Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 18 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London  6-18 am




Post No. 4631

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Hatred to oneself leads to death;

to another person loss of wealth;

to the king to destruction and

to a Brahmin to the destruction of the family

–Chanakya Niti, chapter 10, sloka 11

aatmadveshaad bhavenmrtyuh paradveshaad dhanakshyah

rajadveshaad bhavennaaso brahmadveshaat kulakshayah


We know that if someone hates oneself, it leads to one’s suicide; if one hates others it leads to conflicts and clashes resulting in destruction of life or property.


The message is any form of hatred creates problems.

Buddha in Buddhist Veda Dhammapada and Tiruvalluvar in Tamil Veda Tirukkural deal with this topic. It shows the importance of the topic.

The opposite of hatred is Love.


Chanakya dealt with hatred in only one couplet/ sloka.


Tamil poet Tiru valLuvar deals with this topic in ten couplets!


Valluvar says,

Out of hatred arise all evils; out of love comes the glory that is called discreteness- Kural 860

“The evil of hatred is the grief of griefs. If it is rooted out, you can enjoy the joy of joys (854)

Nip in the bud the feeling of hostility and you prosper well. FOr one is fast ruined by fomenting hatred – Kural 858


Buddha said,
For hate is not conquered by hate; hate is conquered by love. This is a law eternal (Dhammapada1-5)


Valluvar said,
The best punishment for those who do evil to you, is to shame them by returning good for evil (Kural 314).


Manu hates Hatred!

Manu, the author of the world’s first book on law—Manu Smrti deals with hatred in more places than the Buddha.


In the very beginning he says law book is ‘only for those who are without passion or hatred’!


“Learn the religion that is constantly followed by learned men, good men who have neither passion nor hatred”- Manu 2-1

“If someone speaks wrongly and someone questions wrongly, one of them will die or incur other’s hatred “ 2-11

“By obstructing his sensory powers, destroying passion and hatred, and doing no violence to living beings, he becomes fit for immortality”- 6-60


“The man who is deluded to hate the king will certainly be destroyed, for the king quickly makes up his mind to destroy him” – Manu 7-12


“ A husband should wait for one year for a wife  who hates him; but after a year, he should take away her inheritance and not live with her”- 9-77

“Satva Guna is traditionally regarded as knowledge, Rajo Guna as hatred and passion, Tamo Guna as darkness and ignorance”– Manu 12-26

Duryodhana was an embodiment of hatred and jealousy; Yudhishthira was a symbol of love and righteousness. Duryodhana destroyed himself; Yudhishthira survived! This is a lesson from the Mahabharata.

If you want to live without problems, don’t hate anyone.







Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 9 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London-8-09 AM




Post No. 4598

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Don’t Walk In between Two Brahmins- Chanakya’s Advice; Tamils Agree!


Chanakya, the genius of ancient India, gives some strange advice. But It is found in later Tamil literature as well. Chanakya alias Kautilya lived 2300 years ago.


Here is the sloka/verse:

One should not walk in between two Brahmins, a Brahmin and fire, husband and wife, master and servant, the plough and the bull


Viprayorvipravahnyoho swamibhtyayoho

antarena nagantavyam halasya vrushabhasya ca

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 5




One should not point feet towards fire, teacher, a Brahmin, a cow, a maiden, an old man and a child.

paadaabhyaam na sprusedagnim gurum braahnameva ca

naiva gaam wa kumariim ca vrudhdham na sisum tathaa

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 6



Don’t be Over simple! Be crooked!

