Why did I write Natyasastra?- Bharata Muni Story (Post No.9882)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9882

Date uploaded in London –22 JULY   2021           

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Atreya asked Bharata the reason for writing Natya sastra.

Bharata said,

Natyaveda was created by Brahma. Long long ago people of this world, goaded by greed and avarice, and jealousy and anger took to uncivilised ways of life.(Literally Gramya = vulgar).

The world was then inhabited by Gods, Demons, Yakshas Rakshasas, Nagas and Gandharvas . Various lords were ruling. At that time gods led by Mahendra approached Brahma and requested him to give them something which would not only teach them but be pleasing both to eyes and ears. Since Sudras are not allowed to listen to Vedas why not create a fifth Veda which would be accessible to all varnas/ castes

Brahma agreed. He dismissed the petitioners and meditated in solitude. Then he took

words from the Rigveda,

music from Sama veda,

movements and make up from Yajur veda and

emotional acting from the Atharvanaveda.

Then he called Indra and others and said,

Here is the Natyaveda. Let the Suras/Devas practise it. It requires persons who are smart, intelligent, observant and self controlled.

Indra pondered and then said that the Suras were unable to practise it since they did not have all the qualifications. Sages are self controlled and grasped with the Vedic knowledge. Then Brahma entrusted it to me.

Brahma said to me

You have a large number of sons and students and so you practise it. So I practised it with my sons and trained them in words, emotions and movements:_

Bharati

Sattavati

Arabhati and

Vrtti

When I informed Brahma what I have done, he promised me to give all the materials required. I myself had seen Siva dancing with movements, gestures and emotions. When I said females were good to perform with grace, he created Apasaras. He created Narada and Gandharva to sing. He provided Swati and his disciples to play on instruments

When I reported to him all the practices were done, rehearsals over, he asked me to perform the first show in the Flag festival of Indra.

I commenced the performance with an interesting

Nandi= benedictory singing of eight sentences from the Vedas. When it was staged with fights and roars resulting in the defeat of the demons by devas Brahma and other gods were so pleased with the performance that they showered presents on the actors:-

Indra gave the flagpole ,

Brahma a crooked stick,

Varuna a gourd

Surya an umbrella

Siva a Siddhi

Vayu a fan

Vishnu a throne,

Kubera a crown

Sarasvati acoustics

And others — Yakshas, Rakshasas and Nagas suitable ones.

After the first show, defeated demons became angry and caused the director to become unconscious on the stage. Indra used his flagpole to thrash all the demons. It crushed —- jarjara— all the demons. Then they all wished that ‘jarjara’ be there for ever to protect them . Indra said So be it.

–subham—

Tags- Natyasastra, fifth veda, Bharata,  Story, Jarjara

Story of Two Ants in Ramayana (Post No.9739)

WRITTEN BY LONDON SWAMINATHAN

Post No. 9739

Date uploaded in London – –15 JUNE   2021           

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There is an interesting story in Ramayana about two ants. Kamban, the great author , who rendered Valmiki Ramayana in Tamil, hints at it in the Ayodhya Kanda/ canto. Kamban puts the words Erumbin Kathaiyal / ‘the lady of two ants story’ in the mouth of lamenting King Dasaratha. He was the one who gave two boons to Kaikeyi, one of his three queens. Kaikeyi, using the boons sent Rama to forest and got the kingship for her own son Bharat.

In this context Dasaratha was complaining about Kaikeyi to his chief queen Kausalya. The words Erumbin Kathaiyal/ Llady of Ants brings out the background of Kaikeyi. Strangely Hindu epics dont give the birth names of Queens. They are always named after their countries or cities,

Gandhari from Kandahar/ Gandhara of Afghanistan

Kunti from the kingdom of Kunti

Kaikeyi from Kekaya kingdom in Afghanistan /Iran border

Kausalya is from Koshala

Mythili  is from the city of Mithila and so on.

Kaikeyi is from the country of Kekaya, where her father Asvapati was ruling. It happened in the life of Asvapati . One day while he was in bed with his beloved queen, he laughed wildly. The queen got annoyed and became suspicious. She asked her husband Asvapati what made him laugh at the dead of night in the bed. She added further that he was mocking at her. Asvapati pacified her and told that he listened to the talk of two ants  under his bed and burst into laughter about their conversation.

