Post No. 10,185

Date uploaded in London – 7 OCTOBER  2021         

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Rig Veda, the oldest book in the world, dated around 4500 BCE by Bala Gangadara Tilak and Herman Jacobi of Germany, has a lot of amazing things about Human Eye.

Hindus believe in three things which science would prove one day:

1 Moon has connection with plants on earth. They grow with the help of moon. But science says photo synthesis happen with the help of sunlight and without photo synthesis plants will die. They never connect moon with the plants.

2.Hindus believe power of eye will improve or increase by doing Surya Namaskar (Exercise cum Sun Worship) in the early morning. Science don’t believe in it; but it says Vitamin D is obtained by sunlight. Nowadays doctors in London advise everyone to take Vitamin D. Latest scientific articles say deficiency of Vitamin D is the root cause of many health problems. So, the doctors and scientists partially agree with us.

3.Moon has a sway over human mind. Though scientists don’t agree with Hindus, statistical records show increased mental health problems are seen on Full Moon days and New Moon days. Surface of Earth is covered with 70 % water and human body also consists of 70% water, so the moon effect on water is understandable, argue believers. But no precise scientific proof is available.


Eye in the Rig Veda

The most famous sukta/hymn of Rig Veda 10-90 Purusha Suktam is recited every day in temples and orthodox brahmin houses. Max Muller gang and Marxist gangs are interested in it because of the reference to the four castes for the first time in the Vedas. But we are going to investigate another interesting point in it.

When a rishi looked at the universe as God, Cosmic Man/Person , he says,

“The moon was born from his mind; from his eye the sun was born”- RV -10-90-13

Here we see the connection to eye and sun. Greeks also borrowed it from us:-

Eyes resemble the sun, both as a rayed circle (eye and lashes) and also a set of concentric circles (pupil, iris, white). The sun is able to see all that is happening on earth. In many European languages , eyes can stand for the sun. in Old Irish the word for eye is ‘suil’.

Sul, solar, suil – and many other words are derived from Surya in the Rig Veda. R/L change is seen in all the languages; so, Surya becomes Solya and then solar, sul, sur etc.


There is a Greek prayer referring to the goddess Theia in terms of sun:-

“Thou beam of the sun

Far seeing mother of the eyes”.

Greek drama is full of allusions to the link between the eye and the sun. Aeschylus in Prometheus Bound refers to the ‘all seeing circle of the sun’.

The eye to menace the wheel of the sun- Aristophanes

The Greeks thought of the sun and the moon as the eyes of the animate sky like Vedic Hindus.

In Oedipus Colonius, Sophocles writes, ‘may the all seeing sun give you  such a sad old age as mine’.

This is similar to Hindu Brahmins daily prayer (Daily Sandhya Vandana in the afternoon) where the man asks for 100 year happy life looking at Sun. The mantra finishes with ‘look at Sun’ and the man looks at the sun with his crossed fingers. Without looking at the bright Sun Light directly Hindus make a small hole via the crossed fingers of both the hands.


Here again the Hindus confirm the link between the Sun and Eye. Here is the daily afternoon prayer of Hindus (I recite this Mantra everyday in London):-

Pashyema saradas satam

Jeevema saradas satam

Nandaama saradas satam

Modaama saradas satam

Bhavaama saradas satam

Shrunavaama saradas satam

Prabhravaama saradas satam

Ajeetaashyaama saradas satam

Jyok cha sooryam  druse saradas satam

May we look at sun for 100 years

May we thus live for 100 years

May we be delighted for 100 years

May we be happy for 100 years

May we excel in all for 100 years

May we speak and hear for 100 years

May we be unconquerable for 100 years

In this way we would like to see Sun………………….

This is found in all the Vedas with slight difference in wordings.

In the thrice a day worship of Brahmins there are many more mantras on Sun God. I chose this particular verse because it is chanted when one sees the Sun through gap created by locking both the hands.


Here is the proof to show that Greeks borrowed it from us:

In the most famous Wedding Mantra in the Rig Veda (10-85)

“One of the pair (Sun) sees all existing things; the other orders seasons and born again- 10-85-18

This is a reference to Sun and Moon. It is found in Wedding Mantra which is used even today unlike the Greek verses!

Another Rig Vedic reference sounds more interesting!

Yama’s son says in 10-16-3

“The Sun receives your Eye; the Wind your Spirit”

Again this is a funeral hymn. This means the dead person’s eye goes to the sun whereas his breath mingles with the atmospheric wind. Here we may interpret Eye and Sun as light. Most of the funeral hymns in Hindu Vedas say that the dead person becomes light and travels upward.