People should not be over simple; go to a forest and see. Straight trees are lumbered there while the crooked ones stay put.

naatyantam saralairbhaavyam gatvaa pasya vanasthaliim

chidhyante saralaastatra kubjaastishtanti paadapaahaa

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 7,verse 12




If the following seven are asleep, one should awaken them: a student, a servant, a wayfarer, one tormented by hunger, one tremulous in fear, the store keeper and a gate keeper .

vidhyarthii sevakah paantha; kshudhaartaa bayakaatarah

bhandaari ca pratihaari sapta suptaan prabhodhayet

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9,verse 6



These seven, if asleep, one should not wake up: a snake, a king, a tiger, a boar, a child, somebody else’s dog and a fool.

arhi nrupam ca saarduulam kiti ca baalakam  tathaa

parasvaanam ca muurkham ca sapta suptaan na bhodhayet.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 9,verse 7




TIRIKADUKAM (Tri Kaduka) is one of the 18 minor didactic works. The author Nallaathanaar warns that one should deal with Brahmins carefully. One should treat a Brahmin like fire; don’t close too near; it will burn you; don’t go too far; you will feel cold and suffer. The message is treat them with due respect. Since Brahmins of the golden days—Krta Yuga—and the olden days  were pure in character, their words came came true; and if it was a  good word it  benefitted one; if it was a curse it harmed one.

Nallaathanaar says,

Oh, farmers! Wise men say three things are good for you—

1.Dont try to get money through gambling

2.Even if you know a Brahmin for long, fear him like fire

3.Do farming with interest


Tiruvalluvar, the author of Tamil Veda Titukkural use the same for a king


How to move with a king? It is just like one who warms oneself in the fire, neither going too near, nor too far – kural couplet 691


Adi Shankara was the one who used this fire imagery first. Later Tiruvalluvar, Nallaathanaar, Kamban,  Bhavananthi of Nannul and several authors used it.


Adi Shankara used it in the context of devotees; Lords says that he does not discriminate; those who are nearer to him get the benefits of his warmth; those who go away from him lose his grace.


It is very interesting to compare all of them.







Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 6 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London-13-31




Post No. 4589

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Chanakya was a great genius. He was a great statesman, astute politician, an author and an economist. But some of his ‘Dos and Donts’ look very strange. Probably there was a reason for it 2300 years ago. He lived during the days of Alexander. Following slokas (verses) are from his book Chanakya Niti.

1.Nails and Women

One should never trust those with nails and horns and those with arms in hand, (as also), the rivers, the women and the members of the royal households.

Chanakya Niti, Chapter 1, Sloka 15

nakhinaam ca nadiinaancha srunginaam sastrapaaninaam

visvaaso naiva kartavyah striishu rajakuleshu ca



2.Don’t live if there is no civility

One should not live there which does not have the following five:–

the means of livelihood, fear (about rules, regulations) , modesty, civility and charity (the nature to give or relinquish)

lokayaatraa bhayam lajjaa daakshinyam tyaagasiilataa

panca yatra na vidyante na kuryaat tatra samsthatim

Chapter 1, Sloka 10


3.Dont live in the country…………..

One should keep away from that country where there is no respect, no means of livelihood, no relatives, no acquisition of knowledge or skill.

Yasmin dese na sammaano na vruttirna ca bhandhavaah

na ca vidyaagamah kasichattam desam parivarjayet

Chapter 1, Sloka 8


4.Don’t live in a town if there is no Doctor

A place which does not have these five:- rich person, a Vedic scholar, a king, a river, and a doctor (Physician) – one should not stay even for a day!

dhanikah srotriyo raajaa nadii vaidhyastu pancamah

panca yatra na vidhyante na tatra divasam vaset

Verse 6 of Chapter 1




  1. Beware of Friends

One should not trust a bad friend, nor should repose too much of trust (even in good) friend lest the friend in a fit of rage were to lay bare all the secrets.

Chapter 2, Verse 6

na visvaset kumitre ca mitre caatiwa visvaset

kadaacit kupitamitram sarvam guhyaam prakaasayet


6.Never reveal Your Plans/ Ideas

One should not reveal through words (talk about) an action one has in mind. One should keep it secret in his counsel and apply it to one’s mission.