One in a billion gets the power of knowing the language of animals, Hindus believe. In Tamil Periya Purana, we know that Kazatrarivar and Aanayanar knew the language of the animals. So do the great Hindu emperor Vikramaditya.

When Asvapati explained it to his wife, the queen, she was not ready to believe him and so she insisted that he must disclose the joke that the ants exchanged. Asvapati told her that the seer who taught him the language told him that he should never disclose it to anyone. Violating the code would result in his death. Even after this, she insisted that he gives the secret conversation of two ants under the bed. He asked her for time so that he could consult the saint who gave him the power.

When he consulted him, he told Asvapati to banish the queen and that was what Asvapati did.

On the background of this old anecdote, Dasaratha condemned Kaikeyi with the words Ant Story Lady. What he meant was hereditary was more powerful than environment. Her genetics worked more than the acceptable law. According to law, the eldest , in this case Rama, should become king. Moreover she knew that Rama’s exile will shorten the life of Dasaratha , but she didn’t care like Asvapati’s wife, who was the mother of Kaikeyi.

Here we come across a scientific fact in genetics which is known to our forefathers. Another fact that animal languages are understood by humans. In fact Dirgatamas, the blind poet of the oldest book in the world the Rigveda,reveals that there are four levels of sound and humans understand only the fourth level. It is in R V 1-164. So, scientists in future may find one day what Hindus knew thousands of years before our time.

Xxx Subham xxxx

tags-  Kaikeyi, ant lady, story, two ants, Ramayana 

Isavasyam Idam Sarvam Story (Post No.4752)

Date: 16 FEBRUARY 2018

 

Time uploaded in London- 20-52

 

Written by London swaminathan

 

Post No. 4752

 

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There is a famous Upanishadic couplet saying that everything is controlled and owned by God. One should not be greedy to take other’s property.

 

There is a story to illustrate this point. There was a king who had some ego problem. He gave lot of gifts to the poets and bards and expected everyone to praise him as the Anna Data (Giver of Food). Once he called two of his beneficiaries and asked them who gave them money and everything. One of them was a sycophant and replied immediately,

Oh, My Lord, You are the one who helped me and without you people would have died of hunger.

The other person, who is a great scholar said, everything is given by God. Isavasyam Idam sarvam.

 

The king did not like this answer. He wanted to hear the praise of every one. But he did not dare to say it in public. The king wanted to teach him a lesson. He sent them home.

 

Later the king filled the inside of a big pumpkin  with costly gems and sent it to the person who praised the king. The scholar who praised god instead of the King was given two small coins. They were not of big price.

 

The person who received the pumpkin did not know what was inside and so he decided to sell the pumpkin. He was very dissatisfied with the king. At that time the scholar who got two coins was passing his house. The person with a big pumpkin told the scholar to take the pumpkin. He readily agreed and gave his two coins to him.

 

When the scholar went home, opened the pumpkin and found it was full of costly gems. Then he ran to the king and told that he got a treasure from a pumpkin. The person who sold the pumpkin was also there and he told the king that he sold it to him for two coins of lesser denomination.

 

The king realised his mistake and felt everything in the world was done by God and controlled by God. The king’s vanity was completely cured by this occurrence.

Unassisted by the hand of Providence, human endeavours are fruitless.

 

He remembered the famous first couplet of Isavasyopanishad:

 

Isavaasyamidam sarvam yathkinchajagathyaam jagath
Thena thyakthena bhunjeethaah, maa gridhah kasyaswid-dhanam

“All things of this world, the transitory, the evanescent, are enveloped by the Lord who is the real Reality of each. Therefore, they have to be used with reverent renunciation, without covetousness or greed for they belong to the Lord and not to any one person”.

 

–Subham–

STORY ABOUT A.BRAHMANA (Post No.4383)


Written by London Swaminathan
 

 

Date: 10 NOVEMBER 2017

 

Time uploaded in London- 13-35

 

 

Post No. 4383

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

 

 

This is a story about the origin of Aitareya Brahmana.