10-37-1 is praising Sun God ‘Surya’-

“Do homage unto Varuna’s and Mitra’s Eye; offer this solemn worship to the mighty god

Who sees faraway, the ensign, born of gods. Sing praise unto Surya, to the son of Dyaus”

Even today millions of Hindus pray to Sun God and do Surya Namaskar.


The Gayatri Mantra found in all the four Vedas is also about Sun. Gayatri represents Energy, Power, Sakti. In Hinduism Shakti or Power is always shown as Goddess.



Egyptians also borrowed the concept of eye representing sun.

The perception of the sun as an eye is related to its role as an ‘all seeing judge in the universe’. This is repeated in the Vedas as an attribute to Varuna and Surya.

In Egypt , on images of the sun god the eye portrayed on a solar disc could represent the head of the divinity.

In Egypt, Greece and India the all seeing role of the sun gave it an association with the eye.

Egyptians also saw the sun as all seeing eye like the hindus. Sun is symbolised by an eye as in the case of Horus , the youthful Egyptian sun god. He is also portrayed as a hawk in other places. The characteristic stylization of his eye, the Udjat eye , was considered a powerful amulet.


Eyes of St.Lucia

St .Lucia is another example of a goddess whose eyes are significant to her cult, as they become one of her emblems. The eye of Saint Lucia of the Mediterranean is a natural operculum that is worn in jewellery, a lucky charm in Corsica! . these are sea shells collected from the Mediterranean Sea (In Tamil it is called Ravavan muzi in Rameswaram).

Shiva’s Eye; St Lucia amulets, Ravana’s Pupil (sea Shells)


THE SUN GODS OF ANCIENT EUROPE by Miranda Green, London, 1991

The Sun Goddess, Sheena Mc Grath, UK, 1997.

Dictionary of Symbolism by Hans Biederman, New York, 1992

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Gorgon from Sun Temple, Bath, Britain


‘Women can keep One Secret’- Voltaire (Post No.4592)


Written by London Swaminathan 


Date: 7 JANUARY 2018


Time uploaded in London- 16-59




Post No. 4592

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.




You may find the title a bit puzzling. The reason I chose this title for the essay is no quotes are available from Hindus sources in the quotations websites. But the most interesting about secret is that it is in the oldest book in the world- The Rig Veda. Later we find this word in hundreds of places in Hindu books both in Sanskrit and Tamil. I will give some quotes below; please don’t keep them secret; let it spread to blogs and websites as well!

The Rig Veda has the word secret in the second Mandala (chapter):

Raha- suu

The meaning given in the Vedic index is ‘bearing in secret’. It is in RV 2-29-1

It is a hymn to Visvedevas

“Upholders of the Law, ye strong Adityas, remove my sin like her who bears in secret.

You, Varuna, Mitra and all gods who listen, I call to help me , I who know your goodness”


Bearing in secret is a term applied to an unmarried mother according to Vedic index.



The second reference about secret itself is secretive!

Rahasyu Deva-malimlue

is the name, in the Pachavimsa Brahmana (14-4-7), of a mythical person who at Munimarana slew the saintly Vaikhanases.


We don’t know much about the mythical person and the motive behind the murder. A typical secret story!

We have lot of references in the epics.

But the oft quoted Bhagavd Gita has a secret.

Lord Krishna says

“This same ancient Yoga has been today declared to thee by me; for thou art my devotee and my friend; and this is the Supreme Secret (rahasyam uttamam)


In most of the old Hindu scriptures they used the word Rahasyam (secret) for Veda and Upanishads.

Tamils are very clever that they translated the Veda (knowledge) it self Secret (Marai in Tamil); they knew very well that Vedas are not to be taken literal but understood through the hidden meaning!



Secret in Manu Smrti

The oldest law book in the world is Manu Smrti (older than the Hammurabi’s code). It used the word secret to denote Upanishads,the philosophical treatises of the Hindus.

Here are some quotes:

उपनीय तु यः शिष्यं वेदमध्यापयेद् द्विजः ।

च्/ सकल्पं सरहस्यं च तमाचार्यं प्रचक्षते

  1. They call that twice born who initiates a pupil and teaches him the Veda together with the Kalpa and the Rahasyas, the teacher (akarya, of the latter).