Chapter 2, verse 7

manasaa chintitam kaaryam vachasaa na prakaasayet

mantrena rakshayet guudam kaarye chaapi niyojayet.


Some of his instructions are valid even today.

Source for slokas: Chanakya Niti, translated by Satya Vrat Shastri, Kolkata.






Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 31 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London- 15-29



Post No. 4569

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It is said that ‘Speech is sliver and silence is golden’. But Chanakya goes one step further and says that one who eats in silence will have respect in heaven for ever.


Loot at the following sloka-9 in Chapter 11 0f Chanakya Niti:

One who has meals for a full year in silence gets respect in heaven for a thousand crore Yugas.

Yastu samvatsaram purnam nityam maunena bhunchati

yugakotisahasram tu svargaloke mahiyate.


A Swiss inscription says, “Sprehfien ist silbern, Schweigen ist golden’


These phrases are only a few centuries old. But Indian phrases are older than these.


There is some logic behind eating in silence and getting great benefits. Many of the times we don’t appreciate the good things in cooking done by wives or mothers. They do it well for 90 out of 100 days. But when it s not up to the mark in the ten out of 100 days we shout at them or at least we criticise them, saying this has no salt or this has too much salt, this is very spicy, this is very oily etc. If we eat in silence this would not happen. And both the cook and the person who took the food feel contented and happy.


In another sloka Chanakya says,

Silent Prayer

We all know the great saint of Tiruvannamalai Sri Ramana Maharishi cleared the doubts of thousands of devotees in silence. Even people like Paul Brunton (author of Search in Secret India) acknowledged that they got answers for their questions by simply in front of him, who most of the times maintained silence.

Chanakya says,

udyoge naasti darityam japato naasti patakam

maune cha kalaho naasti naasti jagarite bhayam


The meaning exertion there is no poverty; one who offeres silent prayer incurs no sin. In silence there is no quarrel. For one who is wide awake there is no fear.


This advice is also very practical. If everyone maintains silence, the world will be a better place to live in. In silence there is no quarrel.


One who does prayer in silence, gets more benefit. In our own time we have seen Ramana Maharishi maintaining silence and helping the devotees. Many spiritual centres have meditation halls where silent prayer is encouraged.

Chinese philosopher Confucius said,

Silence is a true friend who never betrays.

Scottish philosopher Thomas Carlyle’s quotations are very popular:-   


“Silence is more eloquent than words.   

Speech is great, but silence is greater.   

Speech is of time, silence is of eternity”.






Gambling, Women, Theft- That is what Wise Men do- Chanakya! (Post No.4556)


Gambling, Women, Theft- That is what Wise Men do- Chanakya! (Post No.4556)


Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 28 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London- 7-56 am



Post No. 4556

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Chanakya is not only a statesman and an economist but also a poet. His Chanakya Niti has very interesting riddles. He used symbols and metaphors to illustrate his points. Here is one of the metaphorical poems:


praatardhyutaprasangena madhyaahne striprasangena

ratrau charyaprasangena kaalo gacchati dhimataam

–chanakya niti, chapter 9, verse 11



Applying themselves to gambling in the morning, to women in noon and theft in the night the wise spend their time.


There is a metaphoric reference here to three texts. Dyuaprasanga here refers to a text where there is gambling, i.e Mahabharata. The whole epic is the cause of gambling between the Panadava and Kauravas. If the game had not been played, there wouldn’t be any story. Wise people read Mahabharata in the morning.

The second reference is about the woman. This is referring to Sita devi of Ramayana. Without Sita devi’s wrong decision and wrong desire there wouldn’t be any Ramayana story. Knowing that there is no golden deer on earth, she desired a (fake) golden deer and then all the disasters followed. Wise people read Ramayana in the noon.


The third reference is to chaurya prasangena- meaning theft. This is a reference to Bhagavata Purana where Krishna’s life is narrated. He is shown as a thief of butter at home, thief of saris on the banks of River Yamuna and a thief who steals the hearts of millions of people around the world- his devotees. Wise men do read his story, i.e. Bhagavata Purana in the night.


