use of worshipping God? Even though Prarabhda is there, the grace of God will certainly remove to a large extent the bad effects from the Prarabhda.

Here is a small example for this. There is an injection bottle. It will be written on that, that the medicine inside can be used upto 1970. That bottle is there even in the year 1972 and the medicine is also there in the bottle, but the medicine will have no power. It cannot serve its purpose. So in the same way, that in our destiny there may be medicine of Prarabhda but by the grace of God we can weaken its effect, blunt its effect. Even though it is there, it can not trouble us. We can become beneficiaries of God’s grace; we need not be afraid of either Prarabhda or Sanchita or Agami. If God is pleased with our worship, He will certainly annul the bad effects of Prarabhda and Sanchita. Therefore the most important thing we have to try is to earn the grace of God by which we can overcome all these bad effects.”

So the secret to overcome the bad karmas is Devotion to God.
We will analyze further fate and freewill in our next article.

How to weaken the bad effects of Prarbhda karma? Sri Sathya Sai Baba explains that God can weaken the effects of Prarabhda. Even though it is there it can not trouble us. Secret to overcome the bad effects of Prarabhda Karma is explained in this article.

Fate and Freewill –Part I

ramana stamp

Article written By Santhanam Nagarjaan

Article No.1446; Dated 29th November 2014.

Is it Fate or Free will? Which determines our life?
If it is fate, then we need not work at all.
Every thing will happen according to the fate.
If everything is according to freewill and effort, why one, worthy in all respects fails in his/her efforts; others who are not at all worthy in very many respects are successful in all aspects of life.

In this series, we are going to analyze Fate and Freewill.

Readers are invited to post their views without hesitation for a healthy debate.
There is an interesting incident in the life of the great seer Ramana Maharishi.
One Mrs. P.C.Desai met Ramana Maharishi on 3-1-1946 and asked a question on freewill.

Quoting Bhagavat Gita, she asked Ramana maharishi, “If (as Arjuna was told) there is a certain work destined to be done by each and we shall eventually do it however much we do not wish to do it or refuse to do it, is there any free will?”

Ramana maharishi replied, “It is true that the work meant to be done by us will be done by us. But it is open to us to be free from the joys or pains, pleasant or unpleasant consequences of the work, by not identifying ourselves with the body or that which does the work. If you realize your true nature and know that it is not you that do any work, you will be unaffected by the consequences of whatever work the body may be engaged in according to destiny or past karma or divine plan, however you may call it. You are always free and there is no limitation of that freedom”.

From His reply we come to the conclusion that freewill can overcome destiny by not identifying ourselves with the body.

We will analyze the Fate and Free will in the next article in depth.

poets of india scan 3

Fate and Free will – Part II

By Santhanam Nagarajan

Devaraja Mudaliar, an ardent devotee of Ramana maharishi (on 3-1-1946) asked him, “Are only important events in man’s life, such as his main occupation or profession, predetermined, or are trifling acts in his life, such as taking a cup of water or moving from one place in the room to another, also predetermined?”
Bhagavan Ramana replied, “Yes”, everything is predetermined.”

“Then what responsibility, what free will has man?” asked the devotee.
Bhagavan replied,” What for then does the body come into existence? It is destined for doing the various things marked out for execution in this life. The whole programme is chalked out (Not an atom moves except by His Will) expresses the same truth, whether you say, Does not move except by His Will or Does not move except by karma.

As for freedom for man, he is always free not to identify himself with the body and not to be affected by the pleasures or pains consequent on the body’s activities.

A devotee by name Khanna asked Ramana (on 28-6-1946), “Is there destiny? And if what is destined to happen will happen is there any use in prayer or effort or should we just remain idle?”

Bhagavan Ramana replied,” There are two ways, to conquer destiny or be independent of it. One is to enquire for whom is this destiny and discover that only the ego is bound by destiny and not the Self, and that the ego is non-existent. The other way is to kill the ego completely surrendering to the Lord, by realizing one’s helplessness and saying all the time : ‘Not I but Thou,oh Lord!’, and giving up all sense of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ and leaving it to the Lord to do what he likes with you. Surrender can never be regarded as complete so long as the devotee wants this or that from the Lord. True Surrender is love of God for the sake of love and nothing else, not even for the sake of salvation. In other words, complete effacement of the ego is necessary to conquer destiny, whether you achieve this effacement through Self-enquiry or through Bhathi-marga meaning the path of Devotion.

Khanna asked the seer whether our prayers are granted.
Bhagavan replied,” Yes, they are granted. No thought will go in vain. Every thought will produce its effect some time or other. Thought-force will never go in vain.”

Ramana’s explanation regarding fate, freewill, prayer and thought power are wonderful!

The power of prayer and thought power has never been explained so beautifully.
But still we want to know further about fate and free will.

There are many more incidents in the lives of the great. Let us see one by one in the future articles.

This series is written by my brother S Nagarajan: swami