Rahsyas= Upanishads  Manu 2-140


तपोविशेषैर्विविधैर्व्रतैश्च विधिचोदितैः ।

वेदः कृत्स्नोऽधिगन्तव्यः सरहस्यो द्विजन्मना 2-165

  1. A twice born man must study the whole Veda together with the Rahasyas, performing at the same time various kinds of austerities and the vows prescribed by the rules (of the Veda).

rahasya= Upanishads

twice born = Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya in the Vedic age; later only Brahmins


  1. The initial triliteral Brahman on which the threefold (sacred science) is based, is another triple Veda which must be kept secret; he who knows that, (is called) learned in the Veda.11-266
  2. Thus the acts which secure supreme bliss have been exactly and fully described; (now) the secret portion of these Institutes, proclaimed by Manu, will be taught.12-107
  3. Thus did that worshipful deity disclose to me, through a desire of benefiting mankind, this whole most excellent secret of the sacred law.12-117



SECRET in Later Literature


In the literature, the word used with the modern meaning, like we use it today


Chanakya Niti (3rd Century BCE):

One should not trust a bad friend, nor should repose too much of trust (even in good) friend lest the friend in a fit of rage were to lay bare all the secrets.

Chapter 2, Verse 6


na visvaset kumitre ca mitre caatiwa visvaset

kadaacit kupitamitram sarvam guhyaam prakaasayet


Never reveal Your Plans/ Ideas


One should not reveal through words (talk about) an action one has in mind. One should keep it secret in his counsel and apply it to one’s mission.

Chapter 2, verse 7


manasaa chintitam kaaryam vachasaa na prakaasayet

mantrena rakshayet guudam kaarye chaapi niyojayet.


Some of his instructions are valid even today.

Source for slokas: Chanakya Niti, translated by Satya Vrat Shastri, Kolkata.


Author’s name Chanakya alias Kautilya






Secret in Epics, Kalidasa, Panchatantra


A man should never disclose a secret to a woman if he longs for prosperity- Vishnusharman in Panchatantra Book3,97 (also in Katha Sarit Sagara)


This is repeated by all the English authors like Shakespeare and Tamil authors like Kamban and Vivekachudamani etc.



Constant you are, but yet a woman; and for secrecy, no lady closer; for I well believe thou wilt not utter what thou dost not know.




There is a secret drawer in every woman’s heart.

Victor Hugo.


  A woman can keep one secret,—the secret of her age.




A man can keep another person’s secret better than his own; a woman, on the contrary, keeps her secret though she blabs all others.

La Bruyère.




He cannot keep a secret longer than the morning des drops on the grass- Kalidasa in Vikrama Uvasiiyam Act 2


Good is the secrecy of a secret, its revelation is not to be praised

–Jataka Tales VI, Book 22, No546


One should not disclose secrets to everyone; one should reveal some only to one’s wife, some to one’s friend and some to one’s son, for they cannot be trusted- Vishnusarma in Panchatantra Book 1



Whoever divulges secrets should be torn to pieces- Arthasastra of Chanakya/Kautilya Book 1 Chapter 15


It is always difficult to keep secrecy counsels secret when many are concerned.—Vyasa in Mahabharata, Shanti Parva


This is also repeated by umpteen English writers. Anything concerning two or more people is not at all a secret.




Ancient Tamil literature also has many quotations on Secret:-


Tamil Veda Tirukkural of Tiruvalluvar says,


“The mean are like the drum that is beaten, for they hear secrets and betray them” (Kural/ Couplet 1076)


Another translation of the same Tamil couplet is as follows:


“Like a tom-tom, the base ones will broadcast

Whatever information they come by”


The Bible  also has a parallel quotation:

A gossip gives away secrets,

But a trusty man keeps his own counsel (Proverbs 11,13)



Pazamozi Nanuru is another Tamil didactic work which has few quotations:-


Telling a secret to base one is like placing cotton on the top of a palmyrah tree. (It will be blown into all directions easily)


We may compare it with What Khalil Gibran said:


Kahlil Gibran — ‘If you reveal your secrets to the wind, you should not blame the wind forrevealing them to the trees.’


The same book says,

The wise ones never tell a secret to mean minded people.


There are hundreds of proverbs in Indian languages. I have to deal with it separately.




Jesters in Rig Veda (Post No.4365)

Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 4 NOVEMBER 2017


Time uploaded in London- 14-21



Post No. 4365

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.