The Brahmanas are the prose works in the Vedic literature. They deal with the fire sacrifices of the Vedic Hindus. Each Veda has separate Brahmanas. In fact each ‘Shaka’ of the Veda has one Brahmana. One of the oldest Brahmanas is Aitareya Brahmana of Rig Veda.

 

There is a curious story about the origin of this book. Sayana, the Vedic commentator said this story. There was a sage who had many wives, and one of them was called Itara. She had a son whose name was Mahidasa. The father neglected him and loved the other sons more than Mahidasa, and at a certain sacrifice, he allowed all the other sons to sit on his lap, but refused the honour to Mahidasa.

Thereupon Itara prayed to Goddess of Earth who appeared at once and offered a divine thrown to Mahidasa and seated him on it. The goddess then made him a great scholar. To Mahidasa Aitareya, enlightened by the boon of Earth,there appeared or was revealed. One Brahmana of the Rig  Veda  (of Sakala Saka was called after his name. Itara——-A/Itareya. The aranyaka is also called Aitareya Aranyaka.

 

(The legend says that Aitareya was the son of Itara; itara means the other woman, probably the woman was not the legal wife of the King and so her son was neglected.)

Aitareya Brahmana is divided into eitght Panchikas (pentads), each of which has five adhyayas and so it contains forty chapters; it deals with the duties of the priests, explanations of Soma, Uktya, Shodasa, Atiratra and other sacrifices including 12 minor sacrifices

 

How many Brahmana Books are there?

 

There is one more Brahmana of Rig Veda: Kaushitaki Brahmana.

Satapata Brahmana

Of all the Brahmana books, Satapata Brahmana is the most important one. It belongs to Sukla Yajur Veda. It deals with important fire sacrifices in addition to etymology, grammar and meanings of several other things. The name itself shows that it has hundred (sata) chapters. The Krishna Yajur Veda has Taittiriya Brahmana.  Atharva Veda has Gopata Brahmana.

 

The Brahmanas shows the oldest stage in the development of Sanskrit prose. It is a most interesting phase in the history of Indian thought. Some of the things are said in a symbolic language and so they appear as silly stories. The seers themselves often say the gods love mysterious language. The astronomical remarks in the Brahmanas show they belong to a period between 2000 BCE and 3000 BCE. Foreigners date them around 1000 BCE. This is wrong because Max Muler gave a rough date believing that a anguage changes every 200 years. This theory is not applied to any other language and proved More over, apart from language, there is huge difference between the Upanishadic stage and Brahmana stage.

 

–subham —

 

Jealousy: Wisdom from Indian Villages

brahmins

Written by London swaminathan

Date : 2 September  2015

Post No. 2118

Time uploaded in London : 19-39

None has grown richer by envying

And no one has lost by not envying –Tirukkural 170

Envy destroys one’s wealth and leads one to evil deeds – 168

The Goddess of Good Fortune (Lakshmi) cannot bear the sight of envious people

Whom she will turn over to her elder sister (Alakshmi, Jyeshtadvi) — 167

jealousy2

There were two Brahmins, one is an illiterate and another is a learned. Both of them visited the king in the neighbouring county. The king treated them well and gave them equal respect. He gave them a gold coin every day. But the learned Brahmin was very jealous about the illiterate getting the same respect like him. When the illiterate Brahmin was gone to his room, he told the king, “Oh, King, don’t you know the proverb that says ‘give your daughter knowing the family (Gotra) and give money knowing the person (Paatra)’? Moreover that illiterate Brahmin has got two concubines. I am very learned and yet you give me the same treatment. Then he went home.

Next day both of them came to see the king. Now the king gave three gold coins to the illiterate and only one coin to the learned Brahmin. He became very angry and waited till the other person gone. He told the king, “Even after I explained to him his characterless life and his lack of knowledge in scriptures, you gave him three gold coins and only one gold coin to me. Why are you insulting the learned like this?”

The king replied, “Look, learned Brahmin! I am paying according to the needs, not according to your knowledge. You only told me that he has a larger family. I don’t want him to suffer.”

The Brahmin went home confused!

—————-xxxxxxx————-