Thus, wise men spend their time usefully. Chanakya has made his point in a way which would amuse people and at the same time keep it ever green in the memory of his readers.


My comments:

Why did Lord Krishna steal the saris of Gopi girls? Though we knew all the saris were duly returned and the Gopi girls went home sari clad, there is another secret in it. He wanted to tell the world that whatever he steals will be returned in multi fold. If he steals butter, the world will be supplied with enormous quantity of dairy products. If he steals saris, he would give them without stopping to any one in need of saris,which we saw in the Derobing of Draupadi in the Mahabharata. When Duryodana ordered his younger brother to take away the sari of Pandava queen Draupadi in public, she prayed to Lord Krishna. And she got a continuous supply of saris and saved her honour. In the same way when a devotee gives his heart a little to Lord Krishna, he showers back on the devotee his heart million times – his grace for ever.


Source for the verse: Canakyaniti translated by Satya Vrat Shastri



Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 27 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London- 6-21 am



Post No. 4552

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The greatest statesman that India has ever produced is Chanakya. He was the man who established the mighty Magadha empire. Even the Greek king Alexander the Great returned to his homeland fearing the army of the Magadha empire. Though we don’t have any authentic report about the life history of Chanakya, we are able to piece together the materials that are available in dramas such as Mudra Rakshasa of Visakadatta and other word of mouth stories. One underlying thread in all these stories is that Chanakya was an astute politician. He did not hesitate to use Sama, Dana, Beda, Danda (peace, bribe, dissension and punish) to achieve his goal. He followed the policy of ‘tit for tat’ or tooth for tooth, blood for blood. He believed that diamond should be cut by a diamond and a thorn should be taken out by a thorn.


Here are few interesting stories: –


King Mahapadma Nanda had eight sons through his legal marriage and one son through his intimacy with a servant maid by name Mura. Her son was Maurya Chandra Gupta.


The rule of Nava/Nine Nandas was tyrannical. They were the embodiments of arrogance. They were against all the rituals and particularly Brahminical. Mahapadma Nanda was a modern Hiranyakasipu, the demon.


One day he went for a walk and stopped suddenly and laughed. A servant maid of the palace was coming in the opposite direction. Seeing the king laughing she also laughed. Nanda stopped her and asked the reason for her laugh. She was scared and dared not to answer his question. She told him that she would tell the reason later and ran away.


She wanted to give him a correct answer or an excuse and so she consulted lot of people; All her efforts were fruitless. She went to  minister Sakatara, who was in the jail. He helped her out. How?


Story of Minister Sakatara

Let us first read the story of Sakatara. He was a good minister but he was imprisoned on flimsy charges along with his wife and son. They were supplied meagre food in the prison and his wife and son died in course of time. He was waiting for an opportunity to take revenge upon the Nine Nandas.


To the maid who came to get his help he put two simple questions:

What was Mahapadma Nanda looking at when he laughed?

Where was he then?

The servant maid told Sakatara that the king was near a canal and he was looking at a big tree. Immediately Sakatara guessed the answer and told the lady the king was amused when he saw a tiny seed of that big tree floating in the water. He laughed at it thinking that how come a tiny seed could produce a big tree.


The maid was happy and went to see the king next day and gave him this answer. He was surprised to see that she got it right. But he knew that it was not the servant maid’s answer and wanted to find out who helped her. Through his spies he found out that this lady met Sakatara in the prison the previous day.


Now Mahapadma Nanda became soft and released the intelligent minister Sakatara. He was appointed the Head of the Department of Rituals.