Rig Veda is an encyclopaedia of ancient India. Hindu playwrights, actors and dramatists believe that the drama originated in India. Though we have dramas in ancient Egypt, if one believes the date (4500 BCE or before that) given to the Rig Veda by Herman Jacobi and B G Tilak, then India can claim the credit. Whatever be the origin of drama, we have very clear drama scenes in the Rig Veda in the form of dialogue hymns:


RV 10-51: Agni and Varuna
RV 10-10 Yama- Yami
RV 1-179 Agastya and Lopamudra
RV 10-95: Pururuvas and Urvasi
RV 10-86 Indra and Vrsakapi
We have such conversation hymns in RV 10-135; 10-124; 4-26; 10-108; 10-28 and many more. ( I have dealt with this in detail in  my old article; see the link at the bottom)
I was reading Hazra Commemoration Volume (Pages 505, 506) and found an interesting article which shows that even jesters (Vidushaka) in the Vedic period. The author quotes the following information:

Rig Veda (9-112-4) says,

“Just as a draught horse desires a light chariot, the jesters desire such appropriate words to excite others laughter. The male desires his mate’s approach and a frog desires food”


Vajasaneyi Samhita

In the long list of persons to be offered to relevant deities in a Purusha Medha Yajna (human sacrifice), there Is even a person sacrificed to the God of Laughter. The God was Hasa VS 30-6 and T S 3-41.


Though Purusha medha yajna did mention over 200 persons belonging to various professions, none was sacrificed. But the long list shows that there were so mam types of workers during Vedic period and one of them was a jester No culture had a separate God for laughter. It says a Kari should be sacrificed to Hasa, the god of laughter.


From the word KARI, it is evident that among the people of the Vedic age there were some who practised the art of Joking.


Classical drama has jesters. So it is no wonder that Vedic Hindus also had such a character in the dramas. This shows the Vedic civilization was well advanced in art and culture. They were not primitive as foreigners projected them. More over when we put all the facts together, we see a well cultured and civilized society.

Origin of Drama in Ancient India and Egypt


Vedic dramas | Tamil and Vedas

Where did dramas originate? Did the first play was enacted in Egypt or India? We have dialogue hymns in the RigVeda and several scholars believe those …





Written by London Swaminathan


Date: 27 October 2017


Time uploaded in London- 18-46



Post No. 4341

Pictures shown here are taken from various sources such as Facebook friends, Books, Google and newspapers; thanks.

Water occupies a pre-eminent position among the five elements, in the Hindu scriptures. A Hindu cannot survive without water. From birth to death every ceremony is done with the help of water. Brahmins cannot survive without water. So they lived on the banks of the rivers. Even today all the Brahmin streets called Agraharams are on the banks of the rivers. This poohpoohed the theory of half-baked people like Max Mullers and Caldwells who thought that the Vedic Hindus came from arid or snow clad regions of Central Asia or Europe and Dravidians came from the Mediterranean regions.


Water is, of course, essential for every human being whether you are a Hindu or not. But no literature praised water like the Hindu scriptures. Even a today a Brahmin worships water three times a day. Apart from that, the  Hindus discovered the enormous power of water. they can create missiles with it. They can curse any one with water or give a boon to anyone with water.


The whole of Sanskrit literature and the Tamil literature repeated the phrase sea-clad earth thousands of times. Whenever a Tamil poet or a Sanskrit poet wants to describe the earth they will say ‘sea clad’, or ‘sea clothed earth’. Asvini  Devas, the mysterious gods of the Rig Veda, had hundred oared ships and went deep into the ocean to rescue ship wrecked people according to the Rig Veda.


The mighty Saraswati rives is praised as ‘ocean like’ in the Rig Veda. Modern atomic research (carbon dating of isotopes) and astronomical research (NASA satellite pictures) showed that the Saraswati River Civilization existed before the Indus valley Civilization. So, water is the mainstay of the Vedic Hindus. The Vedas reverberated on the banks of the River Saraswati for the first time.

17 Kinds of Water!

Idiots and half-baked people wrote lot of nonsense about the Vedas in ENGLISH! They wrote that the Vedic people were nomads and those people mostly wrote silly/ nonsense in Sanskrit. But when we read the Vedas we are surprised to see the subjects they deal with. For the first time 27 stars are mentioned in the Brahmana literature. Since foreign idiots knew only Greek literature, they did not know the vast topics covered in the Vedic literature. Even if you just write the titles of the subjects you will know what they knew and you wouldn’t dare to call them primitive.


In the consecration ceremony of a king, as given in the Satapata Brahmana there are 17 different kinds of water used in order to infuse their different kinds of vigour into the king. This shows the importance of water in the Vedic literature.

Lot of half-baked people dated the Vedic literature differently and made themselves laughing stocks. First, they wrote that the Vedic Hindus were nomads and primitive people and then in their translations of Brahmanas which were dated  200 years after the Rig Veda by them,  the world’s highest decimal number and the consecration of a king with 17 types of water, 27 stars etc are shown.


Even in the Rig Veda, the oldest scripture in the world, a vast area from Ganges to rivers in Afghanistan is described. The world’s biggest and oldest geography book!


The 17 different waters are:

1.Water from the River Saraswati

(This explodes the theory of half baked  ‘scholars’ and  Marxist idiots, because Saraswati disappeared around 2000 BCE. So Satapata Brahmana or the ceremony it denotes existed before 2000 BCE)

2.Water that rises in front of him (called males wave), when he steps into water.

(either we don’t know their geography jargon or we don’t know their coded language)

3.Water that rises behind him

4.The flowing water

5.Such water as flows against the stream of the flowing water

6.Water that flows off the main current

7.The Lord of the waters (sea?)

8.Water from a whirlpool

9.Water from a standing pool of flowing water in a sunny spot

10.Water raining while the sun shines

11.Water from a pond

12.Waters from a well

13.Dew drops

14.Honey- one kind of water

15.Embryonic waters

16.Milk- another kind of water

17.Clarified butter

When the mantra says honey, milk, clarified butter we don’t know whether they meant them or a type of water. When they said embryonic waters we wonder what it is.

But through out the Vedic literature it is said that life came from the waters. Later Puranas also showed the first Avatar of Vishnu in waters.

Prajapati (Brahma) is given the number of 17 (another mystery) and the mantra says 17 kinds of water brings together, for Prajapati is 17 fold, and Prajapati is the sacrifice.;that is why he brings together 17 kinds of water.

Water in the Rig Veda

Hymn 9 in the 10th Mandala of Rig Veda is addressed to the Waters as Divinities and the first three of the nine verses are repeated by all Brahmins at their morning ablutions (Sandhyavandanam). The same three are used in the making of firepan, as described in the Sat. Br.(6-5-1-2) in which we read,

“Hence this triplet (RV10-9-1/3) is these waters which appeared as one form.

“This whole earth dissolved itself all over the water; all this universe appeared as one form only, namely water (6-1-1-12)

“Agni, we know that source whence thou art come, – the source, doubtless, is the heavenly waters, for from the waters he first came. In the sea the manly minded kindled thee in the water—the manly minded is Prajapati; thus, in the waters Prajapati kindled thee – the man watcher hath kindled thee, O Agni, in the udder of the sky—the man watcher, doubtless, is Prajapati, and the udder of the sky is water—thee whilst standing in the third region, doubtless, is the sky. the buffaloes made thee grow in the lap of the waters—the buffaloes, doubtless, are the vital airs; thus the vital airs made thee grow in the sky—Sat.Brah 6-7-4-5

Geographically we are informed that an ocean of water surrounds the earth. Later Puranas refer to the seven concentric oceans of milk, ghee, sugarcane etc.

“He surrounds this world with water—it is with the ocean that he thus surrounds it on all sides, and hence the ocean flows round this world in a moat- Sat. Br.7-1-13


Hindus were the first one to describe this world ‘round’ in shape (Anda=egg) and they are the one who described the universe is round (Hiranyagarbha). I have also written about how the Hiranyagarbha gave birth to the Big Bang theory.

Satapata Brahana and other Brahmanas have lot of things about water which may be considered unintelligible (or silly by foreigners) today. The reason being they were translated into English (which I and many others follow today) by people who don’t know anything about Hindu culture; leave alone the lack of knowledge about Hindu beliefs, they were anti-Hindu which is reflected in their lectures (please read my articles on Max Muller and his bluff)



Eagle in the Rig Veda and Egyptian Civilization (Post No.3672)

Most Imporatnt Vahana of Vishnu Temples


Research Article Written by London swaminathan


Date: 26 FEBRUARY 2017


Time uploaded in London:- 17-21


Post No. 3672


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.




In the Rig Veda and the Egyptian literature Eagle or falcon was mentioned. Rig Veda is the oldest book in the world if we go by the dating of Herman Jacobi and BG Tilak.  Both used the astronomical data in the Veda independently and arrived at the same date, around 4500 BCE.