One day Sakatara was walking along a village road and saw something strange. A Brahmin with a tuft was pouring sour buttermilk on some grass. As he was the head of rituals, he wanted to know what the Brahmin was doing. That Brahmin told Sakatara that he wanted to destroy the grass as it was made him to fall. Sakatara saw a point in his action and thought that this person would achieve his goal. He took him to Pataliputra (modern Patna in Bihar)  and used his service. There was a ceremony in the palace and this ‘no so good looking’ poor Brahmin was given a front seat.


Mahapadma Nada walked into the hall and saw an ugly Brahmin taking a seat in the front row. He pulled him out and threw him out of the hall. That Brahmin was Chanakya.

On that day Chanakya made a vow, “I wouldn’t tie my tuft of hair till I uproot this Nandas”.


Sakatara and Chanakya joined together and made big plans to uproot the Nandas. Nanda has a great minister by name Rakshasa. Chanakya spoiled all his efforts who tried to prop up the Nandas. Through a servant maid Chanakaya and Sakatara gave poisonous food to the Nine Nandas and all of them died at once. There was utter chaos in the kingdom.


Chanakya made a deal with the neighbouring kingdom of King Parvata. If he could capture Pataliputra he would get half the kingdom and the rest would be ruled by Chandragupta, the servant maid Mura’s son. When Parvata invaded the country with his son Malayaketu, Parvata was killed by foul means and Malayaketu ran for his life. Now Chanakya and Sakatara crowned Chandra Gupta as the king. Later Maurya Chandragupta became the emperor of mighty Magadha Kingdom. His grandson was the great Asoka.


Chanakya’s gift to India is his Niti Shastra (Didactic literature) and world’s first book on Economics ‘The Arthashastra’. His other gift was the biggest empire of ancient India. This covered most of India except Tamil Kingdoms. Chanakya became the symbol of good and able governance. His policy was ‘end justifies means’. To destroy Adharma, you can do anything, in other words, followed Krishna of Mahabharata.




Chanakya and Valluvar (Post No.4530)

Compiled by London Swaminathan 


Date: 22 DECEMBER 2017 


Time uploaded in London- 8-09 am



Post No. 4530

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Part 3 of Tirukkural- Bhagavad Gita Comparison by Rev. G U Pope and V R R Dikshitar (Post No.4530)



Please read the first two parts where the books are introduced. Here Dikshitar ompared Chanakya with Valluvar:—-


Kural 126 (Self Control)

Like tortoise, who the five restrains

In one, though seven worlds bliss obtains

The Bhagavad Gita says that as a tortoise will restrain all limbs into itself, he who would restrain his sense will attain wisdom 2-58


Kural 226 (Charity)

Let men relieve the wasting hunger men endure;

For treasure gained thus finds one treasure-house secure.

Manu rules to this effect: One must not eat oneself without feeding the guest first; feeding of guests leads to wealth, health, fame and heaven- Manu 3-106


Kural 256 (Vegetarianism)

We eat the slain you say, ‘by us no living creatures die;

Who’d kill and sell, I pray, if none came there the flesh to buy?

Manu says, “He who approves of the killing of an animal, who preserves the slaughtered body, who kills it, who buys and sells it, who cooks it and who serves it, and who makes a meal of it are to be termed Killers” Manu 5-51


Kural 257 (Vegetarianism)

With other beings ulcerous wounds their hunger may appease

If this they felt, desire to eat must surely ease

According to Manu, having learnt the origin of flesh (meat) and the killing of creatures, one will refrain from taking any kind of meat-5-49, 52 .



Kural 259 (Vegetarianism)

Than thousand rich oblations, with libations rare,

Better the flesh of slaughtered beings not to share.

Manu’s ruling is similar:

He who would perform a hundred Asvamedha sacrifices year after year and he who would refrain from flesh eating are equal so far the attainments of fruits is concerned– Manu 5-53


Kural 268 (Penance)

Who gains himself in utter self-control

Him worships every other living soul.