Picture of Eagle shaped Vedic Fire Altar


Hindus and Egyptians identified eagle or falcon with death and immortality. Both identified the bird with divinities and kingship. They praised the eagle or falcon sky-high. The beliefs were same.


In ancient Egypt, the falcon was a royal symbol, because the gaze was said to have paralyze birds as such the countenance of the Pharaoh his enemies. It was the manifestation of Sky God Horus, presumably because the bird flew so high.


Rig Vedic Reference:

Syena (eagle) is described as a strong bird in the Rig Veda (1-32-14; 1-33-2; 1-118-11; 1-163-1; 1-165-2; 2-42-2; 4-38-5 etc In the other Vedas lot of references are there.

Saghan is mentioned in Tattiriya Brahmana; it may be a vulture or an eagle.

Su-parna means well-winged and is mentioned in RV 1-164-20; 2-42-2; 4-26-4;8-100-8;10-48-3 etc

In the RV 4-26, 4-27 falcon is praised. But the full meaning is not explained in the translation. It may be the seed for later stories of Garuda and Amrita and Garuda and death and immortality.

(I am afraid there is no scholar at present to explain the significace of eagle in the Vedas. For example, there is one hymn addressed to The Falcon (4-27). No proper explanation is found in any book. Probably this is the only hymn addressed to falcon in ancient civilizations)

The Satapata Brahmana (12-2-3-7) praises eagle as Maha Suparna, i.e. Great Eagle

Roman eagle discovered in London Aldgate area.

In Rome

When Roman emperors were cremated ritually, an eagle was released above the funeral pyre to indicate that the soul has gone to dwell among the gods. One old Babylonian text tells us of the ascension of King Etana borne into the heavens by an eagle.


In fact, it is a Hindu belief. Hindus read the Garuda (Eagle) Purana during the 13 day mourning period after the death of a near and dear relative. Of the 18 major Puranas (Hindu Mythology), Garuda Purana is the only one that has got a special funeral liturgy called Pretakanda. Garuda (eagle) was the one who brought Amrita according to a Hindu story and so it symbolised immortality. Bird is always associated with the soul in Hindu literature.


Tamil Veda Tirukkural

Tamil Veda Tirukkural confirms it with a couplet:

The affinity of the body and the soul is like that of the nest and a bird in it. The soul departs from the body even as the chick deserts the nest – Tirukkural 338.

It is in Sangam Literature as well:

Tamil poet Kalladanar says in Akam 113:

“Oh, my friend! I won’t cry if my soul (life) leaves my body and goes to the place where my lover is working, like the bird that deserts its desolate nest and flies away”- said by a woman to her friend.


So, this is a Hindu concept of soul which is seen in many Hindu scriptures including Manu smrti and Bhagavad Gita with different similes.


Eagle is associated with Sun God in several cultures. In Palmyra in Syria, the eagle was associated with the Sun God.

Egyptian God Horus from Wikipedia

Garuda Vahana in Egypt

Horus is Sky god in Egypt recorded from 3000 BCE. Horus symbol is falcon, and he is generally depicted either wholly or in human form with a falcon’s head, exactly like Hindu’s Garuda Vahana.

Other divinities similarly portrayed were the Sun God Rue; Mentu, with adouble crown of feathers; Seker the god of the dead (as a mummified hawk); Hariese with the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt.


Horus is a form of the sun god. The alternative name Harakhti translates Horus of the horizon. He is sometimes depicted as a sun disc mounted between falcon’s wings. Kings are identified with Horus.


Horus as a baby on her mother Isis’ knee is as an amulet against snakes and other animals. In Hindu scriptures Garda mantra is used against snakes.

In many countries, such as Mexico, Thailand, Indonesia, India Garuda emblems are used.

The noticeable marking in the feathers under the hawk’s eyes is called Udjat-eye. This is Horus’ all seeing Udjat eye which became a symbol for visual acuity and imperviousness to injury as well as treasured amulet.


Assyrian Eagle Genie, 883 BCE (May be Garuda carrying amrita)


Christian World

Gothic windows portray the eagle carrying its unfledged young up into the sky to teach them to gaze into the sun. It figures in Norse mythology Odin. In Europe several saints have falcon as their symbol.

In Christian iconography, the eagle appears frequently as a symbol of  john the Evangelist, as an attribute of ascended phrophet Elijah and the resurrected Christ.


Quauhtli (eagle) is the 15th of the 20 days of the Aztec calendar. In ancient China it was the symbol of power and strength.


In Tamil Nadu, King Karikal Choza constructed an eagle shaped fire altar (Yaha Gunda) to perform a yaga according to Purananuru (verse 224). In Kerala even today eagle shaped fire altars are constructed for Atiratra  fire ceremony.

Eagle Vahana (Mount of God in processions) of Hindu temples


Eagle in Mahabharata similes

Bhima and Sikhandin wander about in the battlefield enraged like an eagle (6-78-28).

The Pandavas rush towards Jayadratha’s army as an eagle rushes towards meat (3-253-24)

The Pandavas and Kauravas fight like two  eagles fighting for meat (6-111-42)

I have already given the story of Garuda and Vinata as found in the epic.



All ancient cultures used eagle, hawk and falcon as symbols of power and might.

But there are more similarities between Vedic and Egyptian cultures in attributing divinity to eagles.

Both identified eagle with Sun and Death and Immortality.


All other civilizations that used falcon and eagle have dies long ago and gone into museums. But the culture is still alive in Hindu India.


There are innumerable towns named after eagle and falcon; there are hundreds of temples where Eagle Vahana is use to carry Lord Vishnu’s idol.


Garuda is worshipped by villagers and sight of it is considered an auspicious sign.

Garuda Hymns and Mantra are used as anti-dotes for poison.

Rig Vedic hymns, the oldest in the world are still used!


(Please see below my previous articles on this subject)


Eagles fed at Tirukkazuku Kundram in Tamil Nadu Temple


Books used:

Rig Veda

Sangam Literature

Dictionary of Symbolism by Hans Biedermann

Encyclopaedia of Gods by Michel Jordan

Elements of Poetry in the Mahabharata


From my old article:


Hindu Eagle Mystery deepens, 16 February 2013


1.Why do Hindus worship eagle (suparna=garuda) from Rig Vedic Days till today?

2.Why do Hindus including the greatest Tamil king Karikal Choza built their Yaga Kundas (Fire altars) in eagle shape?

3.How is that two eagles come to Tirukazuku kundram just to eat rice pudding everyday for over 1300 year period?

4.Why do Hindus call Emeralds as Garuda Ratna (eagle gem), which Sindbad story writer copied it from the Hindus?

5.Why a Saivaite saint sang 1300 years ago about an eagle bringing flowers to Shiva every day?

6.Why do Tamil children shout ‘Drop me  a flower please’ when they see Garudas (falcon/eagle) in the sky? Why do Hindus recite a Sanskrit hymn when they see Garuda?

7.Why does Vishnu use Garuda as his Vahana (Mount of God)?

8.Why did Rama cremate an eagle Jatayu in Ramayana? Was it eagle totem people or real eagle? Why Tamils associate this with Vaitheeswarankoil (eagle town)?

  1. Why did Eagle people and Snake people (Garudas and Nagas) fight all over the world? We have the story here in Puranas, but symbols are in Egypt and Maya civilization?
  2. How come eagle brought Soma plant for the Yagas (Fire ceremonies of Hindus)?
  3. Why did a Greek build an eagle pillar with inscription calling himself as a great devotee of Vishnu?


Falcon symbols in Egypt

12.Tamil Encyclopedia Abithana Chintamani ( year 1899) attributes sixteen acts to Garudas. Many of them actually belong to people with eagle totem. They were against people with snake totem (Nagas). It is the ancient history of India. One must go deeper in to it to reveal the secrets.

  1. Why do women fast on Garuda Panchami day every year?
  2. Why is Garuda Purana is associated with the departed souls? It is read in the 13 day mourning period.
  3. Indus People painted eagle in (funeral ??)  potteries, Why? Has it anything to do with Hindus reading Garuda Purana after the funeral?
  4. Why is it that Amrita (ambrosia) is linked with Garuda/suparna?
  5. In the Assyrian bas-relief in Khorsabad (885 BC) Eagle headed  winged genie is carrying a vessel of lustral water and a pine cone sprinkler. It is one of the benevolent genies that protected men from diseases and evil forces. Is it Garuda with Amrita? (see the images)
  6. Why does Jaiminiya Brahmana (Vedic literature) say that eagle separates water from milk like Krauncha (swan) bird?
  7. Why does Romulus saw an eagle on the Aventine Hill and considered it as a good omen like Hindus and keep it in front of his army? Orthodox Hindus wait for Garuda Darsanam every day.

20.Why do newspapers report sighting of Garuda as a good omen during Kumbhabishekam or any religious event?