In Manu, one should endeavour day and night to conquer the senses; and one who conquer his senses is able to have all people under his control- Manu 7-44


Kural 299 (Truthfulness)

Every lamp is not a lamp in wise men’s sight:

That is the lamp with truth’s pure radiance bright

In the Bhagavad Gita, The Yogi controlled, self engaged, in meditation, is likened to a lamp that is still in a windless place Bhagavad Gita 6-19


Kural 330 (Violence)

Who had a loathed life, in bodies sorely pained,

Are men, the wise declare, by guilt of slaughter stained.


In the Laws of Manu, it is said that he who causes the killing of prohibited animals for his own happiness is considered to be dead, though living, for he never attains happiness- Manu 5-45



Kural 339 (Instability)

Death is sinking into slumbers deep; Birth again is waking out of sleep.


The Bhagavad Gita furnishes a parallel: There is certain death to one who is born, and there is certain birth to one dead –Bhagavad Gita6-63)


xxx Arattup paal finished xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx


Chanakya is also known as  Kautilya.


Kural 381 (Leader/ King)


An army, people, wealth, a minister, friends, fort;

six things—

Who owns them all, a lion lives amid the kings.


Kautilya’s Artha sastra prescribes:

The king, minister, territory, fort treasury, army friends constitute the elements of a state………….. He wh possesses these and who follows the righteous policy is able to conquer the whole earth and is never defeated.

—Book 6-1 cf.Kamandaka 1-18


Kural 385 (Leader- King)

A king is he who treasure gains, stores up, defends,

And duty for his kingdom’s weal expends


The Kamandaka Nitisastra furnishes a parallel:

The four fold functions of the king are to acquie wealth by equitable means, to preserv it, to augument it, and then expend it on the deserving.

Kamandaka 1-20


Kural 390 (King/ Leader)

Gifts, grace, right sceptre, care f people’s weal;

These four a light of dreaded king reveal


is corroborated by the Kamandaki

Pleasant speech, grace gifts, protection of the poor and the distressed, and association with men of character are recognised by the world as the right thing.

–kamandaki 3-2


Kural 391 (Study/ Learning)

So lean that you may full and faultless learning gain,

Then in obedience meet to lessons learnt remain.


According to the Arthasastra, sciences should be studied under qualified teachers and their precepts duly followed……………Discipline is the fruit of learning.

–Book 1-5, Arthasastra.



Kural 411(Listening)

Wealth of wealth is wealth acquired by ear attent;

Wealth mid al wealth supremely excellent.

The Kautilya (Chanakya) says:

Hearing opens the door to knowledge, knowledge to right action, and right action to knowledge of one’s self. This is what constitutes vidyaa.

—Book 1- chapter 5 of Arthasastra.



Kural 427 (Knowledge)

The wise discern, the foolish fail to see,

And minds prepare for things about to be

In the Arthasastra, he who possesses the eye of knowledge and science, is able to discern the true thing with a little effort.

Arthasastra ,Book 9, chapter 1


Kural 441 (Great men)

As friends the men who virtue know, and riper wisdom share,

Their worth weighed well, the king should choose with care.

The prescription of Bhradwaja is that companions whose honesty and skill have been put to satisfactory tests shall be appointed ministers.

–Arthasastra, Book 1-8



Kural 447 (Great men)

What power can work his fall, who faithful ministers,

Employs, that thunder out reproaches when he errs.

The Arthasastra prescribes that a king should select such ministers whose loyalty has been tried and who would protect him from risks involving danger to life.

–Arthasastra, Book 1-8


Kural 462 and Kural 470 (Consideration/ On the right Forethought)

With chosen friends deliberate; next use they private thought;

Then act. By those who thus proceed all works with ease are wrought .


Plan and perform no work that others may despise;

What misbeseems a king the world will not aprroe as wise.

-The Arthasastra says

All undertakings are to be preceded by mantra or counsel………. Let the king review the works with the ministers present……….. That which gives fruition and is advocated by the best men must be done

–Arthasastra, Book 1-15

to be continued……………………