  1. Why does Krishna say that he is garuda/eagle among birds in Bhagavad Gita (10-30)(vainatheyascha pakshinam)? Western cultures also consider eagle as ‘King of Brids’.

If I write answers to all these questions it would become a big book. I am going to answer a few of these questions in this article.

(Please read the full article for more information)


I have already written about Vahanas, eagle shaped fire altars of Karikal Choza, Eagle Vs  Naga clans enmity in Mayan civilization, Double headed Eagle, Garuda Sthamaba of Greek Ambassador etc. Please see the titles of the articles given below:-

Double Headed Eagle: Sumerian-Indian Connection, posted on 18 December 2011

Picture of Double Headed Eagle in Turkey (Ganda Beranada Bird of Hindu literature)


Eagle/Garuda in India, Rome and Sri Lanka

25 September 2014

Karikal Choza and Eagle shaped Fire Altar

14 January 2012

A Hindu Story in Sumerian Civilization

11 May 2014

Eagle shaped fire altar at Vedic ceremony


Vedic References to Hair Styles – Part 3 (Post No.3213)


Picture of Indus Yogi with beard

Research article written by London Swaminathan


Date: 2 October 2016


Time uploaded in London: 16-32


Post No.3213


Pictures are taken from various sources; thanks.







Lord Siva with moutache; Vishnu is clean shaven!

Pulasti – wearing the hair plain


Pulasti or pulastin  in the Yajurveda samhitas denotes wearing the hair plain, as opposed kapardin, wearing the hair in braids


Pulasti is found in vajasaneyi, taiittiriya,kathaka samhitas.



Sikhanda –


Sikhanda denotes a tuft or lock, as mode of wearing the hair, in the later Samhitas and the Brahmanas.



Sikhaa – top knot


Sikhaa denotes in tha satapata Brahmana , the knot of hair worn on the top of the head. Wearing the top knot unloosened was the sign of mourning in the case of women and men like.


My comments

Sikhaa is a very interesting word because it has been in vogue for over three thousand years from Kanyakumari to Kashmir.



Sikai kaay podi (colloquial: Seeyakkaay podi= soap nut powder) is known to everyone in Tamil Nadu; before the synthetic shampoos flooded the market, soapnut powder was used after oil bath. Even today it is in use and the word Sikha is used to denote the tuft on the Brahmin’s head.


There are two interesting names Sikha and Anusikha in the Pancavimsa Brahmana (25-15-3); they are the names of two priests! They served as Nestr and Potr at the Snake festival.


Potr is the name found in the Rigveda(1-94-6; 2-5-2; 7-16-5). It may mean the priest who did purification of Soma pavamana.


So it is interesting to have some name like top-knot and Sub top-knot!


Even Kalidasa sings about the honey comb beard of Persians!


Smasru -beard –


Smasru means beard or moustache and it is found in the Rig veda (2-11-17; 8-33-6 etc). it is sometimes contrasted with Kesa/hair of the head. Shaving was known in the Vedic times. Wearing a beard was a sign of manhood according to taiittiriya Samhita with which agrees the  notice of Meghasthanes that the Indians carefully  tended their beards upto the day of their death.

My comments


Beard is a very interesting word because some Hindu gods are shown with beard and others or not. In the famous paintings of Ravi Varma and others Siva is shown with moustache, but Vishnu is shown with a clean shaven face. South East Asian images of Hindu Gods are with prominent moustche. Indra is shown with beard in images. This calls for further research.


Kalidasa also did not miss the beard of the Persians. He mentioned their honey comb beard.


Siman – parting



Siiman denotes the parting of the hair in the Atharva Veda (4-57-8; 10-101-3/4)


The importance of parting the hair for a Hindu woman is explained in Part 1 and Part 2 of this series. Further enquiries show that using a porcupine’s quill to apply acupressure or to do acupuncture is practised in Tamil and Konkani areas of South India. It is done to pregnant ladies during the Pumsavana Seemnatha ceremonies.


Above information istaken from the Vedic Index of names and Subjects by A B Keith and AA Macdonell; comments are mine.



How to identify a married tribal woman?


Hair style have different purposes and uses. Parting of hair and the vermilliom/ Kunkum in that parting means she is a married Hindu woman.


The Khamti tribal woman use the hair style to show whether she is married or not. The elevation of the hair on the crown of the head indicates that she is married. Unmarried girls wear it in a low down the occiput (back of the head).




Todamen and woman of Nilgris, Tamil Nadu (Tribals)